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Strigidae
วงศ์นกเค้า
woŋ nók kʰáw

Họ Cú mèo

鸱鸮科
chī-xiāo kē

鴟鴞科
chī-xiāo kē

フクロウ科
fukurō ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

Thai classifies all owls, including both the Strigidae and the Tytonidae, as นกเค้า nók-kʰáw 'owl'. This is used in the family name of the Strigidae, and most ornithological names for members of this family are also based on นกเค้า nók kʰáw. The Tytonidae are subclassified as นกแสก nók sàeek 'barnowl'.

Another common name popularly applied to all owls is นกฮูก nók-hûuk 'owl' (onomat.). However, ornithologists restrict this name to one species, the Collared Scops Owl (Otus lettia or Otus bakkamoena).

A distinct onomatopeoic name, นกทึดทือ nók tʰéut-tʰeuu 'tʰéut-tʰeuu owl' is used ornithologically for the fish owls (Ketupa).

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
IERAGLAUCINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Ninox
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ninox japonica
link to photolink to photo
Northern Boobook นกเค้าเหยี่ยวพันธุ์เหนือ
nók kʰáw-yìaw pʰan nĕua
'northern species hawk-owl (bird)'
      Ninox scutulata:
Chim Cú vọ lưng nâu
'brown-backed vọ owl (bird)' (Shared with Ninox scutulata) (12, 13, 34)
北鹰鸮
(北鷹鴞)
běi yīng-xiāo
'northern hawk-owl' (Avibase)
Taiwan:
Ninox scutulata:
(褐鹰鸮)
褐鷹鴞
hè yīng-xiāo
'brown hawk-owl'
Ninox scutulata:
アオバズク
(青葉木菟)
ao-ba zuku
'green-leaf zuku' (Shared with Ninox scutulata)
Ninox scutulata
link to photo
Brown Boobook
Brown Hawk-owl
Brown Hawk Owl
นกเค้าเหยี่ยว
nók kʰáw-yìaw
'hawk-owl (bird)'
  Burung
Pungguk

'hawkowl (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Betamak
'hawkowl ghost bird' (24)
Burung Hantu Betamak
'hawkowl ghost bird' (25)
Burung Pungguk Coklat
'brown hawkowl (bird)'
Chim Cú vọ lưng nâu
'brown-backed vọ owl (bird)' (Shared with Ninox japonica) (12, 13, 34)
鹰鸮
(鷹鴞)
yīng-xiāo
'hawk-owl'
アオバズク
(青葉木菟)
ao-ba zuku
'green-leaf zuku' (Shared with Ninox japonica)
 
SURNIINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Glaucidium
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Glaucidium brodiei
link to photo
Collared owlet
Collared pigmy owlet
Cuckoo owl
นกเค้าแคระ
nók kʰáw kʰráe
'pygmy owl (bird)'
  Burung Pungguk Kerdil
'dwarf hawkowl (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Kerdil
'dwarf ghost bird' (24)
Burung Hantu Kecil
'small ghost bird' (25)
Burung Beluk-watu Gunung
'mountain rock wide-eyes (bird)' (Javanese watu = Indonesian batu 'rock')
Chim Cú vọ mặt trắng
'white-faced vọ owl (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
领鸺鹠
(領鵂鶹)
lǐng xiū-liú
'collared owlet'
Taiwan:
(鸺留)
鵂鶹
xiū-liú
'owlet'
ヒメフクロウ
(姫梟)
hime fukurō
'princess owl'
Glaucidium cuculoides
link to photo
Asian barred owlet
Cuckoo owlet
Barred owlet
นกเค้าโมง
nók kʰáw mooŋ
'mooŋ owl (bird)' (probably onomat.)
or
นกเค้าแมว
nók kʰáw-maeew 'cat (=mewing) owl (bird)'
      Chim Cú vọ
'vọ owl (bird)' (12, 13)
斑头鸺鹠
(斑頭樇鶹)
bān-tóu xiū-liú
'stripe-headed owlet'
オオスズメフクロウ
(大雀梟)
ō suzume fukurō
'large sparrow owl'
Athene
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Athene brama
link to photolink to photo
Spotted owlet
Spotted little owl
นกเค้าจุด
nók kʰáw cùt
'spotted owl (bird)'
      Chim Hù trán trắng
'white-foreheaded woodowl (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
横斑腹小鸮
(橫斑腹小鴞)
héng-bān-fù xiǎo-xiāo
'horizontal-stripe-bellied small owl'
インドコキンメフクロウ
(インド小金目梟)
indo ko kinme fukurō
'Indian small golden-eyed owl'
 
STRIGINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Otus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Otus saggitatus White-fronted scops owl
White-fronted scops-owl
นกเค้าหน้าผากขาว
nók kʰáw nâa-pʰàak-kʰăaw
'white-foreheaded owl'
  Burung Jampuk Kening Putih
'white-eyebrowed owl (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Kening Putih
'white-eyebrowed ghost-bird' (25)
Burung Hantu Putih
'white ghost-bird' (24) (Error for Burung Hantu Kening Putih)
Burung Celepuk Besar
'large scopsowl (bird)'
  白额角鸮
(白額角鴞)
bái-é jiǎo-xiāo
'white-forehead horned owl'
ハナジロコノハズク
(鼻白木の葉木菟)
hana-jiro ko-no-ha zuku
'white-nosed tree-leaf zuku'
Otus rufescens Reddish scops owl
Reddish scops-owl
Rufous scops owl
นกเค้าแดง
nók kʰáw daeeŋ
'red owl'
  Burung Jampuk Merah
'red owl (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Merah
'red ghost-bird' (24, 25)
Burung Celepuk Merah
'red scopsowl (bird)'
  棕角鸮
(棕角鴞)
zōng jiǎo-xiāo
'reddish horned owl' (4)
红角鸮
(紅角鴞)
hóng jiǎo-xiāo
'red horned owl' (5)
アカチャコノハズク
(赤茶木の葉木菟)
aka-cha ko-no-ha zuku
'red-brown tree-leaf zuku'
Otus spilocephalus
link to photo
Mountain scops owl
Mountain scops-owl
Spotted scops owl
นกเค้าภูเขา
nók kʰáw pʰuu-kʰăw
'mountain owl (bird)'
  Burung Jampuk Gunung
'mountain owl (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Gunung
'mountain ghost bird' (24, 25)
Burung Celepuk Gunung
'mountain scopsowl (bird)'
Chim Cú mèo Latusơ
'Latouche cat owl (bird)' (12)
Chim Cú mèo mỏ vàng
'yellow-billed cat owl (bird)' (34)
黄嘴角鸮
(黃嘴角鴞)
huáng-zuǐ jiǎo-xiāo
'yellow-billed horned-owl'
Taiwan:
(黃嘴角鸮)
黃嘴角鴞
huáng-zuǐ jiǎo-xiāo
'yellow-billed horned-owl'
タイワンコノハズク
(台湾木の葉木菟)
taiwan ko-no-ha zuku
'Taiwanese tree-leaf zuku'
Otus sunia
link to photolink to photo
Oriental scops owl
Oriental scops-owl
นกเค้าหูยาวเล็ก
nók kʰáw hŭu-yaaw lék
'small long-eared owl (bird)'
  Burung Jampuk Kubur
'grave owl (bird)' (26)
Burung Kuang Kuik
'kuang kuik bird' (24, 25)
Burung Celepuk Asia
'Asian scopsowl (bird)'
Chim Cú mèo nhỏ
'small cat owl (bird)' (12, 13)
红角鸮
(紅角鴞)
hóng jiǎo-xiāo
'red horned-owl' (1, 2, 4, 5)
东方角鸮
(東方角鴞)
dōngfāng jiǎo-xiāo
'eastern horned-owl' (3)
Taiwan:
(东方角鸮)
東方角鴞
dōngfāng jiǎo-xiāo
'eastern horned-owl'
コノハズク
(木の葉木菟)
ko-no-ha zuku
'tree-leaf zuku'
Otus bakkamoena
link to photolink to photo
Collared scops owl Otus lettia:
นกเค้ากู่
nók kʰáw kùu
'calling owl (bird)'
or
นกฮูก
nók hûuk
'owl (onomat.) (bird)'
  Otus lempiji:
Burung Jampuk Kubur
'grave owl (bird)' (26)
Otus bakkamoena:
Burung Hantu Reban
'poultrypen ghost-bird' (24, 25)
Burung Celepuk Reban
'coop scopsowl (bird)'
Otus lempiji (12),Otus lettia (34):
Chim Cú mèo khoang cổ
'streak-necked cat owl (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
领角鸮
(領角鴞)
lǐng jiǎo-xiāo
'collared horned-owl'
Taiwan:
(领角鸮)
領角鴞
lǐng jiǎo-xiāo
'collared horned-owl'
オオコノハズク
(大木の葉木菟)
ō ko-no-ha zuku
'large tree-leaf zuku'
Asio
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Asio flammeus
link to photolink to photo
Short-eared owl นกเค้าแมวหูสั้น
nók kʰáw maeew hŭu-sân
'short-eared cat (=mewing) owl (bird)'
  Burung Hantu Sayap Panjang
'long-winged ghost (bird)' (26)
Burung Hantu Tuli
'deaf ghost (bird)' (24, 25)
  Chim Cú lửa
'fire owl (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
短耳鸮
(短耳鴞)
duǎn-ěr xiāo
'short-eared owl'
Taiwan:
(短耳鸮)
短耳鴞
duǎn-ěr xiāo
'short-eared owl'
コミミズク
(小木菟)
ko mimi-zuku
'small eared-zuku'
Strix
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Strix seloputo
link to photolink to photo
Spotted wood owl
Spotted wood-owl
นกเค้าป่าหลังจุด
nók kʰáw-pàa lăng-cùt
'spot-backed forest-owl (bird)'
  Burung Hantu Berbintik
'speckled ghost bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Carik-kafan
'shroud-tatters ghost bird' (kafan or kapan from Arabic) (24)
Burung Hantu Carik Kafan
'shroud-tatters ghost bird' (kafan or kapan from Arabic) (25)
Burung Kukuk Selaputo
'woodowl woodowl (bird)' (onomat.) (kukuk is onomat.)
Chim Hù Phương đông
'eastern woodowl (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
点斑林鸮
(點斑林鴞)
diǎn bān lín-xiāo
'spotted forest-owl'
マレーモリフクロウ
(マレー森梟)
marē mori fukurō
'Malay forest-owl'
Strix leptogrammica
link to photo
Brown wood owl
Brown wood-owl
นกเค้าป่าสีน้ำตาล
nók kʰáw-pàa sĭi-nám-taan
'brown forest-owl (bird)'
  Burung Hantu Rimba
'jungle ghost bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Punggor
'hawkowl ghost bird' (24)
Burung Hantu Punggok
'hawkowl ghost bird' (25)
Burung Kukuk Beluk
'wide-eyes woodowl (bird)' (onomat.) (kukuk is onomat.)
Chim Hù
'woodowl (bird)' (onomat.) (12)
褐林鸮
(褐林鴞)
hè lín-xiāo
'brown forest-owl'
Taiwan:
(褐林鸮)
褐林鴞
hè lín-xiāo
'brown forest-owl'
オオフフクロウ
(大斑梟)
ō fu fukurō
'large striped owl'
Bubo
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Bubo sumatranus Barred Eagle Owl
Barred Eagle-owl
Malay eagle owl
นกเค้าใหญ่พันธุ์สุมาตรา
nók kʰáw-yày pʰan sù-maa-traa
'Sumatran species large-owl'
  Burung Hantu Jalur
'striped ghost-bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Bubu
'bubo ghost-bird' (24, 25)
Burung Beluk Jampuk
'eagleowl owl (bird)'
  马来
(馬來鵰鴞)
mǎlái diāo-xiāo
'Malay eagle owl'
マレーワシミミズク
(マレー鷲木菟)
marē washi mimi-zuku
'Malay eagle eared-zuku'
Bubo nipalensis
link to photo
Spot-bellied Eagle Owl
Spot-bellied Eagle-owl
Forest eagle owl
นกเค้าใหญ่พันธุ์เนปาล
nók kʰáw-yày pʰan nee-paan
'Nepalese species large-owl (bird)'
      Chim Dù dì Nêpan
'Nepalese dudi bird' (12, 34)
Ictinaetus malayensis:

(林鵰鴞)
lín diāo-xiāo
'forest eagle-owl'
ネパールワシミミズク
(ネパール鷲木菟)
nepaaru washi mimi-zuku
'Nepalese eagle eared-zuku'
Bubo coromandus
link to photo
Dusky Eagle Owl
Dusky Eagle-owl
Dusky horned owl
นกเค้าใหญ่สีคล้ำ
nók kʰáw-yày sĭi-kʰlâm
'dark large-owl'
  Burung Hantu Kelabu
'grey ghost-bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Bertanduk
'horned ghost-bird' (25)
Burung Hantu Busut
'mound ghost-bird' (24)
   
(烏鵰鴞)
wū diāo-xiāo
'dark eagle owl'
ウスグロワシミミズク
(薄黒鷲木菟)
usu-guro washi mimi-zuku
'light black eagle eared-zuku'
Ketupa
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ketupa zeylonensis
link to photolink to photo
Brown fish owl
Brown fish-owl
นกทึดทือพันธุ์เหนือ
nók tʰéut-tʰeuu pʰan nĕua
'northern species tʰéut-tʰeuu bird' (onomat.)
  Burung Tumbuk Ketampi Rimba
'jungle fishowl striking bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Ikan
'fish ghost bird' (24, 25)
  Chim Dù dì Phương đông
'eastern dudi bird' (12, 13, 34)
褐渔鸮
(褐漁鴞)
hè yú-xiāo
'brown fishing-owl'
カッショクウオミミズク
(褐色魚木菟)
kasshoku uo mimi-zuku
'brown fish eared-zuku'
Ketupa ketupu
link to photolink to photo
Buffy fish owl
Buffy fish-owl
Malay fish owl
นกทึดทือพันธุ์มลายู
nók tʰéut-tʰeuu pʰan ma-laa-yuu
'Malayan species tʰéut-tʰeuu bird' (onomat.)
นกทึดทือมลายู
nók tʰéut-tʰeuu ma-laa-yuu
'Malayan tʰéut-tʰeuu bird' (onomat.) (alt in 21)
Burung Tumbuk Ketampi
'fishowl striking bird' (26)
Burung Hantu Kuning
'yellow ghost bird' (24, 25)
Burung Beluk Ketupa
'fishowl wide-eyes bird'
Chim Dù dì Kêtupu
'kêtupu dudi bird' (12)
马来渔鸮
(馬來漁鴞)
mǎlái yú-xiāo
'Malay fishing-owl'
マレーウオミミズク
(マレー魚木菟)
marē uo mimi-zuku
'Malay fish eared-zuku'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต (Birds in Thailand, Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), in 5 volumes, Sarakadee Press, Bangkok, 1998-2001

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

Previously online version of: Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009