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Turdidae
Хөөндэйнхэн
khööndeiŋkheŋ

鸫科
dōng kē

鶇科
dōng kē

ツグミ科
tsugumi ka

지빠귀과
jippagwi-gwa

Ardıçkuşugiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Mongolian ornithological name for the thrushes is Хөөндэй khööndei. This word is missing from many ordinary dictionaries (and not found at all in Inner Mongolian dictionaries) and possibly represents an ornithological specialisation of a minor or local name.

In the 2007 "binomial names", the genus Turdus (including current Geokichla) was assigned the name Хөөндэй khööndei, and the genus Zoothera (one species only, Zoothera dauma) was assigned the variant Хөөндий khööndii.

In Inner Mongolia, the thrushes are known as Таргалж targalj. The latter is found in the Imperial Pentaglot Manchu Mirror (37) of 1805 as an equivalent to Chinese 穿草鸡 chuān-cǎo-jī 'come through the grass fowl/chicken', a colloquial term for the Dusky Thrush. It has ornithologically been generalised to all thrushes. The name is used for some species in other families known as dōng 'thrush' in Chinese, notably Monticola (Rock Thrushes) in the Muscicapidae.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
TURDINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Zoothera
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Zoothera aurea White's Thrush
White's thrush
Golden mountain thrush
White's ground thrush
- -   怀氏虎鸫
(懐氏虎鶇)
huái-shì hǔ-dōng
'Mr Huai's tiger-thrush' (36)

Taiwan:
(白氏地鸫)
白氏地鶇
bái-shì dì-dōng
'Mr White's ground-thrush'
トラツグミ
(虎鶇)
tora tsugumi
'tiger thrush'
호랑지빠귀
horang-jippagwi
'tiger-and-wolf thrush'
-  
Zoothera dauma
Turdus dauma
link to photolink to photo
Scaly thrush
White's thrush

Пестрый дрозд,
Земляной дрозд
Алаг хөөндий
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
alag khööndii
'motley thrush (variant form)'
Алаг таргалж
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
alag targalj
'motley thrush' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Алаг хөөндэй
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
alag khööndei
'motley thrush'
Inner M:
Судалт уулны таргалж
ᠰᠣᠳᠠᠯᠲᠣ ᠠᠭᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
sudalt uulni targalj
'striped mountain thrush' (31)
虎斑地鸫
(虎斑地鶇)
hǔ-bān dì-dōng
'tiger-striped ground-thrush'
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(虎斑地鸫)
虎斑地鸫
hǔ-bān dì-dōng
'tiger-striped ground-thrush'
コトラツグミ
(小虎鶇)
ko tora tsugumi
'small tiger thrush'
›Taxonomy‹
  Шұбар сайрақ
şubar sayraq
'pied thrush'
 
Geokichla
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Geokichla sibirica
Zoothera sibirica
Turdus sibiricus
link to photolink to photo
Siberian thrush
Siberian ground thrush

Сибирский дрозд,
Земляной дрозд
Turdus sibiricus:
Шивэр хөөндэй
ᠰᠢᠪᠡᠷ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
shiver khööndei
'Siberian thrush'
Zoothera sibiricus:
Сибериа таргалж
ᠰᠢᠪᠧᠷᠢᠶ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
siberia targalj
'Siberian thrush' (33)
  白眉地鸫
(白眉地鶇)
bái-méi dì-dōng
'white-eyebrowed ground-thrush'
Taiwan:
(白眉地鸫)
白眉地鶇
bái-méi dì-dōng
'white-eyebrowed ground-thrush'
マミジロ
(眉白)
mami-jiro
'white-eyebrow'
흰눈썹지빠귀
huin-nunsseop-jippagwi
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
   
Turdus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Turdus viscivorus
link to photo
Mistle thrush
Mistletoe thrush

Деряба,
Дрозд-деряба
Бужмаг хөөндэй
ᠪᠣᠵᠢᠮᠠᠭ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
bujmag khööndei
'bujmag thrush'
    槲鸫
(槲鶇)
hú-dōng
'mistletoe thrush'
ヤドリギツグミ
(宿木鶇)
yadori-gi tsugumi
'mistletoe thrush'
  Қылғытпа сайрақ
qılğıtpa sayraq
'qılğıtpa thrush'
Ökse Ardıcı
'lime juniper(-bird)'
Turdus philomelos
link to photo
Song thrush
European song thrush

Певчий дрозд
Дууч хөөндэй
ᠳᠠᠭᠣᠴᠢ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
duuch khööndei
'song thrush'
    欧歌鸫
(歐歌鶇)
ōu gē-dōng
'European song thrush'
ウタツグミ
(歌鶇)
uta-tsugumi
'song thrush'
  Әуезшіл сайрақ
äwezşil sayraq
'melodious thrush'
Öter Ardıç
'öter juniper(-bird)'
Turdus iliacus
link to photo
Redwing

Белобровик,
Дрозд-белобровик
Цагаанхөмсөг хөөндэй
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
tsagaaŋ-khömsög khööndei
'white-eyebrow thrush'
  Mongolia formerly:
Цагаан хөмсөгт хөөндэй
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
tsagaaŋ khömsögt khööndei
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
白眉歌鸫
(白眉歌鶇)
bái-méi gē-dōng
'white-eyebrowed song thrush'
ワキアカツグミ
(脇赤鶇)
waki-aka tsugumi
'red-sided thrush'
  Аққабақ сайрақ
aq-qabaq sayraq
'white-eyelidded thrush'
Kızıl Ardıç
'red juniper(-bird)'
Turdus merula
link to photo
Eurasian blackbird
Common blackbird
Blackbird

Черный дрозд
Хар хөөндэй
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
khar khööndei
'black thrush'
›Taxonomy‹
Хар таргалж
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
khar targalj
'black thrush' (33)
  乌鸫
(烏鶇)
wū-dōng
'black thrush' (shared with Turdus mandarinus)
クロウタドリ
(黒歌鳥)
kuro uta-dori
'black song-bird'
  Қара сайрақ
qara sayraq
'black thrush'
Karatavuk
(literally) 'black fowl'
Turdus obscurus
link to photo
Eyebrowed thrush
Eye-browed thrush

Оливковый дрозд
Халиун хөөндэй
ᠬᠠᠯᠢᠭᠣᠨ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
khaliuŋ khööndei
'bay thrush'
Цагаан хөмсөгт таргалж
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠬᠦᠮᠦᠰᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
tsagaaŋ khömsögt targalj
'white-eyebrowed thrush' (33)
  白眉鸫
(白眉鶇)
bái-méi dōng
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
Taiwan:
(白眉鸫)
白眉鶇
bái-méi dōng
'white-eyebrowed thrush'
マミチャジナイ
(眉茶shinai)
mami cha-jinai
'eyebrowed brown thrush₁'
흰눈썹붉은배지빠귀
huin-nunsseop-bulgeun-bae-jippagwi
'white-eyebrowed red-bellied thrush'
   
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Turdus pallidus
link to photo
Pale thrush

Бледный дрозд
Бүгээн хөөндэй
ᠪᠦᠭᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
bügeeŋ khööndei
'light-coloured thrush'
Цайвар элэгт таргалж
ᠴᠠᠢᠢᠪᠣᠷ ᠡᠯᠢᠭᠡᠲᠣ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
tsaivar elegt targalj
'pale-bellied thrush' (31, 33)
or
Цайвар хөөндэй
ᠴᠠᠢᠢᠪᠣᠷ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
tsaivar khööndei
'pale thrush' (33)

白腹鸫
(白腹鶇)
bái-fù dōng
'white-bellied thrush'
Taiwan:
(白腹鸫)
白腹鶇
bái-fù dōng
'white-bellied thrush'
シロハラ
(白腹)
shiro-hara
'white-belly'
흰배지빠귀
huin-bae-jippagwi
'white-bellied thrush'
   
Turdus pilaris
link to photo
Fieldfare

Рябинник,
Дрозд-рябинник
Дуулгат хөөндэй
ᠳᠣᠭᠣᠯᠣᠭᠠᠲᠣ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
duulagt khööndei
'helmeted thrush'
Тариан таргалж
ᠲᠠᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
tariaŋ targalj
'field thrush' (33)
  田鸫
(田鶇)
tián dōng
'paddy thrush'
ノハラツグミ
(野原鶇)
no-hara tsugumi
'field thrush'
  Шетен сайрағы
şeten sayrağı
'cassia thrush'
Tarla Ardıcı
'field juniper(-bird)'
Turdus naumanni
link to photolink to photo
Naumann's thrush

Дрозд Науманна,
Рыжий дрозд
Науманны хөөндэй
ᠨᠠᠣᠮᠠᠨ ᠦ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
naumanni khööndei
'Naumann thrush'
Улаан сүүлт таргалж
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
ulaaŋ süült targalj
'red-tailed thrush' (33)
  红尾鸫
(紅尾鶇)
hóng-wěi dōng
'red-tailed thrush' (2)
斑鸫
(斑鶇)
bān-dōng
'striped thrush' (1, 3, 4, 5)
Taiwan:
(红尾鸫)
紅尾鶇
hóng-wěi dōng
'red-tailed thrush'
ハチジョウツグミ
(八丈鶇)
hachi-jō tsugumi
'Hachijō thrush'
노랑지빠귀
norang-jippagwi
'yellow thrush'
   
Turdus eunomus
›Taxonomy‹
link to photo
Dusky thrush

Бурый дрозд,
Тёмный дрозд
Хүрэн хөөндэй
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
khüreŋ khööndei
'darkbrown thrush'
Толбот таргалж
ᠲᠣᠯᠪᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
tolbot targalj
'spotted thrush' (33)
or
Бидэрт таргалж
ᠪᠢᠳᠡᠷᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
bidert targalj
'dotted thrush' (33)
  斑鸫
(斑鶇)
bān-dōng
'striped thrush' (2)
Taiwan:
(斑点鸫)
斑點鶇
bān-diǎn dōng
'stripe-dotted thrush'
ツグミ
()
tsugumi
'thrush'
개똥지빠귀
gaettong-jippagwi
'dog-dung? thrush'
Сарғышқызыл сайрақ
sarğış-qızıl sayraq
'yellowish-red thrush'
 
Turdus atrogularis
link to photo
Black-throated Thrush

Чернозобый дрозд,
Темнозобый дрозд
Харгүеэ хөөндэй
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠦᠶᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
khar-güee khööndei
'black-throat thrush'
Хоолой хар таргалж
ᠬᠣᠭᠣᠯᠣᠢ ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
khooloi khar targalj
'black-throat thrush' (33)
Mongolia formerly:
Хар гүеэт хөөндэй
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠭᠦᠶᠡᠭᠡᠲᠦ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
khar güeet khööndei
'black-throated thrush'
黑喉鸫
(黑喉鶇)
hēi-hóu dōng
'black-throated thrush' (2)
ノドグロツグミ
(喉黒鶇)
nodo-guro tsugumi
'black-throated thrush'
›Taxonomy‹
검은목지빠귀
geomeun-mok-jippagwi
'black-throated thrush'
Қаражемсаулы сайрақ
qara-jemsawlı sayraq
'black-throated thrush'
 
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Turdus ruficollis
link to photo
Red-throated thrush
Dark-throated thrush
Red-necked thrush
Black-throated thrush

Краснозобый дрозд
Улаангүеэ хөөндэй
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠦᠶᠡᠭᠡ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
ulaaŋ-güee khööndei
'red-throat thrush'
Хүрэн хүзүүт таргалж
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠬᠦᠵᠦᠭᠦᠲᠦ ᠲᠠᠷᠭᠠᠯᠵᠢ
khüreŋ khüzüüt targalj
'darkbrown-throated thrush' (31, 33)
Mongolia formerly:
Улаан гүеэт хөөндэй
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠭᠦᠶᠡᠭᠡᠲᠡ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
ulaaŋ güeet khööndei
'red-throated thrush'

Other:
Зээрд хөөндэй
ᠵᠡᠭᠡᠷᠳᠡ ᠬᠦᠭᠡᠨᠳᠡᠢ
zeerd khööndei
'chestnut-coloured thrush'
赤颈鸫
(赤頸鶇)
chì-jǐng dōng
'red-collared thrush'
Taiwan:
(赤腹鸫)
赤腹鶇
chì-jǐng dōng
'red-collared thrush'
ノドグロツグミ
(喉黒鶇)
nodo-guro tsugumi
'black-throated thrush'
붉은목지빠귀
bulgeun-mok-jippagwi
'red-throated thrush'
Қызылжемсаулы сайрақ
qızıl-jemsawlı sayraq
'red-throated thrush'
 

Зуны цагт ирдэг, хөхөвтөр өнгөтэй нэг зүйл бялзуухай.

The species is a relatively rare winter visitor to Japan. The name is apparently due to the capture of a specimen on Hachijo-jima, the southernmost of the Izu Islands.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第四卷 鸟纲 雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 4 Aves Passerines), 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2015

中国观鸟年报-中国鸟类名录 1.1 (The CBR Checklist of Birds of China v1.1)中国观鸟年报 (China Bird Review), 2010 ()

御製五體清文鑒 yùzhì wǔtǐ qīngwén jiàn Mongolian: Хааны бичсэн таван зүилийн үсгээр хавсарсан манж үгний толь бичиг khaani bichsen tavaŋ züiliŋ üsgeer khavsarsaŋ maŋj ügni tol' bichig Mirror of the Manchu language with an overview of five different languages, compiled by the Emperor OR Imperial Pentaglot Manchu Mirror, originally published in 1805.