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Accipitridae
วงศ์เหยี่ยวและนกอินทรี
woŋ yìaw láe nók in-sii

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

In Thai popular and ornithological naming there is no distinction made between the Accipitridae, Pandionidae, and Falconidae. The collective general name for all of the various kinds of hawks, eagles, kites, falcons, and other actively predatory diurnal raptors is เหยี่ยว yìaw 'hawk'. It is an old regional name related to Chinese (Mandarin yào, Cantonese jiu6 'sparrowhawk'), Vietnamese diều 'hawk', and names in other Tai languages (Zhuang yiuh yiu 'sparrowhawk', Lao ຍ່ຽວ- nyīau- '[sparrow]-hawk', etc.).

Many of these birds have been used in falconry, and as with names for other tamed kinds of birds, names with เหยี่ยว yìaw do not require addition of นก nók 'bird'. Another name for this group is นขทารณ์ ná-kʰá-tʰaan 'hawk', an Indic name not used ornithologically.

The mythological bird which served as the mount for the Indic god Indra has come to be identified in Southeast Asia with 'eagle'. The Thai general name for eagle is นกอินทรี nók in-sii 'Indra's bird', which also occurs in Khmer, ឥន្ទ្រី ʔəntrii 'eagle; Indrī (name of a mythological eagle)'.

Thai นกออก nók òaak 'sea-eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster' is part of a regional onomatopoetic tradition which also includes Khmer អក ʔɑɑk 'a kind of vulture or eagle; Haliaetus leucogaster; a black sea eagle'; and Vietnamese chim ó 'osprey; vulture, eagle'.

Thai อีแร้ง ii-ráeeŋ or แร้ง ráeeŋ 'vulture' is also an old regional name and is related to Malay hereng 'vulture'. Vulture names typically also do not require addition of นก nók 'bird', but นกแร้ง nók ráeeŋ is occasionally seen.

The older Thai accipitrid general names often include an incorporated wildlife prefix อี- ii-. These include อีแร้ง ii-ráeeŋ 'vulture', อีรุ้ง ii-rúŋ 'serpent-eagle', and also (in the earliest sources only) อีเหยี่ยว ii-yìaw 'hawk'.

Ornithological naming

Ornithological general names for Accipitridae subgroups include:

Thai name Gloss Genus
เหยี่ยวกิ้งก่า
yìaw kîŋ-kàa
'treelizard-hawk' Aviceda
เหยี่ยวผึ้ง
yìaw-pʰêuŋ
'bee-hawk' Pernis
เหยี่ยวค้างคาว
yìaw kʰáaŋ-kʰaaw
'bat-hawk' Macheiramphus
เหยี่ยวปลา
yìaw-plaa
'fish-hawk'

Ichthyophaga (but not Pandion or Haliaeetus)

เหยี่ยวทุ่ง
yìaw-tʰûŋ
'field-hawk' Circus (part)
เหยี่ยวนกเขา
yìaw nók kʰăw
'dove-hawk' Accipiter (part)
เหยี่ยวนกกระจอก
yìaw nók krà-còaak
'sparrow-hawk' Accipiter (part)

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
ELANINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Elanus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Elanus caeruleus
link to photo
Black-winged kite
Black-shouldered kite
เหยี่ยวขาว
yìaw kʰăaw
'white hawk'
  Burung Helang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Bahu Hitam
'black-shouldered hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Tikus
'mouse hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều trắng
'white hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
黑翅鸢
(黑翅鳶)
hēi-chì yuān
'black-winged kite'
Taiwan:
(黑翅鸢)
黑翅鳶
hēi-chì yuān
'black-winged kite'
カタグロトビ
(肩黒鳶)
kata-guro tobi
'black-shouldered kite'
 
GYPAETINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
PERNINI
Pernis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pernis ptilorhynchus
link to photo
Oriental honey buzzard
Oriental honey-buzzard
Crested honey buzzard
Eurasian Honey Buzzard
เหยี่ยวผึ้ง
yìaw pʰêuŋ
'bee-hawk'
Pernis orientalis:
เหยี่ยวผึ้งพันธุ์ตะวันออก
yìaw pʰêuŋ pʰan ta-wan-òaak
'eastern species bee-hawk'
Pernis torquatus:
เหยี่ยวผึ้งหงอนยาว
yìaw pʰêuŋ ŋŏaan-yaaw
'long-crested bee-hawk'
  Burung Helang Lebah
'bee hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Lebah
'bee hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Sikep-madu Asia
'Asian honey-hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều ăn ong
'bee-eating hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
凤头蜂鹰
(鳳頭蜂鷹)
fèng-tóu fēng-yīng
'phoenix-headed bee-hawk'
Taiwan:
(东方蜂鹰)
東方蜂鷹
dōngfāng fēng-yīng
'eastern bee-hawk'
ハチクマ
(蜂角鷹 ~ 蜂熊)
hachi-kuma
'bee bear'
Aviceda
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Aviceda jerdoni
link to photo
Jerdon's baza
Blyth's baza
Brown-crested lizard hawk
เหยี่ยวกิ้งก่าสีน้ำตาล
yìaw kîŋ-kàa sĭi-nám-taan
'brown treelizard hawk'
  Burung Helang Jerdon
'Jerdon hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Baza
'baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (24, 25)
Burung Baza Jerdon
'Jerdon baza (bird)' (baza from English)
Chim Diều hoa Jerdon
'Jerdon's flowery hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
褐冠鹃隼
(褐冠鵑隼)
hè guān juān-sǔn
'brown-crested cuckoo-falcon'
チャイロカッコウハヤブサ
(茶色郭公隼)
cha-iro kakkō-hayabusa
'brown cuckoo-falcon'
Aviceda leuphotes
link to photo
Black baza
Black-crested baza
Black-crested lizard hawk
เหยี่ยวกิ้งก่าสีดำ
yìaw kîŋ-kàa sĭi-dam
'black treelizard hawk'
  Burung Helang Baza
baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (26)
Burung Lang Baza Berjambul
'crested baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (24)
Burung Lang Baza Hitam
'black baza hawk (bird)' (baza from English) (25)
Burung Baza Hitam
'black baza (bird)' (baza from English)
Chim Diều mào
'crested hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
黑冠鹃隼
(黑冠鵑隼)
hēi-guān juān-sǔn
'black-crested cuckoo-falcon'
Taiwan:
(黑冠鹃隼)
黑冠鵑隼
hēi-guān juān-zhǔn
'black-crested cuckoo-falcon'
クロカッコウハヤブサ
(黒郭公隼)
kuro kakkō-hayabusa
'black cuckoo-falcon'
 
ACCIPITRINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
CIRCAETINI
Spilornis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Spilornis cheela
link to photo
Crested serpent eagle
Crested serpent-eagle
เหยี่ยวรุ้ง
yìaw-rúŋ
serpent-eagle hawk'
อีรุ้ง
ii-rúŋ
'serpent-eagle'
รุ้ง
rúŋ
'serpent-eagle'
Burung Helang Kuik
'kuik hawk (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Lang Kuik
'kuik hawk (bird)' (onomat.) (25)
Burung Elangular Bido
'serpenthawk snake hawk' (cf Accipiter badius)
Chim Diều hoa Miến Điện
'Burmese flowery hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)

(蛇鵰)
shé-diāo
'snake-eagle'
Taiwan:
(大冠鹫)
大冠鷲
dà guān-jiù
'large crested vulture'
カンムリワシ
(冠鷲)
kanmuri washi
'crested eagle'
Circaetus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Circaetus gallicus
Circaetus ferox
link to photo
Short-toed eagle
Short-toed snake eagle
เหยี่ยวนิ้วสั้น
yìaw níw-sân
'short-toed hawk'
  Burung Helang Ular
'snake hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Lang Ular
'snake hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Elang-ular Jari-pendek
'short-toed snake-hawk' (bird)
Chim Diều ngón ngắn
'short-toed hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
短趾
(短趾鵰)
duǎn-zhǐ diāo
'short-toed eagle'
チュウヒワシ
(沢鵟鷲)
chūhi washi
'harrier eagle'
GYPINI
Sarcogyps
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Sarcogyps calvus
Aegypius calvus
link to photo
Red-headed vulture
Black vulture
พญาแร้ง
pʰa-yaa ráeeŋ
'vulture king'
  Burung Hereng Kepala Merah
'red-headed vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Chim Ó tai
'eared eagle₁ (bird)' (12)
黑兀鹫
(黑兀鷲)
hēi wù-jiù
'black bald-vulture'
ミミハゲワシ
(耳禿鷲)
mimi hage-washi
'eared bald-eagle'
Gyps
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Gyps himalayensis
link to photo
Himalayan Vulture
Himalayan Griffon
อีแร้งสีน้ำตาลหิมาลัย
ii-ráeeŋ sĭi-nám-taan hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan brown vulture' (conflicts with Gyps tenuirostris)
อีแร้งเทาหิมาลัย
ii-ráeeŋ tʰaw hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan grey vulture' (21)
Burung Hereng Himalaya
'Himalayan vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
    高山兀鹫
(高山兀鷲)
gāo-shān wù-jiù
'high-mountain bald-vulture'
ヒマラヤシロエリハゲワシ
(ヒマラヤ白襟禿鷲)
himaraya shiro-eri hage-washi
'Himalayan white-collared bald-eagle'
Gyps bengalensis
Pseudogyps bengalensis
link to photo
White-rumped vulture
Indian white-backed vulture
Oriental white-backed vulture
White-backed vulture
อีแร้งเทาหลังขาว
ii-ráeeŋ tʰaw lăŋ-kʰăaw
'white-backed grey vulture'
แร้งเทาหลังขาว
ráeeŋ tʰaw lăŋ-kʰăaw
'white-backed grey vulture' (alt in 21)
Burung Hereng Belakang Putih
'white-backed vulture (bird)' (26)
Burung Hereng Tongkeng Puteh
'white-rumped vulture (bird)' (24)
Burung Hereng Tongkeng Puteh
'white-rumped vulture (bird)' (25)
  Chim Kền kền Măng Gan
'Bengal vulture (bird)' (12)
白背兀鹫
(白背兀鷲)
bái-bèi wù-jiù
'white-backed bald-vulture'
ベンガルハゲワシ
(ベンガル禿鷲)
bengaru hage-washi
'Bengal bald-eagle'
Gyps tenuirostris
link to photo
Slender-billed vulture
Long-billed griffon
อีแร้งสีน้ำตาล
ii-ráeeŋ sĭi-nám-taan
'brown vulture'
อีแร้งสีน้ำตาลหิมาลัย
ii-ráeeŋ sĭi-nám-taan hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan brown vulture' (conflicts with Gyps himalayensis) (21)
Burung Hereng Paruh Panjang
'long-billed vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Gyps indicus:
Chim Kền kền Ấn Độ
'Indian vulture (bird)' (12, 34)
细嘴兀鹫
(細嘴兀鷲)
xì-zuǐ wù-jiù
'slender-billed bald-vulture' (Wikipedia)
ハシボソハゲワシ
(嘴細禿鷲)
hashi-boso hage-washi
'slender-billed bald-eagle'
Aegypius
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Aegypius monachus
link to photo
Cinereous vulture
Monk vulture
Black vulture
อีแร้งดำหิมาลัย
ii-ráeeŋ dam hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan black vulture'
แร้งดำ
ráeeŋ dam
'black vulture' (alt in 21)
Burung Hereng Hitam
'black vulture (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Chim Đại bàng đầu trọc
'bald-headed eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
秃鹫
(禿鷲)
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
Taiwan:
(秃鹫)
禿鷲
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
クロハゲワシ
(黒禿鷲)
kuro hage-washi
'black bald-eagle'
ACCIPITRINI
Macheiramphus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Macheiramphus alcinus Bat Hawk เหยี่ยวค้างคาว
yìaw kʰáaŋ-kʰaaw
'bat hawk'
  Burung Helang Malam
'night hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Malam
'night hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang Kelelawar
'bat hawk (bird)'
  食蝠鸢
(食蝠鳶)
shí-fú yuān
'eat-bat kite' (4)
蝠鸢
(蝠鳶)
fú yuān
'bat kite' (5, 10)
コウモリダカ
(蝙蝠鷹)
kōmori-daka
'bat-hawk'
Nisaetus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Nisaetus nipalensis
Spizaetus nipalensis
link to photo
Mountain Hawk Eagle
Mountain Hawk-eagle
Hodgson's hawk eagle
เหยี่ยวภูเขา
yìaw pʰuu-kʰăw
'mountain hawk'
  Spizaetus nipalensis:
Burung Lang Gunung
'mountain hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Hindik Lang Gunung
'mountain hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
  Spizaetus nipalensis:
Chim Diều núi
'mountain hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Spizaetus nipalensis:

(鹰鵰)
yīng-diāo
'hawk eagle'
Taiwan:
Spizaetus nipalensis:
(熊鹰)
熊鷹
xióng-yīng
'bear hawk'
Spizaetus nipalensis:
クマタカ
(熊鷹)
kuma-taka
'bear hawk'
Nisaetus nanus
Spizaetus nanus
link to photo
Wallace's Hawk Eagle
Wallace's hawk-eagle
เหยี่ยวหงอนสีน้ำตาลท้องขาว
yìaw ŋŏaan-sĭi-nám-taan tʰóaaŋ-kʰăaw
'white-bellied brown-crested hawk'
  Spizaetus nanus:
Burung Helang Hindek Rimba
'jungle hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hantu Kasturi
'musky ghost hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Selat
'Straits hawk (bird)' (24)
Spizaetus nanus:
Burung Elang Wallace
'Wallace's hawk (bird)'
  Spizaetus nanus:
华氏鹰
(華氏鹰鵰)
huá-shì yīng-diāo
'Mr Hua's hawk eagle' (4)
小鹰
(小鹰鵰)
xiǎo yīng-diāo
'small hawk eagle' (5)
ウォーレスクマタカ
(ウォーレス熊鷹)
wōresu kuma-taka
'Wallace's bear hawk'
Nisaetus alboniger
Spizaetus alboniger

link to photo
Blyth's Hawk Eagle
Blyth's Hawk-eagle
เหยี่ยวดำท้องขาว
yìaw dam tʰóaaŋ-kʰăaw
'white-bellied black hawk'
  Spizaetus alboniger:
Burung Helang Hindek Gunung
'mountain hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hantu
'ghost hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Spizaetus alboniger:
Burung Elang Gunung
'mountain hawk (bird)'
  Spizaetus alboniger:
马来鹰
(馬來鹰鵰)
mǎlái yīng-diāo
'Malay hawk eagle' (4)
布莱氏鹰
(布萊氏鹰鵰)
bùlái-shì yīng-diāo
'Mr Bulai's hawk eagle' (5)
カオグロクマタカ
(顔黒熊鷹)
kao-guro kuma-taka
'black-faced bear hawk'
Nisaetus cirrhatus
Spizaetus cirrhatus
Nisaetus limnaeetus
link to photo
Changeable Hawk Eagle
Changeable Hawk-eagle
Crested hawk eagle
Nisaetus limnaeetus:
เหยี่ยวต่างสี
yìaw tàaŋ-sĭi
'variable-coloured hawk'
  Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Burung Helang Hindik
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hindek
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Hindek
'hawkeagle hawk (bird)' (24)
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Burung Elang Brontok
'eagle hawk (bird)'
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
Chim Diều đầu nâu
'brown-headed hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
凤头鹰
(鳳頭鷹鵰)
fèng-tóu yīng-diāo
'phoenix-headed hawk eagle'
Spizaetus cirrhatus:
カワリクマタカ
(変り熊鷹)
kawari kuma-taka
'changing bear hawk'
Lophotriorchis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Lophotriorchis kienerii
Hieraaetus kienerii
Aquila kienerii
link to photo
Rufous-bellied Eagle
Rufous-bellied hawk eagle
Chestnut-bellied hawk eagle
เหยี่ยวท้องแดง
yìaw tʰóaaŋ-daeeŋ
'red-bellied hawk'
  Hieraaetus kienerii:
Burung Helang Perut Merah
'red-bellied hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Bendang
'paddyfield hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Rimba
'jungle hawk (bird)' (25)
  Hieraaetus kienerii (12, 13), Aquila kienerii (34):
Chim Đại bàng bụng hung
'reddish-bellied eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Hieraaetus kienerii:
棕腹隼
(棕腹隼鵰)
zōng-fù sǔn-diāo
'reddishbrown-bellied falcon-eagle'
Hieraaetus kienerii:
アカハラクマタカ
(赤腹熊鷹)
akahara kuma-taka
'red-bellied bear hawk'
Ictinaetus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ictinaetus malaiensis
Ictinaetus malayensis
link to photolink to photo
black eagle
Indian Black eagle
Ictinaetus malayensis:
นกอินทรีดำ
nók in-sii dam
'black Indra's bird'
  Ictinaetus malayensis:
Burung Helang Hitam
'black hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Hitam
'black hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Ictinaetus malayensis:
Burung Elang Hitam
'black hawk (black)'
Ictinaetus malayensis:
Chim Đại bàng Mã Lai
'Malay eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Ictinaetus malayensis:

(林鵰)
lín-diāo
'forest eagle'
Taiwan:
()
林鵰
lín-diāo
'forest eagle'
Ictinaetus malayensis:
カザノワシ
(characters unclear) kaza-no-washi
'kazano eagle' (meaning unclear)
Clanga
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Clanga clanga
Aquila clanga
link to photolink to photo
Greater spotted eagle
Spotted eagle
Aquila clanga:
นกอินทรีปีกลาย
nók in-sii pìik-laay
'stripe-winged Indra's bird'
  Aquila clanga:
Burung Helang Bintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Bintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Berbintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (25)
Aquila clanga:
Burung Rajawali Totol
'spotted hawk (bird)'
Aquila clanga:
Chim Đại bàng đen
'black eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Aquila clanga:

(烏鵰)
wū-diāo
'dark eagle'
Taiwan:
Aquila clanga:
()
花鵰
huā-diāo
'flowery eagle'
Aquila clanga:
カラフトワシ
(樺太鷲)
karafuto washi
'Sakhalin eagle'
Aquila
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาล
nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan
'brown Indra's bird'
นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลเล็ก
nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan lék
'small brown Indra's bird' (21)
    Chim Đại bàng nâu
'brown eagle₂ (bird)' (12)
›Taxonomy‹
茶色
(茶色鵰)
chá-sè diāo
'brown eagle'
アフリカソウゲンワシ
(アフリカ草原鷲)
afurika sōgen washi
'African steppe eagle' (Wikipedia)
Aquila nipalensis
link to photolink to photo
Steppe eagle นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเต็ป
nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèp
'steppe-grassland Indra's bird'
นกอินทรีสีน้ำตาลใหญ่
nók in-sii sĭi-nám-taan yày
'large brown Indra's bird' (21)
นกอินทรีทุ่งหญ้าสเตปป์
nók in-sii tʰûŋ-yâa sà-tèep
'steppe-grassland Indra's bird' (21)
Burung Helang Padang
'field hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Helang Gurun
'desert hawk (bird)' (25)
  Chim Đại bàng hung
'reddish eagle₂ (bird)' (13)
›Taxonomy‹
草原
(草原鵰)
cǎo-yuán diāo
'steppe eagle'
›Taxonomy‹
ソウゲンワシ
(草原鷲)
sōgen washi
'steppe eagle'
Aquila heliaca
link to photolink to photo
Eastern imperial eagle
Imperial eagle
นกอินทรีหัวไหล่ขาว
nók in-sii hŭa-lày-kʰăaw
'white-shouldered Indra's bird'
  Burung Helang Tengkuk Kuning
'yellow-naped hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Lang Padang
'field hawk (bird)' (25)
  Chim Đại bàng đầu nâu
'brown-headed eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
白肩
(白肩鵰)
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
Taiwan:
(白肩)
白肩鵰
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
カタシロワシ or
カタジロワシ
(肩白鷲)
kata-shiro washi or kata-jiro washi
'white-shouldered eagle'
Aquila fasciata
Hieraaetus fasciatus
link to photolink to photo
Bonelli's eagle
Bonelli's hawk eagle
นกอินทรีแถบปีกดำ
nók in-sii tʰàeep-pìik-dam
'black-wing-banded Indra's bird'
    Hieraaetus fasciatus:
Burung Elang Bonelli
'Bonelli's hawk (bird)'
Hieraaetus fasciatus (12, 13):
Chim Đại bàng má trắng
'white-cheeked eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Hieraaetus fasciatus:
白腹隼
(白腹隼鵰)
bái-fù sǔn-diāo
'white-bellied falcon-eagle'
Hieraaetus fasciatus:
ボネリークマタカ
(ボネリー熊鷹)
bonerii kuma-taka
'Bonelli's bear hawk'
Hieraaetus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Hieraaetus pennatus
Aquila pennata
link to photo
Booted eagle
Booted hawk eagle
Aquila pennata:
นกอินทรีเล็ก
nók in-sii lék
'small Indra's bird'
  Burung Helang Junam
'swooping hawk (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Lang Tegap
'sturdy hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang Setiwel
'leggings hawk (bird)' (setiwel / satiwel 'puttees, leggings' from Dutch)
  靴隼
(靴隼鵰)
xuē sǔn-diāo
'booted falcon eagle'
ヒメクマタカ
(姫熊鷹)
hime kuma-taka
'princess bear hawk'
Circus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Circus aeruginosus
link to photolink to photo
Western marsh harrier
Western marsh-harrier
Eurasian marsh-harrier
Asian marsh harrier
เหยี่ยวทุ่งพันธุ์ยูเรเซีย
yìaw-tʰûŋ pʰan yuu-ree-sia
'Eurasian species field-hawk'
        白头鹞
(白頭鷂)
bái-tóu yào
'white-headed sparrowhawk'
ヨーロッパチュウヒ
(ヨーロッパ沢鵟)
yōroppa chūhi
'European harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
Circus spilonotus
link to photo
Eastern marsh harrier
Eastern marsh-harrier
เหยี่ยวทุ่งพันธุ์เอเซียตะวันออก
yìaw-tʰûŋ pʰan ee-sia ta-wan-òaak
'East Asian species field-hawk'
เหยี่ยวทุ่ง
yìaw-tʰûŋ
'field-hawk' (21)
›Taxonomy‹
Burung Helang Sawah Besar
'large wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sawah
'wetfield-hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Berjambul
'crested hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elangrawa Timur
'eastern swamp hawk (bird)'
Circus aeruginosus (13):
Chim Diều đầu trắng
'white-headed hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
白腹鹞
(白腹鷂)
bái-fù yào
'white-bellied sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(东方泽鹞)
東方澤鷂
dōngfāng zé-yào
'eastern marsh harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
チュウヒ
(沢鵟)
chūhi
'harrier' (written 'marsh buzzard')
Circus cyaneus
link to photolink to photo
Hen harrier
or
Northern harrier
เหยี่ยวทุ่งแถบเหนือ
yìaw-tʰûŋ tʰàeep-nĕua
'northern-area field-hawk'
  Burung Helang Sawah Kelabu
'grey wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Paya
'marsh hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Sayap Hitam
'black-winged hawk (bird)' (24)
  Chim Diều miền bắc
'northern hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
白尾鹞
(白尾鷂)
bái-wěi yào
'white-tailed harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
Taiwan:
(灰泽)
灰澤鵟
huī zé-kuáng
'grey marsh-buzzard'
ハイイロチュウヒ
(灰色沢鵟)
hai-iro chūhi
'grey harrier'
Circus macrourus
link to photolink to photo
Pallid harrier เหยี่ยวทุ่งสีจาง
yìaw-tʰûŋ sĭi-caaŋ
'pallid field-hawk'
      Chim Diều bụng trắng
'white-bellied hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
草原鹞
(草原鷂)
cǎo-yuán yào
'steppe sparrowhawk'
ウスハイイロチュウヒ
(薄灰色沢鵟)
usu hai-iro chūhi
'light grey harrier'
Circus melanoleucos
link to photolink to photo
Pied harrier เหยี่ยวด่างดำขาว
yìaw dàaŋ-dam-kʰăaw
'black (&) white dotted hawk'
  Burung Helang Sawah Hitam-Putih
'black (&) white wetfield-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Tangling
'tangling hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-rawa Tangling
'tangling swamp-hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều mướp
'tattered hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
鹊鹞
(鵲鷂)
què-yào
'magpie sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(花泽)
花澤鵟
huā zé-kuáng
'flowery marsh-buzzard'
マダラチュウヒ
(斑沢鵟)
madara chūhi
'pied harrier'
Accipiter
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Accipiter trivirgatus
link to photolink to photo
Crested goshawk
Asian crested goshawk
เหยี่ยวนกเขาหงอน
yìaw nók kʰăw ŋŏaan
'crested dove-hawk'
  Burung Helang Sewah Besar
'large cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sikap
'hawk hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Jambul
'crested falcon-hawk (bird)'
Chim Ưng Ấn Độ
'Indian hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
凤头鹰
(鳳頭鷹)
fèng-tóu yīng
'phoenix-headed hawk'
Taiwan:
(风头苍鹰)
鳳頭蒼鷹
fèng-tóu cāng-yīng
'phoenix-headed darkblue hawk'
カンムリオオタカ
(冠大鷹)
kanmuri ō-taka
'crested large hawk'
Accipiter badius
link to photolink to photo
Shikra เหยี่ยวนกเขาชิครา
yìaw nók kʰăw cʰí-kraa
'shikra dove-hawk' (cʰí-kraa from English 'shikra')
  Burung Helang Sewah Shikra
'shikra cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (shikra from English 'shikra') (26)
Burung Lang Cikra
'shikra hawk (bird)' (cikra nativised from English 'shikra') (25)
Burung Lang Bido
'serpenthawk hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang-alap Shikra
'shikra falcon-hawk (bird)'
Chim Ưng xám
'grey hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
褐耳鹰
(褐耳鷹)
hè-ěr yīng
'brown-eared hawk' (1, 2, 3, 4)
褐耳雀鹰
(褐耳雀鷹)
hè-ěr què-yīng
'brown-eared sparrow hawk' (5)
タカサゴダカ
(高砂鷹)
takasago-daka
'Taiwan hawk'
Accipiter soloensis
link to photolink to photo
Chinese Sparrowhawk
Chinese goshawk
Grey frog hawk
Horsfield's goshawk
เหยี่ยวนกเขาพันธุ์จีน
yìaw nók kʰăw pʰan ciin
'Chinese species dove-hawk'
  Burung Helang Sewah Cina
'Chinese cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Rajawali
'hawk hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Cina
'Chinese falcon-hawk (bird)'
Chim Ưng lưng đen
'black-backed hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
赤腹鹰
(赤腹鷹)
chì-fù yīng
'red-bellied hawk'
Taiwan:
(赤腹鹰)
赤腹鷹
chì-fù yīng
'red-bellied hawk'
アカハラダカ
(赤腹鷹)
aka-hara-daka
'red-bellied hawk'
Accipiter gularis
link to photo
Japanese sparrowhawk
Japanese sparrow hawk
Japanese lesser sparrow hawk
เหยี่ยวนกเขาพันธุ์ญี่ปุ่น
yìaw nók kʰăw pʰan yîi-pùn
'Japanese species dove-hawk'
  Burung Helang Sewah Jepun
'Japanese cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Sewah
'cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-alap Nipon
'Japanese falcon-awk (bird)'
Chim Ưng Nhật Bản
'Japanese hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
日本松雀鹰
(日本松雀鷹)
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow hawk' (2, 3, 4, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(日本松雀鹰)
日本松雀鷹
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow hawk'
ツミ
(雀鷹 ~ 雀鷂)
tsumi
'tsumi', written 'sparrow hawk' or 'sparrow sparrowhawk'
Accipiter virgatus
link to photolink to photo
Besra
Besra sparrow hawk
เหยี่ยวนกกระจอกเล็ก
yìaw nók krà-còaak lék
'small sparrow-hawk'
  Burung Helang Sewah Besra
'besra cuckoo-hawk (bird)' (besra from English 'besra') (26)
Burung Lang Garang
'fierce hawk (bird)' (24)
or
Burung Lang Pipit
'sparrow hawk (bird)' (alt in 24)
Burung Elang-alap Besra
'besra falcon-hawk (bird)' (besra from English 'besra')
Chim Ưng bụng hung
'reddish-bellied hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
松雀鹰
(松雀鷹)
sōng-què-yīng
'pine sparrow hawk'
Taiwan:
(松雀鹰)
松雀鷹
sōng-què-yīng
'pine sparrow hawk'
ミナミツミ
(南雀鷹 ~ 南雀鷂)
minami tsumi
'southern tsumi' (written 'southern sparrow hawk' or 'southern sparrow sparrowhawk')
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Accipiter nisus
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian sparrowhawk
Northern sparrow hawk
Sparrow hawk
เหยี่ยวนกกระจอกใหญ่
yìaw nók krà-còaak yày
'large sparrow-hawk'
  Burung Lang Sewah Utara
'northern cuckoo-hawk (bird)'
  Chim Ưng mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
雀鹰
(雀鷹)
què-yīng
'sparrow hawk'
Taiwan:
(北雀鹰)
北雀鷹
běi què-yīng
'northern sparrow hawk'
ハイタカ
()
hai-taka
'sparrowhawk'
Accipiter gentilis
link to photolink to photo
Northern goshawk
Goshawk
เหยี่ยวนกเขาท้องขาว
yìaw nók kʰăw tʰóaaŋ-kʰăaw
'white-bellied dove-hawk'
      Chim Ưng lớn
'large hawk₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
苍鹰
(蒼鷹)
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
Taiwan:
(苍鹰)
蒼鷹
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
オオタカ
(大鷹)
ō taka
'large hawk'
Haliaeetus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Haliaeetus leucogaster
link to photo
White-bellied Sea Eagle
White-bellied Sea-Eagle
White-bellied Fish Eagle
นกออก
nók òaak
'òaak bird' (onomat.)
  Burung Helang Siput
'shell hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Siput
'shell hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
or
Burung Helang Laut
'sea hawk (bird)' (alt in 26)
Burung Elang-laut Perut-putih
'white-bellied sea-hawk (bird)'
Chim Đại bàng biển bụng trắng
'white-bellied sea-eagle₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
白腹海
(白腹海鵰)
bái-fù hǎi-diāo
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
Taiwan:
(白腹海)
白腹海鵰
bái-fù hǎi-diāo
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
シロハラウミワシ
(白腹海鷲)
shiro-hara umi-washi
'white-bellied sea-eagle'
Haliaeetus leucoryphus
link to photo
Pallas's fish eagle
Pallas's fish-eagle
Pallas's sea eagle
Pallas's fishing eagle
นกอินทรีหัวนวล
nók in-sii hŭa-nuan
'pale-headed Indra's bird'
      Chim Đại bàng biển đuôi trắng
'white-tailed sea-eagle₂ (bird)' (12)
玉带海
(玉帶海鵰)
yù-dài hǎi-diāo
'jade band sea-eagle'
キガシラウミワシ
(黄頭海鷲)
ki-gashira umi-washi
'yellow-headed sea-eagle'
Haliaeetus albicilla
link to photo
White-tailed sea eagle
White-tailed eagle
นกอินทรีหางขาว
nók in-sii hăaŋ-yaaw
'long-tailed Indra's bird'
        白尾海
(白尾海鵰)
bái-wěi hǎi-diāo
'white-tailed sea-eagle'
Taiwan:
(白尾海)
白尾海鵰
bái-wěi hǎi-diāo
'white-tailed sea-eagle'
オジロワシ
(尾白鷲)
o-jiro washi
'white-tailed eagle'
Ichthyophaga
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ichthyophaga humilis
Haliaeetus humilis
Ichthyophaga nana
link to photo
Lesser fish eagle
Lesser fish-eagle
Lesser fishing eagle
Himalayan grey-headed fishing eagle
เหยี่ยวปลาเล็กหัวเทา
yìaw-plaa lék hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed small fish-hawk'
  Burung Helang Kanguk Kecil
'small fisheagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Kanguk
'fisheagle hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Kangok
'fisheagle hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang-ikan Kecil
'small fish-hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều cá bé
'little fish hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 34)

(魚鵰)
yú-diāo
'fish eagle' (2, 4)

(漁鵰)
yú-diāo
'fishing eagle' (1, 3)
小渔
(小漁鵰)
xiǎo yú-diāo
'small fishing eagle' (5)
コウオクイワシ
(小魚喰鷲)
ko uo-kui washi
'small fish-eating eagle'
Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
link to photolink to photo
Grey-headed fish eagle
Grey-headed fish-eagle
Grey-headed fishing eagle
เหยี่ยวปลาใหญ่หัวเทา
yìaw-plaa yày hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed large fish-hawk'
  Burung Helang Kanguk Besar
'large fisheagle hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang-ikan Kepala-kelabu
'grey-headed fish-hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều cá đầu xám
'grey-headed fish hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
灰头鱼
(灰頭魚鵰)
huī-tóu yú-diāo
'grey-headed fish eagle' (4)
灰头渔
(灰頭漁鵰)
huī-tóu yú-diāo
'grey-headed fishing eagle' (5)
ウオクイワシ
(魚喰鷲)
uo-kui washi
'fish-eating eagle'
Haliastur
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Haliastur indus
Haliaeetus indus
link to photo
Brahminy kite เหยี่ยวแดง
yìaw daeeŋ
'red hawk'
  Burung Helang Merah
'red hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Merah
'red hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang Bondol
'munia hawk (bird)'
Haliaeetus indus:
Chim Diều lửa
'fire hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
栗鸢
(栗鳶)
lì yuān
'chestnut kite'
Taiwan:
(栗鸢)
栗鳶
lì yuān
'chestnut kite'
シロガシラトビ
(白頭鳶)
shiro-gashira tobi
'white-headed kite'
Milvus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Milvus migrans
link to photo
Black kite เหยี่ยวดำ
yìaw dam
'black hawk'
Milvus lineatus:
เหยี่ยวดำใหญ่
yìaw dam yày
'large black hawk'
  Burung Helang Ekor Cabang
'fork-tailed hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Gelap
'dark hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Lang Bangkai
'carrion hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Elang Paria
'pariah hawk (bird)' (from Dutch paria 'pariah')
Chim Diều hâu
'hâu hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
黑鸢
(黑鳶)
hēi yuān
'black kite'
or

()
yuān
'kite' (alt in 1, 5)
Taiwan:
(黑鸢)
黑鳶
hēi yuān
'black kite'
›Taxonomy‹
トビ
()
tobi
'kite'
Butastur
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Butastur liventer
link to photo
Rufous-winged buzzard
Rufous-winged buzzard eagle
เหยี่ยวปีกแดง
yìaw pìik-daeeŋ
'red-winged hawk'
    Burung Elang Sayap-coklat
'brown-winged hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều xám
'grey hawk₁ (bird)' (12)
棕翅
(棕翅鵟鷹)
zōng-chì kuáng-yīng
'reddishbrown-winged buzzard-hawk'
チャバネサシバ
(茶羽差羽 ~ 茶羽鸇)
cha-bane sashi-ba
'brown-winged buzzard-eagle'
Butastur indicus
link to photo
Grey-faced buzzard
Grey-faced buzzard eagle
เหยี่ยวหน้าเทา
yìaw nâa-tʰaw
'grey-faced hawk'
  Burung Helang Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Belalang
'grasshopper hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Rintik
'speckled hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Kelabu
'grey hawk (bird)'
Chim Diều Ấn Độ
'Indian hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
灰脸
(灰臉鵟鷹)
huī-liǎn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
Taiwan:
(灰面)
灰面鵟鷹
huī-miàn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
サシバ
(差羽)
sashi-ba
'buzzard-eagle'
Buteo
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Buteo buteo
link to photo
Eurasian buzzard
Common buzzard
Buzzard
เหยี่ยวทะเลทราย
yìaw tʰa-lee-saay
'desert hawk'
  Burung Helang Gempal
'strong hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Utara
'northern hawk (bird)' (25)
Burung Lang Besar
'large hawk (bird)' (24)
Burung Elang Buteo
'buteo hawk (bird)' (buteo from Latin)
Chim Diều thường
'common hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
or
Chim Diều Buteo
'buteo hawk₁ (bird)' (34)
Chim Diều Nhật Bản
'Japanese hawk₁ (bird)' (12, 13)
›Taxonomy‹
普通
(普通鵟)
pǔtōng kuáng
'common buzzard'
Taiwan:
()

kuáng
'buzzard'
ヨーロッパノスリ
(ヨーロッパ鵟)
yōroppa nosuri
'European buzzard' (Wikipedia)
Buteo refectus
link to photo
Himalayan buzzard Buteo burmanicus:
เหยี่ยวหิมาลัย
yìaw hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan hawk'
        喜山
(喜山鵟)
xǐ-shān kuáng
'Himalaya mountain buzzard' (Avibase)
-

The word ハチクマ hachi-kuma literally 'bee-bear' is written in Chinese characters as 1. 蜂角鷹 'bee horned hawk' or 2. 蜂熊 'bee bear'.

The distinction between 'eagle' and 'vulture' in Chinese is a relatively recent one. The character is traditionally used for both eagles and vultures.

The etymology of サシバ sashiba' is unknown. In Chinese characters it is usually written 1) 差羽, where the verb 差す sasu has a very broad range of meanings, including 'to point', and , here read ba, means 'wing' or 'feather', or 2) , an ancient Chinese raptor name.

Vietnamese Ưng 'hawk' is from the Chinese word , Mandarin yīng, meaning 'hawk'.

Đại bàng is from Chinese 大鵬, Mandarin dà-péng, a large legendary bird sometimes translated into English as 'roc'. In modern China the name is sometimes used commercially (e.g. in company names) as an auspicious equivalent to 'eagle'.

Diều Nhật Bản 'Japanese hawk' appears to be based on an earlier identification of the local species as Buteo buteo japonicus. H&M4, which now recognises Buteo japonicus as a full species, confines its distribution to Japan itself, leaving the Vietnamese name as a possible misnomer.

The mythological bird who served as the mount for the god Indra, นกอินทรี nók in-sii 'Indra's bird', has come to be identified in Thai with the eagle. Thai names for many birds called 'eagle' in English are based on this now generalised name.

พญา pʰa-yaa 'king' becomes the head noun of the name. The construction can be interpreted as a term of address as in 'King Vulture' or as here, 'king of vultures; vulture king'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต (Birds in Thailand, Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), in 5 volumes, Sarakadee Press, Bangkok, 1998-2001

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981 (List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009