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Accipitridae
Харцгайнхан
khartsgaiŋkhaŋ

鹰科
yīng kē

タカ科
taka ka

수리과
suri-gwa

Atmacagiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Mongolia is rich in diurnal raptors and in names for them. Some of the commonest names are (glosses given are rough English equivalents):

Other names are less clear in their referents. A number of names and usages appear to be regionally marked.

There are a couple of raptor names and descriptors that are not listed at all in dictionaries, notably Үүрсээ üürsee and Саржуу sarjuu.

Buryat names for the accipitrids are similar to usage in Mongolia. They include the following (not exhaustive): Бүргэд bürged refers to the eagles, Харсага kharsaga refers to the hawks, Элэе eleye refers to the kites, Далайн бүргэд dalain bürged 'sea eagle' refers to the sea eagles, Ёло yolo refers to the (Egyptian) vulture, Гриф grif (from Russian) is a word for the griffin, Хулда khulda refers to the harriers, and Хатюул khatyul refers to the buzzards.

Ornithological naming

The following list (arranged in loose groups, not in ornithological order) shows the ornithological usage of names. The "binomial-style" Mongolian list of 2007 makes a number of changes in order to satisfy the requirement that each genus should use only one name.

Genus IM Old IM New Old New
Gypaetus (Lammergeier) Inner M formerly:
Ёл
yol
Inner M:
Ёл
yol
Mongolia formerly:
Ёл
yol
Ёл
yol
Aegypius (Vulture) Inner M formerly:
Ёл
yol
Шагах ? шувуу
shagakh ? shuvuu
Inner M:
Ёл
yol
Mongolia formerly:
Тас
tas
Тас
tas
Neophron (Vultures) -- -- Mongolia formerly:
Бүргэд
bürged
Ёлон
yoloŋ
Gyps (Griffons) Inner M formerly:
(Хажир) бүргэд
khajir bürged
Inner M:
(Хажир) бүргэд
khajir bürged
Mongolia formerly:
(Хажир) бүргэд
khajir bürged
Хажир
khajir
Spizaetus (Nisaetus) (Hawk Eagles) -- Inner M:
Бүргэд
bürged
-- Согсоотбүргэд
sogsoot-bürged
Aquila (incl Clanga) (Eagles) Inner M formerly:
Бүргэд
bürged
Тас бүргэд
tas bürged
Хэсэг бүргэд
kheseg bürged
Inner M:
Бүргэд
bürged
Тас
tas
Хэсэг
kheseg
Mongolia formerly:
Бүргэд
bürged
Бүргэд
bürged
Hieraaetus (Hawk Eagles) -- -- Mongolia formerly:
Бүргэд
bürged
Бүргэдэй
bürgedei
Haliaeetus (Sea Eagles) Inner M formerly:
Загалай
zaglai
Inner M:
Загалай
zaglai
Mongolia formerly:
Бүргэд
bürged
Нөмрөгбүргэд
nömrög-bürged
Accipiter (Hawks) Inner M formerly:
Tарс
tars
Хяргуй
khyargui
Харцага
khartsag
Inner M:
Tарс
tars
Хяргуй
khyargui
Харцгай
khartsgai
Mongolia formerly:
Харцгай
khartsgai
Харцага
khartsag
Butastur (Buzzard) Inner M formerly:
Харцгай
khartsgai
Inner M:
Харцгай
khartsgai
-- Харцгай
khartsgai
Milvus (Kites) Inner M formerly:
Элээ
elee
Inner M:
Элээ
elee
Mongolia formerly:
Элээ
elee
Элээ
elee
Pernis (Honey Buzzards) Inner M formerly:
Хэрэмч
kheremch
Inner M:
Хэрэмч
kheremch
Mongolia formerly:
(Зөгийч) сар
zögiich sar;
Гоорбис
goorbis
Гоорбис
goorbis
Circaetus (Snake Eagle) -- Inner M:
Сар
sar
Mongolia formerly:
Сар
sar
Загалай
zagalai
Buteo (Buzzards) Inner M formerly:
Сар
sar
Тарваж
tarvaj
Inner M:
Сар
sar
Тарваж
tarvaj
Mongolia formerly:
Сар
sar
Сар
sar
Circus (Harriers) Inner M formerly:
Хяргууцай
khyarguutsai
Inner M:
Хяргууцай
khyarguutsai
Mongolia formerly:
Элэгт
elegt
Хулд
khuld

Several different devices are used to come up with distinctive names in the 2007 list:

* Fuse two words together into a compound word (Нөмрөгбүргэд nömrög-bürged and Согсоотбүргэд sogsoot-bürged).

* Remove unnecessary final nouns:Хажир khajir as a name for a kind of vulture. (Despite the appearance of being truncated, Хажир khajir is actually a valid existing name).

* Use variant forms. Mongolian frequently has forms with or without a vowel suffix, e.g., Харцага hartsag or Харцгай hartsgai. This has the disadvantage that native speakers will often see no distinction between the variants. Moreover, the genus Butastur (Харцгай hartsgai) ends up giving its name to the Accipitridae under this change. The list uses the alternative Бүргэдэй bürgedei for Бүргэд bürged, but this is possibly a newly coined form since Mongolian dictionaries do not carry Бүргэдэй bürgedei.

* Find alternative vocabulary. This may be an existing word, as in Загалай zagalai. Other cases are more puzzling. Ёлон yoloŋ is not found in dictionaries in the sense of 'vulture'. Гоорбис goorbis is anomalous in standard Khalkh Mongolian -- the 'b' sound in the middle makes it look like a foreign word. The term Гоорбис goorbis does exist in Classical Mongolian, but is Гоорвис goorvis in the modern language and refers to a kind of bustard. The list also substitutes the term Хулд khuld for Элэгт elegt as a name for the harriers, the revival of an old name.

The Inner Mongolian names follow different patterns from Mongolia (less regularised) and use some different vocabulary. Unlike at other families, harmonisation of acciptrid naming with the Mongolian names is limited, probably due to the greater salience and familiarity of these birds.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
GYPAETINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
PERNINI
Pernis
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Pernis apivorus European Honey Buzzard
European Honey-buzzard
Honey Buzzard

Обыкновенный осоед
Балч гоорбис
ᠪᠠᠯᠴᠢ ᠭᠣᠣᠷᠪᠢᠰ
balch goorbis
'bee-eating honeybuzzard'
  Mongolia formerly:
Гоорбис
ᠭᠣᠣᠷᠪᠢᠰ
goorbis
'honeybuzzard'
鹃头蜂鹰
(鵑頭蜂鷹)
juān-tóu fēng-yīng
'cuckoo-headed bee-hawk'
ヨーロッパハチクマ
(ヨーロッパ蜂角鷹 ~ ヨーロッパ蜂熊)
yōroppa hachi-kuma
'European bee bear'
  Аражегіш
ara-jegiş
'bee devourer'
Arı Şahini
'bee buzzard'
Pernis ptilorhynchus
link to photo
Oriental honey buzzard
Oriental honey-buzzard
Crested honey buzzard
Eurasian Honey Buzzard

Хохлатый осоед
Согсоот гоорбис
ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠣ ᠭᠣᠣᠷᠪᠢᠰ
sogsoot goorbis
'crested honeybuzzard'
Өвөгт Хэрэмч
ᠦᠪᠦᠭᠲᠦ ᠬᠡᠷᠡᠮᠦᠴᠢ
övögt kheremch
'horned honeybuzzard' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Согсоот зөгийч сар
ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠣ ᠵᠦᠭᠡᠢᠢᠴᠢ ᠰᠠᠷ
sogsoot zögiich sar
'crested bee-eating buzzard'
Other:
Согсоот зөгийчин сар
ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠣ ᠵᠦᠭᠡᠢᠢᠴᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
sоgsооt zögiichiŋ sar
'crested bee-keeping buzzard'
凤头蜂鹰
(鳳頭蜂鷹)
fèng-tóu fēng-yīng
'phoenix-headed bee-hawk'
Taiwan:
(东方蜂鹰)
東方蜂鷹
dōngfāng fēng-yīng
'eastern bee-hawk'
ハチクマ
(蜂角鷹 ~ 蜂熊)
hachi-kuma
'bee bear'
벌매
beol-mae
'bee-hawk'
Айдарлы аражегіш
aydarlı ara-jegiş
'pigtailed bee-devourer'
-
GYPAETINI
Gypaetus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Gypaetus barbatus
link to photo
Bearded vulture
or
Lammergeier

Бородач,
Ягятник
Ооч ёл
ᠣᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠶᠣᠯᠣ
ooch yol
'chin-beard lammergeier'
Сахалт ёл
ᠰᠠᠬᠠᠯᠲᠣ ᠶᠣᠯᠣ
sakhalt yol
'bearded lammergeier' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Ёл
ᠶᠣᠯᠣ
yol
'lammergeier' (conflicts with IM name for Aegypius monachus)
胡兀鹫
(鬍兀鷲)
hú wù-jiù
'bearded bald-vulture'
ヒゲワシ
(髭鷲)
hige-washi
'bearded eagle'
수염수리
suyeom-suri
'bearded eagle'
Сақалтай
saqaltay
'bearded (?)'
Sakallı Akbaba
'bearded vulture'
Neophron
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Neophron percnopterus
link to photo
Egyptian vulture

Стервятник,
Обыкновенный стервятник
Дэлт ёлон
ᠲᠡᠯᠲᠣ ᠶᠣᠯᠣᠩ
delt yoloŋ
'maned lammergeier' (variant)
  Mongolia formerly:
Дэлт бүргэд
ᠲᠡᠯᠲᠣ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
delt bürged
'maned eagle'
白兀鹫
(白兀鷲)
bái wù-jiù
'white bald-vulture'
エジプトハゲワシ
(エジプト禿鷲)
ejiputo hage-washi
'Egyptian bald-eagle'
  Жұртшы
jurtşı
'jurtshi'
Küçük Akbaba
'small vulture'
 
ACCIPITRINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
CIRCAETINI
Circaetus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Circaetus gallicus
Circaetus ferox
link to photo
Short-toed eagle
Short-toed snake eagle

Обыкновенный змееяд
Могойч загалай
ᠮᠣᠭᠠᠢᠴᠢ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠢ
mogoich zagalai
'snake-eating zagalai'
Лусч сар
ᠯᠣᠣᠰᠴᠢ ᠰᠠᠷ
lusch sar
'dragon-eating buzzard' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Лусч сар
ᠯᠣᠣᠰᠴᠢ ᠰᠠᠷ
lusch sar
'dragon-eating buzzard'
短趾
(短趾鵰)
duǎn-zhǐ diāo
'short-toed eagle'
チュウヒワシ
(沢鵟鷲)
chūhi washi
'harrier eagle'
  Жыланжегіш бүркіт
jılan-jegiş bürqit
'snake-devouring eagle'
Yılan Kartalı
'snake-eagle'
GYPINI
Gyps
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Gyps himalayensis
link to photo
Himalayan griffon

Кумай,
Гималайский гриф,
Снежный гриф
Хималайн хажир
ᠾᠢᠮᠠᠯᠠᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ
or
ᠬᠢᠮᠠᠯᠠᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ
khimalaiŋ khajir
'Himalayan griffon'
Цасны хажир бүргэд
ᠴᠠᠰᠣᠨ ᠦ  ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tsasni khajir bürged
'snow griffon eagle' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Цастны хажир бүргэд
ᠴᠠᠰᠣᠲᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tsastni khajir bürged
'snow griffon eagle'
高山兀鹫
(高山兀鷲)
gāo-shān wù-jiù
'high mountain bald-vulture'
ヒマラヤシロエリハゲワシ
(ヒマラヤ白襟禿鷲)
himaraya shiro-eri hage-washi
'Himalayan white-collared bald-eagle'
고산대머리수리
gosan-dae-meori-suri
'high mountain-large-headed eagle'
Құмай
qumay
'vulture'
 
Gyps fulvus
link to photo
Griffon Vulture
Eurasian Griffon

Белоголовый сип
Ухаа хажир
ᠬᠣᠧᠠ ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ
ukhaa khajir
'reddish griffon' or possibly 'highland griffon'
  Mongolia formerly:
Ухаа хажир бүргэд
ᠬᠣᠧᠠ ᠬᠠᠵᠢᠷ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
ukhaa khajir bürged
'reddish griffon eagle' or possibly 'highland griffon eagle'
西域兀鹫
(西域兀鷲)
xī-yù wù-jiù
'west region bald-vulture'
シロエリハゲワシ
(白襟禿鷲)
shiro-eri hage-washi
'white-collared bald-eagle'
  Ақбас құмай
aq-bas qumay
'white-headed vulture'
Kızıl Akbaba
'red vulture'
Aegypius
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Aegypius monachus
link to photo
Cinereous vulture
Monk vulture
Black vulture

Черный гриф,
Бурый гриф
Нөмрөг тас
ᠨᠦᠮᠣᠷᠭᠡ ᠲᠠᠰ
nömrög tas
'caped vulture'
Ёл
ᠶᠣᠯᠣ
yol
'vulture' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Нохой тас
ᠨᠣᠬᠠᠢ ᠲᠠᠰ
nokhoi tas
'dog vulture'
IM also:
Шагах ? шувуу
ᠱᠠᠭᠠᠬᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
shagakh ? shuvuu
'shagakh ? bird' (alt in 31)
Other:
Тас
ᠲᠠᠰ
tas
'vulture'
Хүсэн ? тас
ᠬᠦᠰᠣᠨ ᠲᠠᠰᠲᠠᠰ
khüsen ? tas
'khusen ? vulture'
秃鹫
(禿鷲)
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
Taiwan:
(秃鹫)
禿鷲
tū-jiù
'bald-vulture'
クロハゲワシ
(黒禿鷲)
kuro hage-washi
'black bald-eagle'
독수리
dok-suri
'dok eagle' (meaning of dok unclear)
Тазқара
tazqara
'baldknot black' (?)
Kara Akbaba
'black vulture'
ACCIPITRINI
Nisaetus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Nisaetus nipalensis
Spizaetus nipalensis
link to photo
Mountain Hawk Eagle
Mountain Hawk-eagle
Hodgson's hawk eagle

Хохлатый орел,
Горый хохлатый орел
Spizaetus nipalensis:
Уулын согсоотбүргэд
ᠠᠭᠣᠯᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠣᠭᠰᠣᠭᠠᠲᠠᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
uuliŋ sogsoot-bürged
'mountain crested-eagle'
Spizaetus nipalensis:
Хөхөлт бүргэд
ᠬᠦᠬᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
khökhölt bürged
'suckling eagle' (32)
  Spizaetus nipalensis:

(鹰鵰)
yīng-diāo
'hawk eagle'
Taiwan:
(熊鹰)
熊鷹
xióng-yīng
'bear hawk'
Spizaetus nipalensis:
クマタカ
(熊鷹)
kuma-taka
'bear hawk'
뿔매
ppul-mae
'horned hawk'
   
Clanga
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Clanga clanga
Aquila clanga
link to photolink to photo
Greater spotted eagle
Spotted eagle

Большой подорлик
Aquila clanga:
Бор бүргэд
ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
bor bürged
'dun eagle'
Aquila clanga:
Тас
ᠲᠠᠰ
tas
'vulture' (31, 32)
IM also:
Бор бүргэд
ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
bor bürged
'dun eagle' (31)
Aquila clanga:

(烏鵰)
wū-diāo
'dark eagle'
Taiwan:
()
花鵰
huā-diāo
'flowery eagle'
Aquila clanga:
カラフトワシ
(樺太鷲)
karafuto washi
'Sakhalin eagle'
항라머리검독수리
hangna-meori-geom-dok-suri
'gauze-headed golden dok eagle'
Шаңқылдақ қыран
şañqıldaq qıran
'??? brave [eagle]'
Büyük Orman Kartalı
'large forest eagle'
Aquila
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Aquila nipalensis
link to photo
Steppe eagle

Степной орел
Тарважы бүргэд
ᠲᠠᠷᠪᠠᠵᠢ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tarvaji bürged
'buzzard eagle'
Тураг тас
ᠲᠣᠷᠣᠭ ᠲᠠᠰ
turag tas
'giant vulture' (31, 32)
IM also:
Тас бүргэд
ᠲᠠᠰ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tas burged
'vulture eagle' (alt in 31)
草原
(草原鵰)
cǎo-yuán diāo
'steppe eagle'
›Taxonomy‹
ソウゲンワシ
(草原鷲)
sōgen washi
'steppe eagle'
초원수리
chowon-suri
'steppe eagle'
Дала қыраны
dala qıranı
'plains brave [eagle]'
Bozkır Kartalı
'steppe eagle'
Aquila heliaca
link to photolink to photo
Eastern imperial eagle
Imperial eagle

Могильник
Хан бүргэд
ᠬᠠᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
khaŋ bürged
'king eagle'
Хэсэг
ᠬᠡᠰᠭᠡ
kheseg
'imperialeagle' (32)
IM also:
Хэсэг бүргэд
ᠬᠡᠰᠭᠡ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
kheseg bürged
'imperialeagle eagle' (31)
白肩
(白肩鵰)
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
Taiwan:
(白肩)
白肩鵰
bái-jiān diāo
'white-shouldered eagle'
カタシロワシ or
カタジロワシ
(肩白鷲)
kata-shiro washi or kata-jiro washi
'white-shouldered eagle'
흰죽지수리
huin-jukji-suri
'white wing-joint eagle'
Қарақұс
qara-qus
'black bird'
Şah Kartal
'king (=shah) eagle"
Aquila chrysaetos
link to photolink to photo
Golden eagle

Беркут
Цармин бүргэд
ᠴᠠᠷᠠᠮ ᠦᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tsarmiŋ bürged
'tundra eagle'
Хүрэн бүргэд
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
khüreŋ bürged
'brown eagle' (31, 32)
 
(金鵰)
jīn diāo
'gold eagle'
イヌワシ
(犬鷲)
inu-washi
'dog eagle'
검독수리
geom-dok-suri
'golden dok eagle'
Бүркіт
bürkit
'eagle'
Kaya Kartalı
'rock eagle'
Aquila fasciata
Hieraaetus fasciatus
link to photo
Bonelli's eagle
Bonelli's hawk eagle

Ястребиный орел
Hieraaetus fasciatus:
Харсун бүргэдэй
ᠬᠠᠷᠰᠣᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳᠡᠢ (?)
kharsuŋ bürgedei
'hawk eagle'
  Mongolia formerly:
Харсун бүргэд
ᠬᠠᠷᠰᠣᠨ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
kharsuŋ bürged
'hawk eagle'
白腹隼
(白腹隼鵰)
bái-fù sǔn-diāo
'white-bellied falcon-eagle'
Hieraaetus fasciatus:
ボネリークマタカ
(ボネリー熊鷹)
bonerii kuma-taka
'Bonelli's bear hawk'
흰배줄무늬수리
huin-bae-jul-munui-suri
'white-bellied stripe-patterned eagle'
Қырғи бүркіт
qırğï bürkit
'hawk eagle'
Tavşancıl
Hieraaetus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Hieraaetus pennatus
Aquila pennata
link to photo
Booted eagle
Booted hawk eagle

Орел-карлик
Бахим бүргэдэй
ᠪᠠᠬᠢᠮ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳᠡᠢ (?)
bakhim bürgedei
'stubby eagle'
    靴隼
(靴隼鵰)
xuē sǔn-diāo
'booted falcon-eagle'
ヒメクマタカ
(姫熊鷹)
hime kuma-taka
'princess bear hawk'
흰점어깨수리
huin-jeom-eokkae-suri
'white-spot-shouldered eagle'
Бақалақтақ бүркіт
baqalaqtaq bürkit
'stubby ??? eagle'
Küçük Kartal
'small eagle'
Circus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Circus aeruginosus
link to photolink to photo
Western marsh harrier
Western marsh-harrier
Eurasian marsh-harrier
Asian marsh harrier

Болотный лунь,
Камышовый лунь
Намгийн хулд
ᠨᠠᠮᠣᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
namgiŋ khuld
'marsh harrier'
Намгийн хяргууцай
ᠨᠠᠮᠥᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠬᠢᠷᠣᠭᠣᠴᠠᠢ
namgiŋ khyarguutsai
'marsh harrier' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Намгийн цагаан элэгт
ᠨᠠᠮᠥᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ (?)
namgiŋ tsagaaŋ elegt
'marsh white elegt'
白头鹞
(白頭鷂)
bái-tóu yào
'white-headed sparrowhawk'
ヨーロッパチュウヒ
(ヨーロッパ沢鵟)
yōroppa chūhi
'European harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
  Саз құладыны
saz quladını
'marsh harrier'
Saz Delicesi
'reed harrier'
Circus spilonotus
link to photo
Eastern marsh harrier
Eastern marsh-harrier

Азиатский лунь
Дорнын хулд
ᠳᠣᠷᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
dorniŋ khuld
'eastern harrier'
Цагаан элэгт хяргууцай
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ ᠬᠢᠷᠣᠭᠣᠴᠠᠢ
tsagaaŋ elegt khyarguutsai
'white elegt harrier' (32)
  白腹鹞
(白腹鷂)
bái-fù yào
'white-bellied sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(东方泽鹞)
東方澤鷂
dōngfāng zé-yào
'eastern marsh harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
チュウヒ
(沢鵟)
chūhi
'harrier' (written 'marsh buzzard')
개구리매
gaeguri-mae
'frog-hawk'
   
Circus cyaneus
link to photolink to photo
Hen harrier
or
Northern harrier

Полевой лунь
Саарал хулд
ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠯ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
saaral khuld
'grey harrier'
Хяргууцай
ᠬᠢᠷᠣᠭᠣᠴᠠᠢ
khyarguutsai
'harrier' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Цагаан элэгт
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ (?)
tsagaaŋ elegt
'white elegt'
白尾鹞
(白尾鷂)
bái-wěi yào
'white-tailed harrier' (鷂 yào traditionally refers to sparrow hawks)
Taiwan:
(灰泽)
灰澤鵟
huī zé-kuáng
'grey marsh-buzzard'
ハイイロチュウヒ
(灰色沢鵟)
hai-iro chūhi
'grey harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh-buzzard')
잿빛개구리매
jaetbit-gaeguri-mae
'grey-coloured frog-hawk'
Түз құладыны
tüz quladını
'far harrier'
Gökçe Delice
'sky ? harrier'
Circus macrourus
link to photolink to photo
Pallid harrier

Степной лунь
Хээрийн хулд
ᠬᠡᠬᠡᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
kheeriŋ khuld
'wild harrier'
  Mongolia formerly:
Хээрийн цагаан элэгт
ᠬᠡᠬᠡᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ (?)
kheeriŋ tsagaaŋ elegt
'wild white elegt'
草原鹞
(草原鷂)
cǎo-yuán yào
'steppe sparrowhawk'
ウスハイイロチュウヒ
(薄灰色沢鵟)
usu hai-iro chūhi
'light grey harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
  Дала құладыны
dala quladını
'plains harrier'
Akçe Delice
'whitish harrier'
Circus melanoleucos
link to photolink to photo
Pied harrier

Пегий лунь
Алаг хулд
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
alag khuld
'motley harrier'
Алаг хяргууцай
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠬᠢᠷᠠᠭᠣᠴᠠᠢ
alag khyarguutsai
'motley harrier' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Саарал цагаан элэгт
ᠰᠠᠭᠠᠷᠠᠯ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ (?)
saaral tsagaaŋ elegt
'grey white elegt'
鹊鹞
(鵲鷂)
què-yào
'magpie sparrowhawk'
Taiwan:
(花泽)
花澤鵟
huā zé-kuáng
'flowery marsh-buzzard'
マダラチュウヒ
(斑沢鵟)
madara chūhi
'pied harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
알락개구리매
allak-gaeguri-mae
'speckled frog-hawk'
   
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Circus pygargus
link to photolink to photo
Montagu's harrier
Montague's Harrier

Луговой лунь
Нугын хулд
ᠨᠣᠭᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣ
nugiŋ khuld
'meadow harrier'
  Mongolia formerly:
Нугын цагаан элэгт
ᠨᠣᠭᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ (?)
nugiŋ tsagaaŋ elegt
'meadow white elegt'
乌灰鹞
(烏灰鷂)
wū-huī yào
'dark grey sparrowhawk'
ヒメチュウヒ
(姫沢鵟)
hime chūhi
'princess harrier' (chūhi written 'marsh buzzard')
  Шалғын құладыны
şalğın quladını
'meadow harrier'
Çayır Delicesi
'meadow harrier'
Accipiter
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Accipiter badius
link to photolink to photo
Shikra

Тювик
Туркестанский тювик
Үүрсээ харцага
ᠦᠦᠷᠰᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠor ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠰᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
üürsee khartsag
'üürsee hawk'
  Mongolia formerly:
Үүрсээ харцгай
ᠦᠦᠷᠰᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢor ᠡᠭᠦᠷᠰᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
üürsee khartsgai
'üürsee hawk'
褐耳鹰
(褐耳鷹)
hè-ěr yīng
'brown-eared hawk' (1, 2, 3, 4)
褐耳雀鹰
(褐耳雀鷹)
hè-ěr què-yīng
'brown-eared sparrow-hawk' (5)
タカサゴダカ
(高砂鷹)
takasago-daka
'Taiwan hawk'
  Мықи
mıqï
 
Accipiter gularis
link to photo
Japanese sparrowhawk
Japanese sparrow hawk
Japanese lesser sparrow hawk

Малый перепелятник,
Японский перепелятник
Шунгаач харцага
ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠭᠠᠴᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
shuŋgaach kartsag
'diving hawk'
Японы тарс
ᠶᠠᠫᠣᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠠᠰᠣ
yaponi tars
'Japanese tars' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Шунгаач харцгай
ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠴᠭᠠᠲᠢ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
shuŋgaach kartsgai
'diving hawk'
日本松雀鹰
(日本松雀鷹)
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow-hawk' (2, 3, 4, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(日本松雀鹰)
日本松雀鷹
rìběn sōng-què-yīng
'Japanese pine sparrow-hawk'
ツミ
(雀鷹 ~ 雀鷂)
tsumi
'tsumi', written 'sparrow hawk' or 'sparrow sparrowhawk'
조롱이
jorongi
'sparrowhawk'
   
Accipiter nisus
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian sparrowhawk
Northern sparrow hawk
Sparrow hawk

Перепелятник,
Ястреб-перепелятник
Морин харцага
ᠮᠣᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
moriŋ khartsag
'horse hawk'
Хяргуй
ᠬᠢᠷᠭᠣᠢ
khyargui
'sparrowhawk' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Морин харцгай
ᠮᠣᠷᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
moriŋ khartsgai
'horse hawk'
雀鹰
(雀鷹)
què-yīng
'sparrow-hawk'
Taiwan:
(北雀鹰)
北雀鷹
běi què-yīng
'northern sparrow-hawk'
ハイタカ
()
hai-taka
'sparrowhawk'
새매
sae-mae
'bird hawk'
Қырғи
qırğï
'sparrowhawk'
Atmaca
'hawk'
Accipiter gentilis
link to photolink to photo
Northern goshawk
Goshawk

Тетеревятник,
Ястреб-тетеревятник
Үлэг харцага
ᠦᠯᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
üleg khartsag
'foolish hawk'
Харцгай
ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
khartsgai
'hawk' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Үлэг харцгай
ᠦᠯᠭᠡ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
üleg khartsgai
'foolish hawk'
IM also:
Харцага
ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ
khartsag
'hawk' (variant form) (31)
苍鹰
(蒼鷹)
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
Taiwan:
(苍鹰)
蒼鷹
cāng-yīng
'darkblue hawk'
オオタカ
(大鷹)
ō taka
'large hawk'
참매
cham-mae
'sparrow hawk'
Қаршыға
qarşığa
'qarshiga' (cf Mongolian name)
Çayır Kuşu
'meadow bird'
Haliaeetus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Haliaeetus leucoryphus
link to photo
Pallas's fish eagle
Pallas's fish-eagle
Pallas's sea eagle
Pallas's fishing eagle

Орлан-долгохвост
Усны нөмрөгбүргэд
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠦᠮᠣᠷᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
usni nömrög-bürged
'water caped-eagle'
Алаг загалай
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠢ
alag zaglai
'mottled zagalai' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Усны нөмрөг бүргэд
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠨᠦᠮᠣᠷᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
usni nömrög bürged
'water caped eagle'
玉带海
(玉帶海鵰)
yù-dài hǎi-diāo
'jade band sea-eagle'
キガシラウミワシ
(黄頭海鷲)
ki-gashira umi-washi
'yellow-headed sea-eagle'
  Кезқұйрықты субүркіт
kezquyrıqtı swbürqit
'long-tailed water-eagle'
 
Haliaeetus albicilla
link to photo
White-tailed sea eagle
White-tailed eagle

Орлан-белохвост
Цагаансүүл нөмрөгбүргэд
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠦᠯ ᠨᠦᠮᠣᠷᠬᠡ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
tsagaaŋ-süül nömrög-bürged
'white-tail caped-eagle'
Загалай
ᠵᠠᠭᠠᠯᠠᠢ
zaglai
'zagalai' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Усны цагаан сүүлт бүргэд
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠪᠦᠷᠭᠦᠳ
usni tsagaaŋ süült bürged
'water white-tailed eagle'
白尾海
(白尾海鵰)
bái-wěi hǎi-diāo
'white-tailed sea-eagle'
Taiwan:
(白尾海)
白尾海鵰
bái-wěi hǎi-diāo
'white-tailed sea-eagle'
オジロワシ
(尾白鷲)
o-jiro washi
'white-tailed eagle'
흰꼬리수리
huin-kkori-suri
'white-tailed eagle'
Аққұйрықты субүркіт
aq-quyrıqtı swbürqit
'white-tailed water-eagle'
Akkuyruklu Kartal
'white-tailed eagle'
Milvus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Milvus migrans
link to photo
Black kite

Черный коршун
Сохор элээ
ᠰᠣᠬᠣᠷ ᠡᠯᠢᠵ᠎ᠠ
sokhor elee
'blind kite'
Сохор элээ
ᠰᠣᠬᠣᠷ ᠡᠯᠢᠵ᠎ᠠ
sokhor elee
'blind kite' (32)
IM also:
Элээ
ᠡᠯᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ
elee
'kite' (31)
黑鸢
(黑鳶)
hēi yuān
'black kite'
or

()
yuān
'kite' (alt in 1, 5)
Taiwan:
(黑鸢)
黑鳶
hēi yuān
'black kite'
›Taxonomy‹
トビ
()
tobi
'kite'
솔개
solgae
'solgae'
›Taxonomy‹
Қара кезқұйрық
qara kezquyrıq
'black long-tail'
Kara Çaylak
'black kite'
Butastur
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Butastur indicus
link to photo
Grey-faced buzzard
Grey-faced buzzard eagle

Ястребиный канюк,
Ястребиный сарыч
Саржуу харцгай
?? ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
sarjuu khartsgai
'sarjuu hawk'
Хургач харцгай
ᠬᠣᠷᠭᠠᠴ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
khurgach khartsgai
'shepherd hawk' (32)
IM also:
Тарважлаг харцгай
ᠲᠠᠷᠪᠠᠵᠢᠯᠢᠭ ᠬᠠᠷᠴᠠᠭᠠᠢ
tarvajlag khartsgai
'buzzard-like hawk' (31)
灰脸
(灰臉鵟鷹)
huī-liǎn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
Taiwan:
(灰面)
灰面鵟鷹
huī-miàn kuáng-yīng
'grey-faced buzzard-hawk'
Taiwan formerly:
(灰面鹫)
灰面鷲
huī miàn jiù
'grey-faced vulture''
サシバ
(差羽 ~ )
sashi-ba
'buzzard-eagle'
왕새매
wang-sae-mae
'king bird hawk'
   
Buteo
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Buteo lagopus
link to photolink to photo
Rough-legged Buzzard
or
Rough-legged Hawk

Зимняк,
Мохноногий канюк
Тарлан сар
ᠲᠠᠷᠯᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
tarlaŋ sar
'varicoloured buzzard'
Тарлан сар
ᠲᠠᠷᠯᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
tarlaŋ sar
'varicoloured buzzard' (32)
  毛脚
(毛腳鵟)
máo-jiǎo kuáng
'hair-legged buzzard'
オオケアシノスリ
(大毛足鵟)
ō ke-ashi nosuri
'large hair-legged buzzard'
털발말똥가리
teol-bal-malttonggari
'fur-footed buzzard'
Айнақанат тілеміш
ayna-qanat tilemiş
'??-winged buzzard'
Paçalı Şahin
'rough-legged buzzard'
Buteo buteo
link to photo
Eurasian buzzard
Common buzzard
Buzzard

Канюк,
Обыкновенный канюк,
Сарыч
Ойн сар
ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
oiŋ sar
'forest buzzard'
Тарваж
ᠲᠠᠷᠪᠠᠵᠢ
tarvaj
'buzzard' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Сар
ᠰᠠᠷ
sar
'buzzard' (Conflicts with Buteo hemilasius)
普通
(普通鵟)
pǔtōng kuáng
'common buzzard'
Taiwan:
()

kuáng
'buzzard'
ノスリ
()
nosuri
'buzzard'
말똥가리
malttonggari
'buzzard'
Жамансары
jamansarı
'vile buzzard (?)'
Şahin
'buzzard'
Buteo rufinus
link to photolink to photo
Long-legged buzzard

Курганник
Талын сар
ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
taliŋ sar
'plains buzzard'
Талын сар
ᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
taliŋ sar
'plains buzzard' (32)
  棕尾
(棕尾鵟)
zōng-wěi kuáng
'reddishbrown-tailed buzzard'
ニシオオノスリ
(西大鵟)
nishi ō-nosuri
'western large buzzard'
  Кәдімгі тілеміш
kädimgi tilemiş
'true buzzard'
Kızıl Şahin
'red buzzard'
Buteo hemilasius
link to photo
Upland buzzard

Мохноногий курганник
Шилийн сар
ᠰᠢᠯᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠰᠠᠷ
shiliŋ sar
'hill buzzard'
Сар
ᠰᠠᠷ
sar
'buzzard' (31, 32) (Conflicts with Buteo buteo)
 
(大鵟)
dà kuáng
'large buzzard'
オオノスリ
(大鵟)
ō nosuri
'large buzzard'
큰말똥가리
keun-malttonggari
'large buzzard'
Жүнбалақ тілеміш
jünbalaq tilemiş
'woolly-legged buzzard'
 

The word ハチクマ hachi-kuma literally 'bee-bear' is written in Chinese characters as 1. 蜂角鷹 'bee horned hawk' or 2. 蜂熊 'bee bear'.

The distinction between 'eagle' and 'vulture' in Chinese is a relatively recent one. The character is traditionally used for both eagles and vultures.

The etymology of サシバ sashiba' is unknown. In Chinese characters it is usually written 1) 差羽, where the verb 差す sasu has a very broad range of meanings, including 'to point', and , here read ba, means 'wing' or 'feather', or 2) , an ancient Chinese raptor name.

The male bird is known as Морин хяргуй moriŋ khyargui 'horse sparrowhawk', the female as Хонин хяргуй khoniŋ khyargui 'sheep sparrowhawk' (dictionary).

Харсуун kharsuuŋ or харсун kharsuŋ is found in the names of birds at the Accipitridae, Strigidae, and Sylviidae. The dictionary meaning is 'coarse', 'crude' (e.g. as used of foodstuffs), but in bird naming it appears to have the meaning 'hawk'.

Mongolian dictionaries give the meaning of Тарс tars as the female of the Great Spotted Woodpecker and related species (Эмэгчин овууна буюу алаг тогшуурга шувуу).

Үүрсээ üürsee is not listed in dictionaries. The meaning probably relates to the word үүр üür meaning 'nest'. There is a verb үүрсэх üürsekh meaning 'to whinny, neigh', but there does not seem to be any apparent connection.

Монгол хэлний дэлгэрэнгүй тайлбар толь: Шаравтархан өнгөтэй, жигүүр нь урт, сүүл нь охор, хүзүү нь бүдүүн, загас барьж иддэг цахлайн нэгэн зүйл усны шувуу. 'A type of water bird; a yellowish, long-winged, short-tailed, thick-necked gull that catches and eats fish'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013