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Turdidae
Họ Hoét

鸫科
dōng kē

鶇科
dōng kē

ツグミ科
tsugumi ka

วงศ์นกเดินดง
woŋ nók doeen-doŋ

(The original Vietnamese name for the Turdidae is Họ chích chòe after the genus Enicurus, which has since been moved to the Muscicapidae Here it is renamed after the genus Turdus.)
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General

The following is based on analysis of dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Malaysian names are now being updated. For consistency, Vietnamese bird names (except for ducks and chickens) are preceded by the word Chim meaning 'bird'. Ornithological lists mostly omit this as understood. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The general ornithological name for the thrushes in Vietnamese is Chim hoét 'thrush (bird)'. However, this name is not necessarily very familiar to the layman and does not appear in most Vietnamese dictionaries.

The ornithological names are neatly divided up by genus:

1. Thrushes in the genus Turdus are known as Chim hoét. This name is also used for several genera since transferred to the Muscicapidae, including the shortwings (Brachypteryx and Heteroxenicus), known as Hoét đuôi cụt 'short-tailed thrush', the whistling thrushes (Myophonus), known as Hoét xanh 'blue/green thrush', and the rock thrushes (Monticola), known as Hoét đá 'rock thrush'. One redstart (Luscinia phaenicuroides, formerly belonging to the genus Hodgsonius), is known as Hoét đuôi dài 'long-tailed thrush'.

2. Thrushes in the genus Zoothera (ground thrushes) are called Chim sáo đất in Vietnamese, literally 'ground-starling (bird)'. Sáo is a common bird name applied to a number of similar-sized birds including the ground thrushes, starlings, mynas, and sometimes magpies.

3. Chim cô cô, clearly a loan word, is the ornithological name given to the Cochoa.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
TURDINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
VIETNAMESE
EAST ASIAN
S. E. ASIAN
Zoothera
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Zoothera dixoni
link to photo
Long-tailed thrush
Long-tailed mountain thrush

Grive de Dixon
Chim Sáo đất Dixon
'Dixon's ground-starling (bird)' (12)
Chim Sáo đất dixôn
'Dixon's ground-starling (bird)' (33)
长尾地鸫
(長尾地鶇)
cháng-wěi dì-dōng
'long-tailed ground-thrush'
オナガトラツグミ
(尾長虎鶇)
o-naga tora tsugumi
'long-tailed tiger thrush'
นกเดินดงหลังสีไพล
nók doeen-doŋ lăŋ-sĭi-pʰlay
'olivaceous-backed jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Zoothera mollissima
link to photo
Plain-backed thrush
Plain-backed mountain thrush

Grive de Hodgson
Chim Sáo đất nâu hung
'reddish ground-starling (bird)' (12, 33)
  光背地鸫
(光背地鶇)
guāng-bèi dì-dōng
'plain-backed ground-thrush'
アカトラツグミ
(赤虎鶇)
aka tora tsugumi
'red tiger thrush'
    
Zoothera marginata
link to photo
Dark-sided thrush
Lesser long-billed thrush

Grive à grand bec
Chim Sáo đất nâu
'brown ground-starling (bird)' (12, 33)
  长嘴地鸫
(長嘴地鶇)
cháng-zuǐ dì-dōng
'long-billed ground-thrush'
コオオハシツグミ
(小大嘴鶇)
ko ō-hashi tsugumi
'small large-billed thrush'
นกเดินดงเล็กปากยาว
nók doeen-doŋ lék pàak-yaaw
'long-billed small jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Zoothera monticola
link to photo
Long-billed thrush
Greater long-billed thrush

Grive montagnarde
Chim Sáo đất mỏ to
'large-billed ground-starling (bird)' (12)
›Taxonomy‹
Chim Sáo đất mỏ dài
'long-billed ground-starling (bird)' (33)
大长嘴地鸫
(大長嘴地鶇)
dà cháng-zuǐ dì-dōng
'large long-billed ground-thrush'
オオハシツグミ
(大嘴鶇)
ō-hashi tsugumi
'large-billed thrush'
     
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush
Golden mountain thrush
White's ground thrush

Grive dorée
Chim Sáo đất
'ground-starling (bird)' (12, 13)
›Taxonomy‹
  怀氏虎鸫
(懐氏虎鶇)
huái-shì hǔ-dōng
'Mr Huai's tiger-thrush' (35)

Taiwan:
(白氏地鸫)
白氏地鶇
bái-shì dì-dōng
'Mr White's ground-thrush'
トラツグミ
(虎鶇)
tora tsugumi
'tiger thrush'
นกเดินดงลายเสือใหญ่
nók doeen-doŋ laay-sĕua yày
'large tiger-striped jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Zoothera dauma
Turdus dauma
link to photolink to photo
Scaly thrush
White's thrush

Grive dama
Zoothera dauma:
Chim Sáo đất lớn
'large ground-starling (bird)' (33)
Chim Sáo đất
'ground-starling (bird)' (12, 13)
›Taxonomy‹
  虎斑地鸫
(虎斑地鶇)
hǔ-bān dì-dōng
'tiger-striped ground-thrush'

Taiwan:
(虎斑地鸫)
虎斑地鸫
hǔ-bān dì-dōng
'tiger-striped ground-thrush'
コトラツグミ
(小虎鶇)
ko tora tsugumi
'small tiger thrush'
›Taxonomy‹
นกเดินดงลายเสือ
nók doeen-doŋ laay-sĕua
'tiger-striped jungle-walker (bird)'
Burung Murai Bersisik
'scaly thrush (bird)' (26)
Burung Murai Harimau
'tiger thrush (bird)' (27)
Burung Murai Batu Putih
'white rock-thrush (bird)' (24)
Burung Anis Sisik
'scaly thrush (bird)'
Cochoa
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Cochoa purpurea
link to photo
Purple cochoa

Cochoa pourpré
Chim Cô cô đầu xám
'grey-headed cochoa (bird)' (12, 33)
  紫宽嘴鸫
(紫寬嘴鶇)
zǐ kuān-zuǐ-dōng
'purple broad-billed thrush'
ムラサキミヤマツグミ
(紫深山鶇)
murasaki miyama tsugumi
'purple deep-mountain thrush'
นกปีกแพรสีม่วง
nók pìik-pʰraee sĭi-mûaŋ
purple silk-wing (bird)'
   
Cochoa viridis
link to photo
Green cochoa

Cochoa vert
Chim Cô cô đầu xanh
'blue/green-headed cochoa (bird)' (12)
Chim Cô cô xanh
'blue/green cochoa (bird)' (33)
绿宽嘴鸫
(綠寬嘴鶇)
lǜ kuān-zuǐ-dōng
'green broad-billed thrush'
ミドリミヤマツグミ
(緑深山鶇)
midori miyama tsugumi
'green deep-mountain thrush'
นกปีกแพรสีเขียว
nók pìik-pʰraee sĭi-kʰĭaw
'green silk-wing (bird)'
   
Geokichla
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Geokichla sibirica
Zoothera sibirica
Turdus sibiricus
link to photolink to photo
Siberian thrush
Siberian ground thrush

Grive de Sibérie
Chim Hoét Xibêri
'Siberian thrush (bird)' (12)
Chim Hoét Sibêri
'Siberian thrush (bird)' (13)
Chim Sáo đất mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed ground-starling (bird)' (33)
白眉地鸫
(白眉地鶇)
bái-méi dì-dōng
'white-eyebrowed ground-thrush'
Taiwan:
(白眉地鸫)
白眉地鶇
bái-méi dì-dōng
'white-eyebrowed ground-thrush'
マミジロ
(眉白)
mami-jiro
'white-eyebrow'
นกเดินดงสีเทาดำ
nók doeen-doŋ sĭi-tʰaw-dam
'black-grey jungle-walker (bird)'
Burung Murai Hitam Siberia
'Siberian black thrush (bird)' (26, 27)
Burung Murai Siberia Kelabu
'grey Siberian thrush (bird)' (24)
Burung Anis Sibirica
'Siberian thrush (bird)'
Geokichla citrina
Zoothera citrina
link to photo
Orange-headed thrush
Orange-headed ground thrush
Orange ground thrush

Grive à tête orange
Chim Hoét vàng
'yellow thrush (bird)' (12, 13)
Chim Sáo đất đầu cam
'orange-headed ground-starling (bird)' (33)
橙头地鸫
(橙頭地鶇)
chéng-tóu dì-dōng
'orange-headed ground-thrush'
オレンジジツグミ
(オレンジ地鶇)
orenji ji-tsugumi
'orange ground-thrush'
นกเดินดงหัวสีส้ม
nók doeen-doŋ hŭa-sĭi-sôm
'orange-headed jungle-walker (bird)'
Burung Murai Dada Oren
'orange-breasted thrush (bird)' (26, 27)
Burung Murai Belanda
'Dutch thrush (bird)' (24)
›Taxonomy‹
Burung Anis Merah
'red thrush (bird)'
Otocichla
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Otocichla mupinensis
Turdus mupinensis
link to photo
Chinese thrush
Mongolian song thrush
Eastern song thrush
Verreaux's song thrush

Grive de Verreaux
Chim Hoét Trung Quốc
'Chinese thrush (bird)' (12, 33)
Chim Hoét Bảo Hưng
'Bao Xing thrush (bird)' (from Chinese) (alt in 33)
宝兴歌鸫
(寶興歌鶇)
bǎoxìng gē-dōng
'Baoxing song thrush' (Baoxing is a place in Sichuan)
チベットウタツグミ
(チベット歌鶇)
chibetto uta tsugumi
'Tibetan song thrush'
     
Turdus
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Turdus mandarinus
link to photo
Eastern blackbird
Chinese Blackbird

Merle de Chine
Chim Hoét đen
'black thrush (bird)' (12, 13, 33)
Chim Hoét
‘thrush bird'
Chim Hắc đống
'black thrush' (from Chinese)
乌鸫
(烏鶇)
wū-dōng
'black thrush'
Taiwan:
(黑鸫)
黑鶇
hēi-dōng
'black thrush'
クロウタドリ
(黒歌鳥)
kuro uta-dori
'black song-bird'
นกเดินดงสีดำ
nók doeen-doŋ sĭi-dam
'black jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Turdus boulboul
link to photo
Grey-winged blackbird

Merle à ailes grises
Chim Hoét đen cánh trắng
'white-winged black thrush' (12)
Chim Hoét đen cánh xám
'grey-winged black thrush' (33)
灰翅鸫
(灰翅鶇)
huī-chì dōng
'grey-winged thrush'
ハイバネツグミ
(灰羽鶇)
hai-bane tsugumi
'grey-winged thrush'
นกเดินดงดำปีกเทา
nók doeen-doŋ dam pìik-tʰaw
'grey-winged black jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Turdus cardis
link to photolink to photo
Japanese thrush
Japanese grey thrush
Grey thrush

Merle du Japon
Chim Hoét bụng trắng
'white-bellied thrush (bird)' (12, 13, 33)
  乌灰鸫
(烏灰鶇)
wū-huī dōng
'black grey thrush'
Taiwan:
(乌灰鸫)
烏灰鶇
wū-huī dōng
'black grey thrush'
クロツグミ
(黒鶇)
kuro-tsugumi
'black thrush'
นกเดินดงพันธุ์ญี่ปุ่น
nók doeen-doŋ pʰan yîi-pùn
'Japanese species jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Turdus hortulorum
link to photo
Grey-backed thrush

Merle à dos gris
Chim Hoét lưng đen
'black-backed thrush (bird)' (13)
Chim Hoét ngực hung
'reddish-breasted thrush (bird)' (33)
Chim Hoét lưng xám
'grey-backed thrush (bird)' (33)
  灰背鸫
(灰背鶇)
huī-bèi dōng
'grey-backed thrush'
Taiwan:
(灰背鸫)
灰背鶇
huī-bèi dōng
'grey-backed thrush'
カラアカハラ
(唐赤腹)
kara aka-hara
'Chinese red-belly'
    
Turdus dissimilis
link to photo
Black-breasted thrush

Merle à poitrine noire
Chim Hoét ngực đen
'black-breasted thrush (bird)' (12, 33)
  黑胸鸫
(黑胸鶇)
hēi-xiōng dōng
'black-breasted thrush'
ムナグロアカハラ
(胸黒赤腹)
muna-guro aka-hara
'black-breasted red-belly'
นกเดินดงอกดำ
nók doeen-doŋ òk-dam
'black-breasted jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Latin
English/French
Vietnamese
Other V
Chinese
Japanese
Thai
Malaysian
Indonesian
Turdus obscurus
link to photo
Eyebrowed thrush
Eye-browed thrush

Grive obscure
Chim Hoét mày trắng
'white-eyebrowed thrush (bird)' (12, 13, 33)
  白眉鸫
(白眉鶇)
bái-méi dōng
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
Taiwan:
(白眉鸫)
白眉鶇
bái-méi dōng
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
マミチャジナイ
(眉茶shinai)
mami cha-jinai
'eyebrowed brown thrush₁'
นกเดินดงสีคล้ำ
nók doeen-doŋ sĭi-kʰlám
'dark jungle-walker (bird)'
Burung Murai Belanda
'Dutch thrush (bird)' (26, 27)
›Taxonomy‹
Burung Murai Batu Kubur
'grave-stone thrush (bird)' (24)
Burung Anis Kuning
'yellow thrush (bird)'
Turdus rubrocanus
link to photo
Chestnut thrush
Grey-headed thrush

Merle à tête grise
Chim Hoét hung
'reddish thrush (bird)' (12)
Chim Hoét đầu xám
'grey-headed thrush (bird)' (33)
灰头鸫
(灰頭鶇)
huī-tóu dōng
'grey-headed thrush'
クリイロツグミ
(栗色鶇)
kuri-iro tsugumi
'chestnut-coloured thrush'
นกเดินดงสีน้ำตาลแดง
nók doeen-doŋ sĭi-nám-taan-daeeŋ
'red-brown jungle-walker (bird)'
   
Turdus eunomus
›Taxonomy‹
link to photo
Dusky thrush

Grive à ailes rousses
Turdus naumanni:
Chim Hoét lưng hung
'reddish backed thrush (bird)' (12, 13, 33)
›Taxonomy‹
  斑鸫
(斑鶇)
bān-dōng
'striped thrush' (2)
Taiwan:
(斑点鸫)
斑點鶇
bān-diǎn dōng
'stripe-dotted thrush'
ツグミ
()
tsugumi
'thrush'
นกเดินดงอกลายดำ
nók doeen-doŋ òk-laay dam
'black stripe-breasted jungle-walker (bird)'
   

ไพล pʰlay (Zingiber cassumunar, Zingiber montanum, or Zingiber purpureum) is a plant in the ginger family (Zingiberidae) widely used in traditional Thai medicine. Extracts typically have a greenish yellow to brown colour, and the name is used here as a colour word equivalent to English 'olivaceous'.

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009

中国观鸟年报-中国鸟类名录 1.1 (The CBR Checklist of Birds of China v1.1)中国观鸟年报 (China Bird Review), 2010 ()