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Strigidae
Уулийнхан
uuliŋkhaŋ

鸱鸮科
chī-xiāo kē

鴟梟科
chī-xiāo kē

フクロウ科
fukurō ka

올빼미과
olppaemi-gwa

Baykuşgiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Unlike English, Mongolian has a range of words referring to the owls, but the precise referents can be hard to pin down.

The general word for 'owl' is Шар шувуу shar shuvuu meaning 'yellow bird', but most typically refers to the Eagle Owl. Owls with ears are known as Ууль uul' (also Ууль шувуу uul' shuvuu 'owl bird'). Mongolian also has the term Ариан ariaŋ, which appears to have originally meant owl in general, similar to Ууль uul'.

The word Бэгбаатар begbaatar is another commonly used name for certain types of owl, ranging from the Short-eared Owl to the Wood Owls to the Hawk Owls. The meaning of бэг beg is unclear (it is found only in this name), but баатар baatar means 'hero' and is a common component of men's names in Mongolia.

The Scops Owls are known as Орволго orovlog (or Улаавар орволго ulaavar orovlog 'rufous orovlog').

Холслог kholslog and Яваг шар шувуу yavag shar shuvuu 'yavag yellow bird' are names applied to eared owls.

Names for smaller owls include:

Явлиг yavlig or Явлаг yavlag (also Явлаг шувуу yavlag shuvuu 'yavlag bird') is another term for a smaller kind of owl, sometimes found in the combination Явлаг ууль yavlag uul' ('yavlag owl'). Mostaert's Dictionnaire Ordos says that this owl has a very 'heavy walk'. However, the name Явлаг yavlag is also applied to some diurnal raptors, notably the Osprey, being found in names like Явлаг галуу yavlag galuu ('yavlag goose', the Osprey), Явлаг сар yavlag sar ('yavlag buzzard', also the Osprey), and Явлаг элээ yavlag elee (literally 'yavlag kite', identity unclear, possibly also the Osprey).

A less auspicious name for owls is Үхээр шувуу ükheer shuvuu 'cadaver bird' or Үхээрийн шувуу ükheeriŋ shuvuu 'cadaver bird' owing to a traditional association with death.

Buryat words for owls include Уули uuli and Бэгсэргэ begserge.

ORNITHOLOGICAL SPECIALISATIONS

The ornithological usage of names for strigid genera is as shown below, with old naming and regularised naming (post-2007) shown together for comparison:

Genus IM (for reference) Mongolia Old Mongolia New
Otus (Scops Owls) Inner Mongolia:
Орволго
orovlog
Mongolia formerly:
Орволго
orovlog
Орволго
orovlog
Nyctea (Snowy Owl) - Mongolia formerly:
Ууль
uul'
Уульж
uul'j
Bubo (Eagle Owl) Inner Mongolia:
Шар шувуу
shar shuvuu
Mongolia formerly:
Шар шувуу
shar shuvuu
Шаршувуу
shar-shuvuu
Strix (Wood Owls) - Mongolia formerly:
Бэгбаатар
begbaatar
Ууль
uul'
Surnia (Hawk Owls) - Mongolia formerly:
Ууль
uul'
Bэгбаатар
begbaatar
Glaucidium (Pygmy Owls) Inner Mongolia:
Гуйванга
guivanga
Mongolia formerly:
Бүгээхэй
bügeekhei
Cүилг
süilg
Athene (Little Owl) Inner Mongolia:
Ууль
uul'
Mongolia formerly:
Бүгээхэй
bügeekhei
Бүгээхэй
bügeekhei
Aegolius (Boreal Owl) - Mongolia formerly:
Ууль
uul'
Ариан
ariaŋ
Asio (Long-eared/Short-eared Owl) Inner Mongolia:
Гуйванга
guivanga
Явлаг
guivanga
Mongolia formerly:
Ууль
uul'

Гуйванга
guivaŋg

In choosing one name for each genus, the 2007 names make a number of changes, several of which are quite confusing.

Those types of owl formerly called Ууль uul' have now been split among Уульж uul'j (Snowy Owl), Bэгбаатар begbaatar (Hawk Owls), Ариан ariaŋ (Boreal Owl), and Гуйванга guivaŋg (Asio). Apart from Уульж uul'j, most of these are existing names found in standard dictionaries.

On the other hand, the Wood Owls, which were formerly called Бэгбаатар begbaatar, have now been given exclusive rights to the name Ууль uul'.

After this game of musical chairs, we find that the Wood Owls and the Hawk Owls have actually swapped names.

The term Бүгээхэй bügeekhei, formerly applied to several types of Pygmy Owl and Small Owl, is now restricted to the genus Athene, and the term Cүлиг sülig introduced for Glaucidium.

One final problem with the strict application of 'one genus, one name' is that of Nyctea scandiaca, now classed as Bubo. Presumably the Snowy Owl will have to be renamed the Цагаан шаршувуу tsagaaŋ shar-shuvuu, or 'white yellow-bird' when this reassignment is recognised. The previous name, Цэвдгийн ууль tsevdgiŋ uul' 'tundra owl', would probably have been better.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
STRIGINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Otus                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Otus scops
link to photo
Eurasian scops owl
Eurasian scops-owl
Common scops-owl
Scops owl
European scops owl

Сплюшка,
Обыкновенная совка
Ердийн орволго
ᠶᠡᠷᠣᠳᠠ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠪᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ 
yordiŋ orovlog
'common scopsowl'
Mongolia formerly:
Орволго
ᠣᠷᠪᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ 
orovlog
'scopsowl'
Inner Mongolia:
Улаавар орволго
ᠣᠯᠠᠪᠢᠷ ᠣᠷᠪᠠᠯᠭᠣ
ulaavar orovlog
'rufous scopsowl' (31) (shared with Otus sunia)
西红角鸮
(西紅角鴞)
xī hóng jiǎo-xiāo
'western red horned-owl' (2, 4)
红角鸮
(紅角鴞)
hóng jiǎo-xiāo
'red horned-owl' (3)
›Taxonomy‹
ヨーロッパコノハズク
(ヨーロッパ木の葉木菟)
yōroppa ko-no-ha zuku
'European tree-leaf zuku' (some sources)
  Маубас жапалақ
mawbas japalaq
'listless owl'
İshakkuşu
'Isaac ? bird'
Otus sunia
link to photolink to photo
Oriental scops owl
Oriental scops-owl

Уссурийския совка
Ойн орволго
ᠣᠢ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠣᠷᠪᠣᠯᠭ᠎ᠠ 
oiŋ orovlog
'forest scopsowl'
Inner Mongolia:
Улаавар орволго
ᠣᠯᠠᠪᠢᠷ ᠣᠷᠪᠠᠯᠭᠣ
ulaavar orovlog
'rufous scopsowl' (31) (shared with Otus scops)
红角鸮
(紅角鴞)
hóng jiǎo-xiāo
'red horned-owl' (1, 2, 4, 5)
东方角鸮
(東方角鴞)
dōngfāng jiǎo-xiāo
'eastern horned-owl' (3)
Taiwan:
(东方角鸮)
東方角鴞
dōngfāng jiǎo-xiāo
'eastern horned-owl'
コノハズク
(木の葉木菟)
ko-no-ha zuku
'tree-leaf zuku'
소쩍새
sojjeok-sae
'scopsowl-bird'
   
Nyctea                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Nyctea scandiaca
›Taxonomy‹
link to photolink to photo
Snowy owl

Белая сова,
Полярная сова
Цагаан уульж
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢᠵᠢ (?)
tsagaaŋ uul'j
'white owl (variant form)'
Mongolia formerly:
Цэвдгийн ууль
ᠴᠡᠪᠲᠡᠭ ᠦᠨ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ 
tsevdgiŋ uul'
'tundra owl'
雪鸮
(雪鴞)
xuě-xiāo
'snow owl'
シロフクロウ
(白梟)
shiro-fukurō
'white owl'
흰올빼미
huin-olppaemi
'white owl'
Ақ жапалақ
aq japalaq
'white owl'
 
Bubo                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Bubo bubo
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian eagle-owl
Northern eagle owl
Eagle owl
Great Eagle Owl

Филин,
Обыкновенный филин
Эгэл шаршувуу
ᠡᠬᠡᠯ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
egel shar-shuvuu
'common yellow-bird'
Mongolia formerly:
Шар шувуу
ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
shar shuvuu
'yellow bird'
Inner Mongolia:
Шар шувуу
ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
shar shuvuu
'yellow bird' (31)

(鵰鴞)
diāo-xiāo
'eagle-owl'
ワシミミズク
(鷲木菟)
washi mimi-zuku
'eagle eared-zuku'
수리부엉이
suri-bueongi
'eagle earedowl'
Үкі
üki
'eagleowl'
Puhu
'owl'
Strix                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Strix uralensis
link to photolink to photo
Ural owl
Ural wood owl

Длиннохвостая неясыть,
Уралская неясыть
Хув ууль
ᠬᠣᠪᠣ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
huv uul'
'earless owl'
Mongolia formerly:
Хув бэгбаатар
ᠬᠣᠪᠣ ᠪᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠣᠷ
huv begbaatar
'earless beg-baatar' (baatar 'hero' = man's name)
长尾林鸮
(長尾林鴞)
cháng-wěi lín-xiāo
'long-tailed forest-owl'
フクロウ
()
fukurō
'owl'
긴점박이올빼미
gin-jeombagi-olppaemi
'long dappled owl'
Кезқұйрық жапалақ
kez-quyrıq japalaq
'long-tailed owl'
 
Strix nebulosa
link to photolink to photo
Great grey owl
Dark wood owl

Бородатая неясыть
Угалзан ууль
ᠣᠭᠠᠯᠵᠠᠨ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
ugalzaŋ uul'
'spiral-pattern owl'
Mongolia formerly:
Угалзан бэгбаатар
ᠣᠭᠠᠯᠵᠠᠨ ᠪᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠣᠷ
ugalzaŋ begbaatar
'spiral-pattern beg-baatar' (baatar 'hero' = man's name)
乌林鸮
(烏林鴞)
wū lín-xiāo
'dark forest-owl'
カラフトフクロウ
(樺太梟)
karafuto fukurō
'Sakhalin owl'
  Сақалды жапалақ
saqaldı japalaq
'bearded owl'
 
 
SURNIINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Surnia                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Surnia ulala
link to photolink to photo
Northern hawk-owl
Northern hawk owl
Hawk owl

Ястребинная сова
Харсуун бэгбаатар
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠰᠣᠨ (?) ᠪᠡᠭ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠣᠷ
kharsuuŋ begbaatar
'kharsuuŋ beg-baatar' (baatar 'hero' = man's name)
Mongolia formerly:
Харсуун ууль
ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠰᠣᠨ (?) ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
kharsuuŋ uul'
'kharsuuŋ owl'
猛鸮
(猛鴞)
měng xiāo
'fierce owl'
オナガフクロウ
(尾長梟)
o-naga fukurō
'long-tailed owl'
긴꼬리올빼미
gin-kkori-olppaemi
'long-tailed owl'
Қыршаға жапалақ
qırşağa japalaq
'qırşağa owl'
 
Glaucidium                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Glaucidium passerinum
link to photo
Eurasian pygmy owl
Eurasian pygmy-owl
Pygmy owl
Pygmy owlet

Воробьиный сычик
Буслаг сүлиг
ᠪᠣᠰᠯᠢᠭ ᠰᠦᠯᠢᠭ᠌
buslag sülig
'buslag sülig'
Mongolia formerly:
Дорнодын бүгээхэй
ᠲᠣᠷᠣᠨᠠᠳᠣ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠪᠦᠬᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠢ
dornodiŋ bügeekhei
'eastern owlet'
Inner Mongolia:
Эрээн толгойт гуйванга
ᠡᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠢᠢᠲᠣ ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠠᠩᠭᠣ
ereeŋ tolgoit guivanga
'flowery-headed guivanga' (31)
Other:
Буслаг бүгээхэй
ᠪᠣᠰᠯᠢᠭ ᠪᠦᠬᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠢ
buslag bügeekhei
'buslag owlet'
花头鸺鹠
(花頭鸺鹠)
huā-tóu xiū-liú
'flower-headed owlet' (1, 2, 3, 4)
花头侏鸺鹠
(花頭侏鸺鹠)
huā-tóu zhū xiū-liú
'flower-headed pygmy owlet' (5)
スズメフクロウ
(雀梟)
suzume fukurō
'sparrow owl'
  Байғызша
bayğızşa
'owlet-sha ?? '
 
Athene                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Athene noctua
Athene noctus
link to photolink to photo
Little owl

Домовый сыч,
Обыкновенный домовый сыч
Хотны бүгээхэй
ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠦᠬᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠢ
khotni bügeekhei
'livestock-pen? owlet'
Mongolia formerly:
Хотны бүгээхэй
ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠦᠬᠡᠬᠡᠬᠡᠢ
khotni bügeekhei
'livestock-pen? owlet'
Inner Mongolia:
Өвөр зурааст ууль
ᠦᠪᠦᠷ ᠵᠢᠷᠣᠭᠠᠰᠣᠲᠣ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
övör zuraast uul'
'breast-striped owl' (31)
纵纹腹小鸮
(縱紋腹小鴞)
zòng-wén-fù xiǎo-xiāo
'vertical-pattern-bellied small owl'
Taiwan:
(纵纹腹小鸮)
縱紋腹小鴞
zòng-wén-fù xiǎo-xiāo
'vertical-pattern-bellied small owl'
コキンメフクロウ
(小金目梟)
ko kin-me fukurō
'small golden-eyed owl'
금눈쇠올빼미
geum-nun-soe-olppaemi
'gold-eyed small owl'
Байғыз
bayğız
'owlet'
Kukumav
'owlet'
Aegolius                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Aegolius funereus
link to photolink to photo
Boreal owl
or
Tengmalm's owl

Мохноногий сыч
Савагт ариан
ᠰᠠᠪᠠᠭᠲᠣ ᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ
savagt ariaŋ
'yak-throat-haired ?? ariaŋ'
Mongolia formerly:
Савагт ууль
ᠰᠠᠪᠠᠭᠲᠣ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
savagt uul'
'yak-throat-haired ?? owl'
鬼鸮
(鬼鴞)
guǐ xiāo
'demon owl'
キンメフクロウ
(金目梟)
kin-me fukurō
'gold-eyed owl'
  Орман байғызы
orman bayğızı
'forest owlet'
Paçalı Baykuş
'shaggy-legged sir ? bird'
 
ASIONINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Asio                
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Former & Other M
Chinese (incl. Taiwan)
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Asio otus
link to photolink to photo
Long-eared owl

Ушастая сова
Соотон гуйванга
ᠰᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣᠩ ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠢᠩᠭᠣ
sootoŋ guivaŋg
'sharp-eared guivang'
Mongolia formerly:
Явлиг ууль
ᠶᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
yavlig uul'
'yavlig owl'
Inner Mongolia:
Цордон явлаг
ᠴᠣᠷᠳᠣᠩ ᠶᠠᠪᠯᠠᠭ
tsordoŋ yavlag
'smalltrumpet yavlag' (31)
Other:
Явлиг
ᠶᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭ
yavlig
'yavlig'
Явлаг ууль
ᠶᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
yavlag uul'
'yavlag owl'
长耳鸮
(長耳鴞)
cháng-ěr xiāo
'long-eared owl'
Taiwan:
(长耳鸮)
長耳鴞
cháng-ěr xiāo
'long-eared owl'
トラフズク
(虎斑木菟)
tora-fu zuku
'tiger-striped zuku'
칡부엉이
chirk-bueongi
'arrowroot (kudzu?) earedowl'
Құлақты жапалақ
qulaqtı japalaq
'eared owl'
Kulaklı Orman Baykuşu
'eared forest sir ? bird'
Asio flammeus
link to photolink to photo
Short-eared owl

Болотная сова
Хулгар гуйванга
ᠬᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠷ ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠢᠩᠭᠣ
khulgar guivaŋg
'short-eared guivang'
Mongolia formerly:
Гуйвангуу ууль
ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠢᠩᠭᠣ ᠣᠭᠣᠯᠢ
guivaŋguu uul'
'guivanguu owl'
Inner Mongolia:
Хув явлаг
ᠬᠣᠪᠣ ᠶᠠᠪᠠᠯᠠᠭ
khuv yavlag'
'shorteared yavlag' (31)
or
Inner Mongolia:
Гуйбанга
ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠠᠩᠭᠣ
guivanga
'guivanga' (alt in 31)
Other:
Гуйвангуу
ᠭᠣᠢᠢᠪᠢᠩᠭᠣ
guivaŋguu
'guivanguu'
短耳鸮
(短耳鴞)
duǎn-ěr xiāo
'short-eared owl'
Taiwan:
(短耳鸮)
短耳鴞
duǎn-ěr xiāo
'short-eared owl'
コミミズク
(小木菟)
ko mimi-zuku
'small eared-zuku'
쇠부엉이
soe-bueongi
'small earedowl'
Саз жапалақ
saz japalaq
'marsh owl'
Kır Baykuşu
'greyish sir ? bird'

Харсуун kharsuuŋ or харсун kharsuŋ is found in the names of birds at the Accipitridae, Strigidae, and Sylviidae. The meaning appears to be 'coarse', 'crude' (e.g. as used of foodstuffs).

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990