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Locustellidae
Шатансүүлтийнхэн
shataŋsüültiŋkheŋ

蝗莺科
huáng-yīng kē

蝗鶯科
huáng-yīng kē

センニュー科
sennyū ka

섬개개비과
seom-gaegaebi-gwa

Kamışçıngiller

(Family names for the Locustellidae are all provisional)
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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Locustellidae are a result of the split-up of the old Sylviidae (Old World warbler) assemblage. (Others include the Acrocephalidae and Phylloscipidae, as well as part of the Sylviidae.)

Names are largely ornithological in nature as these small, inconspicuous birds were always poorly served by vernacular names. Under Howard and Moore 2014, Mongolia is home to only one genus, Locustella, but ornithological names derive from three earlier genera: Locustella, Bradypterus, and Megalurus, resulting in a mix of names.

Ornithological names

Mongolian names for the Locustellidae are as follows:

1. Locustella: These are known in Mongolia as Шатансүүлт shataŋ-süült 'laddertail' for the shape of their tails. Prior to 2007 the name was written as two words: Шатан сүүлт shataŋ süült 'ladder-tail'.

2. Formerly Megalurus: Previously Megalurus pryeri was named as a kind of reed warbler (Охил бялзуухай okhil byalzuukhai 'okhil finch', where бялзуухай byalzuukhai is a general term for a small songbird, sparrow, or finch). In the revised ornithological names of 2007 it was renamed Ажиндар ajindar, which originally appears to have referred to a kind of lark.

3. Formerly Bradypterus: Species in this group are known as Цоохондой tsookhondoi. The name is possibly a variant of Цоогондой tsoogondoi, a type of wildcat, and may suggest a spotted or motley appearance.

Words in this family that are hard to account for include гуймхий guimkhii (in Гуймхий шатан сүүлт guimkhii shataŋ süült) and охил (in Охил бялзуухай okhil byalzuukhai).

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia has different naming for Locustella and Megalurus but shares a common source for the name of the genus Bradypterus:

1. Locustella: The Inner Mongolian name, Царцаахайч tsartsaakhaich 'locustlike', is from Царцаахай tsartsaakhai 'locust', modelled either on the scientific name (Locustella), or on the Chinese name (蝗莺 huáng-yīng 'grasshopper warbler'), which is in turn modelled on English. The suffix -ch is not entirely determinate as to meaning; it could also be interpreted as 'locust-catcher' or 'locust-eater'.

2. Formerly Megalurus: In Inner Mongolia Megalurus pryeri is known as Сүүллэг süülleg, derived by adding the suffix лэг -leg to the word сүүл süül 'tail'.

3. Bradypterus: Originally known in Inner Mongolia as Цоохондой tsookhondoi but renamed Цоохолдой tsookholdoi in our current standard (33).

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Locustella
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Mongolian
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Locustella fasciolata
link to photo
Gray's warbler
Gray's grasshopper-warbler
Gray's grasshopper warbler

Таежный сверчок
Тайгийн шатансүүлт
ᠲᠠᠢᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
taigiŋ shataŋsüült
'taiga ladder-tail'
Цайвар хөмсөгт царцаахайч
ᠴᠠᠢᠢᠪᠣᠷ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠳᠦ ᠴᠠᠷᠴᠠᠬᠠᠢᠢᠴᠢ
tsaivar khömsögt tsartsaakhaich
'whitish-eyebrowed locustlike' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Тайгийн шатан сүүлт
ᠲᠠᠢᠢᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
taigiŋ shataŋ süült
'taiga ladder tail'
苍眉蝗莺
(蒼眉蝗鶯)
cāng-méi huáng-yīng
'darkblue-eyebrowed grasshopper-warbler'
Taiwan:
(苍眉蝗莺)
蒼眉蝗鶯
cāng-méi huáng-yīng
'darkblue-eyebrowed grasshopper-warbler'
エゾセンニュウ
(蝦夷仙入 ~ 蝦夷潜入)
ezo sennyū
'Hokkaido grasshopperwarbler'
붉은허리개개비
bulgeun-heori-gaegaebi
'red-backed reedwarbler'
   
Locustella pryeri
Megalurus pryeri
link to photo
Japanese swamp warbler
Japanese marsh warbler
Streak-backed marsh warbler
Streak-backed swamp warbler

Японская камышевка,
Длиннохбостая камышевка
Megalurus pryeri:
Наран ажиндар
ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠠᠵᠢᠨᠳᠠᠷ
naraŋ ajindar
'Japanese ajindar'
Бидэр арт сүүллэг
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷ ᠠᠷᠣᠳᠣ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠯᠢᠭ
bider art süülleg
'stripe-backed large-tail' (31)
Mongolia formerly:
Наран охил бялзуухай
ᠨᠠᠷᠠᠨ ᠣᠬᠢᠯ ᠪᠢᠯᠵᠣᠣᠬᠠᠢ
naraŋ okhil byalzuukhai
'Japanese okhil finch'
斑背大尾莺
(斑背大尾鶯)
bān-bèi dà wěi-yīng
'streak-backed large-tailed warbler'
オオセッカ
(大雪加 or 大雪下)
ō-sekka
'large cisticola'
큰개개비
keun-gaegaebi
'large reedwarbler'
   
Locustella certhiola
link to photo
Rusty-rumped warbler
Pallas's grasshopper-warbler
Pallas's grasshopper warbler

Певчий сверчок
Гуймхий шатансүүлт
ᠭᠣᠶᠣᠮᠠᠬᠠᠢ ? ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
guimkhii shataŋ-süült
'guimkhii ladder-tail'
Бага царцаахайч
ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠠᠷᠴᠠᠬᠠᠢᠢᠴᠢ
bag tsartsaakhaich
'small locustlike' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Гуймхий шатан сүүлт
ᠭᠣᠶᠣᠮᠠᠬᠠᠢ ? ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
guimkhii shataŋ süült
'guimkhii ladder tail'
小蝗莺
(小蝗鶯)
xiǎo huáng-yīng
'small grasshopper-warbler'
Taiwan:
(小蝗莺)
小蝗鶯
xiǎo huáng-yīng
'small grasshopper-warbler'
シベリアセンニュウ
(シベリア仙入 ~ シベリア潜入)
shiberia sennyū
'Siberian grasshopperwarbler'
북방개개비
bukbang-gaegaebi
'northern reedwarbler'
Сайрауық шырылдақ
sayrawıq şırıldaq
'chirping warbler'
 
Locustella ochotensis
link to photolink to photo
Middendorff's warbler
Middendorff's grasshopper-warbler
Middendorff's grasshopper warbler

Охотский сверчок
Миддэндорфын шатансүүлт
ᠮᠢᠳᠳᠧᠨᠳᠣᠷᠹ ᠦᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
middendorfiŋ shataŋ-süült
'Middendorf ladder-tail'
Умарт царцаахайч
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠲᠣ ᠴᠠᠷᠴᠠᠬᠠᠢᠢᠴᠢ
umart tsartsaakhaich
'northern locustlike' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Миддэндорфын шатан сүүлт
ᠮᠢᠳᠳᠧᠨᠳᠣᠷᠹ ᠦᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
middendorfiŋ shataŋ süült
'Middendorf ladder tail'
北蝗莺
(北蝗鶯)
běi huáng-yīng
'northern grasshopper-warbler'
Taiwan:
(北蝗莺)
北蝗鶯
běi huáng-yīng
'northern grasshopper-warbler'
シマセンニュウ
(島仙入 ~ 島潜入)
shima sennyū
'island grasshopperwarbler'
알락꼬리쥐발귀
allak-kkori-jwibalgwi
'spot-tailed warbler'
   
Locustella lanceolata
link to photolink to photo
Lanceolated warbler
Lanceolated grasshopper warbler

Пятнистый сверчок
Бидэрт шатансүүлт
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷᠲᠦ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
bidert shataŋ-süült
'dotted ladder-tail'
Бидэрт царцаахайч
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷᠲᠦ ᠴᠠᠷᠴᠠᠬᠠᠢᠢᠴᠢ
bidert tsartsaakhaich
'dotted locustlike' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Бидэрт шатан сүүлт
ᠡᠭᠡᠯ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
bidert shataŋ süült
'dotted ladder tail'
矛斑蝗莺
(矛斑蝗鶯)
máo-bān huáng-yīng
'lance-striped grasshopper-warbler'
Taiwan:
(茅斑蝗莺)
茅斑蝗鶯
máo-bān huáng-yīng
'thatch-striped grasshopper-warbler'
マキノセンニュウ
(牧野仙入 ~ 牧野潜入)
makino sennyū
'pasture-land grasshopperwarbler'
쥐발귀개개비
jwibalgwi-gaegaebi
'warbler reedwarbler'
Теңбіл шырылдақ
teñbil şırıldaq
'spotted warbler'
 
Locustella luscinioides
link to photo
Savi's warbler

Соловьиный сверчок
Шагшуургын шатансүүлт
ᠱᠠᠭᠱᠣᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
shagshuurgiŋ shataŋ-süült
'reed-bed ladder-tail'
  Mongolia formerly:
Шагшуургын шатан сүүлт
ᠱᠠᠭᠱᠣᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
shagshuurgiŋ shataŋ süült
'reed-bed ladder tail'
鸲蝗莺
(鴝蝗鶯)
qú huáng-yīng
'robin grasshopper-warbler'
ヌマセンニュウ
(沼仙入 ~ 沼潜入)
numa sennyū
'marsh grasshopperwarbler'
  Бұлбұлүн шырылдақ
bulbulün şırıldaq
'nightingale warbler'
Bataklık Kamışçını
'marsh warbler'
Locustella tacsanowskia
Bradypterus tacsanowskius
link to photo
Chinese bush warbler
Chinese bush-warbler
Chinese scrub warbler

Сибирская пестрогрудка,
Камышевка Тачановского
Шивэр цоохондой
ᠰᠢᠪᠡᠷ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠨᠳᠠᠢ
shiver tsookhondoi
'Siberian bushwarbler'
Bradypterus tacsanowskius:
Сибериан цоохолдой
ᠰᠢᠪᠧᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠯᠳᠠᠢ
siberiaŋ tsookholdoi
'Siberian bushwarbler₁' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Шивэрийн цоохондой
ᠰᠢᠪᠡᠷ ᠦᠨ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠯᠳᠠᠢ
shiveriŋ tsookhondoi
'Siberian bushwarbler'
IM also:
Умартын цоохондой
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠠᠲᠣ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠨᠳᠠᠢ
umartiŋ tsookhondoi
'northern bushwarbler' (31)
中华短翅莺
(中華短翅鶯)
zhōnghuá duǎn-chì-yīng
'Chinese short-winged warbler'
シベリアオウギセッカ
(シベリア扇雪加 ~ シベリア扇雪下)
shiberia ōgi sekka
'Siberian fan cisticola'
     
Locustella naevia
link to photo
Grasshopper warbler
Common grasshopper-warbler
Eastern grasshopper warbler

Обыкновенный сверчок
Эгэл шатансүүлт
ᠡᠭᠡᠯ ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
egel shataŋ-süült
'common ladder-tail'
  Mongolia formerly:
Шатан сүүлт
ᠱᠠᠲᠣᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ
shataŋ süült
'ladder tail'
黑斑蝗莺
(黑斑蝗鶯)
hēi-bān huáng-yīng
'black-striped grasshopper-warbler'
ヤチセンニュウ
(八千?仙入 ~ 八千?潜入)
yachi sennyū
'yachi grasshopperwarbler'
  Кәдімгі шырылдақ
kädimgi şırıldaq
'true warbler'
Çekirge Kamışçını
'grasshopper-warbler'
Locustella thoracica
Bradypterus thoracicus
link to photo
Spotted bush warbler
Spotted bush-warbler
Spotted scrub warbler

Малая пестрогрудка
Хурган цоохондой
ᠬᠣᠷᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠨᠳᠠᠢ
khurgaŋ tsookhondoi
'lamb bushwarbler'
Inner M:
Bradypterus thoracicus:
Бидэр цээжит цоохолдой
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷ ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢᠲᠣ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠯᠳᠠᠢ
bider tseejit tsookholdoi
'stripe-breasted bushwarbler₁' (33)
IM also:
Бидэр цээжит цоохондой
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷ ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠵᠢᠲᠣ ᠴᠣᠣᠬᠣᠨᠳᠠᠢ
bider tseejit tsookhondoi
'stripe-breasted bushwarbler' (31)
斑胸短翅莺
(斑胸短翅鶯)
bān-xiōng duǎn-chì-yīng
'stripe-breasted short-winged warbler'
ノドフオウギセッカ
(喉斑扇雪加 ~ 喉斑扇雪下)
nodo fu ōgi sekka
'stripe-throated fan cisticola'
Bradypterus davidi:
점무늬가슴쥐발귀
jeommunui-gaseum-jwibalgwi
'streak-breasted-warbler'
   

セッカ sekka is used in Japanese for several small warbling birds in the Cisticolidae, Locustellidae, and Phylloscopidae. The etymology is unknown. It is written with the ateji 雪加 (literally 'snow-add') or 雪下 (literally 'snow-below'), characters assigned on the basis of sound only with little or no relation to etymology or meaning.

Sennyū, a term for grasshopper-warblers, is of unknown etymology. It is written with characters meaning 'enter fairy' or 'infiltrate'. The characters function as ateji, an attempt to represent the pronunciation with characters that have little or no relationship to the meaning or etymology.

Бор bor as an adjective means either 'grey, brown, dun', or 'stubborn'. It is used in some bird names as a noun, including names for the nightjars, reed warblers, Reed Parrotbill, and leiothrix. The common thread is unclear, and the meaning likely differs according to the bird, with nightjars possibly being regarded as 'stubborn', and others as being 'small brownish birds'.

The name Сүүллэг süülleg means 'large-tailed', related to the word for 'tail' сүүл süül. The name is clearly based on the Chinese name. However, the spelling of the bird name is differentiated from that for 'large-tailed' through doubling of the 'l'.

Харсуун kharsuuŋ or харсун kharsuŋ is found in the names of birds at the Accipitridae, Strigidae, and Sylviidae. The dictionary meaning is 'coarse', 'crude' (e.g. as used of foodstuffs), but in bird naming it appears to have the meaning 'hawk'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

A Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals of Mongolia (Монгол орны сээртэн амьтдын нэрсийн толь) by GOMBOBAATAR Sundev Bodonguud, Mongolian Ornithological Society Zoological Society of London, Ulaanbaatar 2009

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第四卷 鸟纲 雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 4 Aves Passerines), 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2015