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Pandionidae
Họ Ó cá

鹗科
è kē

鶚科
è kē

ミサゴ科
misago ka

วงศ์เหยี่ยวออสเปรี
woŋ yìaw oaa-sà-prĕe

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Inter-Country
Pandionidae: MN
Pandionidae: JP
Pandionidae: CN
Pandionidae: TW
■ Pandionidae: VN
Pandionidae: TH
Pandionidae: MY-SG
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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Ó is a native Vietnamese word for eagles and other raptors. It is glossed here as 'eagle₁'. Ornithologically, Ó is found only in the names of the Osprey, Ó cá 'fish eagle₁', and the Red-headed Vulture.

Chữ Nôm

Characters used for Ó in the now obsolete Chữ Nôm characters include:

Name Chữ Nôm
Images from the Vietnamese Nôm Preservation Foundation dictionary. (Errors are the sole responsibility of the author of this site)
ó chu nom for o

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Pandion
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Pandion haliaetus
link to photo
Osprey

Balbuzard pêcheur
Chim Ó cá
'fish eagle₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Chim ưng biển
'sea hawk₂' (from general dictionary)
Chim Ó biển
'sea-eagle₁ (bird)'

()
è
'osprey'
or
鱼鹰
(魚鷹)
yú-yīng
'fish hawk'
(alt in 1, 5)
Taiwan:
(鱼鹰)
魚鷹
yú-yīng
'fish hawk'
ミサゴ
()
misago
'osprey'
เหยี่ยวออสเปร
yìaw oaa-sà-prĕe
'osprey hawk' (oaa-sà-prĕe from English 'osprey')
Burung Helang Tiram
'oyster hawk (bird)' (26)
Burung Lang Tiram
'oyster hawk (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Elang Tiram
'oyster hawk (bird)'

The word ハチクマ hachi-kuma literally 'bee-bear' is written in Chinese characters as 1. 蜂角鷹 'bee horned hawk' or 2. 蜂熊 'bee bear'.

The distinction between 'eagle' and 'vulture' in Chinese is a relatively recent one. The character is traditionally used for both eagles and vultures.

The etymology of サシバ sashiba' is unknown. In Chinese characters it is usually written 1) 差羽, where the verb 差す sasu has a very broad range of meanings, including 'to point', and , here read ba, means 'wing' or 'feather', or 2) , an ancient Chinese raptor name.

Vietnamese Ưng 'hawk' is from the Chinese word , Mandarin yīng, meaning 'hawk'.

Đại bàng is from Chinese 大鵬, Mandarin dà-péng, a large legendary bird sometimes translated into English as 'roc'. In modern China the name is sometimes used commercially (e.g. in company names) as an auspicious equivalent to 'eagle'.

The mythological bird who served as the mount for the god Indra, นกอินทรี nók in-sii 'Indra's bird', has come to be identified in Thai with the eagle. Thai names for many birds called 'eagle' in English are based on this now generalised name.

พญา pʰa-yaa 'king' becomes the head noun of the name. The construction can be interpreted as a term of address as in 'King Vulture' or as here, 'king of vultures; vulture king'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009