EMAIL email
Traditional Mongolian font from Mongolfont. Does not work in Firefox and some other browsers.

Caprimulgidae
夜鹰科
yè-yīng kē

夜鷹科
yè-yīng kē

ヨタカ科
yo-taka ka

쏙독새과
ssokdok-sae-gwa

Họ Cú muỗi

Эргүүборынхон
ergüüboriŋkhoŋ

[ CONTENT FOLLOWS NAVIGATION / SITE SEARCH ]
Inter-Country
Caprimulgidae: MN
Caprimulgidae: JP
■ Caprimulgidae: CN
Caprimulgidae: TW
Caprimulgidae: VN
Caprimulgidae: TH
Caprimulgidae: MY-SG
Share

General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Chinese name for the nightjars is 夜鹰 yè-yīng 'night-hawk', which is possibly from Japanese, borrowed as the written form 夜鹰 and read in the Chinese way. A traditional name for the caprimulgids is 蚊母鸟 wén-mǔ-niǎo 'mosquito mother bird'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
EUROSTOPODINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Lyncornis
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Lyncornis macrotis
Eurostopodus macrotis
Great eared nightjar Eurostopodus macrotis:
毛腿夜鹰
(毛腿夜鷹)
máo-tuǐ yè-yīng
'hair-legged night hawk' (1, 2, 4, 5)
毛腿耳夜鹰
(毛腿耳夜鷹)
máo-tuǐ ěr-yè-yīng
'hair-legged eared night hawk' (3)
    オオミミヨタカ
(大耳夜鷹 ~ 大耳蚊母鳥 ~ 大耳怪鴟)
ō mimi yo-taka
'large ear night-hawk'
  Eurostopodus macrotis:
Chim Cú muỗi mào
'crested mosquito owl (bird)' (12, 34)
 
 
CAPRIMULGINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Caprimulgus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Caprimulgus indicus
link to photo
Grey nightjar
Jungle nightjar
Indian jungle nightjar
普通夜鹰
(普通夜鷹)
pǔtōng yè-yīng
'common night hawk'
(普通夜鹰)
普通夜鷹
pǔtōng yè-yīng
'common night hawk'
or
(日本夜鹰)
日本夜鷹
rìběn yè-yīng
'Japanese night hawk'
夜鹰
(夜鷹)
yè-yīng
'night-hawk'
蚊母鸟
(蚊母鳥)
wén-mǔ-niǎo
'mosquito mother bird' (dict) (FS)
夜游鸽
(夜遊鴿)
yè yóu gē
'night roaming pigeon'
鬼鸟
(鬼鳥)
guǐ-niǎo
'demon bird' (northern) (FS)
贴树皮
(貼樹皮)
tiē shù-pí
'stick-to tree bark' (FS)
夜燕
(夜燕)
yè-yàn
'night-swallow' (FS)
ヨタカ
(夜鷹 ~ 蚊母鳥 ~ 怪鴟)
yo-taka
'night-hawk'
쏙독새
ssokdok-sae
'ssokdok bird'
›Taxonomy‹
Chim Cú muỗi Ấn Độ
'Indian mosquito owl (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Лагс эргүүбор
ᠯᠠᠭᠰᠠ ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠭᠦᠦ ᠪᠣᠷᠣ
lags ergüü-bor
'sturdy stupid-bor'
Inner M:
Эргүү цахлай
ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠭᠦᠦ ᠴᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠢ
ergüu tsаkhlаi
'stupid gull' (32)
Caprimulgus europaeus
link to photo
European nightjar
Eurasian nightjar
欧亚夜鹰
(歐亞夜鷹)
ōu-yà yè-yīng
'Eurasian night-hawk' (2, 3, 4)
欧夜鹰
(歐夜鷹)
ōu yè-yīng
'European night-hawk' (1, 5)
  欧洲夜鹰
(歐洲夜鷹)
ōuzhōu yè-yīng
'European night-hawk' 贴树皮
(貼樹皮)
tiē shù-pí
'stick-to tree bark' (FS)
ヨーロッパヨタカ
(ヨーロッパ夜鷹 ~ ヨーロッパ蚊母鳥 ~ ヨーロッパ怪鴟)
yōroppa yo-taka
'European night-hawk'
    Өрнийн эргүүбор
ᠦᠷᠦᠨ᠎ᠡ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠭᠦᠦ ᠪᠣᠷᠣ
örniŋ ergüü-bor
'western stupid-bor'
Inner M:
Эргүү бор
ᠡᠷᠬᠢᠭᠦᠦ ᠪᠣᠷᠣ
ergüü bor
'stupid bor' (32)
Caprimulgus aegyptius Egyptian nightjar 埃及夜鹰
(埃及夜鷹)
āijí yè-yīng
'Egyptian night-hawk'
    エジプトヨタカ
(エジプト夜鷹 ~ エジプト蚊母鳥 ~ エジプト怪鴟)
ejiputo yo-taka
'Egyptian night-hawk'
     
Caprimulgus centralasicus Vaurie's nightjar
Central Asian nightjar
中亚夜鹰
(中亞夜鷹)
zhōng-yà yè-yīng
'Central Asian night-hawk'
    ヴォーリーヨタカ
(ヴォーリー夜鷹 ~ ヴォーリー蚊母鳥 ~ ヴォーリー怪鴟)
vōrii yo-taka
'Vaurie's night-hawk'
     
Caprimulgus macrurus
link to photo
Large-tailed nightjar
Long-tailed nightjar
长尾夜鹰
(長尾夜鷹)
cháng-wěi yè-yīng
'long-tailed night hawk'
    オビロヨタカ
(尾広夜鷹 ~ 尾広蚊母鳥 ~ 尾広怪鴟)
o-biro yo-taka
'broad-tailed night-hawk'
  Chim Cú muỗi đuôi dài
'long-tailed mosquito owl (bird)' (12, 34)
 
Caprimulgus affinis
link to photo
Savanna nightjar
Allied nightjar
林夜鹰
(林夜鷹)
lín yè-yīng
'forest night hawk'
(台湾夜鹰)
台灣夜鷹
táiwān yè-yīng
'Taiwanese night hawk'
夜鹰
(夜鷹)
yè-yīng
'night-hawk' (FS)
蚊母
(蚊母)
wén-mǔ
'mosquito mother' (FS)
シロアゴヨタカ
(白顎夜鷹 ~ 白顎蚊母鳥 ~ 白顎怪鴟)
shiro-ago yo-taka
'white-chinned night-hawk'
›Taxonomy‹
  Caprimulgus monticola (12):
Chim Cú muỗi lưng xám
'grey-backed mosquito owl (bird)' (12, 34)
 

No ordinary dictionaries carry this word. The Cyrillic spelling and pronunciation are no more than an educated but quite easily incorrect guess.

The word ヨタカ yo-taka can traditionally be written in several ways in Japanese. 1. The straightforward use of characters to represent the components of the word, i.e. 夜鷹 ( yo 'night' + taka 'hawk'); 2. Borrowing of the characters for the equivalent Chinese name as a single unit, i.e., 蚊母鳥 'mosquito mother bird'; and 3. A different set of Chinese characters that presumably also referred to the nightjars in Chinese, 怪鴟 , literally 'strange hawk' (original meaning) or 'strange owl' (more recent meaning).

Бор bor as an adjective means either 'grey, brown, dun', or 'stubborn'. It is used in some bird names as a noun, including names for the nightjars, reed warblers, Reed Parrotbill, and leiothrix. The common thread is unclear, and the meaning likely differs according to the bird, with nightjars possibly being regarded as 'stubborn', and others as being 'small brownish birds'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009