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Paridae


วงศ์นกติต้
woŋ nók tìt

Họ Bạc má

山雀科
shān-què kē

山雀科
shān-què kē

シジュウカラ科
shijū-kara ka

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Paridae: MN
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Paridae: TH
■ Paridae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. All Malaysian and Indonesian names in the process of conversion into modernised spelling only. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

In the Malaysian ornithological naming, the two members of the Paridae in West Malaysia/Singapore are known as Burung Serai 'palace-bird'.

Indonesian names

The Indonesian ornithological name for the tits is Burung Gelatuk-batu, meaning 'grey twitterer (bird)'.

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MALAY
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Melanochlora
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Melanochlora sultanea
Parus sultanea
link to photo
Sultan tit Burung Serai Raja
'king palace-bird'
Burung Serai Sultan
'sultan palace-bird'
  Burung Gelatuk-batu Gunung
'mountain rock chatterer (bird)' (onomat.) (cf Java sparrow)
นกติตสุลต่าน
nók tìt sŭnlatàan
'sultan tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
Chim mào vàng
'yellow crested bird' (12)
冕雀
(冕雀)
miǎn-què
'offical-headdress finch'
サルタンガラ
(サルタン雀)
sarutan gara
'sultan tit'
Parus
Latin
English
Malaysian
Other M
Indonesian
Thai
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Parus cinereus Cinereous Tit Burung Serai Bakau
'mangrove palace-bird' (24, 26, 27)
  Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu
'grey rock chatterer (bird)' (onomat.) (cf Java sparrow)
นกติตใหญ่
nók tìt yày
'large tit₃ (bird)' (21, 22, 23)
Chim Bạc má
'silver-cheek bird' (12, 13, 34)
大山雀
(大山雀)
dà shān-què
'large mountain-finch'
Taiwan:
(白颊山雀)
白頰山雀
bái-jiá shān-què
'white-cheeked mountain-finch'
シジュウカラ
(四十雀)
shijū-kara
'forty tit'

The term 山雀 shān-què 'mountain finch' (or 'mountain sparrow') is the ornithological name for the tits (Paridae). The name has possibly been influenced by Japanese ヤマガラ yama-gara, written 山雀, which is the name of the Varied Tit (Sittiparus varius). Within the Paridae, Mainland usage now reserves 山雀 for species that at the time belonged to the genus Parus. Other genera use the abbreviated form 雀 què.

Chinese ornithologists reserved the term 山雀 shān-què 'mountain finch' (or 'mountain sparrow') for the genus Parus. Other genera are simply called 雀 què 'sparrow/finch. With Parus now split into several genera, the motivation for this distinction has been lost.

นกติต nók tìt 'tit₃' in (21, 22, 23) is used for all birds called 'tits' in English. In addition to the Paridae, these include the Remizidae and the Aegithalidae.

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009