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Laridae
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Laridae are all known as ōu in Chinese.

Mainland terminology reserves 燕鷗 yàn-ōu 'swallow-gull' for the genus Sterna. In terms of naming, the marsh terns, noddies, and others are treated as different kinds of ōu (gull).

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
LARINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
JAPANESE
OTHER
Larus                
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Larus crassirostris
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Black-tailed gull
Japanese gull
黑尾鷗
(黑尾鸥)
hēi-wěi ōu
'black-tailed gull'
(黑尾鷗)
黑尾鸥
hēi-wěi ōu
'black-tailed gull'
海貓
(海猫)
hǎi-māo
'sea cat'
烏尾尖鷗
(乌尾尖鸥)
wū-wěi jiān ōu
'dark-tailed sharp gull'
中康滿
(中康满)
zhōng kāng-mǎn
'medium peace plenty'
ウミネコ
(海猫)
umi-neko
'sea cat'
  괭이갈매기
gwaengi-galmaegi
'cat gull'
Chim Mòng bể đuôi đen
'black-tailed sea gull (bird)'
Larus canus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Mew gull
Common gull
海鷗
(海鸥)
hǎi ōu
'sea gull'
(海鷗)
海鸥
hǎi ōu
'sea gull'
白頭鷗
(白头鸥)
bái-tóu ōu
'white-headed gull'
カモメ
()
kamome
'gull'
  갈매기
galmaegi
'gull'
Chim Mòng bể đầu trắng
'white-headed sea gull (bird)'
Chim mòng bể Viễn Đông
'Far Eastern sea gull (bird)' (13)
Larus hyperboreus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Glaucous gull 北極鷗
(北极鸥)
běi jí ōu
'north pole gull'
(北極鷗)
北极鸥
běi jí ōu
'north pole gull'
  シロカモメ
(白鴎)
shiro-kamome
'white gull'
  흰갈매기
huin-galmaegi
'white gull'
Mòng biển xanh xám
'greenish-grey sea gull (bird)' (Wikipedia)
Larus argentatus
›Taxonomy‹
Herring gull 銀鷗
(银鸥)
yín-ōu
'silver-gull'
(銀鷗)
银鸥
yín-ōu
'silver-gull'
Taiwan formerly:
黑脊鷗
(黑脊鸥)
hēi-jǐ ōu
'black-spined gull'
紅腳鯡鷗
(红脚鲱鸥)
hóng-jiǎo fēi ōu
'red-legged herring gull'
叼嘴郎
(叼嘴郎)
diāo zuǐ láng
'hold-in-mouth fellow'
叼魚郎
(叼鱼郎)
diāo yú láng
'hold-fish fellow'
大康滿
(大康满)
dà kāng-mǎn
'large peace plenty'
魚鷹子
(鱼鹰子)
yú-yīngzi
'fish hawk' (but see osprey and cormorant)
大海鷗
(大海鸥)
dà hǎi-ōu
'large sea gull'
大水鴿子
(大水鸽子)
dà shuǐ gēzi
'large water pigeon'
セグロカモメ
(背黒鴎)
se-guro kamome
'black-backed gull'
ウスセグロカモメ
(薄背黒鴎)
usu se-guro kamome
'light black-backed gull'
(if species status of L. vegae is recognised)
  Larus argentatus smithsonianus:
옅은재갈매기
yeoteun-jae-galmaegi
'pale ash gull'
Chim Mòng bể chân vàng
'yellow-legged sea gull (bird)'
›Taxonomy‹
Larus argentatus vegae
Larus vegae
link to photo
Vega gull
Siberian gull
織女銀鷗
(织女银鸥)
zhī-nǚ yín-ōu
'weaving girl (=Vega) silver-gull' (proposed - from Internet)
(西伯利亞銀鷗)
西伯利亚银鸥
xībólìyà yín-ōu
'Siberian silver-gull' (2, 4)
(織女銀鷗)
织女银鸥
zhī-nǚ yín-ōu
'weaving girl (=Vega) silver-gull' (3)
or
(織女鷗)
织女鸥
zhī-nǚ ōu
'weaving girl gull' (alt in 3)
紅腳銀鷗
(红脚银鸥)
hóng-jiǎo yín-ōu
'red-legged silver-gull' (7)
セグロカモメ
(背黒鴎)
se-guro kamome
'black-backed gull' (Internet)
  재갈매기
jae-galmaegi
'ash gull'
Chim Mòng bể Vega
'Vega sea gull (bird)' (13)
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Larus cachinnans
link to photo
Yellow-legged gull
Caspian gull
黃腳銀鷗
(黄脚银鸥)
huáng-jiǎo yín-ōu
'yellow-footed silver-gull'
(黄腿銀鷗)
黄腿银鸥
huáng-tuǐ yín ōu
'yellow-legged silver-gull' (2)
(黄腳銀鷗)
黄脚银鸥
huáng-jiǎo yín-ōu
'yellow-footed silver-gull' (3)
or
(黄腳鷗)
黄脚鸥
huáng-jiǎo ōu
'yellow-footed gull' (alt in 3)
(黄腿鷗)
黄腿鸥
huáng-tuǐ ōu
'yellow-legged gull' (4)
  キアシセグロカモメ
(黄足背黒鴎)
ki-ashi se-guro kamome
'yellow-legged black-backed gull' (Internet)
  L. mongolicus:
노랑발갈매기
norang-bal-galmaegi
'yellow-legged gull'
L. cachinnans:
카스피해갈매기
kaseupi-hae-galmaegi
'Caspian sea gull (bird)'
Chim Mòng biển Caspi
'Caspian sea gull'
(Wikipedia)
›Taxonomy‹
Larus schistisagus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Slaty-backed gull 灰背鷗
(灰背鸥)
huī-bèi ōu
'grey-backed gull'
(灰背鷗)
灰背鸥
huī-bèi ōu
'grey-backed gull'
Taiwan formerly:
大黑脊鷗
(大黑脊鸥)
dà hēi-jǐ ōu
'large black-spined gull'
オオセグロカモメ
(大背黒鴎)
ō se-guro kamome
'large black-backed gull'
  큰재갈매기
keun-jae-galmaegi
'large ash gull'
Mòng biển lưng đá
'stone-backed sea gull (bird)' (Wikipedia)
Larus fuscus
link to photo
Lesser black-backed gull 小黑背鷗
(小黑背鸥)
xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
'silver-gull'
(小黑背銀鷗)
小黑背银鸥
xiǎo hēi-bèi yín-ōu
'silver-gull' (2, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
  ニシセグロカモメ
(背黒鴎)
nishi se-guro kamome
'western black-backed gull' (from Internet)
›Taxonomy‹
    Chim Mòng biển lưng đen nhỏ
'small black-backed sea gull (bird)' (Wikipedia)
Larus fuscus heuglini
Larus heuglini
›Taxonomy‹
link to photo
Heuglin's gull 灰林銀鷗
(灰林银鸥)
huī-lín yín ōu
'Huilin's silver-gull' (huilin literally 'grey forest') (proposed, from Internet)
›Taxonomy‹
(灰林銀鷗)
灰林银鸥
huī-lín yín ōu
'Huilin's silver-gull' (huilin literally 'grey forest') (3)
or
(灰林鷗)
灰林鸥
huī-lín ōu
'Huilin's gull' (huilin literally 'grey forest') (alt in 3)
(休氏銀鷗)
休氏银鸥
xiū-shì yín-ōu
'Mr Xiu's silver-gull' (4)
  ホイグリンカモメ
(ホイグリン鴎)
Hoigurin kamome
'Heuglin's gull' (from Internet)
›Taxonomy‹
  줄무늬노랑발갈매기
jul-munui-norang-bal-galmaegi
'stripe-patterned yellow-legged gull'
Chim Mòng bể chân vàng
'yellow-legged sea gull (bird)'
(13)
›Taxonomy‹
or
Mòng biển Heuglin
'Heuglin's sea gull (bird)' (Wikipedia)
Larus ichthyaetus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Great black-headed gull
Pallas's Gull
漁鷗
(渔鸥)
yú-ōu
'fishing gull'
(漁鷗)
渔鸥
yú-ōu
'fishing gull'
  オオズグロカモメ
(大頭黒鴎)
ō zu-guro kamome
'large black-headed gull'
  큰검은머리갈매기
keun-geomeun-meori-galmaegi
'large black-headed gull'
Chim Mòng bể đầu đen lớn
'large black-headed sea gull (bird)'
Chim mòng bể Palas
'Pallas's sea gull (bird)' (13)
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Larus brunnicephalus
link to photolink to photo
Brown-headed gull
Indian black-headed gull
棕頭鷗
(棕头鸥)
zōng-tóu ōu
'reddishbrown-headed gull'
(棕頭鷗)
棕头鸥
zōng-tóu ōu
'reddishbrown-headed gull'
水鴿子
(水鸽子)
shuǐ gēzi
'water pigeon'
海鷗
(海鸥)
hǎi-ōu
'sea gull'
チャガシラカモメ
(茶頭鴎)
cha-gashira kamome
'brown-headed gull'
    Chim Mòng bể đầu nâu
'brown-headed sea gull (bird)'
Larus ridibundis
link to photolink to photo
Common black-headed gull
Black-headed gull
紅嘴鷗
(红嘴鸥)
hóng-zuǐ ōu
'red-billed gull'
(紅嘴鷗)
红嘴鸥
hóng-zuǐ ōu
'red-billed gull'
笑鷗
(笑鸥)
xiào ōu
'laughing gull'
普通海鷗
(普通海鸥)
pǔtōng hǎi-ōu
'common sea gull'
海鷗
(海鸥)
hǎi-ōu
'sea gull'
赤味鷗
(赤味鸥)
chì-wèi ōu
'red flavour (?) gull'
釣魚郎
(钓鱼郎)
diào yú láng
'fisher fellow' (31)
小康滿
(小康满)
xiǎo kāng-mǎn
'small peace plenty'
水鴿子
(水鸽子)
shuǐ gēzi
'water pigeon'
ユリカモメ
(百合鴎)
yuri kamome
'lily gull'
ミヤコドリ
(都鳥)
miyako-dori 'capital bird'
(old literary usage)
붉은부리갈매기
bulgeun-buri-galmaegi
'red-billed gull'
Chim Mòng bể
'sea gull (bird)'
Chim Mòng bể đầu đen
'black-headed sea gull (bird)' (13)
Larus saundersi
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Saunders's gull
Saunder's gull
黑嘴鷗
(黑嘴鸥)
hēi-zuǐ ōu
'black-billed gull'
(黑嘴鷗)
黑嘴鸥
hēi-zuǐ ōu
'black-billed gull'
烏頭
(乌头)
wū-tóu
'dark head'
白眼睛
(白眼睛)
bái-yǎnjing
'white eye'
ズグロカモメ
(頭黒鴎)
zu-guro kamome
'black-headed gull'
  검은머리갈매기
geomeun-meori-galmaegi
'black-headed gull'
Chim Mòng bể mỏ ngắn
'short-billed sea gull (bird)'
Larus atricilla Laughing gull 笑鷗
(笑鸥)
xiào ōu
'laughing gull'
(笑鷗)
笑鸥
xiào ōu
'laughing gull'
  ワライカモメ
(笑い鴎)
warai kamome
'laughing gull'
     
Larus minutus
link to photolink to photo
Little gull 小鷗
(小鸥)
xiǎo-ōu
'small gull'
(小鷗)
小鸥
xiǎo-ōu
'small gull'
  ヒメカモメ
(姫鴎)
hime kamome
'princess gull'
     
Rissa                
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Rissa tridactyla
Larus tridactylus
link to photolink to photo
Black-legged kittiwake
Kittiwake
三趾鷗
(三趾鸥)
sān-zhǐ ōu
'three-toed gull'
(三趾鷗)
三趾鸥
sān-zhǐ ōu
'three-toed gull'
  ミツユビカモメ
(三つ趾鴎)
mitsu-yubi kamome
'three-toed gull'
  세가락갈매기
se-garak-galmaegi
'three-toed gull'
Mòng biển xira
'xira sea gull (bird)' (Wikipedia)
 
STERNINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
JAPANESE
OTHER
Sterna                
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Sterna nilotica
Gelochelidon nilotica
link to photolink to photo
Gull-billed tern 鷗嘴燕鷗
(鸥嘴燕鸥)
ōu-zuǐ yàn-ōu
'gull-billed swallow-gull'
(鷗嘴噪鷗)
鸥嘴噪鸥
ōu-zuǐ zào-ōu
'gull-billed noisy gull'
  ハシブトアジサシ
(嘴太鯵刺)
hashi-buto aji-sashi
'thick-billed tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  큰부리제비갈매기
keun-buri-jebi-galmaegi
'large-billed swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn chân đen
'black-legged tern'
Sterna caspia
Hydroprogne caspia
Hydroprogne tschegrava
link to photolink to photo
Caspian tern 裏海燕鷗
(里海燕鸥)
lǐ hǎi yàn-ōu
'inland sea (=Caspian Sea) swallow-gull'
(紅嘴巨鷗)
红嘴巨鸥
hóng-zuǐ jù-ōu
'red-billed giant gull'
or
(黑海巨鷗)
黑海巨鸥
hēi-hǎi jù-ōu
'Black Sea giant gull' (alt in 5)
  オニアジサシ
(鬼鯵刺)
oni aji-sashi
'ogre tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  붉은부리큰제비갈매기
bulgeun-buri-keun-jebi-galmaegi
'red-billed large swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn Caxpia
'Caspian tern'
Sterna sandvicensis
link to photo
Sandwich tern 白嘴端燕鷗
(白嘴端燕鸥)
bái-zuǐ duān yàn-ōu
'white-billed level swallow-gull'
(白嘴端鳳頭燕鷗)
白嘴端凤头鸥
bái-zuǐ duān fèng-tóu yàn-ōu
'white-billed level phoenix-headed swallow-gull' (4)
(白嘴端燕鷗)
白嘴端燕鸥
bái-zuǐ duān yàn-ōu
'white-billed level swallow-gull' (5)
  サンドイッチアジサシ
(サンドイッチ鯵刺)
sandoitchi aji-sashi
'Sandwich tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
     
Sterna bergii
Thalasseus bergii
link to photolink to photo
Greater crested tern
Great Crested-tern
Crested tern
Large crested tern
鳳頭燕鷗
(凤头燕鸥)
fèng-tóu yàn-ōu
'phoenix-headed swallow-gull'
(大鳳頭燕鷗)
大凤头燕鸥
dà fèng-tóu yàn-ōu
'large phoenix-headed swallow-gull'
  オオアジサシ
(大鯵刺)
ō aji-sashi
'large tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
    Chim Nhàn mào
'crested tern'
Chim Nhàn mào lớn
'large crested tern (bird)' (13)
Sterna dougalli
link to photolink to photo
Roseate tern 紅燕鷗
(红燕鸥)
hóng yàn-ōu
'red swallow-gull'
(粉紅燕鷗)
粉红燕鸥
fěn-hóng yàn-ōu
'pink swallow-gull'
  ベニアジサシ
(紅鯵刺)
beni aji-sashi
'crimson tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
    Chim Nhàn hồng
'rosy tern (bird)'
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Sterna sumatrana
link to photo
Black-naped tern 蒼燕鷗
(苍燕鸥)
cāng yàn-ōu
'darkblue swallow-gull'
(黑枕燕鷗)
黑枕燕鸥
hēi-zhěn yàn-ōu
'black-naped swallow-gull'
  エリグロアジサシ
(襟黒鯵刺)
eri-guro aji-sashi
'black-collared tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
    Chim Nhàn Xumatra
'Sumatran tern (bird)'
Sterna hirundo
link to photolink to photo
Common tern 燕鷗
(燕鸥)
yàn-ōu
'swallow-gull'
(普通燕鷗)
普通燕鸥
pǔtōng yàn-ōu
'common swallow-gull'
長翅海燕
(长翅海燕)
cháng-chì hǎi-yàn
'long-winged sea swallow' (31)
アジサシ
(鯵刺)
aji-sashi
'tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  제비갈매기
jebi-galmaegi
'swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn
'tern (bird)'
Sterna albifrons
link to photolink to photo
Little tern 小燕鷗
(小燕鸥)
xiǎo yàn-ōu
'small swallow-gull'
(白額燕鷗)
白额燕鸥
bái-é yàn-ōu
'white-foreheaded swallow-gull'
  コアジサシ
(小鯵刺)
ko-aji-sashi
'small tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  쇠제비갈매기
soe-jebi-galmaegi
'small swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn nhỏ
'small tern (bird)'
Sterna aleutica
link to photo
Aleutian tern 白腰燕鷗
(白腰燕鸥)
bái-yāo yàn-ōu
'white-rumped swallow-gull'
(白腰燕鷗)
白腰燕鸥
bái-yāo yàn-ōu
'white-rumped swallow-gull'
  コシジロアジサシ
(腰白鯵刺)
koshi-jiro aji-sashi
'white-rumped tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
    Chim Nhàn bụng đen
'black-bellied tern (bird)' (13)
›Taxonomy‹
Sterna anaethetus
Onychoprion anaethetus
Bridled tern
Brown-winged tern
白眉燕鷗
(白眉燕鸥)
bái-méi yàn-ōu
'white-eyebrowed swallow-gull'
(褐翅燕鷗)
褐翅燕鸥
hè-chì yàn-ōu
'brown-winged swallow-gull'
  マミジロアジサシ
(眉白鯵刺)
mami-jiro aji-sashi
'white-eyebrowed tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  에위니아제비갈매기
ewinia-jebi-galmaegi
'ewinia swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn lưng đen
'black-backed tern (bird)'
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Sterna fuscata
Onychoprion fuscatus
link to photo
Sooty tern 烏領燕鷗
(乌领燕鸥)
wū-lǐng yàn-ōu
'dark-collared swallow-gull'
(烏燕鷗)
乌燕鸥
wū yàn-ōu
'dark swallow-gull'
  セグロアジサシ
(背黒鯵刺)
se-guro aji-sashi
'black-backed tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  검은등제비갈매기
geomeun-deung-jebi-galmaegi
black-backed swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn nâu
'brown tern (bird)'
Chlidonias                
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Chlidonias hybrida
Chlidonias hybridus
Sterna hybrida
link to photolink to photo
Whiskered tern 黑腹燕鷗
(黑腹燕鸥)
hēi-fù yàn-ōu
'black-bellied swallow-gull'
(鬚浮鷗)
须浮鸥
xū fú-ōu
'whiskered floating-gull'
  クロハラアジサシ
(黒腹鯵刺)
kuro-hara aji-sashi
'black-bellied tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  구레나룻제비갈매기
gurenarut-jebi-galmaegi
'whiskered swallow-gull'
Chim Nhàn đen
'black tern (bird)'
Chlidonias leucopterus
Sterna leucoptera
link to photolink to photo
White-winged black tern
White-winged tern
白翅黑燕鷗
(白翅黑燕鸥)
bái-chì hēi yàn-ōu
'white-winged black swallow-gull'
(白翅浮鷗)
白翅浮鸥
bái-chì fú-ōu
'white-winged floating-gull'
  ハジロクロハラアジサシ
(羽白黒腹鯵刺)
ha-jiro kuro-hara aji-sashi
'white-winged black-bellied tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  흰죽지갈매기
huin-jukji-galmaegi
'white wingjoint gull'
Chim Nhàn xám
'grey tern (bird)'
Chlidonias niger
Chlidonias nigra
Sterna nigra
link to photo
Black tern 黑浮鷗
(黑浮鸥)
hēi fú-ōu
'black floating-gull'
(黑浮鷗)
黑浮鸥
hēi fú-ōu
'black floating-gull'
  ハシグロクロハラアジサシ
(嘴黒黒腹鯵刺)
hashi-guro kuro-hara aji-sashi
'black-billed black-bellied tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
  검은제비갈매기
geomeun-jebi-galmaegi
'black swallow-gull'
 
Anous                
Latin
English
Chinese (Taiwan)
Chinese (Mainland)
Other Ch
Japanese
Other J
Korean
Vietnamese
Anous stolidus
link to photolink to photo
Brown noddy
Common noddy
Noddy tern
玄燕鷗
(玄燕鸥)
xuán-yàn-ōu
'dark swallow-gull'
(白頂玄燕鷗)
白顶玄燕鸥
bái-dǐng xuán-yàn-ōu
'white-headed dark swallow-gull' (2, 4, 5)
(白頂玄鷗)
白定玄鸥
bái-dǐng xuán-ōu
'white-headed dark-gull' (alt in 1, 3)
白頂燕鷗
(白顶燕鸥)
bái-dǐng yàn-ōu
'white-headed swallow-gull' (6)
クロアジサシ
(黒鯵刺)
kuro aji-sashi
'black tern' (aji-sashi written 'horse-mackerel stabber')
    Chim Nhàn đầu xám
'grey-headed tern (bird)'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

(6)
中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990