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Pycnonotidae
วงศ์นกปรอด
woŋ nók pa-ròaat

Họ Chào mào

鹎科
bēi kē

鵯科
bēi kē

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hiyo-dori ka

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Pycnonotidae: MN
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Pycnonotidae include many kinds of bulbul very familiar to the Thai. Bulbuls are commonly found not only in gardens and fields but are also frequently kept as pets. Some are prized singers. Especially popular kinds of pet bulbul may be called นกกรง nók kroŋ 'cage-bird', a usage which is understood as referring specifically to bulbuls. In early Western sources bulbuls are often described as a kind of 'thrush'.

Thai had a very old general name for bulbuls, หรอด ròaat, which survives today only with incorporated wildlife prefixes. The use of different wildlife prefixes (including variant spellings) results in five variant forms of this name: ปรอด pa-ròaat, ประหรอด prà-ròaat, กรอด ka-ròaat, กะหรอด kà-ròaat, and กระหรอด krà-ròaat.

Although นกปรอด nók pa-ròaat is today the most commonly encountered general name for the bulbuls, the other related names are still used and can be found in popular dictionaries. Modern ornithological sources base all species names on นกปรอด nók pa-ròaat, but at the time Lekagul was writing (18) and (19), he found it necessary to mention นกกรอด nók ka-ròaat as an alternative general name for the bulbuls.

Most Alophoixus species are distinguished as นกปรอดโอ่ง nók pa-ròaat òoŋ 'waterjar-bulbul (bird)', where โอ่ง òoŋ is a traditional form of very large earthenware jar with rounded sides that is typically used for water storage. Criniger bulbuls often fluff out their neck feathers in a way which suggests the shape of that waterjar.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Tricholestes
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Tricholestes criniger
Hypsipetes criniger
link to photo
Hairy-backed bulbul นกปรอดหลังฟู
nók pa-ròaat lăŋ-fuu
'fluffy-backed bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Bulu Tengkuk
'nape-haired bulbul (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Bulu Panjang Tengkuk
'nape-long-haired bulbul (bird)' (24, 27)
Burung Brinji Rambut-tunggir
'rump-haired streakedbulbul (bird)' (probable error for rambut-tengkuk 'nape-maned' / 'nape-haired')
  丝背鹎
(絲背鵯)
sī-bèi bēi
'silk-backed bulbul' (4)
茸背短脚鹎
(茸背短腳鵯)
róng-bèi duǎn-jiǎo bēi
'down-backed short-legged bulbul' (5)
エリゲヒヨドリ
(襟毛鵯)
eri-ge hiyo-dori
'collar-hair bulbul'
Alophoixus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Alophoixus finschii
Criniger finschii
link to photo
Finsch's bulbul
Finsch's bearded bulbul
Dwarf bearded bulbul
นกปรอดสีคล้ำใต้คอเหลือง
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-kʰlám tây-kʰoaa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-under-necked dark bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Rempah
'spice bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Empuloh Leher-kuning
'yellow-necked beardedbulbul (bird)'
  芬氏冠鹎
(芬氏冠鵯)
fēn-shì guàn-bēi
'Mr Fen's crested bulbul' (4)
矮髭冠鹎
(矮髭冠鵯)
ǎi zī guàn-bēi
'short bearded crested bulbul' (5)
ヒメアゴヒゲヒヨドリ
(姫顎髭鵯)
hime ago-hige hiyo-dori
'princess chin-beard bulbul'
Alophoixus flaveolus
Criniger flaveolus
link to photo
White-throated bulbul
Ashy-fronted bearded bulbul
Yellow-bellied bulbul
นกปรอดโอ่งหน้าผากเทา
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ nâa-pʰàak-tʰaw
'grey-foreheaded waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
        黄腹冠鹎
(黃腹冠鵯)
huáng-fù guàn-bēi
'yellow-bellied crested bulbul'
キバラカンムリヒヨ
(黄腹冠鵯)
ki-bara kanmuri hiyo
'yellow-bellied crested bulbul'
Alophoixus pallidus
Criniger pallidus
link to photo
Puff-throated bulbul
Olivaceous bearded bulbul
White-throated bulbul
นกปรอดโอ่งเมืองเหนือ
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ meuaŋ-nĕua
'northland waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
      Chim Cành cạch lớn
'large bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
Allophoixus pallidus:
Bông lau nhạt
'pale reed-blossom bird' (onomat.) (34)
白喉冠鹎
(白喉冠鵯)
bái-hóu guān-bēi
'white-throated crested bulbul'
ノドジロカンムリヒヨ
(喉白冠鵯)
nodo-jiro kanmuri hiyo
'white-throated crested bulbul'
Alophoixus ochraceus
Criniger ochraceus
link to photo
Ochraceous bulbul
Ochraceous bearded bulbul
นกปรอดโอ่งท้องสีน้ำตาล
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ tʰóaaŋ-sĭi-nám-taan
'brown-bellied waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Berjanggut
'bearded bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Beringin
'banyan bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Empuloh Ragum
'incurved ? beardedbulbul (bird)'
Allophoixus ochraceous:
Chim Cành cạch bụng hung
'reddish-bellied bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
白喉褐冠鹎
(白喉褐冠鵯)
bái-hóu hè guān-bēi
'white-throated brown-crested bulbul'
コアカメチャイロヒヨドリ
(小赤目茶色鵯)
ko aka-me cha-iro hiyo-dori
'small red-eyed brown bulbul-bird'
Alophoixus bres
Criniger bres
link to photo
Grey-cheeked bulbul
Grey-cheeked bearded bulbul
Olive white-headed bulbul
นกปรอดโอ่งแก้มเทา
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ kâeem-tʰaw
'grey-cheeked waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Sampah
'rustbrown bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Pipi-kelabu
'grey-cheeked bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Empuloh Janggut
'bearded beardedbulbul (bird)'
  灰颊冠鹎
(灰頰冠鵯)
huī-jiá guàn-bēi
'grey-cheeked crested bulbul' (4)
白喉橄榄冠鹎
(白喉橄欖冠鵯)
bái-hóu gǎnlǎn guàn-bēi
'white-throated olive crested bulbul' (5)
ハイガオカンムリヒヨドリ
(灰顔冠鵯)
hai-gao kanmuri hiyo-dori
'grey-faced crested bulbul'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Criniger phaeocephalus
link to photo
Yellow-bellied bulbul นกปรอดโอ่งไร้หงอน
nók pa-ròaat òoŋ ráy ŋŏaan
'crested plantation waterjar-bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Perut Kuning
'yellow-bellied bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Empuloh Irang
'fringed beardedbulbul (bird)'
  灰头冠鹎
(灰頭冠鵯)
huī-tóu guàn-bēi
'grey-headed crested bulbul' (4)
灰头白喉冠鹎
(灰頭白喉冠鵯)
huī-tóu bái-hóu guàn-bēi
'grey-headed white-throated crested bulbul' (5)
ハイガシラアゴヒゲヒヨドリ
(灰頭顎髭鵯)
hai-gashira ago-hige hiyo-dori
'grey-headed chin-bearded bulbul'
Iole
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Iole viridescens
Iole virescens
Hypsipetes virescens
link to photo
Olive bulbul
Sumatran bulbul
นกปรอดเล็กสีไพลตาแดง
nók pa-ròaat lék sĭi-pʰlay taa-daeeŋ
'red-eyed olivaceous small bulbul (bird)'
        黄眉绿鹎
(黃眉綠鵯)
huáng-méi lǜ bēi
'yellow-eyebrowed green bulbul' (4)
绿翅短脚鹎
(綠翅短腳鵯)
lǜ-chì duǎn-jiǎo bēi
'green-winged short-legged bulbul' (5)
ムナフヒヨドリ
(胸斑鵯)
muna-fu hiyo-dori
'chest-stripe bulbul'
Iole propinqua
Hypsipetes propinquus
link to photo
Grey-eyed bulbul นกปรอดเล็กตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat lék taa-kʰăaw
'white-eyed small bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Mata Kelabu 'grey-eyed bulbul (bird)' (27)   Hypsipetes propinquus (12):
Chim Cành cạch nhỏ
'small bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12, 34)
灰眼短脚鹎
(灰眼短腳鵯)
huī-yǎn duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'grey-eyed short-legged bulbul'
メジロヒヨドリ
(目白鵯)
me-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-eyed bulbul-bird'
Iole charlottae
Iole olivacea
Hypsipetes charlottae
link to photo
Buff-vented bulbul นกปรอดหงอนตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat ŋŏaan taa-kʰăaw
'white-eyed crested bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Riang
'cheerful bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Brinji Mata-putih
'white-eyed streakedbulbul (bird)'
  黄臀灰胸鹎
(黃臀灰胸鵯)
huáng-tún hēi-xiōng bēi
'yellow-vented grey-chested bulbul' (4)
橄榄冠短脚鹎
(橄欖冠短腳鵯)
gǎnlǎn guàn duǎn-jiǎo bēi
'olive crested short-legged bulbul' (5, 10)
›Taxonomy‹
カンムリオリーブヒヨ
(冠オリーブ鵯)
kanmuri oriibu hiyo-dori
'crested olive bulbul'
Hemixos
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Hemixos flavala
Hypsipetes flavalus
link to photolink to photo
Ashy bulbul นกปรอดสีขี้เถ้า
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-kʰîi-tʰâw
'ashy bulbul (bird)'
นกปรอดหูสีน้ำตาล
nók pa-ròaat hŭu sĭi-nám-taan
'brown-eared bulbul (bird)' (alt in 21)
Burung Merbah Kelabu
'grey bulbul (bird)' (26, 27)
Burung Merbah Abu
'ashy bulbul (bird)' (24)
Burung Brinji Kelabu
'grey streakedbulbul (bird)'
Hypsipetes flavalus (12):
Chim Cành cạch xám
'grey bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12, 34)
›Taxonomy‹
灰短脚鹎
(灰短腳鵯)
huī duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'grey short-legged bulbul'
›Taxonomy‹
ハイイロヒヨドリ
(灰色鵯)
hai-iro hiyo-dori
'grey bulbul-bird'
Ixos
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ixos mcclellandii
Hypsipetes mcclellandii
link to photo
Mountain bulbul
Mountain streaked bulbul
Green-winged bulbul
McClelland's bulbul
นกปรอดภูเขา
nók pa-ròaat pʰuu-kʰăw
'mountain bulbul (bird)'
นกปรอดภูเขาอกลาย
nók pa-ròaat pʰuu-kʰăw òk-laay
'stripe-breasted mountain bulbul (bird)' (alt in 21)
Burung Bebarau Bukit
'hill barred (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Gunung
'mountain bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Merbah Lorek Gunung
'mountain barred-bulbul (bird)' (24)
  Hypsipetes maclellandi (12, 13):
Chim Cành cạch núi
'mountain bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12, 13, 34)
绿翅短脚鹎
(綠翅短腳鵯)
lǜ-chì duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'green-winged short-legged bulbul' (1, 2, 3, 4)
麦克氏短脚鹎
(麥克氏短腳鵯)
màikè-shì duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'Mr Maike's short-legged bulbul' (5)
ミヤマヒヨドリ
(深山鵯)
mi-yama hiyo-dori
'deep-mountain bulbul-bird'
Ixos malaccensis
Hypsipetes malaccensis
link to photo
Streaked bulbul
Green-backed bulbul
นกปรอดหลังเขียวอกลาย
nók pa-ròaat lăŋ-kʰĭaw òk-laay
'stripe-breasted green-backed bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Lorek
'barred-bulbul (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Lorek Bukit
'hill barred- bulbul (bird)' (24)
Burung Merbah Dada Berjalur
'stripe-breasted bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Brinji Bergaris
'lineated streakedbulbul (bird)'
Hypsipetes malaccensis:
Chim Cành cạch Mã Lai
'Malay bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
纹羽鹎
(紋羽鵯)
wén-yǔ bēi
'fine-pattern feathered bulbul' (4)
绿背短脚鹎
(綠背短腳鵯)
lǜ-bèi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'green-backed short-legged bulbul' (5)
シロスジヒヨドリ
(白条鵯)
shiro-suji hiyo-dori
'white-striped bulbul-bird'
Hypsipetes
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Hypsipetes leucocephalus
link to photo
Black bulbul นกปรอดดำ
nók pa-ròaat dam
'black bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Hitam
'black bulbul (bird)' (27)
  Hypsipetes madagascariensis (12):
Chim Cành cạch đen
'black bulbul₂ (bird)' (onomat.) (12, 13, 34)
黑短脚鹎
(黑短腳鵯)
hēi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'black short-legged bulbul'
or
黑鹎
(黑鵯)
hēi-bēi
'black bulbul' (alt in 1, 3)
›Taxonomy‹

Taiwan:
(红嘴黑鹎)
紅嘴黑鵯
hóng-zuǐ hēi-bēi
'red-billed black bulbul'
クロヒヨドリ
(黒鵯)
kuro hiyo-dori
'black bulbul-bird'
Spizixos
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Spizixos canifrons
link to photolink to photo
Crested finchbill
Crested finch-billed bulbul
Crest finch-billed bulbul
นกปรอดหงอนปากหนา
nók pa-ròaat ŋŏaan pàak-năa
'thick-billed crested bulbul (bird)'
      Chim Chào mào mỏ lớn
'large-billed bulbul₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
凤头雀嘴鹎
(鳳頭雀嘴鵯)
fèng-tóu què-zuǐ bēi
'phoenix-headed finch-billed bulbul'
カンムリカヤノボリ
(冠萱昇)
kanmuri kaya-nobori
'crested thatch climber'
Pycnonotus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pycnonotus zeylanicus
link to photo
Straw-headed bulbul นกปรอดแม่พะ
nók pa-ròaat mâee-pʰá
'mâee-pʰá bulbul (bird)'
or
นกปรอดแม่ทะ
nók pa-ròaat mâee-tʰá
'mâee-tʰá bulbul (bird)'
นกกรงแม่พะ
nók kroŋ mâee-pʰá
'mâee-pʰá cage-bird' (alt in 21)
Burung Barau-barau
'barred bird' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Cucak Rawa
'swamp bulbul₁ (bird)' (from Javanese cucak rawa)
  黄冠鹎
(黃冠鵯)
huáng-guàn bēi
'yellow-crested bulbul'
キガシラヒヨドリ
(黄頭鵯)
ki-gashira hiyo-dori
'yellow-headed bulbul'
Pycnonotus striatus
link to photo
Striated bulbul
Striped bulbul
Striated green bulbul
นกปรอดลาย
nók pa-ròaat laay
'striped bulbul (bird)'
      Chim Chào mào vạch
'lined bulbul₁ (bird)' (12, 34)
纵纹绿鹎
(縱紋綠鵯)
zòng-wén lǜ-bēi
'vertical pattern green bulbul'
タテフヒヨドリ
(縦斑鵯)
tate-fu hiyo-dori
'vertical-striped bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus melanicterus
link to photo
Black-crested bulbul
Black-crested yellow bulbul
Pycnonotus flaviventris:
นกปรอดเหลืองหัวจุก
nók pa-ròaat lĕuaŋ hŭa-cùk
'topknotted yellow bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Jambul Hitam
'black-crested bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Cucak Kuning
'yellow bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul')
Chim Chào mào vàng mào đen
'black-crested yellow bulbul₁ (bird)' (12)
黑冠黄鹎
(黑冠黃鵯)
hēi-guān huáng bēi
'black-crested yellow bulbul'
エボシヒヨドリ
(烏帽子鵯)
eboshi hiyo-dori
'court-headdress bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus squamatus
link to photo
Scaly-breasted bulbul นกปรอดอกลายเกล็ด
nók pa-ròaat òk-laay-klèd
'scaly stripe-breasted bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Bersisik
'scaly bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Dada Bersisik
'scaly-breasted bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Cucak Bersisik
'scaly bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak from Javanese)
  鳞胸鹎
(鱗胸鵯)
lín-xiōng bēi
'scale-breasted bulbul'
ウロコヒヨドリ
(鱗鵯)
uroko hiyo-dori
'scaled bulbul'
Pycnonotus cyaniventris
link to photo
Grey-bellied bulbul นกปรอดท้องสีเทา
nók pa-ròaat tʰóaaŋ-sĭi-tʰaw
'grey-bellied bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Perut Kelabu
'grey-bellied bulbul (bird)' (26)
Burung Merbah Dada Kelabu
'grey-breasted bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Merbah Kelabu
'grey bulbul (bird)' (24)
Burung Cucak Kelabu
'grey bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak from Javanese)
  灰腹鹎
(灰腹鵯)
huī-fù bēi
'grey-bellied bulbul'
ハイムネヒヨドリ
(灰胸鵯)
hai-mune hiyo-dori
'grey-breasted bulbul'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pycnonotus jocosus
link to photo
Red-whiskered bulbul นกปรอดหัวโขน
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-kʰŏon
'masked bulbul (bird)'
นกปรอดหัวโขนเคราแดง
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-kʰŏon kʰraw-daeeŋ
'red-whiskered masked bulbul (bird)' (alt in 21)
นกกรงหัวจุก
nók kroŋ hŭa-cùk
'topknotted cage-bird' (alt in 21)
นกกรง
nók kroŋ
'cage-bird'
นกพิชหลิว
nók pʰítlĭw
'pʰítlĭw (bird)' (onomat.) (alt in 21)
นกปริ๊ดเหลว
nók prítlĕew
'prítlĕew (bird)' (onomat.)
Burung Merbah Telinga Merah
'red-eared bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Pipi Merah
'red-cheeked bulbul (bird)' (27)
  Chim Chào mào
'bulbul₁ (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
红耳鹎
(紅耳鵯)
hóng-ěr bēi
'red-eared bulbul'
コウラウン
(紅羅雲)
kōra'un
'red silk cloud (?)'
Pycnonotus xanthorrhous
link to photo
Brown-breasted bulbul
Anderson's bulbul
Yellow-vented bulbul
นกปรอดหัวโขนก้นเหลือง
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-kʰŏon kôn-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-vented masked bulbul (bird)'
      Chim Bông lau ngực nâu
'brown-breasted reed-blossom bird' (12, 13, 34)
黄臀鹎
(黃臀鵯)
huáng-tún bēi
'yellow-bottomed bulbul'
ノドジロヒヨドリ
(喉白鵯)
nodo-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-throated bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus sinensus
link to photo
Light-vented bulbul
Chinese bulbul
นกปรอดจีน
nók pa-ròaat ciin
'Chinese bulbul (bird)'
      Chim Bông lau Trung Quốc
'Chinese reed-blossom bird' (12, 13)
白头鹎
(白頭鵯)
bái-tóu bēi
'white-headed bulbul'
Taiwan:
(白头翁)
白頭翁
bái-tóu wēng
'white-headed old-man'
シロガシラ
(白頭)
shiro-gashira
'white head'
Pycnonotus aurigaster
link to photo
Sooty-headed bulbul
White-eared bulbul
Golden-vented bulbul
Red-vented bulbul
นกปรอดหัวสีเขม่า
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-sĭi-kʰa-màw
'sooty-headed bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Jawa
'Javanese bulbul (bird)' (27)
(introduced Singapore)
Burung Cucak Kutilang
'sootyheaded-bulbul bulbul₁ (bird)' (onomat.) (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul'; kutilang = Jakartanese/ Javanese for 'black-headed bulbul')
Chim Bông lau tai trắng
'white-eared reed-blossom bird' (12)
白喉红臀鹎
(白厚紅臀鵯)
bái-hóu hóng-tún bēi
'white-throated red-bottomed bulbul'
コシジロヒヨドリ
(腰白鵯)
koshi-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-rumped bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus finlaysoni
link to photo
Stripe-throated bulbul นกปรอดคอลาย
nók pa-ròaat kʰoaa-laay
stripe-necked bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Luris Leher
'neck-lined bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Kunyit
'turmeric bulbul (bird)' (27)
  Chim Bông lau họng vạch
'line-throated reed-blossom bird' (12)
纹喉鹎
(紋厚鵯)
wén-hóu bēi
'fine-pattern-throated bulbul'
キビタイヒヨドリ
(黄額鵯)
ki-bitai hiyo-dori
'yellow-foreheaded bulbul-bird'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pycnonotus flavescens
link to photo
Flavescent bulbul
Flavescent green bulbul
Round-tailed green bulbul
นกปรอดหัวตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat hŭa-taa-kʰăaw
'white-lored bulbul (bird)'
    Burung Merbah Gunung
'mountain bulbul (bird)'
Chim Bông lau vàng
'yellow reed-blossom bird' (12, 34)
黄绿鹎
(黃綠鵯)
huáng lǜ bēi
'yellow-green bulbul'
カオジロヒヨドリ
(顔白鵯)
kao-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-faced bulbul' bird
Pycnonotus goiavier
link to photo
Yellow-vented bulbul นกปรอดหน้านวล
nók pa-ròaat nâa-nuan
'pale-faced bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Kapur
'chalky bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Merbah Cerukcuk
'cerukcuk bulbul (bird)' (onomat., cerukcuk from Javanese/ Jakartanese)
Chim Bông lau mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed reed-blossom bird' (12, 34)
白眉黄臀鹎
(白眉黃臀鵯)
bái-méi huáng-tún bēi
'white-eyebrowed yellow-bottomed bulbul'
メグロヒヨドリ
(目黒鵯)
me-guro hiyo-dori
'black-eyed bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus plumosus
link to photo
Olive-winged bulbul นกปรอดสีไพลใหญ่
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-pʰlay yày
'large olivaceous bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Belukar
'thicket bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Merbah Belukar
'thicket bulbul (bird)'
  橄榄褐鹎
(橄欖褐鵯)
gǎnlǎn hè bēi
'olive brown bulbul'
アカメヒヨドリ
(赤目鵯)
aka-me hiyo-dori
'red-eyed bulbul'
Pycnonotus blanfordi
link to photo
Streak-eared bulbul
Blanford's olive bulbul
นกปรอดสวน
nók pa-ròaat sŭan
'garden bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Telinga Luris
'line-eared bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Telinga Lurus
'line-eared bulbul (bird)' (27)
  Chim Bông lau tai vằn
'stripe-eared reed-blossom bird' (12)
纹耳鹎
(紋耳鵯)
wén ěr bēi
'fine-pattern- eared bulbul' (4)
条耳鹎
(條耳鵯)
tiáo ěr bēi
'stripe-eared bulbul' (5)
ミミジロヒヨドリ
(耳白鵯)
mimi-jiro hiyo-dori
'white-eared bulbul-bird'
Pycnonotus simplex
link to photo
Cream-vented bulbul นกปรอดสีน้ำตาลตาขาว
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-nám-taan taa-kʰăaw
'white-eyed brown bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Mata Putih
'white-eyed bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Merbah Corok-corok
'creamventedbulbul bulbul (bird)' (onomat.) (cf call of P. goiavier)
  白眼褐鹎
(白眼鵯)
bái-yǎn hè bēi
'white-eyed brown bulbul'
メジロチャイロヒヨドリ
(目白茶色鵯)
me-jiro cha-iro hiyo-dori
'white-eyed brown bulbul'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pycnonotus brunneus
link to photo
Red-eyed bulbul
Red-eyed brown bulbul
นกปรอดสีน้ำตาลตาแดง
nók pa-ròaat sĭi-nám-taan taa-daeeŋ
'red-eyed brown bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Mata Merah
'red-eyed bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Merbah Mata-merah
'red-eyed bulbul (bird)'
  红眼褐鹎
(紅眼鵯)
hóng-yǎn hè bēi
'red-eyed brown bulbul'
アカメチャイロヒヨドリ
(赤目茶色鵯)
aka-me cha-iro hiyo-dori
'red-eyed brown bulbul'
Pycnonotus erythrophthalmos
link to photo
Spectacled bulbul
Lesser brown bulbul
นกปรอดเล็กท้องเทา
nók pa-ròaat lék tʰóaaŋ-tʰaw
'grey-bellied small bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Mata Merah Kecil
'small red-eyed bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Kecil
'small bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Merbah Kacamata
'spectacled bulbul (bird)'
Chim Bông lau nâu nhỏ
'small brown reed-blossom bird' (12)
小褐鹎
(小褐鵯)
xiǎo hè bēi
'small brown bulbul'
コアカメチャイロヒヨドリ
(小赤目茶色鵯)
ko aka-me cha-iro hiyo-dori
'small red-eyed brown bulbul-bird'
Euptilotus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Euptilotus eutilotus
Pycnonotus eutilotus
link to photo
Puff-backed bulbul
Puff-backed brown bulbul
นกปรอดหงอนหลังลาย
nók pa-ròaat ŋŏaan lăŋ-laay
'stripe-backed crested bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Coklat Berjambul
'crested brown bulbul (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Merbah Ekor Berbintik
'spot-tailed bulbul (bird)' (27)
Burung Cucak Rumbai-tungging
'rump-fringed bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak from Javanese)
  凤头褐鹎
(鳳頭褐鵯)
fèng-tóu hè bēi
'phoenix-headed brown bulbul'
チャイロヒヨドリ
(茶色鵯)
cha-iro hiyo-dori
'brown bulbul'
Microtarsus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Microtarsus melanoleucos
Pycnonotus melanoleucos
link to photo
Black-and-white bulbul นกปรอดดำปีกขาว
nók pa-ròaat dam pìik-kʰăaw
'white-winged black bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Hitam-Putih
'white (&) black bulbul (bird)' (26, 27)
Burung Merbah Hitam Putih
'white (&) black bulbul (bird)' (24)
or
Burung Merbah Tanduk
'horned bulbul (bird)' (alt in 26)
Burung Cucak Sakit-tubuh
'body-sickness bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak from Javanese)
  黑白鹎
(黑白鵯)
hēi-bái bēi
'black-white bulbul'
モンツキヒヨドリ
(紋付き鵯)
mon-tsuki hiyo-dori
'bulbul with crest'
Brachypodius
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Brachypodius atriceps
Pycnonotus atriceps
link to photolink to photo
Black-headed bulbul นกปรอดทอง
nók pa-ròaat tʰoaaŋ
'gold bulbul (bird)'
  Burung Merbah Siam
'Siamese bulbul (bird)' (24, 26, 27)
Burung Cucak Kuricang
'blackheaded-bulbul bulbul₁ (bird)' (cucak = Javanese 'bulbul')
Chim Chào mào vàng đầu đen
'black-headed yellow bulbul₁ (bird)' (12)
黑头鹎
(黑頭鵯)
hēi-tóu bēi
'black-headed bulbul'
ズグロヒヨドリ
(頭黒鵯)
zu-guro hiyo-dori
'black-headed bulbul-bird'
Cerasophila
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Cerasophila thompsoni
Hypsipetes thompsoni
link to photo
White-headed bulbul นกปรอดเทาหัวขาว
nók pa-ròaat tʰaw hŭa-kʰăaw
'white-headed grey bulbul (bird)'
        白头短脚鹎
(白頭短腳鵯)
bái-tóu duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'white-headed short-legged bulbul'
シロズキンヒヨドリ
(白頭巾鵯)
shiro zukin hiyo-dori
'white-hooded bulbul'

Hemixos flavala castanonotus is treated as a separate species by some authorities:
Hemixos castanonotus
Hypsipetes castanonotus
栗背短脚鹎
(栗背短腳鵯)
lì-bèi duǎn-jiǎo-bēi
'chestnut-backed short-legged bulbul'

Hemixos flavala castanonotus is treated as a separate species by some authorities:
Chim Cành cạch hung
'reddish canh cach (onomat.) (bird)' (13)
Chim Cành cạch nâu
'brown canh cach (onomat.) (bird)' (33)

ไพล pʰlay (Zingiber cassumunar, Zingiber montanum, or Zingiber purpureum) is a plant in the ginger family (Zingiberidae) widely used in traditional Thai medicine. Extracts typically have a greenish yellow to brown colour, and the name is used here as a colour word equivalent to English 'olivaceous'.

โอ่ง òoŋ is a traditional form of very large earthenware jar with rounded sides which is typically used for water storage. Criniger bulbuls often fluff out their neck feathers in a way which suggests the shape of that waterjar.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Bird Guide of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong, Ramin Press, Bangkok 1968

Bird Guide of Thailand 2nd edition by Lekagul, Boonsong and Edward W. Cronin, Jr., Kurusapa Ladprao Press, Bangkok 1974

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981 (List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009