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Accipitridae
Họ Ưng

鹰科
yīng kē

鷹科
yīng kē

タカ科
taka ka

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woŋ yìaw láe nók in-sii

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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Vietnamese has a native word for eagles and other raptors, which is Chim Ó. It is glossed here as 'eagle₁'.

The sparrowhawks are known as Chim Bồ cắt (where cắt itself is used for the falcons).

Vultures are known as Chim Kền kền or Chim Kẽn kẽn, or Chim Bằng.

Names have also been borrowed from Chinese, and these now form the main terms used in Vietnamese.

Ornithologists assign these names to accipitrid genera as follows:

Vietnamese name Genera Gloss in tables
ó Sarcogyps Vultures
Osprey (Pandionidae)
'eagle₁'
diều Kites (Elanus)
Honey Buzzards (Pernis)
Bazas (Aviceda)
Short-toed Eagle (Spilornis)
Serpent Eagle (Circaetus)
Hawk Eagles (Nisaetus)
Harriers (Circus)
Fishing Eagles (Ichthyophaga)
Kites (Milvus, Haliastur)
Buzzards (Butastur, Buteo)
'hawk₁'
ưng Hawks (Accipiter) 'hawk₂'
đại bàng Aegypius Vultures
Rufous-bellied Hawk Eagle (Lophotriorchis)
Black Eagle (Ictinaetus)
Spotted Eagle (Clanga)
True Eagles (Aquila)
Sea Eagles (Haliaeatus)
'eagle₂'
kền kền Gyps Vultures 'vulture'

The distribution of terms is interesting. Ưng is used for the true hawks; đại bàng for the large eagles and Aegypius vultures. Diều is used across a broad range of medium-sized species and is the most common term in the list. By contrast, ó is found only in the names of the Osprey and the Red-headed Vulture.

The vultures are split among three names: ó, đại bàng, and kền kền. The first two terms normally refer to 'eagles', one of many cases where the line between eagles and vultures is a fuzzy one.

Cultural

The Vietnamese expression ưng khuyển or khuyển ưng, meaning 'vultures and dogs', refers to lackeys and servants.

Chữ Nôm

Characters used for accipitrids in the now obsolete Chữ Nôm characters include:

Name Chữ Nôm
Images from the Vietnamese Nôm Preservation Foundation dictionary. (Errors are the sole responsibility of the author of this site)
ó chu nom for o
diều chu nom for dieu (Chinese character for 'kite'); chu nom for dieu (Chinese character for 'sparrow hawk')
ưng chu nom for ung (Chinese character for 'hawk')

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
ELANINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Elanus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Elanus caeruleus
link to photo
Black-winged kite
Black-shouldered kite

Elanion blanc
Chim Diều trắng
'white hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  黑翅鸢
(黑翅鳶)
hēi-chì yuān
'black-winged kite'
Taiwan:
(黑翅鸢)
黑翅鳶
hēi-chì yuān
'black-winged kite'
カタグロトビ
(肩黒鳶)
kata-guro tobi
'black-shouldered kite'
เหยี่ยวขาว
yìaw kʰăaw
'white hawk'
Burung Helang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Bahu Hitam
'black-shouldered hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)'
 
GYPAETINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
PERNINI
Pernis
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Pernis ptilorhynchus
link to photo
Oriental honey buzzard
Oriental honey-buzzard
Crested honey buzzard
Eurasian Honey Buzzard

Bondrée orientale
Chim Diều ăn ong
'bee-eating hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  凤头蜂鹰
(鳳頭蜂鷹)
fèng-tóu fēng-yīng
'phoenix-headed bee-hawk'
Taiwan:
(东方蜂鹰)
東方蜂鷹
dōngfāng fēng-yīng
'eastern bee-hawk'
ハチクマ
(蜂角鷹 ~ 蜂熊)
hachi-kuma
'bee bear'
เหยี่ยวผึ้ง
yìaw pʰêuŋ
'bee-hawk'
Pernis orientalis:
เหยี่ยวผึ้งพันธุ์ตะวันออก
yìaw pʰêuŋ pʰan ta-wan-òaak
'eastern species bee-hawk'
Pernis torquatus:
เหยี่ยวผึ้งหงอนยาว
yìaw pʰêuŋ ŋŏaan-yaaw
'long-crested bee-hawk'
Burung Helang Lebah
'bee hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Lebah
'bee hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Sikep-madu Asia
'Asian honey-hawk (bird)'
Aviceda
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Aviceda jerdoni
link to photo
Jerdon's baza
Blyth's baza
Brown-crested lizard hawk

Baza de Jerdon
Chim Diều hoa Jerdon
'Jerdon's flowery hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
Chim Diều Jerdon
'Jerdon hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
褐冠鹃隼
(褐冠鵑隼)
hè guān juān-sǔn
'brown-crested cuckoo-falcon'
チャイロカッコウハヤブサ
(茶色郭公隼)
cha-iro kakkō-hayabusa
'brown cuckoo-falcon'
เหยี่ยวกิ้งก่าสีน้ำตาล
yìaw kîŋ-kàa sĭi-nám-taan
'brown treelizard hawk'
Burung Helang Jerdon
'Jerdon's hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Baza
'baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (24, 25)
Burung Baza Jerdon
'Jerdon's baza (bird)' (baza from English)
Aviceda leuphotes
link to photo
Black baza
Black-crested baza
Black-crested lizard hawk

Baza huppard
Chim Diều mào
'crested hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  黑冠鹃隼
(黑冠鵑隼)
hēi-guān juān-sǔn
'black-crested cuckoo-falcon'
Taiwan:
(黑冠鹃隼)
黑冠鵑隼
hēi-guān juān-zhǔn
'black-crested cuckoo-falcon'
クロカッコウハヤブサ
(黒郭公隼)
kuro kakkō-hayabusa
'black cuckoo-falcon'
เหยี่ยวกิ้งก่าสีดำ
yìaw kîŋ-kàa sĭi-dam
'black treelizard hawk'
Burung Helang Baza
baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (26)
Burung Lang Baza Berjambul
'crested baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (24)
Burung Lang Baza Hitam
'black baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (25)
Burung Baza Hitam
'black baza (bird)' (baza from English)
 
ACCIPITRINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
CIRCAETINI
Spilornis
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Spilornis cheela
link to photo
Crested serpent eagle
Crested serpent-eagle

Serpentaire bacha
Chim Diều hoa Miến Điện
'Burmese flowery hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Diều răn
'snake hawk₁ (bird)' (34)

(蛇鵰)
shé-diāo
'snake-eagle'
Taiwan:
(大冠鹫)
大冠鷲
dà guān-jiù
'large crested vulture''
カンムリワシ
(冠鷲)
kanmuri washi
'crested eagle'
เหยี่ยวรุ้ง
yìaw-rúŋ
'rainbow hawk'
Burung Helang Kuik
'kuik hawk (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Lang Kuik
'kuik hawk (bird)' (onomat.) (25)
Burung Elang-ular Bido
'serpenthawk snake-hawk' (cf Accipiter badius)
Circaetus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Circaetus gallicus
Circaetus ferox
link to photo
Short-toed eagle
Short-toed snake eagle

Circaète Jean-le-Blanc
Chim Diều ngón ngắn
'short-toed hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
  短趾
(短趾鵰)
duǎn-zhǐ diāo
'short-toed eagle'
チュウヒワシ
(沢鵟鷲)
chūhi washi
'harrier eagle'
เหยี่ยวนิ้วสั้น
yìaw níw-sân
'short-toed hawk'
Burung Helang Ular
'snake hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Lang Ular
'snake hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Elang-ular Jari-pendek
'short-toed snake-hawk' (bird)
GYPINI
Sarcogyps
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Sarcogyps calvus
Aegypius calvus
link to photo
Red-headed vulture
Black vulture

Vautour royal
Chim Ó tai
'eared eagle₁ (bird)' (12)
Chim Kền kền đầu đỏ
'red-headed vulture (bird)' (34)
黑兀鹫
(黑兀鷲)
hēi wù-jiù
'black bald-vulture'
ミミハゲワシ
(耳禿鷲)
mimi hage-washi
'eared bald-eagle'
พญาแร้ง
pʰa-yaa ráeeŋ
'vulture king'
Burung Hereng Kepala Merah
'red-headed vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
 
Gyps
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Gyps bengalensis
Pseudogyps bengalensis
link to photo
White-rumped Vulture
Indian White-backed Vulture
Oriental White-backed Vulture
White-backed Vulture

Vautour chaugoun
Chim Kền kền Măng Gan
'Bengal vulture (bird)' (12)
Chim Kền kền Bănggan
'Bengal vulture (bird)' (34)
白背兀鹫
(白背兀鷲)
bái-bèi wù-jiù
'white-backed bald-vulture'
ベンガルハゲワシ
(ベンガル禿鷲)
bengaru hage-washi
'Bengal bald-eagle'
อีแร้งเทาหลังขาว
ii-ráeeŋ tʰaw lăŋ-kʰăaw
'white-backed grey vulture'
Burung Hereng Belakang Putih
'white-backed vulture (bird)' (26)
Burung Hereng Tongkeng Puteh
'white-rumped vulture (bird)' (24)
Burung Hereng Tongkeng Putih
'white-rumped vulture (bird)' (25)
 
Gyps tenuirostris
link to photo
Slender-billed vulture
Long-billed griffon

Vautour à long bec
Gyps indicus:
Chim Kền kền Ấn Độ
'Indian vulture (bird)' (12, 34)
  细嘴兀鹫
(細嘴兀鷲)
xì-zuǐ wù-jiù
'slender-billed bald-vulture' (Wikipedia)
ハシボソハゲワシ
(嘴細禿鷲)
hashi-boso hage-washi
'slender-billed bald-eagle'
อีแร้งสีน้ำตาล
ii-ráeeŋ sĭi-nám-taan
'brown vulture'
Burung Hereng Paruh Panjang
'long-billed vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
 
Aegypius
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Aegypius monachus
link to photo
Cinereous vulture
Monk vulture
Black vulture

Vautour moine
Chim Đại bàng đầu trọc
'bald-headed eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Đại bàng trọc đầu
'bald-headed eagle₂ (bird)' (34)
秃鹫
(禿鷲)
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
Taiwan:
(秃鹫)
禿鷲
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
クロハゲワシ
(黒禿鷲)
kuro hage-washi
'black bald-eagle'
อีแร้งดำหิมาลัย
ii-ráeeŋ dam hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan black vulture'
Burung Hereng Hitam
'black vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
 
ACCIPITRINI
Nisaetus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Nisaetus nipalensis
Spizaetus nipalensis
Mountain Hawk Eagle
Mountain Hawk-eagle
Hodgson's hawk eagle

Aigle montagnard
Spizaetus nipalensis:
Chim Diều núi
'mountain hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  Spizaetus nipalensis:

(鹰鵰)
yīng-diāo
'hawk eagle'
Taiwan:
(熊鹰)
熊鷹
xióng-yīng
'bear hawk'
Spizaetus nipalensis:
クマタカ
(熊鷹)
kuma-taka
'bear hawk'
เหยี่ยวภูเขา
yìaw pʰuu-kʰăw
'mountain hawk'
Spizaetus nipalensis:
Burung Lang Gunung
'mountain hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
 
Nisaetus cirrhatus
Spizaetus cirrhatus
Nisaetus limnaeetus

link to photolink to photo
Changeable Hawk Eagle
Changeable Hawk-eagle
Crested hawk eagle
Spizaetus floris:
Flores Hawk Eagle

Aigle huppé
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Chim Diều đầu nâu
'brown-headed hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
Spizaetus floris:
Chim Diều hoa
'flowery hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
凤头鹰
(鳳頭鷹鵰)
fèng-tóu yīng-diāo
'phoenix-headed hawk eagle'
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
カワリクマタカ
(変り熊鷹)
kawari kuma-taka
'changing bear hawk'
Nisaetus limnaeetus:
เหยี่ยวต่างสี
yìaw tàaŋ-sĭi
'variable-coloured hawk'
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Burung Helang Hindik
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hindik
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Hindek
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (24)
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Burung Elang Brontok
'eagle hawk (bird)'
Lophotriorchis
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Lophotriorchis kienerii
Hieraaetus kienerii
Aquila kienerii
link to photo
Rufous-bellied Eagle
Rufous-bellied hawk eagle
Chestnut-bellied hawk eagle

Aigle à ventre roux
Hieraaetus kienerii (12, 13), Aquila kienerii (34):
Chim Đại bàng bụng hung
'reddish-bellied eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  Hieraaetus kienerii:
棕腹隼
(棕腹隼鵰)
zōng-fù sǔn-diāo
'reddishbrown-bellied falcon-eagle'
Hieraaetus kienerii:
アカハラクマタカ
(赤腹熊鷹)
akahara kuma-taka
'red-bellied bear hawk'
เหยี่ยวท้องแดง
yìaw tʰóaaŋ-daeeŋ
'red-bellied hawk'
Hieraaetus kienerii:
Burung Helang Perut Merah
'red-bellied hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Bendang
'wet-ricefield hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Rimba
'jungle hawk (bird)' (25)
 
Ictinaetus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Ictinaetus malaiensis
Ictinaetus malayensis
link to photolink to photo
black eagle
Indian Black eagle

Aigle noir
Ictinaetus malayensis:
Chim Đại bàng Mã Lai
'Malay eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  Ictinaetus malayensis:

(林鵰)
lín-diāo
'forest eagle'
Taiwan:
()
林鵰
lín-diāo
'forest eagle'
Ictinaetus malayensis:
カザノワシ
(characters unclear) kaza-no-washi
'kazano eagle' (meaning unclear)
Ictinaetus malayensis:
นกอินทรีดำ
nók in-sii dam
'black Indra's bird'
Ictinaetus malayensis:
Burung Helang Hitam
'black hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hitam
'black hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Ictinaetus malayensis:
Burung Elang Hitam
'black hawk (black)'
Clanga
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Clanga clanga
Aquila clanga
link to photolink to photo
Greater spotted eagle
Spotted eagle

Aigle criard
Aquila clanga:
Chim Đại bàng đen
'black eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  Aquila clanga:

(烏鵰)
wū-diāo
'dark eagle'
Taiwan:
()
花鵰
huā-diāo
'flowery eagle'
Aquila clanga:
カラフトワシ
(樺太鷲)
karafuto washi
'Sakhalin eagle'
Aquila clanga:
นกอินทรีปีกลาย
nók in-sii pìik-laay
'stripe-winged Indra's bird'
Aquila clanga:
Burung Helang Bintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Bintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Berbintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (25)
Aquila clanga:
Burung Rajawali Totol
'spotted hawk (bird)' (cf Microhierax fringillarius)
Aquila
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle

Aigle ravisseur
Chim Đại bàng nâu
'brown eagle₂ (bird)' (12)
›Taxonomy‹
  茶色
(茶色鵰)
chá-sè diāo
'brown eagle'
アフリカソウゲンワシ
(アフリカ草原鷲)
afurika sōgen washi
'African steppe eagle' (Wikipedia)
นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาล
nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan
'brown Indra's bird'
   
Aquila nipalensis
link to photolink to photo
Steppe eagle

Aigle des steppes
Chim Đại bàng hung
'reddish eagle₂ (bird)' (13)
›Taxonomy‹
  草原
(草原鵰)
cǎo-yuán diāo
'steppe eagle'
›Taxonomy‹
ソウゲンワシ
(草原鷲)
sōgen washi
'steppe eagle'
นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเต็ป
nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèp
'steppe-grassland Indra's bird'
Burung Helang Padang
'field hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Helang Gurun
'desert hawk (bird)' (25)
 
Aquila heliaca
link to photolink to photo
Eastern imperial eagle
Imperial eagle

Aigle impérial
Chim Đại bàng đầu nâu
'brown-headed eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  白肩
(白肩鵰)
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
Taiwan:
(白肩)
白肩鵰
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
カタシロワシ or
カタジロワシ
(肩白鷲)
kata-shiro washi or kata-jiro washi
'white-shouldered eagle'
นกอินทรีหัวไหล่ขาว
nók in-sii hŭa-lày-kʰăaw
'white-shouldered Indra's bird'
Burung Helang Tengkuk Kuning
'yellow-naped hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Lang Padang
'field hawk (bird)' (25)
 
Aquila fasciata
Hieraaetus fasciatus
link to photolink to photo
Bonelli's eagle
Bonelli's hawk eagle

Aigle de Bonelli
Hieraaetus fasciatus (12, 13):
Chim Đại bàng má trắng
'white-cheeked eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  Hieraaetus fasciatus:
白腹隼
(白腹隼鵰)
bái-fù sǔn-diāo
'white-bellied falcon-eagle'
Hieraaetus fasciatus:
ボネリークマタカ
(ボネリー熊鷹)
bonerii kuma-taka
'Bonelli's bear hawk'
นกอินทรีแถบปีกดำ
nók in-sii tʰàeep-pìik-dam
'black-wing-banded Indra's bird'
  Hieraaetus fasciatus:
Burung Elang Bonelli
'Bonelli's hawk (bird)'
Circus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Circus spilonotus
link to photo
Eastern marsh harrier
Eastern marsh-harrier

Busard d'Orient
Circus aeruginosus (13):
Chim Diều đầu trắng
'white-headed hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Diều phương đông
'eastern hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Chim Ó
'eagle₁ (bird)'
白腹鹞
(白腹鷂)
bái-fù yào
'white-bellied sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(东方泽鹞)
東方澤鷂
dōngfāng zé-yào
'eastern marsh harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
チュウヒ
(沢鵟)
chūhi
'harrier' (written 'marsh buzzard')
เหยี่ยวทุ่งพันธุ์เอเซียตะวันออก
yìaw-tʰûŋ pʰan ee-sia ta-wan-òaak
'East Asian species field-hawk'
Burung Helang Sawah Besar
'large wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sawah
'wetfield-hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Berjambul
'crested hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang-rawa Timur
'eastern swamp-hawk (bird)'
Circus cyaneus
link to photolink to photo
Hen harrier
or
Northern harrier

Busard Saint-Martin
Chim Diều miền bắc
'northern hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Chim Diều
'hawk₁ (bird)' (13)
白尾鹞
(白尾鷂)
bái-wěi yào
'white-tailed harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
Taiwan:
(灰泽)
灰澤鵟
huī zé-kuáng
'grey marsh-buzzard'
ハイイロチュウヒ
(灰色沢鵟)
hai-iro chūhi
'grey harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh-buzzard')
เหยี่ยวทุ่งแถบเหนือ
yìaw-tʰûŋ tʰàeep-nĕua
'northern-area field-hawk'
Burung Helang Sawah Kelabu
'grey wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Paya
'marsh hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Sayap Hitam
'black-winged hawk (bird)' (24)
 
Circus macrourus
link to photolink to photo
Pallid harrier

Busard pâle
Chim Diều bụng trắng
'white-bellied hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
  草原鹞
(草原鷂)
cǎo-yuán yào
'steppe sparrowhawk'
ウスハイイロチュウヒ
(薄灰色沢鵟)
usu hai-iro chūhi
'light grey harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
เหยี่ยวทุ่งสีจาง
yìaw-tʰûŋ sĭi-caaŋ
'pallid field-hawk'
   
Circus melanoleucos
link to photolink to photo
Pied harrier

Busard tchoug
Chim Diều mướp
'tattered hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  鹊鹞
(鵲鷂)
què-yào
'magpie sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(花泽)
花澤鵟
huā zé-kuáng
'flowery marsh-buzzard'
マダラチュウヒ
(斑沢鵟)
madara chūhi
'pied harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
เหยี่ยวด่างดำขาว
yìaw dàaŋ-dam-kʰăaw
'black (&) white dotted hawk'
Burung Helang Sawah Hitam-Putih
'black (&) white wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Tangling
'tangling hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-rawa Tangling
'tangling swamp-hawk (bird)'
Accipiter
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Accipiter trivirgatus
link to photolink to photo
Crested goshawk
Asian crested goshawk

Autour huppé
Chim Ưng Ấn Độ
'Indian hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  凤头鹰
(鳳頭鷹)
fèng-tóu yīng
'phoenix-headed hawk'
Taiwan:
(风头苍鹰)
鳳頭蒼鷹
fèng-tóu cāng-yīng
'phoenix-headed darkblue hawk'
カンムリオオタカ
(冠大鷹)
kanmuri ō-taka
'crested large hawk'
เหยี่ยวนกเขาหงอน
yìaw nók kʰăw ŋŏaan
'crested dove-hawk'
Burung Helang Sewah Besar
'large cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sikap
'hawk hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Jambul
'crested falcon-hawk (bird)'
Accipiter badius
link to photolink to photo
Shikra

Epervier shikra
Chim Ưng xám
'grey hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  褐耳鹰
(褐耳鷹)
hè-ěr yīng
'brown-eared hawk' (1, 2, 3, 4)
褐耳雀鹰
(褐耳雀鷹)
hè-ěr què-yīng
'brown-eared sparrow hawk' (5)
タカサゴダカ
(高砂鷹)
takasago-daka
'Taiwan hawk'
เหยี่ยวนกเขาชิครา
yìaw nók kʰăw cʰí-kraa
'shikra dove-hawk' (cʰí-kraa from English 'shikra')
Burung Helang Sewah Shikra
'shikra cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (shikra from English 'shikra') (26)
Burung Lang Cikra
'shikra hawk (bird)' (cikra nativised from English 'shikra') (25)
Burung Lang Bido
'serpenthawk hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang-alap Shikra
'shikra falcon-hawk (bird)'
Accipiter soloensis
link to photolink to photo
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Chinese goshawk
Grey frog hawk
Horsfield's goshawk

Epervier de Horsfield
Chim Ưng lưng đen
'black-backed hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  赤腹鹰
(赤腹鷹)
chì-fù yīng
'red-bellied hawk'
Taiwan:
(赤腹鹰)
赤腹鷹
chì-fù yīng
'red-bellied hawk'
アカハラダカ
(赤腹鷹)
aka-hara-daka
'red-bellied hawk'
เหยี่ยวนกเขาพันธุ์จีน
yìaw nók kʰăw pʰan ciin
'Chinese species dove-hawk'
Burung Helang Sewah Cina
'Chinese cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Rajawali
'hawk hawk (bird)' (rajawali ~ wali 'hawk' from Indic) (cf Microhierax fringillarius) (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Cina
'Chinese falcon-hawk (bird)'
Accipiter gularis
link to photo
Japanese sparrowhawk
Japanese sparrow hawk
Japanese lesser sparrow hawk

Epervier du Japon
Chim Ưng Nhật Bản
'Japanese hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  日本松雀鹰
(日本松雀鷹)
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow hawk' (2, 3, 4, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(日本松雀鹰)
日本松雀鷹
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow hawk'
ツミ
(雀鷹 ~ 雀鷂)
tsumi
'tsumi', written 'sparrow hawk' or 'sparrow sparrowhawk'
เหยี่ยวนกเขาพันธุ์ญี่ปุ่น
yìaw nók kʰăw pʰan yîi-pùn
'Japanese species dove-hawk'
Burung Helang Sewah Jepun
'Japanese cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sewah
'cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Nipon
'Japanese falcon-hawk (bird)'
Accipiter virgatus
link to photolink to photo
Besra
Besra sparrow hawk

Epervier besra
Chim Ưng bụng hung
'reddish-bellied hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Ưng bụng trắng
'white-bellied hawk₂ (bird)' (34)
松雀鹰
(松雀鷹)
sōng-què-yīng
'pine sparrow hawk'
Taiwan:
(松雀鹰)
松雀鷹
sōng-què-yīng
'pine sparrow hawk'
ミナミツミ
(南雀鷹 ~ 南雀鷂)
minami tsumi
'southern tsumi' (written 'southern sparrow-hawk' or 'southern sparrow sparrowhawk')
เหยี่ยวนกกระจอกเล็ก
yìaw nók krà-còaak lék
'small sparrow-hawk'
Burung Helang Sewah Besra
'besra cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (besra from English 'besra') (26)
Burung Lang Garang
'fierce hawk (bird)' (24)
or
Burung Lang Pipit
'sparrow hawk (bird)' (alt in 24)
Burung Elang-alap Besra
'besra falcon-hawk (bird)' (besra from English 'besra')
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Accipiter nisus
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian sparrowhawk
Northern sparrow hawk
Sparrow hawk

Epervier d'Europe
Chim Ưng mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  雀鹰
(雀鷹)
què-yīng
'sparrow hawk'
Taiwan:
(北雀鹰)
北雀鷹
běi què-yīng
'northern sparrow hawk'
ハイタカ
()
hai-taka
'sparrowhawk'
เหยี่ยวนกกระจอกใหญ่
yìaw nók krà-còaak yày
'large sparrow-hawk'
Burung Lang Sewah Utara
'northern cuckoo-hawk (bird)'
 
Accipiter gentilis
link to photolink to photo
Northern goshawk
Goshawk

Autour des palombes
Chim Ưng lớn
'large hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  苍鹰
(蒼鷹)
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
Taiwan:
(苍鹰)
蒼鷹
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
オオタカ
(大鷹)
ō taka
'large hawk'
เหยี่ยวนกเขาท้องขาว
yìaw nók kʰăw tʰóaaŋ-kʰăaw
'white-bellied dove-hawk'
   
Haliaeetus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Haliaeetus leucogaster
link to photo
White-bellied Sea Eagle
White-bellied Sea-Eagle
White-bellied Fish Eagle

Pygargue blagre
Chim Đại bàng biển bụng trắng
'white-bellied sea-eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Đại bàng bụng trắng
'white-bellied eagle₂ (bird)' (34)
Chim Ó biển
'sea-eagle₁ (bird)'
白腹海
(白腹海鵰)
bái-fù hǎi-diāo
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
Taiwan:
(白腹海)
白腹海鵰
bái-fù hǎi-diāo
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
シロハラウミワシ
(白腹海鷲)
shiro-hara umi-washi
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
นกออก
nók òaak
'òaak bird' (onomat.)
Burung Helang Siput
'shell hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Siput
'shell hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
or
Burung Helang Laut
'sea hawk (bird)' (alt in 26)
Burung Elang-laut Perut-putih
'white-bellied sea-hawk (bird)'
Haliaeetus leucoryphus
link to photo
Pallas's fish eagle
Pallas's fish-eagle
Pallas's sea eagle
Pallas's fishing eagle

Pygargue de Pallas
Chim Đại bàng biển đuôi trắng
'white-tailed sea-eagle₂ (bird)' (12)
Chim Đại bàng đuôi trắng
'white-tailed eagle₂ (bird)' (34)
玉带海
(玉帶海鵰)
yù-dài hǎi-diāo
'jade band sea-eagle'
キガシラウミワシ
(黄頭海鷲)
ki-gashira umi-washi
'yellow-headed sea-eagle'
นกอินทรีหัวนวล
nók in-sii hŭa-nuan
'pale-headed Indra's bird'
   
Ichthyophaga
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Ichthyophaga humilis
Haliaeetus humilis
Ichthyophaga nana
link to photo
Lesser fish eagle
Lesser fish-eagle
Lesser fishing eagle
Himalayan grey-headed fishing eagle

Pygargue nain
Chim Diều cá bé
'little fish hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
 
(魚鵰)
yú-diāo
'fish eagle' (2, 4)

(漁鵰)
yú-diāo
'fishing eagle' (1, 3)
小渔
(小漁鵰)
xiǎo yú-diāo
'small fishing eagle' (5)
コウオクイワシ
(小魚喰鷲)
ko uo-kui washi
'small fish-eating eagle'
เหยี่ยวปลาเล็กหัวเทา
yìaw-plaa lék hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed small fish-hawk'
Burung Helang Kanguk Kecil
'small fisheagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Kanguk
'fisheagle hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Kangok
'fisheagle hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang-ikan Kecil
'small fish-hawk (bird)'
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
link to photolink to photo
Grey-headed fish eagle
Grey-headed fish-eagle
Grey-headed fishing eagle

Pygargue à tête grise
Chim Diều cá đầu xám
'grey-headed fish hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
Chim Diều cá lớn
'large fish hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
灰头鱼
(灰頭魚鵰)
huī-tóu yú-diāo
'grey-headed fish eagle' (4)
灰头渔
(灰頭漁鵰)
huī-tóu yú-diāo
'grey-headed fishing eagle' (5)
ウオクイワシ
(魚喰鷲)
uo-kui washi
'fish-eating eagle'
เหยี่ยวปลาใหญ่หัวเทา
yìaw-plaa yày hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed large fish-hawk'
Burung Helang Kanguk Besar
'large fisheagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-ikan Kepala-kelabu
'grey-headed fish-hawk (bird)'
Haliastur
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Haliastur indus
Haliaeetus indus
link to photo
Brahminy kite

Milan sacré
Haliaeetus indus:
Chim Diều lửa
'fire hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  栗鸢
(栗鳶)
lì yuān
'chestnut kite'
Taiwan:
(栗鸢)
栗鳶
lì yuān
'chestnut kite'
シロガシラトビ
(白頭鳶)
shiro-gashira tobi
'white-headed kite'
เหยี่ยวแดง
yìaw daeeŋ
'red hawk'
Burung Helang Merah
'red hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Merah
'red hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang Bondol
'munia hawk (bird)'
Milvus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Milvus migrans
link to photo
Black kite

Milan noir
Chim Diều hâu
'hâu hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Diều hâu đen
'black hâu hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Chim Diều
'hawk₁ (bird)'
Ó Diều
'hawk₁eagle₁ '
黑鸢
(黑鳶)
hēi yuān
'black kite'
or

()
yuān
'kite' (alt in 1, 5)
Taiwan:
(黑鸢)
黑鳶
hēi yuān
'black kite'
›Taxonomy‹
トビ
()
tobi
'kite'
เหยี่ยวดำ
yìaw dam
'black hawk'
Milvus lineatus:
เหยี่ยวดำใหญ่
yìaw dam yày
'large black hawk'
Burung Helang Ekor Cabang
'fork-tailed hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Gelap
'dark hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Bangkai
'carrion hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Elang Paria
'pariah hawk (bird)' (from Dutch paria 'pariah')
Butastur
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Butastur liventer
link to photo
Rufous-winged buzzard
Rufous-winged buzzard eagle

Busautour pâle
Chim Diều xám
'grey hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
Chim Diều cánh hung
'reddish-winged hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
棕翅
(棕翅鵟鷹)
zōng-chì kuáng-yīng
'reddishbrown-winged buzzard-hawk'
チャバネサシバ
(茶羽差羽 ~ 茶羽鸇)
cha-bane sashi-ba
'brown-winged buzzard-eagle'
เหยี่ยวปีกแดง
yìaw pìik-daeeŋ
'red-winged hawk'
  Burung Elang Sayap-coklat
'brown-winged hawk (bird)'
Butastur indicus
link to photo
Grey-faced buzzard
Grey-faced buzzard eagle

Busautour à joues grises
Chim Diều Ấn Độ
'Indian hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
  灰脸
(灰臉鵟鷹)
huī-liǎn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
Taiwan:
(灰面)
灰面鵟鷹
huī-miàn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
サシバ
(差羽 ~ )
sashi-ba
'buzzard-eagle'
เหยี่ยวหน้าเทา
yìaw nâa-tʰaw
'grey-faced hawk'
Burung Helang Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Belalang
'grasshopper hawk (bird)' (cf Microhierax fringillarius) (25)
Burung Lang Rintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Kelabu
'grey hawk (bird)'
Buteo
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Buteo buteo
link to photo
Eurasian buzzard
Common buzzard
Buzzard

Buse variable
Chim Diều thường
'common hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
or
Chim Diều Buteo
'buteo hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Chim Diều Nhật Bản
'Japanese hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
›Taxonomy‹
  普通
(普通鵟)
pǔtōng kuáng
'common buzzard'
Taiwan:
()

kuáng
'buzzard'
ノスリ
()
nosuri
'buzzard'
เหยี่ยวทะเลทราย
yìaw tʰa-lee-saay
'desert hawk'
Burung Helang Gempal
'strong hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Utara
'northern hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Besar
'large hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Buteo
'buteo hawk (bird)' (buteo from English)

The word ハチクマ hachi-kuma literally 'bee-bear' is written in Chinese characters as 1. 蜂角鷹 'bee horned hawk' or 2. 蜂熊 'bee bear'.

The distinction between 'eagle' and 'vulture' in Chinese is a relatively recent one. The character is traditionally used for both eagles and vultures.

The etymology of サシバ sashiba' is unknown. In Chinese characters it is usually written 1) 差羽, where the verb 差す sasu has a very broad range of meanings, including 'to point', and , here read ba, means 'wing' or 'feather', or 2) , an ancient Chinese raptor name.

Vietnamese Ưng 'hawk' is from the Chinese word , Mandarin yīng, meaning 'hawk'.

Đại bàng is from Chinese 大鵬, Mandarin dà-péng, a large legendary bird sometimes translated into English as 'roc'. In modern China the name is sometimes used commercially (e.g. in company names) as an auspicious equivalent to 'eagle'.

Diều Nhật Bản 'Japanese hawk' appears to be based on an earlier identification of the local species as Buteo buteo japonicus. H&M4, which now recognises Buteo japonicus as a full species, confines its distribution to Japan itself, leaving the Vietnamese name as a possible misnomer.

The mythological bird who served as the mount for the god Indra, นกอินทรี nók in-sii 'Indra's bird', has come to be identified in Thai with the eagle. Thai names for many birds called 'eagle' in English are based on this now generalised name.

พญา pʰa-yaa 'king' becomes the head noun of the name. The construction can be interpreted as a term of address as in 'King Vulture' or as here, 'king of vultures; vulture king'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009