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Picidae
Тоншуулынхан
toŋshuuliŋkhaŋ

啄木鸟科
zhuó-mù-niǎo kē

啄木鳥科
zhuó-mù-niǎo kē

キツツキ科
ki-tsutsuki ka

딱따구리과
ttakdaguri-gwa

Ağaçkakangiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The woodpeckers in Mongolian are known as Тоншуул toŋshuul or Тогшуурга togshuurag, related to the verbs тонших toŋshikh 'to peck, to tap' and тогших togshikh 'to knock, to tap'.

Alternative names are Тонтуул tontuul and Цондүүл tsonduul (the latter appears to be common in Inner Mongolia). The term Овууна ovuun is used for certain types of woodpecker centring on Dendrocopos and Picoides. The name увадна uvadna is also found, possibly referring to the Grey-headed Woodpecker. The wryneck is known as the Гоётуул goituul, related to the noun гоёо goio meaning 'crick'.

The Buryat name for the woodpeckers is Тоншуул toŋshuul.

Ornithological naming

In the original ornithological names of the woodpeckers, all but the wryneck were known as Тоншуул toŋshuul. In the 2007 list, each genus gets its own name:

Genus Old New
Jynx (Wrynecks) Mongolia formerly:
Гоётуул
goituul
Гоётуул
goituul
Dendrocopus Mongolia formerly:
Тоншуул
toŋshuul
Тоншуур
toŋshuur
Picoides Mongolia formerly:
Тоншуул
toŋshuul
Овууна
ovuun
Dryocopus Mongolia formerly:
Тоншуул
toŋshuul
Тогшуурга
togshuurag
Picus Mongolia formerly:
Тоншуул
toŋshuul
Тоншуул
toŋshuul

The new species names make use of existing names, except for Тоншуур toŋshuur, which is not listed in dictionaries as meaning 'woodpecker'. The meaning given is 'battering ram'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
JYNGINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Jynx
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Jynx torquilla
link to photolink to photo
Northern wryneck
or
Eurasian wryneck

Вертишейка,
Обыкновенная бертишейка
Холтсон гоётуул
ᠬᠣᠯᠲᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠭᠣᠶᠣᠲᠥᠭᠣᠯᠠ
kholtson goituul
'tree-bark wryneck'
Шургуулжич овууна
ᠰᠢᠷᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠴᠢ ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
shurguuljich ovuun
'ant-eating ovuun' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Гоётуул
ᠭᠣᠶᠣᠲᠥᠭᠣᠯᠠ
goituul
'wryneck'
IM also:
Шургуулжич цондуул
ᠰᠢᠷᠭᠣᠯᠵᠢᠴᠢ ᠴᠣᠨᠳᠣᠣᠯ
shurguuljich tsonduul
'ant-eating pecker' (31)

(蟻鴷)
yǐ liè
'ant woodpecker'
Taiwan:
(地啄木)
地啄木
dì zhuó-mù
'ground wood-pecker' (31)
アリスイ
(蟻吸)
ari-sui
'ant-sucker'
개미잡이
gaemi-jabi
'ant eater'
Дүпілдек
dupildek
'wryneck'
Boyun Çeviren
'neck-turn'
 
PICINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
PICINI
Picus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
IM
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Picus canus
link to photolink to photo
Grey-headed woodpecker Grey-faced woodpecker
Black-naped green woodpecker

Седой дятел
Буурал тоншуул
ᠪᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠯ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
buural toŋshuul
'greyish pecker'
Ногоовор тоншуул
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠢᠷ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
nogoovor toŋshuul
'darkgreen pecker' (32)
IM also:
Духт ногоовор тоншуул
ᠳᠣᠬᠣᠲᠣ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠢᠷ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
dukht nogoovor toŋshuul
'naped darkgreen pecker' (31)
灰头绿啄木鸟
(灰頭綠啄木鳥)
huī-tóu lǜ-zhuómù-niǎo
'grey-headed green wood-pecking bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
灰头啄木鸟
(灰頭啄木鳥)
huī-tóu zhuómù-niǎo
'grey-headed wood-pecking bird' (5)
Taiwan:
(绿啄木)
綠啄木
lǜ zhuó-mù
'green wood-pecker'
ヤマゲラ
(山啄木鳥)
yama-gera
'mountain woodpecker'
청딱다구리
cheong-ttakdaguri
'green woodpecker'
Боз тоқылдақ
boz toqıldaq
'dun pecker'
Küçük Yeşil Ağaçkakan
'small green wood-pecker'
Dryocopus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
IM
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Dryocopus martius
link to photolink to photo
Black woodpecker

Черный дятел,
Желна
Хар тогшуурга
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
khar togshuurag
'black tapper'
Хар тоншуул
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
khar toŋshuul
'black pecker' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Хар тоншуул
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
khar toŋshuul
'black pecker'
IM also:
Улаан сарт тоншуурга
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠷᠠᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷᠭ᠎ᠠ
ulaaŋ sart toŋshuurag
'red-mooned rattler' (31)
黑啄木鸟
(黑啄木鳥)
hēi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'black wood-pecking bird'
クマゲラ
(熊啄木鳥)
kuma-gera
'bear woodpecker'
까막딱다구리
kkamak-ttakdaguri
'black woodpecker'
Қара тоқылдақ
qara toqıldaq
'black pecker'
Kara Ağaçkakan
'black wood-pecker'
MELANERPINI
Dendrocopos
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Dendrocopos minor
Picoides minor
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Lesser spotted woodpecker
Lesser pied woodpecker

Малый пестрый дятел
Цоохор тоншуур
ᠴᠣᠬᠣᠷ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
tsookhor toŋshuur
'spotted pecker (variant form)'
Picoides minor:
Өцүүхэн алаг тоншуул
ᠦᠴᠦᠬᠡᠨ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ötsüükheŋ alag toŋshuul
'little motley pecker' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Бага алаг тоншуул
ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
bag alag toŋshuur
'small motley pecker'
IM also:
Бага алаг тоншуул
ᠪᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
bag alag toŋshuul
'small motley pecker' (31)
小斑啄木鸟
(小斑啄木鳥)
xiǎo bān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'small striped wood-pecking bird'
コアカゲラ
(小赤啄木鳥)
ko aka-gera
'small red woodpecker'
쇠오색딱다구리
soe-o-saek-ttakdaguri
'small five-coloured woodpecker'
Кіші тоқылдақ
kişi toqıldaq
'small pecker'
Küçük Ağaçkakan
'small wood-pecker'
Dendrocopos leucotos
Picoides leucotos
link to photolink to photo
White-backed woodpecker

Белоспинный дятел
Хондлойцагаан тоншуур
ᠬᠣᠨᠳᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
khondloi-tsagaaŋ toŋshuur
'white-rump pecker (variant form)'
Picoides leucotos:
Цагаан арт алаг тоншуул
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠠᠷᠣᠲᠣ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
tsagaaŋ art alag toŋshuul
'white-backed motley pecker' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Хондлой цагаан тоншуул
ᠬᠣᠨᠳᠣᠯᠠᠢ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
khondloi tsagaaŋ toŋshuul
'white-rump pecker'
IM also:
Ар цагаан тоншуул
ᠠᠷᠣ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ar tsagaaŋ toŋshuul
'white-back pecker' (31)
白背啄木鸟
(白背啄木鳥)
bái-bèi zhuó-mù-niǎo
'white-backed wood-pecking bird'
オオアカゲラ
(大赤啄木鳥)
ō aka-gera
'large red woodpecker'
큰오색딱다구리
keun o-saek-ttakdaguri
'large five-coloured woodpecker'
Ақжон тоқылдақ
aq-jon toqıldaq
'white-backed pecker'
Aksırtlı Ağaçkakan
'white-backed wood-pecker'
Dendrocopos major
Picoides major
link to photolink to photo
Great spotted woodpecker
Greater pied woodpecker

Большой пестрый дятел,
Пестрый дятел
Алаг тоншуур
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠷ
alag toŋshuur
'motley pecker (variant form)'
Picoides major:
Их алаг тоншуул
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ikh alag toŋshuul
'large motley pecker' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Их алаг тоншуул
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
ikh alag toŋshuul
'large motley pecker'
IM also:
Алаг тоншуул
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
alag toŋshuul
'motley pecker' (31)
or
Овууна цондуул
ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ ᠴᠣᠨᠳᠣᠣᠯ
ovuun tsonduul
'ovuun woodpecker' (alt in 31)
大斑啄木鸟
(大斑啄木鳥)
dà bān zhuó-mù-niǎo
'large striped wood-pecking bird'
Taiwan:
(大赤啄木)
大赤啄木
dà chì zhuó-mù
'large red wood-pecker'
アカゲラ
(赤啄木鳥)
aka-gera
'red woodpecker'
오색딱다구리
o-saek-ttakdaguri
'five-coloured woodpecker'
Үлкен тоқылдақ
ülken toqıldaq
'large pecker'
Orman Alaca Ağaçkakanı
'forest pied wood-pecker'
Dendrocopos hyperythrus
Hypopicus hyperythrus
Picoides hyperythrus
link to photo
Rufous-bellied woodpecker
Rufous-bellied pied woodpecker

Рыжебрюхий дятел
Борхэвлийт тоншуул
ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠬᠡᠪᠡᠯᠢᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
bor khevliit tonshuul
'dun-bellied pecker' (15)
Picoides hyperythrus:
Зээрд хэвэлт тоншуул
ᠵᠡᠭᠢᠷᠳᠦ ᠬᠡᠪᠡᠯᠢᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
zeert khevelt toŋshuul
'chestnut-coloured-bellied pecker' (32)
  棕腹啄木鸟
(棕腹啄木鳥)
zōng-fù zhuó-mù-niǎo
'reddishbrown-bellied wood-pecking bird'
チャバラアカゲラ
(茶腹赤啄木鳥)
cha-bara aka-gera
'brown-bellied red woodpecker'
붉은배오색딱다구리
bulgeun-bae-o-saek-ttakdaguri
'red-bellied five-coloured woodpecker'
   
Picoides
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Picoides tridactylus
link to photo
Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
Three-toed Woodpecker
Northern three-toed woodpecker

Трехпалый дятел,
Желтоголовый дятел
Гурванхумст овууна
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠢᠮᠣᠰᠣᠲᠣ ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
gurvaŋ-khumst ovuun
'three-toed ovuun'
Гурван хуруут тоншуул
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
gurvaŋ khuruut toŋshuul
'three-toed pecker' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Гурван хумст тоншуул
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠢᠮᠣᠰᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠩᠰᠢᠭᠣᠯ
gurvaŋ khumst toŋshuul
'three-toed pecker'
Inner M formerly:
Гурван хуруут овууна
ᠭᠣᠷᠪᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠣᠪᠣᠣᠨ᠎ᠠ
gurvaŋ khuruut ovuun
'three-fingered ovuun' (31)
三趾啄木鸟
(三趾啄木鳥)
sān-zhǐ zhuó-mù-niǎo
'three-toed wood-pecking bird'
ミユビゲラ
(三趾啄木鳥)
mi-yubi gera
'three-toed woodpecker'
세가락딱다구리
se-garak-ttakdaguri
'three-toed woodpecker'
Үшсаусақты тоқылдақ
üş-sawsaqtı toqıldaq
'three-toed pecker'
 

The 'standard' Inner Mongolian pronunciation of шоргоолж shorgoolj is шургуулж shurguulj.

Name appears to be derived from тоншуур toŋshuur, a piece of slightly convex hollowed out wood with a slit in the top that is struck with a stick.

Дух dukh in the sense of 'nape' or 'occiput' is obsolete or dialect. Its normal modern sense is 'forehead'.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

A Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals of Mongolia (Монгол орны сээртэн амьтдын нэрсийн толь) by GOMBOBAATAR Sundev Bodonguud, Mongolian Ornithological Society Zoological Society of London, Ulaanbaatar 2009

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013