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Columbidae


วงศ์นกพิราบและนกเขา
woŋ nók pʰí-râap láe nók kʰăw

Họ Bồ câu

鸠鸽科
jiū-gē kē

鳩鴿科
jiū-gē kē

ハト科
hato ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. All Malaysian and Indonesian names in the process of conversion into modernised spelling only. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

In preparation.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
COLUMBINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MALAY
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Columba
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Columba livia
link to photo
Rock Dove
or
Rock Pigeon
Common Pigeon
Feral Rock Pigeon
Feral pigeon
Burung Pergam Batu
'rock pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Merpati
'pigeon (bird)' (26) (introduced)
›Name‹
  Burung Merpati Batu
'rock pigeon (bird)' (introduced)
›Name‹
นกพิราบป่า
nók pʰí-râap pàa
'forest (=wild) rockdove (bird)' (introduced)
Chim Gầm ghì đá
'rock pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13)
(introduced)
原鸽
(原鴿)
yuán gē
'primitive/original pigeon'

Taiwan:
(野鸽)
野鴿
yě gē
'wild pigeon'
(introduced)
カワラバト
(河原鳩)
kawara-bato
'dry riverbed pigeon' (introduced)
Columba punicea
link to photo
Pale-capped pigeon
Purple wood pigeon
Burung Pergam Haji
'pilgrimage pigeon (bird)' (haji from Arabic) (25)
    นกลุมพูแดง
nók lum-pʰuu daeeŋ
'red pigeon (bird)'
Chim Bồ câu nâu
'brown pigeon₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
›Name‹
紫林鸽
(紫林鴿)
zǐ lín-gē
'purple forest-pigeon'
ムラサキモリバト
(紫森鳩)
murasaki mori-bato
'purple forest-pigeon'
Streptopelia
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Streptopelia tranquebarica
Oenopopelia tranquebarica
link to photo
Red Collared Dove
or
Red Turtle Dove
Red Collared-dove
Red-collared dove
Red turtle-dove
Burung Tekukur Merah
'red dove (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Dederuk Merah
'red collared-dove (bird)'
นกเขาไฟ
nók kʰăw fay
'fire dove (bird)'
Chim Cu ngói
'tile dove (bird)' (from terracotta colour) (12, 13, 34)
火斑鸠
(火斑鳩)
huǒ bān-jiū
'fire striped-dove'
Taiwan:
(红鸠)
紅鳩
hóng jiū
'red dove'
ベニバト
(紅鳩)
beni-bato
'crimson pigeon'
Streptopelia chinensis
link to photo
Spotted-Necked Dove
or
Spotted Dove
Spot-necked dove
Spotted turtle dove
Burung Merbok Balam
'turtledove zebradove (bird)' (24) (Conflicts with Geopelia striata)
Burung Tekukur
'dove (bird)' (26)
Burung Tekukur Biasa
'common dove (bird)' (25)
  Burung Tekukur Biasa
'common dove (bird)'
นกเขาใหญ่
nók kʰăw yày
'large dove (bird)'
Chim Cu gáy
'calling dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
珠颈斑鸠
(珠頸斑鳩)
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
Taiwan:
(珠颈斑鸠)
珠頸斑鳩
zhū-jǐng bān-jiū
'bead-necked striped-dove'
カノコバト
(鹿の子鳩)
kanoko-bato
'fawn pigeon' (named after fawn-like spots)
Macropygia
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Macropygia unchall
link to photo
Barred Cuckoo Dove
Barred Cuckoo-dove
Bar-tailed cuckoo dove
Burung Tekukur Api Gunung
'mountain fire dove (bird)' (24)
Burung Tekukur Api Besar
'large fire dove (bird)' (26)
Burung Tekukur Gunung
'mountain dove (bird)' (25)
  Burung Uncal Loreng
'barred cuckoodove (bird)'
นกเขาลายใหญ่
nók kʰăw laay yày
'large striped dove (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì vằn
'striped pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
斑尾鹃鸠
(斑尾鵑鳩)
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
Taiwan:
(斑尾鹃鸠)
斑尾鵑鳩
bān-wěi juān-jiū
'stripe-tailed cuckoo-dove'
ヨコジマオナガバト
(横縞尾長鳩)
yoko-jima o-naga bato
'horizontal stripe long-tailed pigeon'
Macropygia ruficeps
link to photo
Little Cuckoo Dove
Little Cuckoo-dove
Lesser cuckoo dove
Lesser red cuckoo dove
Burung Tekukur Api
'fire dove (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Uncal Kouran
'kouran cuckoodove (bird)'
นกเขาลายเล็ก
nók kʰăw laay lék
'small striped dove (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì đầu hung
'reddish-headed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
小鹃鸠
(小鵑鳩)
xiǎo juān-jiū
'small cuckoo-dove' (2)
棕头鹃鸠
(棕頭鵑鳩)
zōng-tóu juān-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed cuckoo-dove' (alt in 1, 3)
小赤鹃鸠
(小赤鵑鳩)
xiǎo chì juān-jiū
'small red cuckoo-dove' (4)
棕头小鹃鸠
(棕頭小鵑鳩)
zōng-tóu xiǎo juān-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed small cuckoo-dove' (5)
ヒメオナガバト
(姫尾長鳩)
hime o-naga bato
'princess long-tailed pigeon'
 
RAPHINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MALAY
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Geopelia
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Geopelia striata
link to photo
Zebra dove
Peaceful dove
Burung Merbuk
'zebradove (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbok Aman
'peaceful zebradove (bird)' (24)
Burung Merbok Balam
'turtledove zebradove (bird)' (Conflicts with Streptopelia chinensis) (25)
  Burung Perkutut Jawa
'Javanese zebradove (bird)'
นกเขาชวา
nók kʰăw cʰa-waa
'Javanese dove'
  斑姬地鸠
(斑姬地鳩)
bān jī dì-jiū
'striped princess ground dove'
チョウショウバト
(嘲笑鳩)
chōshō-bato
'jeering pigeon' (meaning and characters require confirmation)
Treron
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Treron fulvicollis
link to photo
Cinnamon-headed green pigeon
Cinnamon-headed green-pigeon
Burung Punai Bakau
'mangrove greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Punai Bakau
'mangrove greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าแดง
nók plâw daeeŋ
'red greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh cổ nâu
'brown-necked blue/green-dove (bird)' (12)
棕头绿鸠
(宗頭綠鳩)
zōng-tóu lǜ-jiū
'reddishbrown-headed green-dove'
ニッケイアオバト
(肉桂青鳩)
nikkei ao-bato
'cinnamon blue/green-pigeon'
Treron olax
link to photo
Little green pigeon
Little green-pigeon
Burung Punai Siul
'whistling greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Punai Daun
'leaf greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25) (Conflicts with Treron curvirostra)
  Burung Punai Kecil
'small greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าเล็กหัวเทา
nók plâw lék hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed little greenpigeon (bird)'
  小绿鸠
(小綠鳩)
xiǎo lǜ-jiū
'small green dove'
チビアオバト
(ちび青鳩)
chibi ao-bato
'tiny blue/green pigeon'
Treron vernans
link to photo
Pink-necked green pigeon
Pink-necked green-pigeon
Burung Punai Gading
'ivory greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Punai Kericau
'chirping greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
  Burung Punai Gading
'ivory greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าคอสีม่วง
nók plâw kʰoaa-sĭi-mûaŋ
'purple-necked greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh đầu xám
'grey-headed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
红颈绿鸠
(紅頸綠鳩)
hóng-jǐng lǜ-jiū
'red-necked green-dove'
コアオバト
(小青鳩)
ko ao-bato
'small blue/green-pigeon'
Treron bicinctus
Treron bicincta
link to photo
Orange-breasted green pigeon
Orange-breasted green-pigeon
Burung Punai Siam
'Siamese greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Punai Siam
'Siamese greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าอกสีม่วงน้ำตาล
nók plâw òk-sĭi-mûaŋ nám-taan
'brown purple-breasted greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh khoang cổ
'streak-necked blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
橙胸绿鸠
(橙胸綠鳩)
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
Taiwan:
(橙胸绿鸠)
橙胸綠鳩
chéng-xiōng lǜ-jiū
'orange-breasted green-dove'
ムネアカアオバト
(胸赤青鳩)
mune-aka ao-bato
'red-breasted blue/green-pigeon'
Treron curvirostra
link to photo
Thick-billed green pigeon
Thick-billed green-pigeon
Thick-billed pigeon
Burung Punai Daun
'leaf greenpigeon (bird)' (26) (Conflicts with Treron olax)
Burung Punai Lengguak
'thickbilledgreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
  Burung Punai Lengguak
'thickbilledgreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (Wikipedia)
นกเขาเปล้าธรรมดา
nók kʰăw-plâw tʰam-ma-daa
'common greenpigeon-dove (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh mỏ quặp
'bent-billed blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
厚嘴绿鸠
(厚嘴綠鳩)
hòu-zuǐ lǜ-jiū
'thick-billed green-dove'
ハシブトアオバト
(嘴太青鳩)
hashi-buto ao-bato
'thick-billed blue/green-pigeon'
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Treron capellei
link to photo
Large green pigeon
Large green-pigeon
Burung Bakok
'largegreenpigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Punai Bakok
'largegreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (24)
Burung Punai Bakuk
'largegreenpigeon greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
or
Burung Lengguak
'thickbilledgreenpigeon (bird)' (alt in 26)
  Burung Punai Besar
'large greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าใหญ่
nók plâw yày
'large greenpigeon (bird)'
  大绿鸠
(大綠鳩)
dà lǜ-jiū
'large green dove'
オオアオバト
(大青鳩)
ō ao-bato
'large green pigeon'
Treron seimundi
link to photo
Yellow-vented green pigeon
Yellow-vented green-pigeon
Yellow-vented pin-tailed pigeon
Yellow-vented pin-tailed green pigeon
Burung Punai Gunung
'mountain greenpigeon (bird)' (24)
Burung Punai Ekor Panjang
'long-tailed greenpigeon (bird)' (25)
Burung Punai Ekor Runcing
'sharp-tailed greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
    นกเปล้าหางเข็มหัวปีกแดง
nók plâw hăaŋ-kʰĕm hŭa-pìik-daeeŋ
'red-wing-coverted needle-tailed greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh Seimun
'Seimund blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
or
Chim Cu xanh đít vàng
'yellow-vented blue/green-dove (bird)' (34)
白腹针尾绿鸠
(白腹針尾綠鳩)
bái-fù zhēn-wěi lǜ-jiū
'white-bellied needle-tailed green-dove'
シロハラハリオアオバト
(白腹針尾青鳩)
shiro-hara hari-o ao-bato
'white-bellied needle-tailed blue/green-pigeon'
Treron sphenurus
Treron sphenura
link to photo
Wedge-tailed green pigeon
Wedge-tailed green-pigeon
Burung Punai Bukit
'hill greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Punai Gunung
'mountain greenpigeon (bird)' (26)
  Burung Punai Gagak
'crow greenpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าหางพลั่ว
nók plâw hăaŋ-pʰlûa
'shovel-tailed greenpigeon (bird)'
Chim Cu xanh sáo
'starling blue/green-dove (bird)' (12, 34)
楔尾绿鸠
(楔尾綠鳩)
xiē-wěi lǜ-jiū
'wedge-tailed green-dove'
オナガアオバト
(尾長青鳩)
o-naga ao-bato
'long-tailed blue/green-pigeon'
Caloenas
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Caloenas nicobarica
link to photo
Nicobar pigeon
Vulturine pigeon
Burung Punai Emas
'gold greenpigeon (bird)'
Burung Punai Mas
'gold greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Merpati Emas
'gold pigeon (bird)' (26)
›Name‹
  Burung Junai Emas
'gold nicobarpigeon (bird)'
นกชาปีไหน
nók cʰaa-pii-năy
'cʰaa-pii-năy bird'
Chim Bồ câu Nicoba
'Nicobar pigeon₁ (bird)'
›Name‹ (12)
尼柯巴鸠
(尼柯巴鳩)
nìkēbā jiū
'Nicobar dove' (4)
尼科巴鸠
(尼科巴鳩)
nìkēbā jiū
'Nicobar dove' (5)
ミノバト
(蓑鳩)
mino-bato
'straw-caped pigeon'
Chalcophaps
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Chalcophaps indica
link to photolink to photo
Emerald dove Burung Punai Tanah
'ground greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Delimukan Zamrud
'emerald grounddove (bird)'
นกเขาเขียว
nók kʰăw kʰĭaw
'green dove (bird)' (conflicts with Treron curvirostra)
Chim Cu luồng
'large-bamboo? dove (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
绿翅金鸠
(綠翅金鳩)
lǜ-chì jīn-jiū
'green-winged gold-dove'
Taiwan:
(翠翼鸠)
翠翼鳩
cuì-yì-jiū
'jade-winged dove'
キンバト
(金鳩)
kin-bato
'gold pigeon'
Ducula
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ducula aenea
link to photo
Green imperial pigeon
Green imperial-pigeon
Burung Pergam
'pigeon (bird)' (26)
Burung Pergam Besar
'large pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
  Burung Pergam Hijau
'green pigeon (bird)'
นกลุมพู
nók lum-pʰuu
'pigeon (bird)'
นกลุมพูเขียว
nók lum-pʰuu kʰĭaw
'green pigeon (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì lưng xanh
'blue/green-backed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
绿皇鸠
(綠皇鳩)
lǜ huáng-jiū
'green emperor-dove'
ミカドバト
(帝鳩)
mikado-bato
'emperor pigeon'
Ducula badia
link to photo
Mountain imperial pigeon
Mountain imperial-pigeon
Imperial pigeon
Burung Pergam Gunung
'mountain pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Pergam Bukit
'hill pigeon (bird)' (26)
  Burung Pergam Gunung
'mountain pigeon (bird)'
นกมูม
nók muum
'muum bird' (onomat.)
Chim Gầm ghì lưng nâu
'brown-backed pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
皇鸠
(皇鳩)
huáng-jiū
'emperor-dove' (2, 4)
山皇鸠
(山皇鳩)
shān huáng-jiū
'mountain emperor-dove' (1, 3, 5)
ヤマミカドバト
(山帝鳩)
yama mikado-bato
'mountain emperor pigeon'
Ducula bicolor
link to photo
Pied imperial pigeon
Pied imperial-pigeon
Burung Pergam Rawa
'swamp pigeon (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Rawa
'swamp bird' (26)
  Burung Pergam Laut
'sea pigeon (bird)'
นกลุมพูขาว
nók lum-pʰuu kʰăaw
'white pigeon (bird)'
Chim Gầm ghì trắng
'white pigeon₂ (bird)' (12, 34)
斑皇鸠
(斑皇鳩)
bān huáng-jiū
'striped emperor-dove'
ソデグロバト
(袖黒鳩)
sode-guro bato
'black-sleeved pigeon'
Ptilinopus
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ptilinopus jambu
link to photo
Jambu fruit dove
Jambu fruit-dove
Burung Punai Jambu
'pink greenpigeon (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
  Burung Walik Jambu
'pink fruitpigeon (bird)'
นกเปล้าหน้าแดง
nók plâw nâa-daeeŋ
'red-faced greenpigeon (bird)'
  粉头果鸠
(粉頭果鳩)
fěn-tóu guǒ-jiū
'pink-headed fruit dove'
ボタンバト
(牡丹鳩)
botan-bato
'peony pigeon'

หัวปีก hŭa-pìik, literally 'wing-head', is an avian anatomical term for the alula. As used here the meaning is extended to cover a larger area including the wing coverts which are usually differently named.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009