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Picidae
啄木鸟科
zhuó-mù-niǎo kē

啄木鳥科
zhuó-mù-niǎo kē

キツツキ科
ki-tsutsuki ka

딱따구리과
ttakdaguri-gwa

Họ Gõ kiến

Тоншуулынхан
toŋshuuliŋkhaŋ

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The woodpeckers are known appropriately enough as 啄木鸟 zhuó-mù-niǎo, literally 'peck-wood bird', i.e. 'woodpecking bird'. The form 啄木 zhuó-mù (literally 'peck-wood', i.e., 'wood-pecker') is also found. The woodpeckers are sometimes also called 凿木鸟 záo-mù-niǎo 'wood-drilling bird'. A number of dialect terms referring to the distinctive wood-pecking habit of the birds include 锛打木 bēn-dǎ-mù 'adze-strike-wood', 锛得儿木 bēn-dér-mù 'adze-get-wood', 锛啄儿鸟 bēn-zhuór-niǎo 'adze-peck bird', 打木 dǎ-mù 'strike-wood' and 喷打木 pēn-dǎ-mù 'jet-strike-wood' (where 'jet' refers to a sudden gushing action).

liè is an older more literary Chinese word for woodpecker, now found only in some ornithological names (e.g., the ornithological name of the Wryneck yǐ-liè 'ant lie' and some ornithological names such as those of the barbets Ramphastidae and honeyguides Indicatoridae). This name is written in some sources as liè literally meaning 'cut-into-bits'. This is probably a folk etymology or an attempt to substitute a more 'meaningful' character.

The Wryneck has a variety of popular names, including some that refer to its neck and others that refer to its coloration.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
JYNGINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Jynx
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Jynx torquilla
link to photolink to photo
Northern wryneck
or
Eurasian wryneck

(蟻鴷)
yǐ liè
'ant woodpecker'
(地啄木)
地啄木
dì zhuó-mù
'ground wood-pecker' (31)
蛇皮鸟
(蛇皮鳥)
shé-pí niǎo
'snake skin bird' (northern) (FS)
树皮鸟
(樹皮鳥)
shù-pí niǎo
'tree-bark bird' (FS)
蛇头鸟
(蛇頭鳥)
shé-tóu niǎo
'snake-headed bird'
歪脖
(歪脖)
wāi-bó
'crooked neck' (FS)
歪脖鸟
(歪脖鳥)
wāi-bó niǎo
'crooked-necked bird'
地啄必鸟
(地啄必鳥)
dì-zhuó-bì niǎo
'ground pecking bird' (southern) (FS)
鸫颈
(鶇頸)
dōng-jǐng
'thrush neck' (dict) (FS)
鸫鹞
(鶇鷂)
dōng-yào
'thrush sparrowhawk' (FS)
アリスイ
(蟻吸)
ari-sui
'ant-sucker'
개미잡이
gaemi-jabi
'ant eater'
Chim Vẹo cổ
'twisted-necked bird' (12, 13, 34)
Холтсон гоётуул
ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠭᠣᠶᠣᠲᠥᠭᠣᠯᠠ
kholtson goituul
'tree-bark wryneck'
Inner M:
Шургуулжич овууна
ᠰᠢᠷᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠴᠢ ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
shurguuljich ovuun
'ant-eating ovuun' (32)
 
PICumnINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Sasia
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Sasia ochracea
link to photo
White-browed piculet
White-browed rufous piculet
Rufous piculet
白眉棕啄木鸟
(白眉啄木鳥)
bái-méi zōng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'white-eyebrowed reddishbrown wood-pecking bird'
  棕啄木鸟
(棕啄木鳥)
zōng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'reddishbrown wood-pecking bird' (6)
インドミツユビコゲラ
(インド三つ趾小啄木鳥)
indo mitsu-yubi ko-gera
'Indian three-toed small woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến lùn mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed dwarf ant-pecking bird' (12)
 
Picumnus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Picumnus innominatus
link to photo
Speckled piculet 斑姬啄木鸟
(斑姬啄木鳥)
bān jī zhuó-mù-niǎo
'striped princess wood-pecking bird'
  姬啄木鸟
(姬啄木鳥)
jī zhuó-mù-niǎo
'princess wood-pecking bird' (6, 7)
打木
(打木)
dǎ-mù
'strike wood' (FS)
アジアヒメキツツキ
(アジア姫啄木鳥)
ajia hime ki-tsutuski
'Asian princess tree-pecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến lùn đầu vàng
'yellow-headed dwarf ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
 
 
PICINAE
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
PICINI
Dinopium
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Dinopium javanense
link to photo
Common flame-backed woodpecker
Common flameback
Common gold-backed woodpecker
Golden-backed three-toed woodpecker
Golden-backed woodpecker
金背三趾啄木鸟
(金背三趾啄木鳥)
jīn-bèi sān-zhǐ zhuó-mù-niǎo
'gold-backed three-toed wood-pecking bird'
    ズアカミユビゲラ
(頭赤三趾啄木鳥)
zu-aka mi-yubi gera
'red-headed three-toed woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến vàng nhỏ
'small yellow ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Gecinulus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Gecinulus grantia
link to photo
Pale-headed Woodpecker
Bamboo Woodpecker
苍头竹啄木鸟
(蒼頭竹啄木鳥)
cāng-tóu zhú zhuó-mù-niǎo
'darkblue-headed bamboo wood-pecking bird' (2, 4)
竹啄木鸟
(竹啄木鳥)
zhú zhuó-mù-niǎo
'bamboo wood-pecking bird' (1, 3, 5)
    タケゲラ
(竹啄木鳥)
take-gera
'bamboo woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến nâu đỏ
'red-brown ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
 
Gecinulus viridis Bamboo woodpecker 竹啄木鸟
(竹啄木鳥)
zhú zhuó-mù-niǎo
'bamboo wood-pecking bird' (4)
马来亚竹啄木鸟
(馬來亞竹啄木鳥)
mǎláiyà zhú zhúo-mù-niǎo
'Malaya bamboo wood-pecking bird' (5)
    アオタケゲラ
(青竹啄木鳥)
ao-take-gera
'blue/green bamboo woodpecker'
     
Micropternus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Micropternus brachyurus
Celeus brachyurus
Micropterus brachyurus
link to photo
Rufous woodpecker 栗啄木鸟
(栗啄木鳥)
lì zhuó-mù-niǎo
'chestnut wood-pecking bird'
    クリチャゲラ
(栗茶啄木鳥)
kuri-cha gera
'chestnut-brown woodpecker'
  Celeus brachyurus:
Chim Gõ kiến nâu
'brown ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
 
Chrysophlegma
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Chrysophlegma flavinucha
Picus flavinucha
link to photo
Greater yellow-naped woodpecker
Greater yellownape
Large yellow-naped woodpecker
大黄冠啄木鸟
(大黃冠啄木鳥)
dà huáng-guān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'large yellow-crested wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
大黄冠绿啄木鸟
(大黃冠綠啄木鳥)
dà huáng-guān lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'large yellow-crested green wood-pecking bird' (5)
    キエリアオゲラ
(黄襟青啄木鳥)
ki-eri ao-gera
'yellow-collared blue/green woodpecker'
  Picus flavinucha:
Chim Gõ kiến xanh gáy vàng
'yellow-naped blue/green ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Picus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Picus chlorolophus
link to photo
Lesser yellow-naped woodpecker
Lesser yellownape
Small yellow-naped woodpecker
黄冠啄木鸟
(黃冠啄木鳥)
huáng-guān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-crested wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
黄冠绿啄木鸟
(黃冠綠啄木鳥)
huáng-guān lǜ zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-crested green wood-pecking bird' (5)
  小黄颈啄木鸟
(小黃頸啄木鳥)
xiǎo huáng-jǐng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'small yellow-necked wood-pecking bird' (FS)
ヒメアオゲラ
(姫青啄木鳥)
hime ao-gera
'princess blue/green woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến xanh cánh đỏ
'red-winged blue/green ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Picus rabieri Red-collared woodpecker
Rabier's woodpecker
红颈绿啄木鸟
(紅頸綠啄木鳥)
hóng-jǐng lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'red-necked green wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
红玉颈绿啄木鸟
(紅玉頸綠啄木鳥)
hóng yù-jǐng lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'red jade-necked green wood-pecking bird' (5)
    アンナンヤマゲラ
(安南山啄木鳥)
annan yama-gera
'Annamese mountain woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến xanh cổ đỏ
'red-necked blue/green ant-pecking bird' (12)
 
Picus xanthopygaeus
link to photo
Streak-throated woodpecker
Scaly-throated woodpecker
Little scaly-bellied green woodpecker
鳞喉绿啄木鸟
(鱗喉綠啄木鳥)
lín-hóu lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'scale-throated green wood-pecking bird'
    ムナフタケアオゲラ
(胸斑竹青啄木鳥)
muna-fu take ao-gera
'stripe-breasted bamboo blue/green woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến xanh bụng vằn
'stripe-bellied blue/green ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Picus vittatus
link to photo
Laced woodpecker
Laced green woodpecker
Scaly-bellied woodpecker
花腹绿啄木鸟
(花腹綠啄木鳥)
huā-fù lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'flower-bellied green wood-pecking bird'
  鳞腹啄木鸟
(鱗腹啄木鳥)
lín-fù zhuó-mù-niǎo
'scale-bellied wood-pecking bird' (6)
タケアオゲラ
(竹青啄木鳥)
take ao-gera
'bamboo blue/green woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến xanh bụng vàng
'yellow-bellied green ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Picus canus
link to photolink to photo
Grey-headed woodpecker Grey-faced woodpecker
Black-naped green woodpecker
灰头绿啄木鸟
(灰頭綠啄木鳥)
huī-tóu lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'grey-headed green wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
灰头啄木鸟
(灰頭啄木鳥)
huī-tóu zhuómù-niǎo
'grey-headed wood-pecking bird' (5)
(绿啄木)
綠啄木
lǜ zhuó-mù
'green wood-pecker'
黑枕绿啄木鸟
(黑枕綠啄木鳥)
hēi-zhěn lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'black-naped green wood-pecking bird' (6, 7, 31)
绿锛得木
(綠錛得木)
lǜ bēn-dér-mù
'green adze-get-tree' (dialect)
绿喷打木
(綠噴打木)
lǜ pēn-dǎ-mù
'green jet-strike-wood' (dialect)
香喷打木
(香噴打木)
xiāng pēn-dǎ-mù
'fragrant jet-strike-wood' (northern) (FS)
黄啄木
(黄啄木)
huáng zhuó-mù
'yellow wood-pecker' (southern) (FS)
山啄木
(山啄木)
shān zhuó-mù
'mountain wood-pecker' (FS)
火老鸦
(火老鴉)
huǒ lǎo-yā
'fire crow' (Materia Medica) (FS)

(山鴷)
shān liè
'mountain woodpecker'
山裂
(山裂)
shān liè
'mountain cut-into-bits' (dict) (FS)
ヤマゲラ
(山啄木鳥)
yama-gera
'mountain woodpecker'
청딱다구리
cheong-ttakdaguri
'green woodpecker'
Chim Gõ kiến xanh gáy đen
'black-naped blue/green ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
Буурал тоншуул
ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠯ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
buural toŋshuul
'greyish pecker'
Inner M:
Ногоовор тоншуул
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠢᠷ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
nogoovor toŋshuul
'darkgreen pecker' (32)
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Picus squamatus
link to photo
Scaly-bellied woodpecker
Scaly-bellied green woodpecker
鳞腹绿啄木鸟
(鱗腹綠啄木鳥)
lín-fù lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'scale-bellied green wood-pecking bird'
    ヒマラヤアオゲラ
(ヒマラヤ青啄木鳥)
himaraya ao-gera
'Himalayan blue/green woodpecker'
     
Mulleripicus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Mulleripicus pulverulentus
link to photo
Great slaty woodpecker
Himalayan great slaty woodpecker
大灰啄木鸟
(大灰啄木鳥)
dà huī-zhuó-mù-niǎo
'large grey wood-pecking bird'
    ボウシゲラ
(帽子啄木鳥)
bōshi gera
'hat woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến xám
'grey ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Dryocopus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Dryocopus javensis
link to photo
White-bellied woodpecker
White-bellied black woodpecker
白腹黑啄木鸟
(白腹黑啄木鳥)
bái-fù hēi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'white-bellied black wood-pecking bird'
    キタタキ
(木啄)
ki-tataki
tree tapper'
크낙새
keun-ak-sae
'large ak bird'
Chim Gõ kiến đen bụng trắng
'white-bellied black ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Dryocopus martius
link to photolink to photo
Black woodpecker 黑啄木鸟
(黑啄木鳥)
hēi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'black wood-pecking bird'
  山啄木鸟
(山啄木鳥)
shān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'mountain wood-pecking bird' (northern) (FS)
大黑打木
(大黑打木)
dà-hēi dǎ-mù
'large black strike-wood' (FS)
クマゲラ
(熊啄木鳥)
kuma-gera
'bear woodpecker'
까막딱다구리
kkamak-ttakdaguri
'black woodpecker'
  Хар тогшуурга
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
khar togshuurag
'black tapper'
Inner M:
Хар тоншуул
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
khar toŋshuul
'black pecker' (32)
CAMPEPHILINI
Blythipicus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Blythipicus pyrrhotis
link to photo
Bay woodpecker
Yellow-billed bay woodpecker
Red-eared bay woodpecker
黄嘴栗啄木鸟
(黃嘴栗啄木鳥)
huáng-zuǐ lì zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-billed chestnut wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
黄嘴粟啄木鸟
(黃嘴粟啄木鳥)
huáng-zuǐ sù zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-billed millet wood-pecking bird' (5)
  黄嘴噪啄木鸟
(黃嘴噪啄木鳥)
huáng-zuǐ zào zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-billed noisy wood-pecking bird' (6, 7)
ヤブゲラ
(薮啄木鳥)
yabu gera
'scrub woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến nâu cổ đỏ
'red-necked brown ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
 
Chrysocolaptes
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Chrysocolaptes lucidus
link to photo
Greater flame-backed woodpecker
Greater flameback
Large golden-backed woodpecker
Crimson-backed woodpecker
大金背啄木鸟
(大金背啄木鳥)
dà jīn-bèi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'large gold-backed wood-pecking bird'
  金背啄木鸟
(金背啄木鳥)
jīn-bèi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'gold-backed wood-pecking bird' (6)
コガネゲラ
(黄金啄木鳥)
ko-gane gera
'golden woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến vàng lờn
'large yellow ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
MELANERPINI
Dendrocopos
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Dendrocopos kizuki
Picoides kizuki
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Japanese pygmy woodpecker
Pygmy woodpecker
Japanese spotted woodpecker
Pigmy woodpecker
小星头啄木鸟
(小星頭啄木鳥)
xiǎo xīng-tóu zhuó-mù-niǎo
'small star-headed wood-pecking bird'
  小火点喷打木
(小火點噴打木)
xiǎo huǒ-diǎn pēn-dǎ-mù
'small fire-spotted jet-strike-wood' (FS)
帻裂
(幘裂)
zé-liè
'conical-capped cut-into-bits' (northern) (FS)
コゲラ
(小啄木鳥)
ko-gera
'small woodpecker'
쇠딱다구리
soe-ttakdaguri
'small woodpecker'
  Inner M:
Picoides kizuki:
Өцүүхэн одот алаг тоншуул
ᠦᠴᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠣᠳᠣᠲᠣ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
öchüükhen odot alag toŋshuul
'little starred motley pecker' (32)
Dendrocopos canicapillus
Picoides canicapillus
link to photolink to photo (No 43)
Grey-capped pygmy woodpecker
Grey-capped woodpecker
Grey-crowned woodpecker
Grey-headed pygmy woodpecker
Grey crown pigmy woodpecker
星头啄木鸟
(星頭啄木鳥)
xīng-tóu zhuó-mù-niǎo
'star-headed wood-pecking bird'
(小啄木)
小啄木
xiǎo zhuó-mù
'small peck-wood
红星啄木
(紅星啄木)
hóng-xīng zhuó-mù
'red-starred wood-pecker' (FS)
星斑头啄木鸟
(星斑頭啄木鳥)
xīng-bān-tóu zhuó-mù-niǎo
'star-stripe-headed wood-pecking bird' (FS)
红星头喷打木
(紅星頭噴打木)
hóng xīng-tóu pēn-dǎ-mù
'red star-headed jet-strike-wood' (FS)
小喷打木
(小噴打木)
xiǎo pēn-dǎ-mù
'small jet-strike-wood' (FS)
红点喷打木
(紅點噴打木)
hóng-diǎn pēn-dǎ-mù
'red-spotted jet-strike-wood' (northern) (FS)

(小鴷)
xiǎo liè
'small woodpecker'
小裂
(小裂)
xiǎo liè
'small cut-into-bits' (FS)
一点红
(一點紅)
yī diǎn hóng
'one spot red' (FS)
北啄木鸟
(北啄木鳥)
běi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'northern wood-pecking bird' (southern) (FS)
セグロコゲラ
(背黒小啄木鳥)
se-guro ko-gera
'black-backed small woodpecker'
아물쇠딱다구리
amul-soe-ttakdaguri
'Amur?? small woodpecker'
Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ đầu xám
'grey-headed small ant-pecking bird' (12, 13, 34)
Inner M:
Picoides canicapillus:
Одот алаг тоншуул
ᠣᠳᠣᠲᠣ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
odot alag toŋshuul
'starred motley pecker' (32)
IM also:
Толбот тоншуул
ᠲᠣᠯᠪᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
tolbot toŋshuul
'spotted pecker' (31)
Dendrocopos minor
Picoides minor
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Lesser spotted woodpecker
Lesser pied woodpecker
小斑啄木鸟
(小斑啄木鳥)
xiǎo bān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'small striped wood-pecking bird'
    コアカゲラ
(小赤啄木鳥)
ko aka-gera
'small red woodpecker'
쇠오색딱다구리
soe-o-saek-ttakdaguri
'small five-coloured woodpecker'
  Цоохор тоншуур
ᠴᠣᠬᠣᠷ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
tsookhor toŋshuur
'spotted pecker (variant form)'
Inner M:
Picoides minor:
Өцүүхэн алаг тоншуул
ᠦᠴᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ötsüükheŋ alag toŋshuul
'little motley pecker' (32)
Dendrocopos atratus
Picoides atratus
link to photo
Stripe-breasted woodpecker
Stripe-breasted pied woodpecker
纹胸啄木鸟
(紋胸啄木鳥)
wén-xiōng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'fine-pattern-breasted wood-pecking bird'
    ムナフアカゲラ
(胸斑赤啄木鳥)
muna-fu aka-gera
'stripe-breasted red woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ ngực đốm
'spot-breasted small ant-pecking bird' (12)
 
Dendrocopos cathpharius
Picoides cathpharius
link to photo
Crimson-breasted woodpecker
Crimson-breasted pied woodpecker
赤胸啄木鸟
(赤胸啄木鳥)
chì-xiōng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'red-breasted wood-pecking bird'
  花打木
(花打木)
huā dǎ-mù
'flowery strike-wood' (FS)
ヒムネアカゲラ
(緋胸赤啄木鳥)
hi-mune aka-gera
'scarlet-breasted red woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ ngực đỏ
'red-breasted small ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
 
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Dendrocopos darjellensis
Picoides darjellensis
link to photo
Darjelling woodpecker
Darjeeling woodpecker
Brown-throated woodpecker
Darjeeling pied woodpecker
黄颈啄木鸟
(黃頸啄木鳥)
huáng-jǐng zhuó-mù-niǎo
'yellow-necked wood-pecking bird'
    キバラアカゲラ
(黄腹赤啄木鳥)
ki-bara aka-gera
'yellow-bellied red woodpecker'
  Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ trán vàng
'yellow-foreheaded small ant-pecking bird' (12)
 
Dendrocopos leucotos
Picoides leucotos
link to photolink to photo
White-backed woodpecker 白背啄木鸟
(白背啄木鳥)
bái-bèi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'white-backed wood-pecking bird'
(大赤啄木)
大赤啄木
dà chì zhuó-mù
'large red wood-pecker'
  オオアカゲラ
(大赤啄木鳥)
ō aka-gera
'large red woodpecker'
큰오색딱다구리
keun o-saek-ttakdaguri
'large five-coloured woodpecker'
  Хондлойцагаан тоншуур
ᠬᠣᠨᠳᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
khondloi-tsagaaŋ toŋshuur
'white-rump pecker (variant form)'
Inner M:
Picoides leucotos:
Цагаан арт алаг тоншуул
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠷᠣᠲᠣ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
tsagaaŋ art alag toŋshuul
'white-backed motley pecker' (32)
Dendrocopos leucopterus
Picoides leucopterus
link to photo
White-winged woodpecker
White-winged pied woodpecker
白翅啄木鸟
(白翅啄木鳥)
bái-chì zhuó-mù-niǎo
'white-winged wood-pecking bird'
    ハジロアカゲラ
(羽白赤啄木鳥)
ha-jiro aka-gera
'white-winged red woodpecker'
     
Dendrocopos major
Picoides major
link to photolink to photo
Great spotted woodpecker
Greater pied woodpecker
大斑啄木鸟
(大斑啄木鳥)
dà bān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'large striped wood-pecking bird'
  斑啄木鸟
(斑啄木鳥)
bān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'striped wood-pecking bird' (6, 7, 31)
大斑啄木
(大斑啄木)
dà bān zhuó-mù
'large striped wood-pecker'

(赤鴷)
chì-liè
'red woodpecker' (dict) (FS, 31)
花啄木
(花啄木)
huā zhuó-mù
'flowery wood-pecker' (FS)
白花啄必鸟
(白花啄必鳥)
bái huā zhuó-bì-niǎo
'white flowery peck-bird' (southern) (FS)
花锛打木
(花錛打木)
huā bēn-dǎ-mù
'flowery adze-strike-wood' (dialect)
花锛得儿木
(花錛得兒木)
huā bēn-dér-mù
'flowery adze-get-tree' (dialect)
花喷打木
(花噴打木)
huā pēn-dǎ-mù
'flowery jet-strike-wood' (northern) (FS)
臭喷打木
(臭噴打木)
chòu pēn-dǎ-mù
'smelly jet-strike-wood' (FS)
啄木冠
(啄木冠)
zhuó-mù guān
'peck-wood crest' (FS)
叼木冠
(叼木冠)
diāo-mù-guān
'hold-in-mouth wood crest' (FS)
アカゲラ
(赤啄木鳥)
aka-gera
'red woodpecker'
오색딱다구리
o-saek-ttakdaguri
'five-coloured woodpecker'
Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ sườn đỏ
'red-flanked small ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
Алаг тоншуур
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
alag toŋshuur
'motley pecker (variant form)'
Inner M:
Picoides major:
Их алаг тоншуул
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ikh alag toŋshuul
'large motley pecker' (32)
Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Hypopicus hyperythrus
Picoides hyperythrus
link to photo
Rufous-bellied woodpecker
Rufous-bellied pied woodpecker
棕腹啄木鸟
(棕腹啄木鳥)
zōng-fù zhuó-mù-niǎo
'reddishbrown-bellied wood-pecking bird'
  横花背喷打木
(横花背噴打木)
héng-huā-bèi pēn-dǎ-mù
'horizontal flowery striped jet-strike-wood' (FS)
チャバラアカゲラ
(茶腹赤啄木鳥)
cha-bara aka-gera
'brown-bellied red woodpecker'
붉은배오색딱다구리
bulgeun-bae-o-saek-ttakdaguri
'red-bellied five-coloured woodpecker'
Chim Gõ kiến nhỏ bụng hung
'reddish-bellied small ant-pecking bird' (12, 34)
Dendrocopos hyperythrus:
Борхэвлийт тоншуул
ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
bor khevliit tonshuul
'dun-bellied pecker' (15)
Inner M:
Picoides hyperythrus:
Зээрд хэвэлт тоншуул
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
zeert khevelt toŋshuul
'chestnut-coloured pecker' (32)
Picoides
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Picoides tridactylus
link to photo
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
Three-toed Woodpecker
Northern three-toed woodpecker
三趾啄木鸟
(三趾啄木鳥)
sān-zhǐ zhuó-mù-niǎo
'three-toed wood-pecking bird'
  三爪喷打木
(三爪噴打木)
sān-zhǎo pēn-dǎ-mù
'three-clawed jet-strike-wood' (northern) (FS)
ミユビゲラ
(三趾啄木鳥)
mi-yubi gera
'three-toed woodpecker'
세가락딱다구리
se-garak-ttakdaguri
'three-toed woodpecker'
  Гурванхумст овууна
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠢᠮᠣᠰᠣᠲᠣ ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
gurvaŋ-khumst ovuun
'three-toed ovuun'
Inner M:
Гурван хуруут тоншуул
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
gurvaŋ khuruut toŋshuul
'three-toed pecker' (32)

The 'standard' Inner Mongolian pronunciation of шоргоолж shorgoolj is шургуулж shurguulj.

Name appears to be derived from тоншуур toŋshuur, a piece of slightly convex hollowed out wood with a slit in the top that is struck with a stick.

Дух dukh in the sense of 'nape' or 'occiput' is obsolete or dialect. Its normal modern sense is 'forehead'.

The character 裂 liè 'split, shred' may sometimes be found substituted for 鴷 liè 'woodpecker', e.g. in FS.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

A Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals of Mongolia (Монгол орны сээртэн амьтдын нэрсийн толь) by GOMBOBAATAR Sundev Bodonguud, Mongolian Ornithological Society Zoological Society of London, Ulaanbaatar 2009

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目 (Fauna Inner Mongolia Volume 3 Aves Non-passeriformes) Edited by 旭日干 (Xurigan) 內蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press) 呼和浩特 Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009