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Pycnonotidae
Họ Chào mào

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bēi kē

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bēi kē

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hiyo-dori ka

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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Vietnamese has three separate names for the bulbuls. Only the first is listed in ordinary Vietnamese dictionaries.

Chim chào mào is the name of the 'Red-whiskered Bulbul' (Pycnonotus jocosus). In combination with descriptors, this name is also used for the genus Spizixos (finchbills) and several other birds belonging to Pycnonotus. Mào means 'crest' in Vietnamese.

Chim bông lau is used for most members of Pycnonotus (apart from those known as Chào mào). In its most straightforward meaning, the term Chim bông lau means 'reed-blossom bird'.

Chim cành cạch is used for the genera Criniger, Iole, Ixos, Hemixos, and Hypsipetes. Cành cạch is an onomatoepic word that refers to clacking and rattling noises, a probable reference to the noisiness of these birds.

There is also the name Chim hoành hoạch, used for the Streak-eared Bulbul and others (also Chim trao tráo or Chim trao trảo).

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Spizixos
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Spizixos canifrons
link to photolink to photo
Crested finchbill
Crested finch-billed bulbul
Crest finch-billed bulbul

Bulbul à gros bec
Chim Chào mào mỏ lớn
'large-billed chao mao bird'
  凤头雀嘴鹎
(鳳頭雀嘴鵯)
fèng-tóu què-zuǐ bēi
'phoenix-headed finch-billed bulbul'
カンムリカヤノボリ
(冠萱昇)
kanmuri kaya-nobori
'crested thatch climber'
นกปรอดหงอนปากหนา
nók pa-ròaat ŋŏaan pàak-năa
'thick-billed crested bulbul (bird)'
   
Spizixos semitorques
link to photo
Collared finchbill
Collared finch-billed bulbul
Swinhoe's finch-billed bulbul

Bulbul à semi-collier
Chim Chào mào khoang cổ
'streak-necked chao mao bird'
  领雀嘴鹎
(領雀嘴鵯)
lǐng què-zuǐ bēi
'collared finch-billed bulbul' (1, 2, 3, 4)
绿鹦嘴鹎
(綠鸚嘴鵯)
lǜ yīng-zuǐ bēi
'green parrot-billed bulbul' (5)
Taiwan:
(白环鹦嘴鹎)
白環鸚嘴鵯
bái-huán yīng-zuǐ bēi
'white-ringed parrot-billed bulbul'
カヤノボリ
(萱昇)
kaya-nobori
'thatch climber'
    
Pycnonotus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Pycnonotus striatus
link to photo
Striated bulbul
Striped bulbul
Striated green bulbul

Bulbul strié
Chim Chào mào vạch
'lined chao mao bird'
  纵纹绿鹎
(縱紋綠鵯)
zòng-wén lǜ-bēi
'vertical pattern green bulbul'
タテフヒヨドリ
(縦斑鵯)
tate-fu hiyo-dori
'vertical-striped bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดลาย
nók pa-ròaat laay
'striped bulbul (bird)'
   
Pycnonotus atriceps
link to photolink to photo
Black-headed bulbul

Bulbul cap-nègre
Chim Chào mào vàng đầu đen
'black-headed yellow chao mao bird'
  黑头鹎
(黑頭鵯)
hēi-tóu bēi
'black-headed bulbul'
ズグロヒヨドリ
(頭黒鵯)
zu-guro hiyo-dori
'black-headed bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดทอง
nók pa-ròaat tʰoaaŋ
'gold bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Siam
'Siamese bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Cucak Kuricang
'blackheaded-bulbul bulbul (bird)' (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul')
Pycnonotus melanicterus
link to photo
Black-crested bulbul
Black-crested yellow bulbul

Bulbul à tête noire
Chim Chào mào vàng mào đen
'black-crested yellow chao mao bird'
  黑冠黄鹎
(黑冠黃鵯)
hēi-guān huáng bēi
'black-crested yellow bulbul'
エボシヒヨドリ
(烏帽子鵯)
eboshi hiyo-dori
'court-headdress bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus flaviventris:
นกปรอดเหลืองหัวจุก
nók pa-ròaat lĕuaŋ hŭa-cùk
'topknotted yellow bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Jambul Hitam
'black-crested bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Cucak Kuning
'yellow bulbul (bird)' (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul')
Pycnonotus jocosus
link to photo
Red-whiskered bulbul

Bulbul orphée
Chim Chào mào
'chao mao bird'
  红耳鹎
(紅耳鵯)
hóng-ěr bēi
'red-eared bulbul'
コウラウン
(紅羅雲)
kōra'un
'red silk cloud (?)'
นกปรอดหัวโขน
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-kʰŏon
'masked bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Telinga Merah
'red-eared bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Pipi Merah
'red-cheeked bulbul (bird)' (27)
 
Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
link to photo
Brown-breasted bulbul
Anderson's bulbul
Yellow-vented bulbul

Bulbul à poitrine brune
Chim Bông lau ngực nâu
'brown-breasted reed-blossom bird'
  黄臀鹎
(黃臀鵯)
huáng-tún bēi
'yellow-bottomed bulbul'
ノドジロヒヨドリ
(喉白鵯)
nodo-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-throated bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดหัวโขนก้นเหลือง
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-kʰŏon kôn-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-vented masked bulbul (bird)'
   
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Pycnonotus sinensus
link to photo
Light-vented bulbul
Chinese bulbul

Bulbul de Chine
Chim Bông lau Trung Quốc
'Chinese reed-blossom bird'
  白头鹎
(白頭鵯)
bái-tóu bēi
'white-headed bulbul'
Taiwan:
(白头翁)
白頭翁
bái-tóu wēng
'white-headed old-man'
シロガシラ
(白頭)
shiro-gashira
'white head'
นกปรอดจีน
nók pa-ròaat ciin
'Chinese bulbul (bird)'
   
Pycnonotus cafer
link to photo
Red-vented bulbul

Bulbul à ventre rouge
Chim Bông lau đít đỏ
'red-vented reed-blossom bird'
  黑喉红臀鹎
(黑厚紅臀鵯)
hēi-hóu hóng-tún bēi
'black-throated red-bottomed bulbul'
シリアカヒヨドリ
(尻赤鵯)
shiri-aka hiyo-dori
'red-bottomed bulbul-bird'
    
Pycnonotus aurigaster
link to photo
Sooty-headed bulbul
White-eared bulbul
Golden-vented bulbul
Red-vented bulbul

Bulbul cul-d'or
Chim Bông lau tai trắng
'white-eared reed-blossom bird'
Chim Bông lau đít đỏ
'red-vented reed-blossom (bird)' (13)
›Taxonomy‹
  白喉红臀鹎
(白厚紅臀鵯)
bái-hóu hóng-tún bēi
'white-throated red-bottomed bulbul'
コシジロヒヨドリ
(腰白鵯)
koshi-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-rumped bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดหัวสีเขม่า
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-sĭi-kʰa-màw
'sooty-headed bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Jawa
'Javanese bulbul (bird)' (27 (introduced Singapore)
Burung Cucak Kutilang
'sootyheaded-bulbul bulbul (bird)' (onomat.) (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul'; kutilang = Jakartanese/ Javanese for 'black-headed bulbul')
Pycnonotus finlaysoni
link to photo
Stripe-throated bulbul

Bulbul de Finlayson
Chim Bông lau họng vạch
'line-throated reed-blossom bird'
  纹喉鹎
(紋厚鵯)
wén-hóu bēi
'fine-pattern-throated bulbul'
キビタイヒヨドリ
(黄額鵯)
ki-bitai hiyo-dori
'yellow-foreheaded bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดคอลาย
nók pa-ròaat kʰoaa-laay
stripe-necked bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Luris Leher
'neck-lined bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Kunyit
'turmeric bulbul (bird)' (27)
 
Pycnonotus flavescens
link to photo
Flavescent bulbul
Flavescent green bulbul
Round-tailed green bulbul

Bulbul flavescent
Chim Bông lau vàng
'yellow reed-blossom bird'
  黄绿鹎
(黃綠鵯)
huáng lǜ bēi
'yellow-green bulbul'
カオジロヒヨドリ
(顔白鵯)
kao-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-faced bulbul' bird
นกปรอดหัวตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-taa-kʰăaw
'white-lored bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Gunung
'mountain bulbul (bird)'
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Pycnonotus goiavier
link to photo
Yellow-vented bulbul

Bulbul goiavier
Chim Bông lau mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed reed-blossom bird'
  白眉黄臀鹎
(白眉黃臀鵯)
bái-méi huáng-tún bēi
'white-eyebrowed yellow-bottomed bulbul'
メグロヒヨドリ
(目黒鵯)
me-guro hiyo-dori
'black-eyed bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดหน้านวล
nók pa-ròaat nâa-nuan
'pale-faced bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Kapur
'chalky bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Merbah Cerukcuk
'cerukcuk bulbul (bird)' (onomat., cerukcuk from Javanese/ Jakartanese)
Pycnonotus blanfordi
link to photo
Streak-eared bulbul
Blanford's olive bulbul

Bulbul de Blanford
Chim Bông lau tai vằn
'stripe-eared reed-blossom bird'
Chim hoành hoạch
'hoành hoạch bird'
纹耳鹎
(紋耳鵯)
wén ěr bēi
'fine-pattern- eared bulbul' (4)
条耳鹎
(條耳鵯)
tiáo ěr bēi
'stripe-eared bulbul' (5)
ミミジロヒヨドリ
(耳白鵯)
mimi-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-eared bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดสวน
nók pa-ròaat sŭan
'garden bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Telinga Luris
'line-eared bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Telinga Lurus
'line-eared bulbul (bird)' (27)
 
Pycnonotus erythrophthalmos
link to photo
Spectacled bulbul
Lesser brown bulbul

Bulbul oeil-de-feu
Chim Bông lau nâu nhỏ
'small brown reed-blossom bird'
  小褐鹎
(小褐鵯)
xiǎo hè bēi
'small brown bulbul'
コアカメチャイロヒヨドリ
(小赤目茶色鵯)
ko aka-me cha-iro hiyo-dori
'small red-eyed brown bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดเล็กท้องเทา
nók pa-ròaat lék tʰóaaŋ-tʰaw
'grey-bellied small bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Mata Merah Kecil
'small red-eyed bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Kecil
'small bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Merbah Kacamata
'spectacled bulbul (bird)'
Criniger
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Criniger pallidus
Alophoixus pallidus
link to photo
Puff-throated bulbul
Olivaceous bearded bulbul
White-throated bulbul

Bulbul pâle
Chim Cành cạch lớn
'large canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  白喉冠鹎
(白喉冠鵯)
bái-hóu guān-bēi
'white-throated crested bulbul'
ノドジロカンムリヒヨ
(喉白冠鵯)
nodo-jiro kanmuri hiyo
'white-throated crested bulbul'
นกปรอดโอ่งเมืองเหนือ
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ meuaŋ-nĕua
'northland waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
   
Criniger ochraceus
Alophoixus ochraceus
link to photo
Ochraceous bulbul
Ochraceous bearded bulbul

Bulbul ocré
Chim Cành cạch bụng hung
'reddish-bellied canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  白喉褐冠鹎
(白喉褐冠鵯)
bái-hóu hè guān-bēi
'white-throated brown-crested bulbul'
コアカメチャイロヒヨドリ
(小赤目茶色鵯)
ko aka-me cha-iro hiyo-dori
'small red-eyed brown bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดโอ่งท้องสีน้ำตาล
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ tʰóaaŋ-sĭi-nám-taan
'brown-bellied waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Berjanggut
'bearded bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Beringin
'banyan bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Empuloh Ragum
'incurved ? beardedbulbul (bird)'
Iole
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Iole propinqua
Hypsipetes propinquus
link to photo
Grey-eyed bulbul

Bulbul aux yeux gris
Chim Cành cạch nhỏ
'small canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  灰眼短脚鹎
(灰眼短腳鵯)
huī-yǎn duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'grey-eyed short-legged bulbul'
メジロヒヨドリ
(目白鵯)
me-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-eyed bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดเล็กตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat lék taa-kʰăaw
'white-eyed small bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Mata Kelabu 'grey-eyed bulbul (bird)' (27)  
Ixos
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Ixos mcclellandii
Hypsipetes mcclellandii
link to photo
Mountain bulbul
Mountain streaked bulbul
Green-winged bulbul
McClelland's bulbul

Bulbul de McClelland
Chim Cành cạch núi
'mountain canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  绿翅短脚鹎
(綠翅短腳鵯)
lǜ-chì duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'green-winged short-legged bulbul' (1, 2, 3, 4)
麦克氏短脚鹎
(麥克氏短腳鵯)
màikè-shì duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'Mr Maike's short-legged bulbul' (5)
ミヤマヒヨドリ
(深山鵯)
mi-yama hiyo-dori
'deep-mountain bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดภูเขา
nók pa-ròaat pʰuu-kʰăw
'mountain bulbul (bird)'
Burung Bebarau Bukit
'hill barred (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Gunung
'mountain bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Merbah Lorek Gunung
'mountain barred-bulbul (bird)' (24)
 
Ixos malaccensis
Hypsipetes malaccensis
link to photo
Streaked bulbul
Green-backed bulbul

Bulbul malais
Chim Cành cạch Mã Lai
'Malay canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  纹羽鹎
(紋羽鵯)
wén-yǔ bēi
'fine-pattern feathered bulbul' (4)
绿背短脚鹎
(綠背短腳鵯)
lǜ-bèi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'green-backed short-legged bulbul' (5)
シロスジヒヨドリ
(白条鵯)
shiro-suji hiyo-dori
'white-striped bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดหลังเขียวอกลาย
nók pa-ròaat lăŋ-kʰĭaw òk-laay
'stripe-breasted green-backed bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Lorek
'barred-bulbul (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Lorek Bukit
'hill barred- bulbul (bird)' (24)
Burung Merbah Dada Berjalur
'stripe-breasted bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Brinji Bergaris
'lineated streakedbulbul (bird)'
Hemixos
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Hemixos flavala
Hypsipetes flavalus
link to photolink to photo
Ashy bulbul

Bulbul à ailes vertes
Chim Cành cạch xám
'grey canh cach bird' (onomat.)
  灰短脚鹎
(灰短腳鵯)
huī duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'grey short-legged bulbul'
ハイイロヒヨドリ
(灰色鵯)
hai-iro hiyo-dori
'grey bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดสีขี้เถ้า
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-kʰîi-tʰâw
'ashy bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Kelabu
'grey bulbul (bird)' (26, 27)
Burung Merbah Abu
'ashy bulbul (bird)' (24)
Burung Brinji Kelabu
'grey streakedbulbul (bird)'
Hemixos flavala castanonotus
Hemixos castanonotus
Hypsipetes castanonotus
link to photolink to photo
Chestnut bulbul

Bulbul marron
Chim Cành cạch hung
'reddish canh cach (onomat.) (bird)' (13)
  栗背短脚鹎
(栗背短腳鵯)
lì-bèi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'chestnut-backed short-legged bulbul'
クリイロヒヨドリ
(栗色鵯)
kuri-iro hiyo-dori
'chestnut-coloured bulbul-bird' (Wikipedia)
-    
Hypsipetes
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Hypsipetes leucocephalus
link to photo
Black bulbul

Bulbul noir
Chim Cành cạch đen
'black canh cach bird' (onomat.)
›Taxonomy‹
  黑短脚鹎
(黑短腳鵯)
hēi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'black short-legged bulbul'
or
黑鹎
(黑鵯)
hēi-bēi
'black bulbul' (alt in 1, 3)
›Taxonomy‹

Taiwan:
(红嘴黑鹎)
紅嘴黑鵯
hóng-zuǐ hēi-bēi
'red-billed black bulbul'
クロヒヨドリ
(黒鵯)
kuro hiyo-dori
'black bulbul-bird'
นกปรอดดำ
nók pa-ròaat dam
'black bulbul (bird)'
Burung Merbah Hitam
'black bulbul (bird)' (27)
 

โอ่ง òoŋ is a traditional form of very large earthenware jar with rounded sides which is typically used for water storage. Criniger bulbuls often fluff out their neck feathers in a way which suggests the shape of that waterjar.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007