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Sylviidae
วงศ์นกกระจ้อยและนกกระจิ๊ด
woŋ nók krà-côaay láe nók krà-cít

Họ Khướư mỏ dẹt

鸦雀科
yā-què kē

鸚嘴科
yīng-zuǐ kē

ダルマエナガ科
daruma-enaga ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The new Sylviidae are a combination of the old Sylvia warblers from the Old World warbler assemblage (Sylviidae) and a number of genera from the Old World babbler assemblage (Timaliidae), notably the parrotbills. All names in this group are ornithological in inspiration.

1. The white-throats (Curruca) are known as นกคอขาว nók kʰoaa-kʰăaw 'white-necked bird', which is likely a calque on the English name.

2. The parrot-bills are called นกปากนกแก้ว nók pàak-nók-kâeew 'parrot-bill (bird)' exactly as in English. กนกแก้ว nók-kâeew is the general name for parrots (Psittaculidae).

3. The Yellow-eyed Babbler (Chrysomma) is known by the broadly used ornithological name for the babblers, นกกินแมลง nók kin-ma-laeeŋ 'insect-eating bird' or 'insectivorous bird'. กินแมลง kin-ma-laeeŋ is the regular Thai equivalent of English 'insectivorous' and can be used to describe any creature which eats insects. As a name for the babblers it is used for a number of genera in the Pellorneidae and Timaliidae.

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Curruca
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Curruca curruca
Sylvia curruca
link to photo
Lesser whitethroat
White-throated warbler
นกคอขาวน้อย
nók kʰoaa-kʰăaw nóaay
'little white-necked bird'
      Chim Chích họng trắng nhỏ
'small white-throated warbler' (Wikipedia)
白喉林莺
(白喉林鶯)
bái-hóu lín-yīng
'white-throated forest-warbler'
Taiwan:
(白喉林莺)
白喉林鶯
bái-hóu lín-yīng
'white-throated forest-warbler'
コノドジロムシクイ
(小喉白虫喰)
ko nodo-jiro mushi-kui
'small white-throated insect-eater'
Chrysomma
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Chrysomma sinense
link to photo
Yellow-eyed babbler
Oriental yellow-eyed babbler
นกกินแมลงตาเหลือง
nók kin-ma-laeeŋ taa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-eyed insect-eater (bird)'
      Chim Họa mi mỏ ngắn
'stubby-billed hwamei (bird)' (12, 13)
金眼鹛雀
(金眼鶥雀)
jīn-yǎn méi-què
'golden-eyed babbler-tit'
キンメセンニュウチメドリ
(金目仙入知目鳥)
kin-me sennyū chime-dori
'golden-eyed grasshopper-warbler babbler-bird'
(for sennyū, see Locustella in Sylviidae)
Paradoxornis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Paradoxornis guttaticollis
link to photo
Spot-breasted parrotbill
Spot-breasted crowtit
นกปากนกแก้วอกลาย
nók pàak-nók-kâeew òk-laay
'stripe-breasted parrot-bill bird'
      Chim Khướư mỏ dẹt cằm đen
'black-chinned flat-billed babbler (bird)' (12, 34)
点胸鸦雀
(點胸鴉雀)
diǎn-xiōng yā-què
'spot-breasted crow-finch'
ミミグロダルマエナガ
(耳黒達磨柄長)
mimi-guro daruma e-naga
'black-eared daruma long-handle'
Psittiparus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Psittiparus ruficeps Greater Rufous-headed parrotbill
or
White-breasted parrotbill
-            
Psittiparus gularis
Paradoxornis gularis
link to photo
Grey-headed parrotbill
Grey-headed crowtit
Psittiparus gularis:
นกปากนกแก้วหัวเทา
nók pàak-nók-kâeew hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed parrot-bill bird'
      Chim Khướư mỏ dẹt đầu xám
'grey-headed flat-billed babbler (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
灰头鸦雀
(灰頭鴉雀)
huī-tóu yā-què
'grey-headed crow-finch'
ハイガシラダルマエナガ
(灰頭達磨柄長)
hai-gashira daruma e-naga
'grey-headed daruma long-handle'
Neosuthora
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Neosuthora davidiana
Paradoxornis davidianus
link to photo
Short-tailed parrotbill
David's parrotbill
Short-tailed crowtit
Neosuthora davidianus:
นกปากนกแก้วหางสั้น
nók pàak-nók-kâeew hăaŋ-sân
'short-tailed parrot-bill bird'
      Chim Khướư mỏ dẹt đuôi ngắn
'stubby-tailed flat-billed babbler (bird)' (12, 13)
短尾鸦雀
(短尾鴉雀)
duǎn-wěi yā-què
'short-tailed crow-finch' (1, 2, 3, 4)
挂墩鸦雀
(掛墩鴉雀)
guà-dūn yā-què
'hang stumpy (?) crow-finch' (5)
ノドグロダルマエナガ
(喉黒達磨柄長)
nodo-guro daruma e-naga
'black-throated daruma long-handle'
Suthora
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Suthora nipalensis
Paradoxornis nipalensis
link to photo
Black-throated parrotbill
Blyth's parrotbill
Black-throated crowtit
Suthora poliotis:
นกปากนกแก้วหูเทา
nók pàak-nók-kâeew hŭu-tʰaw
'grey-eared parrot-bill bird'
Suthora beaulieui: (Black-eared Parrotbill)
นกปากนกแก้วหูดำ
nók pàak-nók-kâeew hŭu-dam
'black-eared parrot-bill bird'
      Chim Khướư mỏ dẹt họng đen
'black-throated flat-billed babbler (bird)' (12, 34)
黑喉鸦雀
(黑喉鴉雀)
hēi-hóu yā-què
'black-throated crow-finch' (1, 2, 4, 5)
橙额鸦雀
(橙額鴉雀)
chéng-é yā-què
'orange-foreheaded crow-finch' (3)

Taiwan:
(黄羽鹦嘴)
黃羽鸚嘴
huáng yǔ yīng-zuǐ
'yellow-feathered parrot-bill'
キバネダルマエナガ
(黄羽達磨柄長)
ki-bane daruma e-naga
'yellow-winged daruma long-handle'
Chleuasicus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris
Paradoxornis atrosuperciliaris
link to photo
Lesser rufous-headed parrotbill
Lesser red-headed parrotbill
Black-browed crowtit
Chleuasicus atrosuperciliaris:
นกปากนกแก้วคิ้วดำ
nók pàak-nók-kâeew kʰíw-dam
'black-eyebrowed parrot-bill bird'
        黑眉鸦雀
(黑眉鴉雀)
hēi-méi yā-què
'black-eyebrowed crow-finch'
ズアカダルマエナガ
(頭赤達磨柄長)
zu-aka daruma e-naga
'red-headed daruma long-handle'

セッカ sekka is used in Japanese for several small warbling birds in the Cisticolidae, Locustellidae, and Phylloscopidae. The etymology is unknown. It is written with the ateji 雪加 (literally 'snow-add') or 雪下 (literally 'snow-below'), characters assigned on the basis of sound only with little or no relation to etymology or meaning.

The word Họa mi is a borrowing from Chinese 畫眉 huà-méi 'painted-eyebrow', the name of the Hwamei or Melodious Laughing-thrush (Leiothrichidae). In Vietnamese, in addition to the Hwamei itself, it has been applied ornithologically to the Chestnut-capped Babbler and scimitar babblers (Timaliidae) and the Yellow-eyed Babbler (Sylviidae).

ไพล pʰlay (Zingiber cassumunar, Zingiber montanum, or Zingiber purpureum) is a plant in the ginger family (Zingiberidae) widely used in traditional Thai medicine. Extracts typically have a greenish yellow to brown colour, and the name is used here as a colour word equivalent to English 'olivaceous'.

นาค nâak 'naga', from Sanskrit and Pali nāgá, is the name of a deity or kind of being taking the form of a huge snake, sometimes with multiple heads. Here the graduated tail feathers of Megaluris palustris suggest the traditional representation of the heads of a multiheaded naga.

.

In its original sense, 雀 què means 'sparrow' in Chinese, but it is also used for the finches and tits. In this case, 雀鹛 què-méi has been coined as the Chinese equivalent of the English term 'tit babbler' and 雅雀 yā-què as the Chinese equivalent of 'crow tit'. The intended meaning of 雀 què in both cases is 'tit'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Bird Guide of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong, Ramin Press, Bangkok 1968

Bird Guide of Thailand 2nd edition by Lekagul, Boonsong and Edward W. Cronin, Jr., Kurusapa Ladprao Press, Bangkok 1974

A guide to the Birds of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong and Philip D. Round, Saha Karn Bhaet Co., Ltd., Bangkok 1991

Check-list of Thai Birds Round, Philip D., Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Bangkok 2008. Draft version downloaded from the site of the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand in 2009 but no longer posted there, an expanded update of the species included in Lekagul & Round 1991

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009