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Cuculidae
Họ Cu cu

杜鹃科
dù-juān kē

杜鵑科
dù-juān kē

ホトトギス科
hototogisu ka

วงศ์นกคัคคู
woŋ nók kʰák-kʰuu

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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

There is a rich variety of names for the cuckoos in the Orient. This partly stems from a preoccupation with the cuckoo's distinctive calls in traditional culture, especially poetry.

The most common name for the cuckoos is Chim Cu cu, an onomatopoeic term based on the cuckoos' cry. Other names, also mostly onomatopoeic, are shown in the table below. As assigned by ornithologists, these include:

Name Species/genera Note
Cu cu Cuculus, C. poliocephalus, Surniculus lugubris  
Chèo chẹo C. sparverioides and C. fugax (Hawk Cuckoos)  
Bắt cô trói cột C. micropterus  
Tìm vịt Chrysococcyx and Cacomantis  
Tu hú Eudynamys (Koel)  
Khát nước Clamator Literally means 'water thirsty'
Phướn Rhopodytes and Carpococcyx (Malcohas and ground-cuckoos)  
Chim Coọc Alternative for Rhopodytes tristis (Greater Green-billed Malcoha)  

From Chinese comes Chim quyên, based on juān. Vietnamese also borrowed Chim Đỗ quyên, from Chinese 杜鵑 dù-juān, but later for some reason the meaning changed and it now refers to the rails. Similarly for Chim Đỗ vũ (杜宇 dù-yǔ).

Coucals

The Vietnamese word for 'coucal' is Chim bìm bịp, from the bird's cry of 'bìm bịp' during the breeding season (March-July).

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
CUCULINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Clamator                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Clamator coromandus
link to photo
Chestnut-winged cuckoo
Red-winged crested cuckoo

Coucou à collier
Chim Khát nước
'water thirsty (bird)' (probably onomat.)
  红翅凤头鹃
(紅翅鳳頭鵑)
hóng-chì fèng-tóu juān
'red-winged phoenix-headed cuckoo' (onomat.)
Taiwan:
(冠郭公)
冠郭公
guān guōgōng
'crested guogong' (onomat.)
カンムリカッコウ
(冠郭公)
kanmuri kakkō
'crested cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูหงอน
nók kʰák-kʰuu ŋŏaan
'crested cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Berjambul
'crested cuckoo (bird)' (26)
Burung Sewah Kepak Merah Berjambul
'crested red-winged cuckoo (bird)' (24)
Burung Sewah Kepak Merah
'red-winged cuckoo (bird)' (25)
Burung Bubut-pacar Jambul
'crested sweetheart-coucal (bird)'
Cuculus                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Cuculus sparverioides
Hierococcyx sparverioides
link to photolink to photo
Large hawk-cuckoo
Large hawk cuckoo

Coucou épervier
Chim Chèo chẹo lớn
'large chèo chẹo bird'
  鹰鹃
(鷹鵑)
yīng-juān
'hawk cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(鹰鹃)
鷹鵑
yīng-juān
'hawk cuckoo'
オオジュウイチ
(大十一)
ō jū-ichi
'large ju-ichi' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูเหยี่ยวใหญ่
nók kʰák-kʰuu yìaw yày
'large hawk-cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Tekukur Besar
'large dove-cuckoo (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Kangkok Besar
'large cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Cuculus fugax
Hierococcyx fugax
link to photo
Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo
Fugitive hawk cuckoo

Coucou fugitif
Chim Chèo chẹo nhỏ
'small chèo chẹo bird'
Chim Chèo chẹo Hodgson
'Hodgson chèo chẹo bird' (Wikipedia)
棕腹杜鹃
(棕腹杜鵑)
zōng fù dù-juān
'reddishbrown-bellied cuckoo'
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(棕腹杜鹃)
棕腹杜鵑
zōng fù dù-juān
'reddishbrown-bellied cuckoo'
ジュウイチ
(十一)
jū-ichi
'ju-ichi' (onomat.), written 'eleven'
นกคัคคูเหยี่ยวพันธุ์มลายู
nók kʰák-kʰuu yìaw pʰan ma-laa-yuu
'Malayan species hawk-cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
C. fugax nisicolor:
นกคัคคูเหยี่ยวอกแดง
nók kʰák-kʰuu yìaw òk-daeeŋ
'red-breasted hawk-cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Hodgson
'Hodgson's cuckoo (bird)' (26)
Burung Sewah Hantu
'ghost cuckoo (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Kangkok Melayu
'Malayan cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Cuculus micropterus
link to photo
Indian cuckoo
Short-winged cuckoo

Coucou à ailes courtes
Chim Bắt cô trói cột
'bắt cô trói cột (bird)'
Chim Cu cu Ấn Độ
'Indian cuckoo (bird)' (Wikipedia)
四声杜鹃
(四聲杜鵑)
sì-shēng dù-juān
'four-voiced cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(四声杜鹃)
四聲杜鵑
sì-shēng dù-juān
'four-voiced cuckoo'
セグロカッコウ
(背黒郭公)
se-guro kakkō
'black-backed cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูพันธุ์อินเดีย
nók kʰák-kʰuu pʰan in-dia
'Indian species cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah India
'Indian cuckoo (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Kangkok India
'Indian cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Cuculus canorus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Common cuckoo
Eurasian cuckoo
Cuckoo

Coucou gris
Chim Cu cu
'cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Chim Cu cu thông thường
'common cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.) (Wikipedia)
大杜鹃
(大杜鵑)
dà dùjuān
'large cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(大杜鹃)
大杜鵑
dà dùjuān
'large cuckoo'
カッコウ
(郭公)
kakkō
'cuckoo'(onomat., characters' meaning = 'city outer wall' + 'public')
นกคัคคูพันธุ์ยุโรป
nók kʰák-kʰuu pʰan yú-rôop
'European species cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
  Burung Kangkok Erasia
'Eurasian cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Cuculus saturatus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Himalayan cuckoo
Oriental cuckoo

Coucou oriental
Chim Cu cu Phương đông
'oriental cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.) (13)
  中杜鹃
(中杜鵑)
zhōng dù-juān
'medium cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(中杜鹃)
中杜鵑
zhōng dù-juān
'medium cuckoo'
ツツドリ
(筒鳥)
tsutsu-dori
'tube bird' (cry resembles sound of hitting a tube or pipe)
นกคัคคูพันธุ์หิมาลัย
nók kʰák-kʰuu pʰan hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan species cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Gunung
'mountain cuckoo (bird)' (26)
Burung Sewah Dada Putih
'white-breasted cuckoo (bird)' (24)
Burung Sewah Himalaya
'Himalayan cuckoo (bird)' (25)
Burung Kangkok Ranting
'twig cuckoo (bird)'
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Cuculus poliocephalus
link to photolink to photo
Lesser cuckoo
Small cuckoo

Petit Coucou
Chim Cu cu nhỏ
'small cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
  小杜鹃
(小杜鵑)
xiǎo dù-juān
'small cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(小杜鹃)
小杜鵑
xiǎo dù-juān
'small cuckoo'
ホトトギス
(時鳥, 子規, 杜鵑, 不如帰, 郭公)
hototogisu
'hototogisu' (written 1. 'time bird, 2. shiki (from Chinese), 3. token, from Chinese, 4. funyoki = better-go-back', 5. kakko, see Cuculus canorus above).
นกคัคคูเล็ก
nók kʰák-kʰuu lék
'small cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
   
Cacomantis                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Cacomantis sonneratii
Penthoceryx sonneratii
Cuculus sonneratii
link to photo
Banded bay cuckoo

Coucou de Sonnerat
Chim Tìm vịt vằn
'striped tìm vịt bird'
  栗斑杜鹃
(栗斑杜鵑)
lì-bān dùjuān
'chestnut striped cuckoo' (1, 2, 3, 4)
栗斑丛杜鹃
(栗斑叢杜鵑)
lì-bān cóng dùjuān
'chestnut-striped bush cuckoo' (5)
クリイロヒメカッコウ
(栗色姫郭公)
kuri-iro hime kakkō
'chestnut-coloured princess cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูลาย
nók kʰák-kʰuu laay
'striped cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Takuweh
'baycuckoo cuckoo (bird)' (takuweh is onomat.) (24, 26)
Burung Sewah Takuwih
'baycuckoo bird (bird)' (takuwih is onomat.) (25)
Burung Wiwik Lurik
'barred brushcuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Cacomantis merulinus
Cuculus merulinus
Plaintive cuckoo

Coucou plaintif
Chim Tìm vịt
'tìm vịt bird'
  八声杜鹃
(八聲杜鵑)
bā-shēng dù-juān
'eight-voiced cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(八声杜鹃)
八聲杜鵑
bā-shēng dù-juān
'eight-voiced cuckoo'
ヒメカッコウ
(姫郭公)
hime kakkō
'princess cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกอีวาบตั๊กแตน
nók ii-wâap ták-ka-taeen
'grasshopper wâap bird (onomat.)'
Burung Sewah Mati Anak
'child's-death cuckoo (bird)' (crying as though child has died) (24, 25, 26)
Burung Wiwik Kelabu
'grey brushcuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Chrysococcyx                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Chrysococcyx minutillus
Chalcites minutillus
link to photolink to photo
Little bronze cuckoo
Little bronze-cuckoo

Coucou menu
Chim Tìm vịt trán trắng
'white-foreheaded tìm vịt bird'
  棕胸金鹃
(棕胸金鵑)
zōng-xiōng jīn-juān
'reddishbrown-breasted gold-cuckoo' (4, 5)
小金鹃
(小金鵑)
xiǎo jīn-juān
'small gold-cuckoo' (10)
テリカッコウ
(照り郭公)
teri-kakkō
'glossy-cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูสีทองแดง
nók kʰák-kʰuu sĭi-tʰoaaŋ-daeeŋ
'copper cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Daun
'leaf cuckoo (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Kedasi Laut
'sea bronzecuckoo (bird)'
Chrysococcyx maculatus
Chalcites maculatus
link to photo
Asian emerald cuckoo
Emerald cuckoo

Coucou émeraude
Chim Tìm vịt xanh
'blue/green tìm vịt bird'
  翠金鹃
(翠金鵑)
cuì jīn-juān
'jade gold-cuckoo'
ミドリテリカッコウ
(緑照り郭公)
midori teri-kakkō
'green glossy-cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูมรกต
nók kʰák-kʰuu moaa-ra-kòt
'emerald cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Hijau
'green cuckoo (bird)' (26)
Burung Sewah Tanah
'ground-cuckoo (bird)' (24)
Burung Sewah Zamrud
'emerald cuckoo (bird)' (25)
Burung Kedasi Zamrud
'emerald bronzecuckoo (bird)'
Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Chalcites xanthorhynchus
link to photo
Violet cuckoo

Coucou violet
Chim Tìm vịt tím
'purple tìm vịt bird'
  紫金鹃
(紫金鵑)
zǐ jīn-juān
'purple gold-cuckoo'
スミレテリカッコウ
(すみれ照り郭公)
sumire teri-kakkō
'violet glossy-cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูสีม่วง
nók kʰák-kʰuu sĭi-mûaŋ
'purple cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Sewah Ungu
'purple cuckoo (bird)' (26)
Burung Sewah Rembah
'flycatchershrike-cuckoo (bird)' (24)
Burung Sewah Puteri
'princess cuckoo (bird)' (25)
Burung Kedasi Ungu
'purple bronzecuckoo (bird)'
Surniculus                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Surniculus lugubris
link to photo
Asian drongo-cuckoo
Drongo cuckoo
Drongo-cuckoo

Coucou surnicou
Chim Cu cu đen
'black cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
  乌鹃
(烏鵑)
wū-juān
'dark cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(乌鹃)
烏鵑
wū-juān
'dark cuckoo'
オウチュウカッコウ
(烏秋郭公)
ōchū kakkō
'drongo cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกคัคคูแซงแซว
nók kʰák-kʰuu saeeŋ-saeew
'drongo-cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Hamba Kera
'monkey-slave cuckoo (bird)' (from habit of accompanying monkeys for the insects they disturb) (26)
Burung Sewah Sawai
'drongo-cuckoo (bird)' (24, 25)
or
Burung Sawai
'drongo (bird)' (alt in 26) (probably error for previous name)
Burung Kedasi Hitam
'black bronzecuckoo (bird)'
Eudynamys                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Eudynamys scolopaceus
Eudynamys scolopacea
link to photolink to photo
Common koel
or
Asian koel
Koel

Coucou koël
Chim Tu hú
'tu hú bird' (onomat.)
  噪鹃
(噪鵑)
zào-juān
'noisy cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(噪鹃)
噪鵑
zào-juān
'noisy cuckoo'
オニカッコウ
(鬼郭公)
oni kakkō
'ogre cuckoo' (onomat.)
นกกาเหว่า
nók kaa-wàw
'kaa-wàw' (bird)' (onomat.) (cf raven)
Burung Tahu
'koel (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Sewah Tahu
'koel cuckoo (bird)' (onomat.) (24, 25)
or
Burung Tuwu
'koel (bird)' (onomat.) (alt in 26)
Burung Tuwur Asia
'Asian koel (bird)' (onomat.)
 
PHAENICOPHAEINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Rhopodytes                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Rhopodytes diardi
Phaenicophaeus diardi
link to photo
Black-bellied malkoha
Lesser green-billed malcoha

Malcoha de Diard
Chim Phướn nhỏ
'small malkoha (bird)'
  绿嘴地鹃
(綠嘴地鵑)
lǜ-zuǐ dì-juān
'green-billed ground-cuckoo' (4)
小绿嘴地鹃
(小綠嘴地鵑)
xiǎo lǜ-zuǐ dì-juān
'small green-billed ground-cuckoo' (5)
クロバンケンモドキ
(黒番鵑擬き)
kuro ban-ken modoki
'black pseudo-coucal'
นกบั้งรอกเล็กท้องเทา
nók bâŋ-rôaak lék tʰóaaŋ-tʰaw
'grey-bellied small malkoha (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Cenuk Perut Hitam
'black-bellied malkoha (bird)' (onomat.) (25, 26)
Burung Cenok Perut Hitam
'black-bellied malkoha (bird)' (onomot.) (24)
Burung Kadalan Beruang
'bear malkoha (bird)' (from habit of accompanying bears for the insects they disturb)
Rhopodytes tristis
Phaenicophaeus tristis
link to photolink to photo
Green-billed malkoha
Greater green-billed malcoha
Large green-billed malkoha

Malcoha sombre
Chim Phướn
'malkoha (bird)'
or
Chim Coọc
'coọc bird'
Chim Giải phướn
'giải malkoha (bird)'
绿嘴地鹃
(綠嘴地鵑)
lǜ-zuǐ dì-juān
'green-billed ground-cuckoo' (1, 2, 3, 5) See P. diardi above)
大绿嘴地鹃
(大綠嘴地鵑)
dà lǜ-zuǐ dì-juān
'large green-billed ground-cuckoo' (4)
オニグロバンケンモドキ
(鬼黒番鵑擬き)
oni guro ban-ken modoki
'ogre black pseudo foreign-cuckoo' (ban-ken is Chinese-style compound word)
นกบั้งรอกใหญ่
nók bâŋ-rôaak yày
'large malkoha (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Cenuk Besar
'large malkoha (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
or
Burung Kera
'monkey bird' (from habit of accompanying monkeys for the insects they disturb) (alt in 26)
Burung Cenuk Kera
'monkey malkoha (bird)' (onomat.) (from habit of accompanying monkeys for the insects they disturb) (25)
Burung Cenok Kera
'monkey malkoha (bird)' (onomat.) (from habit of accompanying monkeys for the insects they disturb) (24)
Burung Kadalan Kera
'monkey malkoha (bird)' (from habit of accompanying monkeys for the insects they disturb)
Carpococcyx                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Carpococcyx renauldi
link to photo
Coral-billed ground-cuckoo
Coral-billed ground-cuckoo

Calobate de l'Annam
Chim Phướn đất
'ground malkoha (bird)'
  瑞氏红嘴地鹃
(瑞氏綠嘴地鵑)
ruì-shì hóng-zuǐ dì-juān
'Mr Rui's red-billed ground-cuckoo' (4)
珊瑚红嘴地鹃
(珊瑚綠嘴地鵑)
shānhu-zuǐ dì-juān
'coral-billed ground-cuckoo' (5)
アカハシハシリジカッコウ
(赤嘴走地郭公)
aka-hashi hashiri ji-kakkō
'red-billed running ground-cuckoo'
นกโกโรโกโส
nók koo-roo-koo-sŏo
'shabby bird' (onomat.)
   
 
CENTROPODINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Centropus                
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Centropus sinensis
link to photolink to photo
Greater coucal
Common crow-pheasant
Common coucal
Crow-pheasant

Grand Coucal
Chim Bìm bịp lờn
'large bìm bịp bird' (onomat.)
  褐翅鸦鹃
(褐翅鴉鵑)
hè-chì yā-juān
'brown-winged crow-cuckoo'
Taiwan:
(褐翅鸦鹃)
褐翅鴉鵑
hè-chì yā-juān
'brown-winged crow-cuckoo'
オオバンケン
(大番鵑)
ō ban-ken
'large foreign-cuckoo' (ban-ken is Chinese-style compound word)
นกกระปูดใหญ่
nók krà-pùut yày
'large coucal (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Bubut Besar
'large coucal (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung But-but Cari Anak
'child-seeking coucal (bird)' (onomat.) (25)
Burung Bubut Besar
'large coucal (bird)' (onomat.)
Centropus bengalensis
link to photo
Lesser coucal
Lesser crow-pheasant

Coucal rufin
Chim Bìm bịp nhỏ
'small bìm bịp bird' (onomat.)
  小鸦鹃
(小鴉鵑)
xiǎo yā-juān
'small crow-cuckoo' (1, 2, 3, 4)
印度小鸦鹃
(印度小鴉鵑)
yìndù xiǎo yā-juān
'Indian small crow-cuckoo' (5)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(番鹃)
番鵑
fān-juān
'foreign cuckoo'
バンケン
(番鵑)
ban-ken
'foreign-cuckoo' (ban-ken is Chinese-style compound word)
นกกระปูดเล็ก
nók krà-pùut lék
'small coucal (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Bubut Kecil
'small coucal (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung But-but Kecil
'small coucal (bird)' (onomat.) (25)
Burung Bubut Alang-alang
'cogon-grass coucal (bird)' (alang-alang from Javanese 'cogon grass', Imperata cylindrica)

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999