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Columbidae
วงศ์นกพิราบและนกเขา
woŋ nók pʰí-râap láe nók kʰăw

Họ Bồ câu

鸠鸽科
jiū-gē kē

鳩鴿科
jiū-gē kē

ハト科
hato ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Most of the ornithological names for the Columbidae are based on four old names. Many members of this family were kept as pets, hunted, and eaten and the basic names remain well known to Thai speakers both with and without the officially preposed นก nók 'bird'. The old names are presented here with their current, ornithologically restricted, meanings. In popular usage there can be significant overlap in how variations on the general names are applied to the kinds of Columbidae.

นกลุมพู nók lum-pʰuu or นกกะลุมพู nók kà-lum-pʰuu 'pigeon (bird)' (Ducula imperial pigeons, especially D. aenea; and Columba punicea, a wood-pigeon). ลุมพู lum-pʰuu appears to have been phonologically adapted from Malay limbuk, etc. where it refers to a green-coloured pigeon. The Thai name originally applied only to Ducula aenea, from which it was extended to the other largest native pigeons. The name occurs both with and without the old Thai wildlife prefix กะ- kà-.

นกเขา nók kʰăw 'dove (bird)' (Streptopelia turtledoves; Macropygia, Geopelia, and Chalcophaps doves; and Treron curvirostra, a green-pigeon). Thai has homophones for เขา kʰăw which could lead to misunderstanding; so most often 'dove' includes a disambiguating นก nók 'bird' even in the middle of compounds. In such cases we leave the word 'bird' untranslated in our glosses. These include names for several kinds of Accipiter hawks (Accipitridae) which are based on เหยี่ยวนกเขา yìaw nók kʰăw 'dove-hawk'.

นกเปล้า nók plâw 'greenpigeon (bird)' (Treron green-pigeons and Ptilinopus fruit-doves).

นกพิราบ nók pʰí-râap 'rockdove' refers originally and primarily to the domestic pigeon (Columba livia). Although not native anywhere in Southeast Asia, rock doves were introduced centuries ago in most urban areas. The Thai name is a very old Indic loanword from the same source as Malay merpati, perepati, etc. Due to the concentration of rock doves in urban areas, นกพิราบ nók pʰí-râap is now popularly equated to English 'pigeon'. This redefinition is now applied to form ornithological names for the less well known Columba wood-pigeons (excepting Columba punicea). The intention is that นกพิราบป่า nók pʰí-râap pàa (literally 'forest rockdove', but popularly 'wild rockdove') also be the ornithological equivalent of English 'wood-pigeon'.

The older family name used in (19, 20) for the Columbidae is วงศ์นกเขาและนกลุมพู woŋ nók kʰăw láe nók lum-pʰuu 'dove and pigeon family'. The more recent family names reflect greater popular familiarity with the domestic pigeon. In (22, 23) Columbidae is วงศ์นกพิราบและนกเขา woŋ nók pʰí-râap láe nók kʰăw 'rockdove (domestic pigeon) and dove family'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
COLUMBINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Columba
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Columba livia
link to photo
Rock Dove
or
Rock Pigeon
Common Pigeon
Feral Rock Pigeon
Feral pigeon
นกพิราบป่า
nók pʰí-râap pàa
'forest (=wild) rockdove (bird)' (introduced)
นกพิราบ
nók pʰí-râap
' rockdove (bird)'
Burung Pergam Batu
'rock pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Merpati
'pigeon (bird)' (26) (introduced)
›Name‹
Burung Merpati Batu
'rock pigeon (bird)' (introduced)
›Name‹
Chim Gầm ghì đá
'rock pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
(introduced)
原鸽
(原鴿)
yuán gē
'primitive/original pigeon'

Taiwan:
(野鸽)
野鴿
yě gē
'wild pigeon'
(introduced)
カワラバト
(河原鳩)
kawara-bato
'dry riverbed pigeon' (introduced)
Columba hodgsonii Freckled Pigeon
or
Speckled Wood Pigeon
Speckled Woodpigeon
Speckled wood-pigeon
Speckled wood pigeon
นกพิราบป่าอกลาย
nók pʰí-râap pàa òk-laay
'stripe-breasted forest (=wild) rockdove (bird)'
        斑林鸽
(斑林鴿)
bān lín-gē
'spotted/striped forest-pigeon' (2, 4)
点斑林鸽
(點斑林鴿)
diǎn bān lín-gē
'spot-striped forest-pigeon' (1, 3, 5)
ゴマフバト
(胡麻斑鳩)
goma-fu bato
'sesame spotted pigeon'
Columba pulchricollis Ashy Pigeon
Ashy Woodpigeon
Ashy wood-pigeon
Ashy wood pigeon
นกพิราบเขาสูง
nók pʰí-râap kʰăw-sŭuŋ
'high-mountain rockdove (bird)'
นกพิราบป่าเขาสูง
nók pʰí-râap pàa kʰăw-sŭuŋ
'high-mountain forest (=wild) rockdove (bird)'
    Chim Bồ câu rừng xám
'grey forest pigeon₁ (bird)' (34)
›Name‹
灰林鸽
(灰林鴿)
huī lín-gē
'grey forest-pigeon'
Taiwan:
(灰林鸽)
灰林鴿
huī lín-gē
'grey forest-pigeon'
タイワンジュズカケバト
(台湾数珠掛鳩)
taiwan juzu-kake-bato
'Taiwanese rosary-hanging? pigeon'
Columba punicea
link to photo
Pale-capped pigeon
Purple wood pigeon
นกลุมพูแดง
nók lum-pʰuu daeeŋ
'red pigeon (bird)'
นกกะลุมพูแดง
nók kà-lum-pʰuu daeeŋ
'red pigeon (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกเขาตู้
nók kʰăw-tûu
'tûu-dove (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Pergam Haji
'pilgrimage pigeon (bird)' (haji from Arabic) (25)
  Chim Bồ câu nâu
'brown pigeon₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
›Name‹
紫林鸽
(紫林鴿)
zǐ lín-gē
'purple forest-pigeon'
ムラサキモリバト
(紫森鳩)
murasaki mori-bato
'purple forest-pigeon'
Streptopelia
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Streptopelia orientalis
link to photolink to photo
Oriental turtle dove
Oriental turtle-dove
Eastern turtle dove
Rufous Turtle-dove
นกเขาพม่า
nók kʰăw pʰa-mâa
'Burmese dove (bird)'
      Chim Cu sen
'lotus dove (bird)' (from pale pinkish colour) (12, 13, 34)
山斑鸠
(山斑鳩)
shān bān-jiū
'mountain striped-dove'
Taiwan:
(金背鸠)
金背鳩
jīn-bèi jiū
'gold-backed dove'
キジバト
(雉鳩)
kiji-bato
'pheasant pigeon'
Streptopelia tranquebarica
Oenopopelia tranquebarica
link to photo
Red Collared Dove
or
Red Turtle Dove
Red Collared-dove
Red-collared dove
Red turtle-dove
นกเขาไฟ
nók kʰăw fay
'fire dove (bird)'
  Burung Tekukur Merah
'red dove (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Dederuk Merah
'red collared-dove (bird)'
Chim Cu ngói
'tile dove (bird)' (from terracotta colour) (12, 13, 34)
火斑鸠
(火斑鳩)
huǒ bān-jiū
'fire striped-dove'
Taiwan:
(红鸠)
紅鳩
hóng jiū
'red dove'
ベニバト
(紅鳩)
beni-bato
'crimson pigeon'
Streptopelia chinensis
link to photo
Spotted-Necked Dove
or
Spotted Dove
Spot-necked dove
Spotted turtle dove
นกเขาใหญ่
nók kʰăw yày
'large dove (bird)'
นกเขาหลวง
nók kʰăw lŭaŋ
'royal dove (bird)' (alt in 18, 19, 20, 21)
Burung Merbok Balam
'turtledove zebradove (bird)' (24) (Conflicts with Geopelia striata)
Burung Tekukur
'dove (bird)' (26)
Burung Tekukur Biasa
'common dove (bird)' (25)
Burung Tekukur Biasa
'common dove (bird)'
Chim Cu gáy
'calling dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
珠颈斑鸠
(珠頸斑鳩)
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
Taiwan:
(珠颈斑鸠)
珠頸斑鳩
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
カノコバト
(鹿の子鳩)
kanoko-bato
'fawn pigeon' (named after fawn-like spots)
Macropygia
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Macropygia unchall
link to photo
Barred Cuckoo Dove
Barred Cuckoo-dove
Bar-tailed cuckoo dove
นกเขาลายใหญ่
nók kʰăw laay yày
'large striped dove (bird)'
นกเขาโนรีใหญ่
nók kʰăw noo-rii yày
'large lory-dove (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกเขาตู้ใหญ่
nók kʰăw tûu yày
'large tûu-dove (bird)' (onomat.) (alt in 21)
Burung Tekukur Api Gunung
'mountain fire dove (bird)' (24)
Burung Tekukur Api Besar
'large fire dove (bird)' (26)
Burung Tekukur Gunung
'mountain dove (bird)' (25)
Burung Uncal Loreng
'barred cuckoodove (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì vằn
'striped pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
斑尾鹃鸠
(斑尾鵑鳩)
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
Taiwan:
(斑尾鹃鸠)
斑尾鵑鳩
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
ヨコジマオナガバト
(横縞尾長鳩)
yoko-jima o-naga bato
'horizontal stripe long-tailed pigeon'
Macropygia ruficeps
link to photo
Little Cuckoo Dove
Little Cuckoo-dove
Lesser cuckoo dove
Lesser red cuckoo dove
นกเขาลายเล็ก
nók kʰăw laay lék
'small striped dove (bird)'
นกเขาโนรีเล็ก
nók kʰăw noo-rii lék
'small lory-dove (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกเขาตู้เล็ก
nók kʰăw tûu
lék

'small tûu-dove (bird)' (onomat.) (alt in 21)
Burung Tekukur Api
'fire dove (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Uncal Kouran
'kouran cuckoodove (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì đầu hung
'reddish-headed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
小鹃鸠
(小鵑鳩)
xiǎo juān-jiū
'small cuckoo-dove' (2)
棕头鹃鸠
(棕頭鵑鳩)
zōng-tóu juān-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed cuckoo-dove' (alt in 1, 3)
小赤鹃鸠
(小赤鵑鳩)
xiǎo chì juān-jiū
'small red cuckoo-dove' (4)
棕头小鹃鸠
(棕頭小鵑鳩)
zōng-tóu xiǎo juān-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed small cuckoo-dove' (5)
ヒメオナガバト
(姫尾長鳩)
hime o-naga bato
'princess long-tailed pigeon'
 
RAPHINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Geopelia
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Geopelia striata
link to photo
Zebra dove
Peaceful dove
นกเขาชวา
nók kʰăw cʰa-waa
'Javanese dove'
นกเขาเล็ก
nók kʰăw lék
'small dove (bird)' (alt in 21)
Burung Merbuk
'zebradove (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbok Aman
'peaceful zebradove (bird)' (24)
Burung Merbok Balam
'turtledove zebradove (bird)' (Conflicts with Streptopelia chinensis) (25)
Burung Perkutut Jawa
'Javanese zebradove (bird)'
  斑姬地鸠
(斑姬地鳩)
bān jī dì-jiū
'striped princess ground dove'
チョウショウバト
(嘲笑鳩)
chōshō-bato
'jeering pigeon' (meaning and characters require confirmation)
Treron
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Treron fulvicollis
link to photo
Cinnamon-headed green pigeon
Cinnamon-headed green-pigeon
นกเปล้าแดง
nók plâw daeeŋ
'red greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Bakau
'mangrove greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Punai Bakau
'mangrove greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh cổ nâu
'brown-necked blue/green-dove (bird)' (12)
棕头绿鸠
(宗頭綠鳩)
zōng-tóu lǜ-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed green-dove'
ニッケイアオバト
(肉桂青鳩)
nikkei ao-bato
'cinnamon blue/green-pigeon'
Treron olax
link to photo
Little green pigeon
Little green-pigeon
นกเปล้าเล็กหัวเทา
nók plâw lék hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed little greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Siul
'whistling greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Punai Daun
'leaf greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25) (Conflicts with Treron curvirostra)
Burung Punai Kecil
'small greenpigeon (bird)'
  小绿鸠
(小綠鳩)
xiǎo lǜ-jiū
'small green dove'
チビアオバト
(ちび青鳩)
chibi ao-bato
'tiny blue/green pigeon'
Treron vernans
link to photo
Pink-necked green pigeon
Pink-necked green-pigeon
นกเปล้าคอสีม่วง
nók plâw kʰoaa-sĭi-mûaŋ
'purple-necked greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Gading
'ivory greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Punai Kericau
'chirping greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
Burung Punai Gading
'ivory greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh đầu xám
'grey-headed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
红颈绿鸠
(紅頸綠鳩)
hóng-jǐng lǜ-jiū
'red-necked green-dove'
コアオバト
(小青鳩)
ko ao-bato
'small blue/green-pigeon'
Treron bicinctus
Treron bicincta
link to photo
Orange-breasted green pigeon
Orange-breasted green-pigeon
นกเปล้าอกสีม่วงน้ำตาล
nók plâw òk-sĭi-mûaŋ nám-taan
'brown-purple-breasted greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Siam
'Siamese greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Punai Siam
'Siamese greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh khoang cổ
'streak-necked blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
橙胸绿鸠
(橙胸綠鳩)
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
Taiwan:
(橙胸绿鸠)
橙胸綠鳩
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
ムネアカアオバト
(胸赤青鳩)
mune-aka ao-bato
'red-breasted blue/green-pigeon'
Treron pompadora
link to photo
Pompadour green pigeon
Pompadour green-pigeon
Ashy-headed green pigeon
Treron phayrei:
นกเปล้าหน้าเหลือง
nók plâw nâa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-faced greenpigeon (bird)'
    Burung Punai Pompadora
'pompadour greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh đuôi đen
'black-tailed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
灰头绿鸠
(灰頭綠鳩)
huī-tóu lǜ-jiū
'grey-headed green-dove'
ハイビタイアオバト
(灰額青鳩)
hai-bitai ao-bato
'grey-foreheaded blue/green-pigeon'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Treron curvirostra
link to photo
Thick-billed green pigeon
Thick-billed green-pigeon
Thick-billed pigeon
นกเขาเปล้าธรรมดา
nók kʰăw-plâw tʰam-ma-daa
'common greenpigeon-dove (bird)'
นกเขาเปล้า
nók kʰăw-plâw
'greenpigeon-dove (bird)' (20a) (conflicts with Ducula aenea)
นกเขาเขียว
nók kʰăw-kʰĭaw 'green dove (bird)' (conflicts with Chalcophaps indica)
Burung Punai Daun
'leaf greenpigeon (bird)' (26) (Conflicts with Treron olax)
Burung Punai Lengguak
'thickbillgreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Punai Lengguak
'thickbillgreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (Wikipedia)
Chim Cu xanh mỏ quặp
'bent-billed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
厚嘴绿鸠
(厚嘴綠鳩)
hòu-zuǐ lǜ-jiū
'thick-billed green-dove'
ハシブトアオバト
(嘴太青鳩)
hashi-buto ao-bato
'thick-billed blue/green-pigeon'
Treron capellei
link to photo
Large green pigeon
Large green-pigeon
นกเปล้าใหญ่
nók plâw yày
'large greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Bakok
'largegreenpigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Punai Bakok
'largegreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (24)
Burung Punai Bakuk
'largegreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
or
Burung Lengguak
'thickbillgreenpigeon (bird)' (alt in 26)
Burung Punai Besar
'large greenpigeon (bird)'
  大绿鸠
(大綠鳩)
dà lǜ-jiū
'large green dove'
オオアオバト
(大青鳩)
ō ao-bato
'large green pigeon'
Treron phoenicopterus
Treron phoenicoptera
link to photo
Yellow-legged green pigeon
Yellow-footed green-pigeon
นกเปล้าขาเหลือง
nók plâw kʰăa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-legged greenpigeon (bird)'
      Chim Cu xanh chân vàng
'yellow-legged blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
黄脚绿鸠
(黃腳綠鳩)
huáng-jiǎo lǜ-jiū
'yellow-legged green-dove'
キアシアオバト
(黄足青鳩)
ki-ashi ao-bato
'yellow-legged blue/green-pigeon'
Treron apicauda
link to photo
Pin-tailed green pigeon
Pin-tailed green-pigeon
นกเปล้าหางเข็ม
nók plâw hăaŋ-kʰĕm
'needle-tailed greenpigeon (bird)'
      Chim Cu xanh đuôi nhọn
'sharp-tailed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
针尾绿鸠
(針尾綠鳩)
zhēn-wěi lǜ-jiū
'needle-tailed green-dove'
ハリオアオバト
(針尾青鳩)
hari-o ao-bato
'needle-tailed blue/green-pigeon'
Treron seimundi
link to photo
Yellow-vented green pigeon
Yellow-vented green-pigeon
Yellow-vented pin-tailed pigeon
Yellow-vented pin-tailed green pigeon
นกเปล้าหางเข็มหัวปีกแดง
nók plâw hăaŋ-kʰĕm hŭa-pìik-daeeŋ
'red-wing-coverted needle-tailed greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Gunung
'mountain greenpigeon (bird)' (24)
Burung Punai Ekor Panjang
'long-tailed greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
Burung Punai Ekor Runcing
'sharp-tailed greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
  Chim Cu xanh Seimun
'Seimund blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
or
Chim Cu xanh đít vàng
'yellow-vented blue/green-dove (bird)' (34)
白腹针尾绿鸠
(白腹針尾綠鳩)
bái-fù zhēn-wěi lǜ-jiū
'white-bellied needle-tailed green-dove'
シロハラハリオアオバト
(白腹針尾青鳩)
shiro-hara hari-o ao-bato
'white-bellied needle-tailed blue/green-pigeon'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Treron sphenurus
Treron sphenura
link to photo
Wedge-tailed green pigeon
Wedge-tailed green-pigeon
นกเปล้าหางพลั่ว
nók plâw hăaŋ-pʰlûa
'shovel-tailed greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Bukit
'hill greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Punai Gunung
'mountain greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Punai Gagak
'crow greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh sáo
'starling blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
楔尾绿鸠
(楔尾綠鳩)
xiē-wěi lǜ-jiū
'wedge-tailed green-dove'
オナガアオバト
(尾長青鳩)
o-naga ao-bato
'long-tailed blue/green-pigeon'
Treron sieboldii
link to photo
White-bellied green pigeon
White-bellied green-pigeon
Japanese green pigeon
Siebold's green pigeon
White-bellied wedge-tailed green pigeon
นกเปล้าท้องขาว
nók plâw tʰóaaŋ-kʰăaw
'white-bellied greenpigeon (bird)'
      Chim Cu xanh bụng trắng
'white-bellied blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
红翅绿鸠
(紅翅綠鳩)
hóng-chì lǜ-jiū
'red-winged green-dove'
Taiwan:
(绿鸠)
綠鳩
lǜ-jiū
'green-dove'
アオバト
(青鳩)
ao-bato
'blue/green-pigeon'
Caloenas
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Caloenas nicobarica
link to photo
Nicobar pigeon
Vulturine pigeon
นกชาปีไหน
nók cʰaa-pii-năy
'cʰaa-pii-năy bird'
  Burung Punai Emas
'gold greenpigeon (bird)'
Burung Punai Mas
'gold greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Merpati Emas
'gold pigeon (bird)' (26)
›Name‹
Burung Junai Emas
'gold nicobarpigeon (bird)'
Chim Bồ câu Nicoba
'Nicobar pigeon₁ (bird)'
›Name‹ (12)
尼柯巴鸠
(尼柯巴鳩)
nìkēbā jiū
'Nicobar dove' (4)
尼科巴鸠
(尼科巴鳩)
nìkēbā jiū
'Nicobar dove' (5)
ミノバト
(蓑鳩)
mino-bato
'straw-caped pigeon'
Chalcophaps
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Chalcophaps indica
link to photolink to photo
Emerald dove นกเขาเขียว
nók kʰăw kʰĭaw
'green dove (bird)' (conflicts with Treron curvirostra)
นกเขาทอง
nók kʰăw tʰoaaŋ
'gold dove (bird)'
Burung Punai Tanah
'ground greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Delimukan Zamrud
'emerald grounddove (bird)'
Chim Cu luồng
'large-bamboo? dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
绿翅金鸠
(綠翅金鳩)
lǜ-chì jīn-jiū
'green-winged gold-dove'
Taiwan:
(翠翼鸠)
翠翼鳩
cuì-yì-jiū
'jade-winged dove'
キンバト
(金鳩)
kin-bato
'gold pigeon'
Ducula
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ducula aenea
link to photo
Green imperial pigeon
Green imperial-pigeon
นกลุมพู
nók lum-pʰuu
'pigeon (bird)'
นกลุมพูเขียว
nók lum-pʰuu kʰĭaw
'green pigeon (bird)'
นกกะลุมพู
nók kà-lum-pʰuu
'pigeon (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกกะลุมพูเขียว
nók kà-lum-pʰuu kʰĭaw
'green pigeon (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกเขาเปล้า
nók kʰăw-plâw
'greenpigeon-dove (bird)'
(conflicts with Treron curvirostra)
Burung Pergam
'pigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Pergam Besar
'large pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Pergam Hijau
'green pigeon (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì lưng xanh
'blue/green-backed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
绿皇鸠
(綠皇鳩)
lǜ huáng-jiū
'green emperor-dove'
ミカドバト
(帝鳩)
mikado-bato
'emperor pigeon'
Ducula badia
link to photo
Mountain imperial pigeon
Mountain imperial-pigeon
Imperial pigeon
นกมูม
nók muum
'muum bird' (onomat.)
  Burung Pergam Gunung
'mountain pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Pergam Bukit
'hill pigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Pergam Gunung
'mountain pigeon (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì lưng nâu
'brown-backed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
皇鸠
(皇鳩)
huáng-jiū
'emperor-dove' (2, 4)
山皇鸠
(山皇鳩)
shān huáng-jiū
'mountain emperor-dove' (1, 3, 5)
ヤマミカドバト
(山帝鳩)
yama mikado-bato
'mountain emperor pigeon'
Ducula bicolor
link to photo
Pied imperial pigeon
Pied imperial-pigeon
นกลุมพูขาว
nók lum-pʰuu kʰăaw
'white pigeon (bird)'
นกกะลุมพูขาว
nók kà-lum-pʰuu kʰăaw
'white pigeon (bird)'(alt in 21)

Burung Pergam Rawa
'swamp pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Rawa
'swamp bird' (26)
Burung Pergam Laut
'sea pigeon (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì trắng
'white pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
斑皇鸠
(斑皇鳩)
bān huáng-jiū
'striped emperor-dove'
ソデグロバト
(袖黒鳩)
sode-guro bato
'black-sleeved pigeon'
Ptilinopus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ptilinopus jambu
link to photo
Jambu fruit dove
Jambu fruit-dove
นกเปล้าหน้าแดง
nók plâw nâa-daeeŋ
'red-faced greenpigeon (bird)'
  Burung Punai Jambu
'pink greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Walik Jambu
'pink fruitpigeon (bird)'
  粉头果鸠
(粉頭果鳩)
fěn-tóu guǒ-jiū
'pink-headed fruit dove'
ボタンバト
(牡丹鳩)
botan-bato
'peony pigeon'

โนรี noo-rii 'lory' is an old borrowing from Malay nori ~ nuri ~ lori ~ luri 'lory; parrot' which is also the source of English 'lory'.

หัวปีก hŭa-pìik, literally 'wing-head', is an avian anatomical term for the alula. As used here the meaning is extended to cover a larger area including the wing coverts which are usually differently named.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต (Birds in Thailand, Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), in 5 volumes, Sarakadee Press, Bangkok, 1998-2001

Bird Guide of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong, Ramin Press, Bangkok 1968

Bird Guide of Thailand 2nd edition by Lekagul, Boonsong and Edward W. Cronin, Jr., Kurusapa Ladprao Press, Bangkok 1974

A guide to the Birds of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong and Philip D. Round, Saha Karn Bhaet Co., Ltd., Bangkok 1991

Check-list of Thai Birds Round, Philip D., Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Bangkok 2008. Draft version downloaded from the site of the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand in 2009 but no longer posted there, an expanded update of the species included in Lekagul & Round 1991

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981 (List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009