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Phylloscopidae
Дуучшувууныхан
duuch-shuvuunikhaŋ

莺科
yīng kē

鶯科
yīng kē

ウグイス科
uguisu ka

휘파람새과
hwiparam-sae-gwa

Çıvgıngiller

(Mongolian family name based on Mongolian name for Phylloscopus)
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■ Phylloscopidae: MN
Phylloscopidae: JP
Phylloscopidae: CN
Phylloscopidae: TW
Phylloscopidae: VN
Phylloscopidae: TH
Phylloscopidae: MY-SG
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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Phylloscopidae are a result of the break-up of the large Sylviidae (Old World warbler) assemblage. (Others include the Locustellidae, Acrocephalidae, and Scotocercidae, as well as part of the Sylviidae.)

The Sylviidae tend to be poorly served by vernacular names and naming systems in most languages are largely ornithological in origin. Mongolian is no exception.

Ornithological names

Mongolian names for the Phylloscopidae are as follows:

All genera (Radina, Abrornis, Phylloscopus, and Seicercus) were originally placed with the genus Phylloscopus and thus share the same ornithological name: the nondescript term Дуучшувуу duuch-shuvuu 'songbird', roughly analagous to the English term 'warbler'. Prior to the adoption of the new ornithological names in 2007, this was written as two words (Дууч шувуу duuch shuvuu).

Prior to 2007, the Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) was given the exceptional name of Цоровдой tsorovdoi. The background of the name is unclear. The word that it most resembles, цоров tsorov, refers to the upper lip of cattle.

As usual, there are specific names that are hard to account for, in this case the бүхт bükht in Бүхт дуучшувуу bükht duuch-shuvuu (Phylloscopus fuscatus).

Inner Mongolia

In Inner Mongolia, the leaf warblers are known ornithologically as Ногоолдой nogooldoi, based on their greenish colour (ногоо nogoo 'green'). In Mongolia, this name is used for the greenfinch (Fringillidae).

Recently the regularity of naming in Inner Mongolia has been disrupted by the borrowing of some names from ornithological Mongolian.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKISH
Rhadina
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Rhadina sibilatrix
Phylloscopus sibilatrix
link to photo
Wood warbler

Пеночка-трещетка
Тарчигнаа дуучшувуу
ᠲᠠᠷᠴᠢᠭᠢᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
tarchignaa duuch-shuvuu
'rattling/jingling song bird'
    林柳莺
(林柳鶯)
lín liǔ-yīng
'forest willow-warbler'
モリムシクイ
(森虫喰)
mori mushi-kui
'forest insect-eater'
- Сайрауық сарықас
sayrawıq sarıqas
'chirping yellow-qas'
Orman Çıvgını
'forest civgin'
Abrornis
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Abrornis inornata
Phylloscopus inornatus
link to photo
Yellow-browed warbler
Inornate warbler
Yellow-browed willow warbler

Пеночка-зарничка
Борлог дуучшувуу
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠯᠠᠭ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
borlog duuch-shuvuu
'greyish song-bird'
Шар хөмсөгт ногоолдой
ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
shar khömsögt nogooldoi
'yellow-eyebrowed greenbird' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Борлог дууч шувуу
ᠪᠣᠷᠣᠯᠠᠭ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
borlog duuch shuvuu
'greyish song bird'
黄眉柳莺
(黃眉柳鶯)
huáng-méi liǔ-yīng
'yellow-eyebrowed willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(黄眉柳莺)
黃眉柳鶯
huáng-méi liǔ-yīng
'yellow-eyebrowed willow-warbler'
キマユムシクイ
(黄眉虫喰)
ki-mayu mushi-kui
'yellow-eyebrowed insect-eater'
노랑눈썹솔새
norang-nunsseop-sol-sae
'yellow eyebrowed pine bird'
Арай сарықасы
aray sarıqası
'dawn yellow-qas'
Sarı Kaşlı Çıvgın
'yellow-eyebrowed civgin'
Abrornis humei
Phylloscopus humei
link to photo
Hume's leaf warbler
Hume's warbler
Хумей дуучшувуу
ᠬᠦᠮᠡᠢ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khumei duuch-shuvuu
'Hume's song-bird' (from Internet)
Хумэй дууч шувуу
ᠬᠦᠮᠡᠢ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khumei duuch-shuvuu
'Hume's song-bird' (31, 33)
  淡眉柳莺
(淡眉柳鶯)
dàn-méi liǔ-yīng
'light-eyebrowed willow-warbler' (2, 3, 36)
›Taxonomy‹
バフマユムシクイ
(バフ眉虫喰)
bafu-mayu mushi-kui
'buff-eyebrowed insect-eater' (Wikipedia)
연노랑눈썹솔새
yeon-norang-nunsseop-sol-sae
'lotus? yellow-eyebrowed pine-bird'
-  
Abrornis proregulus
Phylloscopus proregulus
link to photo
Pallas's leaf warbler
Pallas's leaf-warbler
Yellow-rumped willow warbler

Корольковая пеночка
Жирхэн дуучшувуу
ᠵᠢᠷᠬᠡᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
jirkheŋ duuch-shuvuu
'chipmunk song-bird'
Шар хондлойт ногоолдой
ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠨᠳᠣᠯᠠᠢᠢᠳᠣ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
shar khondloi nogooldoi
'yellow-rumped greenbird' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Жирхэн дууч шувуу
ᠵᠢᠷᠬᠡᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
jirkheŋ duuch shuvuu
'chipmunk song bird'
黄腰柳莺
(黃腰柳鶯)
huáng-yāo liǔ-yīng
'yellow-rumped willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(黄腰柳莺)
黃腰柳鶯
huáng-yāo liǔ-yīng
'yellow-rumped willow-warbler'
カラフトムシクイ
(樺太虫喰)
karafuto mushi-kui
'Sakhalin insect-eater'
노랑허리솔새
norang-heori-sol-sae
'yellow-backed pine bird'
Әсем сарықас
äsem sarıqas
'attractive yellow-qas'
 
Phylloscopus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Phylloscopus fuscatus
link to photo
Dusky warbler
Dusky willow warbler

Бурая пеночка
Бүхт дуучшувуу
ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠲᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
bükht duuch-shuvuu
'bukht song-bird'
Хөхөвтөр ногоолдой
ᠬᠦᠬᠡᠪᠲᠦᠷ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khökhövtör nogooldoi
'light darkblue greenbird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Бүхт дууч шувуу
ᠪᠦᠬᠦᠲᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
bükht duuch shuvuu
'bukht song bird'
IM other:
Хүрэвтэр ногоолдой
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠪᠲᠦᠷ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khürevter nogooldoi
'lightbrown greenbird' (31)
褐柳莺
(褐柳鶯)
hè liǔ-yīng
'brown willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(褐色柳莺)
褐色柳鶯
hè-sè liǔ-yīng
'brown-coloured willow-warbler'
ムジセッカ
(無地雪加 ~ 無地雪下)
muji sekka
'plain cisticola'
솔새사촌
sol-sae-sachon
'pine-bird-cousin'
Қоңыр сарықас
qoñır sarıqas
'darkbrown yellow-qas'
 
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler

Пеночка-весничка
Ногоон дуучшувуу
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
nogooŋ duuch-shuvuu
'green song-bird'
Ногоон дууч шувуу
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
nogooŋ duuch-shuvuu
'green song-bird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Дууч цоровдой
ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠴᠣᠷᠪᠣᠳᠠᠢ
duuch tsorovdoi
'song tsorovdoi'
欧柳莺
(歐柳鶯)
ōu liǔ-yīng
'European willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(欧亚柳莺)
歐亞柳鶯
ōu-yà liǔ-yīng
'Eurasian willow-warbler'
›Taxonomy‹
キタヤナギムシクイ
(北柳虫喰)
kita yanagi mushi-kui
'northern willlow insect-eater'
연노랑눈솔새
yeon-norang-nun-sol-sae
'pale yellow eye pine bird'
Көктем сарықасы
köktem sarıqası
'spring yellow-qas'
Söğütbülbülü
'willow nightingale'
Phylloscopus collybita
Phylloscopus collybitus
link to photo
Common chiffchaff
Eurasian chiffchaff
Chiff-chaff

Пеночка-теньковка
Урианхайн дуучшувуу
ᠣᠷᠢᠶᠠᠩᠬᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
uriaŋkhaiŋ duuch-shuvuu
'Uriankhai song-bird'
Урианхайн дууч шувуу
ᠣᠷᠢᠶᠠᠩᠬᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
uriaŋkhaiŋ duuch shuvuu
'Uriankhai song bird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Урианхайн дууч шувуу
ᠣᠷᠢᠶᠠᠩᠬᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
uriaŋkhaiŋ duuch shuvuu
'Uriankhai song bird'
叽咋柳莺
(嘰咋柳鶯)
jīzhā liǔ-yīng
'jiza willow-warbler'
チフチャフ
chifu chafu
'chiff chaff' (English)
검은다리솔새
geomeun-dari-sol-sae
'black-legged pine bird'
Саяшыл сарықас
sayaşıl sarıqas
'sayaşıl yellow-qas'
Çıvgın
'civgin'
Phylloscopus griseolus
link to photo
Sulphur-bellied warbler
Sulphur-bellied willow warbler
Greyish willow warbler
Olivaceous leaf warbler

Индийская пеночка
Хасаг дуучшувуу
ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khasag duuch-shuvuu
'Kazakh song-bird'
Хөх ногоолдой
ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khökh nogooldoi
'darkblue greenbird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Хасаг дууч шувуу
khasag duuch shuvuu
ᠬᠠᠰᠠᠭ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
'Kazakh song bird'
硫腹柳莺
(硫腹柳鶯)
liú-fù liǔ-yīng
'sulphur-bellied willow-warbler' (2, 4)
灰柳莺
(灰柳鶯)
huī liǔ-yīng
'grey willow-warbler' (1, 3, 5)
オリーブムシクイ
(オリーブ虫喰)
oriibu mushi-kui
'olive insect-eater'
  Үнді сарықасы
ündi sarıqası
'ündi yellow-qas'
 
Phylloscopus armandii
link to photo
Yellow-streaked warbler
Milne-Edwards' willow warbler
Buff-browed willow warbler
Улаанхөмсөгт дуучшувуу
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
ulaaŋ-khömsögt duuch-shuvuu
'red-eyebrowed song-bird' (from Internet)
Хөхөвтөр хөмсөгт ногоолдой
ᠬᠦᠬᠡᠪᠲᠦᠷ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khökhövtör khömsögt nogooldoi
'light darkblue-eyebrowed greenbird' (33)
IM other:
Хүрэвтэр хөмсөгт ногоолдой
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠪᠲᠦᠷ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khürevter khömsögt nogooldoi
'darkbrown-eyebrowed greenbird' (31)
棕眉柳莺
(棕眉柳鶯)
zōng-méi liǔ-yīng
'reddishbrown-eyebrowed willow-warbler'
モウコムシクイ
(蒙古虫喰)
mōko mushi-kui
'Mongolian insect-eater'
쇠긴다리솔새사촌
soe-gin-dari-sol-sae-sachon
'small long-legged pine-bird-cousin'
-  
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Phylloscopus schwarzi
link to photo
Radde's warbler
Radde's bush warbler
Thick-billed willow warbler

Толстоклювая пеночка
Цангинаа дуучшувуу
ᠴᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
tsaŋg'naa duuch-shuvuu
'metallic-sound song-bird'
Том хушуут ногоолдой
ᠲᠣᠮ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
tom khushuut nogooldoi
'large-billed greenbird' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Цангинаа дууч шувуу
ᠴᠠᠩᠭᠢᠨᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
tsaŋg'naa duuch shuvuu
'metallic-sound song bird'
巨嘴柳莺
(巨嘴柳鶯)
jù-zuǐ liǔ-yīng
'giant-billed willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(巨嘴柳莺)
巨嘴柳鶯
jù-zuǐ liǔ-yīng
'giant-billed willow-warbler'
カラフトムジセッカ
(樺太無地雪加 ~ 樺太無地雪下)
karafuto muji sekka
'Sakhalin plain cisticola'
긴다리솔새사촌
gin-dari-sol-sae-sachon
'long-legged pine-bird-cousin'
Жуантұмсық сарықас
jwan-tumsıq sarıqas
'thick-billed yellow-qas'
 
Seicercus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Seicercus nitidus
Phylloscopus nitidus
Green Leaf Warbler

Желтобрюхая пеночка
Өехийшар дуучшувуу
ᠦᠶᠦᠬᠡᠢ ᠰᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
öyokhii-shar duuch-shuvuu
'abdomen-yellow song bird'
  Mongolia formerly:
Шаргал өехийт дууч шувуу
ᠰᠢᠷᠠᠭᠠᠯ ᠦᠶᠦᠬᠡᠢᠲᠦ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
shargal öyokhiit duuch shuvuu
'yellowish abdomen song bird'
绿柳莺
(绿柳鶯)
lǜ liǔ-yīng
'green willow-warbler'
ミドリムシクイ
(緑虫喰)
midori mushi-kui
'green insect-eater'
     
Seicercus trochiloides
Phylloscopus trochiloides
link to photo
Greenish Leaf Warbler
Greenish Warbler
Greenish willow warbler
Green willow warbler

Зеленая пеночка
Ногоовор дуучшувуу
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠢᠷ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
nogoovor duuch-shuvuu
'darkgreen song-bird'
Бараавтар ногоолдой
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠠᠪᠲᠣᠷ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
baraavtar nogooldoi
'light-black greenbird' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Ногоовор дууч шувуу
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠢᠷ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
nogoovor duuch shuvuu
'darkgreen song bird'
暗绿柳莺
(暗綠柳鶯)
àn-lǜ liǔ-yīng
'dark-green willow-warbler'
ヤナギムシクイ
(柳虫喰)
yanagi mushi-kui
'willow insect-eater'
  Жасыл сарықас
jasıl sarıqas
'green yellow-qas'
Yeşil Çıvgın
'green civgin'
Seicercus plumbeitarsus
Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus
Two-barred Leaf Warbler
Two-barred Greenish Warbler
Two-barred warbler
- Хар шилбэт ногоолдой
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠯᠪᠡᠲᠦ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
khar shilbet nogooldoi
'black-shinned greenbird' (33)
  双斑绿柳莺
(雙斑綠柳鶯)
shuāng-bān lǜ liǔ-yīng
'double-striped green willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(双斑绿柳莺)
雙斑綠柳鶯
shuāng-bān lǜ liǔ-yīng
'double-striped green willow-warbler'
ヤナギムシクイ
(柳虫喰)
yanagi mushi-kui
'willow insect-eater'
버들솔새
beodeul-sol-sae
'willow pine-bird'
   
Seicercus borealis
Phylloscopus borealis
link to photo
Arctic Warbler
or
Arctic Leaf Warbler
Arctic willow warbler

Пеночка-таловка
Умардын дуучшувуу
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠣ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
umardiŋ duuch-shuvuu
'northern song-bird'
Умард нооголдой
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠣ  ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
umard noogoldoi
'north greenbird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Умардын дууч шувуу
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠣ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
umardiŋ duuch shuvuu
'northern song bird'
Former IM:
Умардын нооголдой
ᠣᠮᠠᠷᠠᠳᠣ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
umardiŋ noogoldoi
'northern greenbird' (31)
极北柳莺
(極北柳鶯)
jí běi liǔ-yīng
'extreme north willow-warbler'
Taiwan:
(极北柳莺)
極北柳鶯
jí běi liǔ-yīng
'extreme north willow-warbler'
メボソムシクイ
(目細虫喰)
me-boso mushi-kui
'narrow-eyed insect-eater'
쇠솔새
soe-sol-sae
'small pine bird'
Тал сарықас
tal sarıqas
'willow yellow-qas'
 
Seicercus tenellipes
Phylloscopus tenellipes
link to photo
Pale-legged leaf warbler
Pale-legged leaf-warbler
Pale-legged willow warbler
Цэгээншилбэ дуучшувуу
ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠯᠪᠡ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
tsegeeŋ-shilbe duuch-shuvuu
'greyish-shinned song-bird'
Цэгээн шилбэт нооголдой
ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠯᠪᠡᠲᠦ  ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠯᠳᠠᠢ
tsegeŋ shilbet nogooldoi
'greyish-shinned song bird' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Цэгээн шилбэ дууч шувуу
ᠴᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠰᠢᠯᠪᠡ ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
tsegeeŋ shilbe duuch shuvuu
'greyish-shinned song bird'
淡脚柳莺
(淡腳柳鶯)
dàn-jiǎo liǔ-yīng
'pale-footed willow-warbler' (2, 4)
灰脚柳莺
(灰腳柳鶯)
huī-jiǎo liǔ-yīng
'grey-footed willow-warbler' (1, 3, 5)
Taiwan:
(淡脚柳莺)
淡腳柳鶯
dàn-jiǎo liǔ-yīng
'pale-footed willow-warbler'
キタムシクイ
(北虫喰)
kita mushi-kui
'northern insect-eater'
되솔새
doe-sol-sae
'doe pine bird'
   

Named for pattern of striping which resembles that of the Жирх jirkh or Siberian Chipmunk (Tamias sibiricus).

セッカ sekka is used in Japanese for several small warbling birds in the Cisticolidae, Locustellidae, and Phylloscopidae. The etymology is unknown. It is written with the ateji 雪加 (literally 'snow-add') or 雪下 (literally 'snow-below'), characters assigned on the basis of sound only with little or no relation to etymology or meaning.

Бор bor as an adjective means either 'grey, brown, dun', or 'stubborn'. It is used in some bird names as a noun, including names for the nightjars, reed warblers, Reed Parrotbill, and leiothrix. The common thread is unclear, and the meaning likely differs according to the bird, with nightjars possibly being regarded as 'stubborn', and others as being 'small brownish birds'.

The name Сүүллэг süülleg means 'large-tailed', related to the word for 'tail' сүүл süül. The name is clearly based on the Chinese name. However, the spelling of the bird name is differentiated from that for 'large-tailed' through doubling of the 'l'.

Харсуун kharsuuŋ or харсун kharsuŋ is found in the names of birds at the Accipitridae, Strigidae, and Sylviidae. The dictionary meaning is 'coarse', 'crude' (e.g. as used of foodstuffs), but in bird naming it appears to have the meaning 'hawk'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

A Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals of Mongolia (Монгол орны сээртэн амьтдын нэрсийн толь) by GOMBOBAATAR Sundev Bodonguud, Mongolian Ornithological Society Zoological Society of London, Ulaanbaatar 2009

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第四卷 鸟纲 雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 4 Aves Passerines), 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2015

中国观鸟年报-中国鸟类名录 1.1 (The CBR Checklist of Birds of China v1.1)中国观鸟年报 (China Bird Review), 2010 ()