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Columbidae
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General

The following is based on my analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections are welcome.

The common Chinese word for a 'pigeon' or 'dove', especially the domesticated variety, is 鴿子 gēzi, also known as the 鵓鴿 bógē. Less common names are 拙鳥 zhuō-niǎo ('clumsy bird') and 轆轤 lùlu. The wood-pigeons are known as 鵓鴣 bógū.

Naturalists use the word 鴿 for members of the genus Columba. Pigeons and doves in the wild are called by a more traditional name, jiū. The most familiar types of jiū are Streptopelia orientalis (Eastern or Oriental Turtle Dove) and S. chinensis (Spot-Necked Dove or Spotted Dove). The green pigeons are known as 綠鳩 lǜ-jiū 'green-dove'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
COLUMBINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
JAPANESE
OTHER
Columba
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Columba livia
link to photo
Rock Dove
or
Rock Pigeon
Common Pigeon
Feral Rock Pigeon
Feral pigeon
野鴿
(野鸽)
yě gē
'wild pigeon'
(introduced)
(原鴿)
原鸽
yuán gē
'primitive/original pigeon'
野鴿
(野鸽)
yě gē
'wild pigeon' (7)
鴿子
(鸽子)
gēzi
'pigeon'
野鴿子
(野鸽子)
yě gēzi
'wild pigeon' (FS)
鵓鴿
(鹁鸽)
bógē
'boge'
家鴿
(家鸽)
jiā gē
'house pigeon'
野嘍嘍
(野喽喽)
yě lóulóu
'wild loulou'
カワラバト
(河原鳩)
kawara-bato
'dry riverbed pigeon'
(introduced)
ドバト
(鴿 ~ 土鳩)
do-bato
'earth pigeon'
イエバト
(家鳩)
ie-bato
'house pigeon'
  Chim Gầm ghì đá
'rock pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
(introduced)
Columba pulchricollis
link to photo
Ashy Pigeon
Ashy Woodpigeon
Ashy wood-pigeon
Ashy wood pigeon
灰林鴿
(灰林鸽)
huī lín-gē
'grey forest-pigeon'
(灰林鴿)
灰林鸽
huī lín-gē
'grey forest-pigeon'
山粉鳥
(山粉鸟)
shān fěn niǎo
'mountain pink bird'
タイワンジュズカケバト
(台湾数珠掛鳩)
taiwan juzu-kake-bato
'Taiwanese rosary-hanging? pigeon'
    Chim Bồ câu rừng xám
'grey forest pigeon₁ (bird)' (34)
›Name‹
Columba janthina
link to photolink to photo
Japanese Pigeon
Japanese Woodpigeon
Japanese wood-pigeon
Black wood pigeon
黑林鴿
(黑林鸽)
hēi lín-gē
'black forest-pigeon'
(黑林鴿)
黑林鸽
hēi lín-gē
'black forest-pigeon'
烏鳩
(乌鸠)
wū jiū
'dark/crow dove' (Taiwan)
カラスバト
(烏鳩)
karasu-bato
'crow pigeon'
クロバト
(黒鳩)
kuro bato
'black pigeon'
ウシバト
(牛鳩)
ushi bato
'cattle pigeon?'
흑비둘기
heuk-bidulgi
'black pigeon'
 
Streptopelia
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Streptopelia orientalis
link to photolink to photo
Oriental turtle dove
Oriental turtle-dove
Eastern turtle dove
Rufous turtle-dove
金背鳩
(金背鸠)
jīn-bèi jiū
'gold-backed dove'
(山斑鳩)
山斑鸠
shān bān-jiū
'mountain striped-dove'
斑頸鳩
(斑颈鸠)
bān-jǐng jiū
'stripe-necked dove'
(Taiwan. Ornithologically used for S. chinensis)
東方斑鳩
(东方斑鸠)
dōngfāng bān-jiū
'Oriental striped-dove'
斑鳩
(斑鸠)
bān-jiū
'striped-dove' (northern) (FS)
大斑鳩
(大斑鸠)
dà bān-jiū
'large striped-dove'
棕背斑鳩
(棕背斑鸠)
zōng-bèi bān-jiū
'reddishbrown-backed striped-dove'
金背斑鳩
(金背斑鸠)
jīn-bèi bān-jiū
'gold-backed striped-dove' (FS)
綠斑鳩
(绿斑鸠)
lǜ bān-jiū
'green striped-dove'
雉鳩
(雉鸠)
zhì jiū
'pheasant dove' (FS)
山鴿子
(山鸽子)
shān gēzi
'mountain pigeon'
花翼
(花翼)
huā yì
'flowery wing'
麒麟斑
(麒麟斑)
qílín bān
'qilin stripe' (qilin is a mythical animal)
麒麟斑
(麒麟鸠)
qílín jiū
'qilin dove'
麥鷦
(麦鹪)
mài-jiāo
'grain wren' (southern) (FS)
キジバト
(雉鳩)
kiji-bato
'pheasant pigeon'
ヤマバト
(山鳩)
yama-bato
'mountain pigeon'
ツチクレバト
(土塊鳩)
tsuchi-kure-bato
'clod-of-earth pigeon'
멧비둘기
me-t-bidulgi
'mountain pigeon'
Chim Cu sen
'lotus dove (bird)' (from pale pinkish colour) (12, 13, 34)
Streptopelia decaocto
link to photo
Eurasian collared dove
Eurasian collared-dove
Collared dove
Collared turtle dove
灰斑鳩
(灰斑鸠)
huī bān-jiū
'grey striped-dove'
(灰斑鳩)
灰斑鸠
huī bān-jiū
'grey striped-dove'
領斑鳩
(领斑鸠)
lǐng bān-jiū
'collared striped-dove' (FS)
鵓鴣
(鹁鸽)
bógū
'bogu'
灰鴿子
(灰鸽子)
huī gēzi
'grey pigeon'
シラコバト
(白子鳩)
shirako-bato
'albino pigeon'
スズカケケバト
(鈴掛鳩)
suzu-kake-bato
'bell-hanging pigeon'
염주비둘기
yeomju-bidulgi
'rosary pigeon'
 
Streptopelia tranquebarica
Oenopopelia tranquebarica
link to photo
Red Collared Dove
or
Red Turtle Dove
Red Collared-dove
Red-collared dove
Red turtle-dove
紅鳩
(红鸠)
hóng jiū
'red dove'
(火斑鳩)
火斑鸠
huǒ bān-jiū
'fire striped-dove'
火鳩
(火鸠)
huǒ jiū
'fire dove' (northern) (FS)
火鴣鷦
(火鸪鹪)
huǒ gū-jiāo
'fire partridge-wren' (southern) (FS)
紅咖追
(红咖追)
hóng gāzhuī (kāzhuī?)
'red gazhui / kazhui'
ベニバト
(紅鳩)
beni-bato
'crimson pigeon'
  홍비둘기
hong-bidulgi
'red pigeon'
Chim Cu ngói
'tile dove (bird)' (from terracotta colour) (12, 13, 34)
Streptopelia chinensis
link to photo
Spotted-Necked Dove
or
Spotted Dove
Spot-necked dove
Spotted turtle dove
珠頸斑鳩
(珠颈斑鸠)
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
(珠頸斑鳩)
珠颈斑鸠
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
Taiwan formerly:
斑頸鳩
(斑颈鸠)
bān-jǐng jiū
'stripe-necked dove'
斑鳩
(斑鸠)
bān-jiū
'striped-dove'
花斑鳩
(花斑鸠)
huā bān-jiū
'flowery striped-dove' (FS)
花脖斑鳩
(花脖斑鸠)
huā-bó bān-jiū
'flowery-throated striped-dove' (northern) (FS)
珍珠鳩
(珍珠鸠)
zhēnzhū jiū
'pearl dove' (FS)
中斑
(中斑)
zhōng bān
'central stripe'
珠頸鴿
(珍珠鸽)
zhū jǐng gē
'bead-necked pigeon'
鴣雕
(鸪雕)
gū diāo
'partridge eagle'
鴣鷦
(鸪鹪)
gū jiāo
'partridge wren' (southern) (FS)
カノコバト
(鹿の子鳩)
kanoko-bato
'fawn pigeon' (named after fawn-like spots)
  목점박이비둘기
mok-jeombagi-bidulgi
'neck-spotted pigeon'
Chim Cu gáy
'calling dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Macropygia
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Macropygia unchall
link to photo
Barred Cuckoo Dove
Barred Cuckoo-dove
Bar-tailed cuckoo dove
斑尾鵑鳩
(斑尾鹃鸠)
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
(斑尾鵑鳩)
斑背鹃鸠
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
  ヨコジマオナガバト
(横縞尾長鳩)
yoko-jima o-naga bato
'horizontal stripe long-tailed pigeon'
    Chim Gầm ghì vằn
'striped pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Macropygia tenuirostris
›Taxonomy‹
Philippine Cuckoo Dove
Philippine Cuckoo-dove
長尾鳩
(长尾鸠)
cháng-wěi jiū
'long-tailed dove'
(菲律賓鵑鳩)
菲律宾鹃鸠
fēilǜbīn juān-jiū
'Philippine cuckoo-dove' (2, 4)
(栗褐鵑鳩)
栗褐鹃鸠
lì-hè juān-jiū
'brown cuckoo-dove' (alt in 1, 3)
›Taxonomy‹
烏鵑鳩
(乌鹃鸠)
wū juān-jiū
'dark cuckoo-dove' (6)
赤鵑鳩
(赤鹃鸠)
chì juān-jiū
'red cuckoo-dove'
フィリピンオナガバト
(フィリピン尾長鳩)
firipin o-naga bato
'Philippine long-tailed pigeon'
     
 
RAPHINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
JAPANESE
OTHER
Treron
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Treron bicinctus
Treron bicincta
link to photo
Orange-breasted green pigeon
Orange-breasted green-pigeon
橙胸綠鳩
(橙胸绿鸠)
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
(橙胸綠鳩)
橙胸绿鸠
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
赤胸綠鳩
(赤胸绿鸠)
chì-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'red-breasted green-dove' (FS)
橙胸鳩
(橙胸鸠)
chéng-xiōng jiū
'orange-breasted dove' (FS)
ムネアカアオバト
(胸赤青鳩)
mune-aka ao-bato
'red-breasted blue/green-pigeon'
    Chim Cu xanh khoang cổ
'streak-necked blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
Treron sieboldii
link to photo
White-bellied green pigeon
White-bellied green-pigeon
Japanese green pigeon
Siebold's green pigeon
White-bellied wedge-tailed green pigeon
綠鳩
(绿鸠)
lǜ-jiū
'green-dove'
(紅翅綠鳩)
红翅绿鸠
hóng-chì lǜ-jiū
'red-winged green-dove'
白腹楔尾鳩
(白腹楔尾鸠)
bái-fù xiē-wěi jiū
'white-bellied wedge-tailed dove' (FS)
白腹楔尾綠鳩
(白腹楔尾绿鸠)
bái-fù xiē-wěi lǜ jiū
'white-bellied wedge-tailed green-dove' (FS)
アオバト
(青鳩)
ao-bato
'blue/green-pigeon'
  녹색비둘기
nok-saek-bidulgi
'green-coloured pigeon'
Chim Cu xanh bụng trắng
'white-bellied blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Treron formosae
link to photolink to photo
Whistling green pigeon
Whistling green-pigeon
Formosan green pigeon
Red-capped green pigeon
紅頭綠鳩
(红头绿鸠)
hóng-tóu lǜ-jiū
'red-headed green-dove'
(紅頂綠鳩)
红顶绿鸠
hóng-dǐng lǜ-jiū
'red-capped green-dove'
台灣綠鳩
(台湾绿鸠)
táiwān lǜ jiū
'Taiwanese green-dove' (FS)
ズアカアオバト
(頭赤青鳩)
zu-aka ao-bato
'red-headed blue/green-pigeon'
     
Chalcophaps
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Chalcophaps indica
link to photolink to photo
Emerald dove 翠翼鳩
(翠翼鸠)
cuì-yì-jiū
'jade-winged dove'
(綠翅金鳩)
绿翅金鸠
lǜ-chì jīn-jiū
'green-winged gold dove'
綠背金鳩
(绿背金鸠)
lǜ-bèi jīn-jiū
'green-backed gold dove' (6, 7)
キンバト
(金鳩)
kin-bato
'gold pigeon'
    Chim Cu luồng
'large-bamboo? dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Ptilinopus
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Ptilinopus leclancheri Black-chinned fruit dove
Black-chinned Fruit-dove
Black-chinned fruit pigeon
小綠鳩
(小绿鸠)
xiǎo lǜ-jiū
'little green-dove' (Conflicts with Treron olax in (4) and (5) world-wide lists.)
(黑頦果鳩)
黑颏果鸠
hēi-kē guǒ-jiū
'black-chinned fruit dove' (1, 2, 3, 4)
(黑額果鳩)
黑额果鸠
hēi-é guǒ-jiū
'black-foreheaded fruit dove' (5 -- probably an error)
黑頦綠鳩
(黑颏绿鸠)
hēi-kē lǜ-jiū
'black-chinned green-dove' (6)
クロアゴヒメアオバト
(黒顎姫青鳩)
kuro-ago hime ao-bato
'black-chinned princess blue/green-pigeon'
     

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009