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Charadriidae
วงศ์นกกระแตและนกหัวโต
woŋ nók krà-taee láe nók hŭa-too

Họ Choi choi

鸻科
héng kē

鴴科
héng kē

チドリ科
chi-dori ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The Charadriidae are divided in Thai into two groups, lapwings and plovers, and each is independently named.

Lapwings: Lapwings are named after various distinctive calls, primarily those of the common Vanellus indicus, and several of these names are quite old (see 'Other Names' column). Most modern ornithological sources use นกกระแต nók krà-taee as a lapwing general name, where แต taee is a rendition of the call and กระ- krà- is an old wildlife prefix. Species names for Vanellus indicus include other variants of this same call.

Outside of the Charadriidae, stone curlews (Burhinidae) are named นกกระแตผี nók krà-taee-pʰĭi 'ghost-lapwing'.

Plovers: All plovers are called นกหัวโต nók hŭa-too 'big-headed bird', an expression which today is used only in the sense of 'plover'.

Outside of the Charadridae, crab plovers (Dromadidae) are named นกหัวโตกินปู nók hŭa-too-kin-puu 'crab-eating big-head bird', i.e., 'crab-eating plover'.

Family name

The family name for the H&M3 Charadriidae is วงศ์นกกระแตและนกหัวโต woŋ nók krà-taee láe nók hŭa-too 'lapwing and plover family' in most sources where that taxon is preserved. More recently in (22, 23) the three subfamilies are each given full family status:

Pluvialidae วงศ์นกหัวโตหลังจุด woŋ nók hŭa-too lăŋ-cùt 'spot-backed plover family'

Vanellidae วงศ์นกกระแต woŋ nók krà-taee 'lapwing family'

Charadriidae วงศ์นกหัวโต woŋ nók hŭa-too 'plover family'

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
PLUVIALINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Pluvialis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Pluvialis squatarola
link to photolink to photo
Grey plover
or
Black-bellied plover
นกหัวโตสีเทา
nók hŭa-too sĭi-tʰaw
'grey big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Kelabu
'grey plover (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Cerek Besar
'large kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi xám
'grey plover (bird)' (12, 13)
灰鸻
(灰鴴)
huī héng
'grey plover' (2, 4, 5)
灰鸻
(灰斑鴴)
huī-bān héng
'grey-striped plover' (1, 3. alt in 5)
Taiwan:
(灰斑鸻)
灰斑鴴
huī-bān héng
'grey-striped plover'
ダイゼン
(大膳)
daizen
'caterer/provisioner' (ancient court rank - reason for name unclear)
Pluvialis fulva
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Pacific golden plover
Pacific golden-plover
Eastern golden plover
นกหัวโตหลังจุดสีทอง
nók hŭa-too lăŋ-cùt-sĭi-tʰoaaŋ
'gold-spot-backed big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Kerinyut
'furrow-eyebrowed plover (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Cerek Kernyut
'furrow-eyebrowed kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi vàng
'yellow plover (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
金鸻
(金鴴)
jīn héng
'gold plover' (1, 2, 4, 5)
金斑鸻
(金斑鴴)
jīn bān héng
'gold-striped plover' (3, 1, 5)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(太平洋金斑鸻)
太平洋金斑鴴
tàipíng-yáng jīn bān héng
'Pacific gold-striped plover'
ムナグロ
(胸黒)
muna-guro
'black-breast'
 
CHARADRIINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Charadrius
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Charadrius hiaticula
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Common ringed plover
Ringed plover
นกหัวโตขาสีส้ม
nók hŭa-too kʰăa-sĭi-sôm
'orange-legged big-head (bird)'
นกหัวโตเล็กขาส้ม
nók hŭa-too lék kʰăa-sôm
'orange-legged small big-head (bird)' (20a, 21)
      剑鸻
(劍鴴)
jiàn-héng
'sword plover' (conflicts with the Taiwanese name for C. placidus)
(环颈鸻)
環頸鴴
huán-jǐng héng
'ring-necked plover' (conflicts with the Mainland name for C. alexandrinus)
ハジロコチドリ
(羽白小千鳥)
ha-jiro ko chi-dori
'white-winged small plover'
Charadrius placidus
link to photolink to photo
Long-billed plover
Long-billed ringed plover
นกหัวโตปากยาว
nók hŭa-too pàak-yaaw
'long-billed big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Paruh Panjang
'long-billed plover (bird)' (25, 26)
Burung Cerek Paruh-panjang
'long-billed kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi lớn
'large plover' (12, 34) (conflicts with C. leschenaultii)
长嘴剑鸻
(長嘴劍鴴)
cháng-zuǐ jiàn-héng
'long-billed sword plover'
Taiwan:
(剑鸻)
劍鴴
jiàn-héng
'sword plover' (conflicts with the Mainland name for C. hiaticula)
イカルチドリ
(鵤千鳥)
ikaru chi-dori
'grosbeak thousand-bird'
Charadrius dubius
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Little ringed plover นกหัวโตเล็กขาเหลือง
nók hŭa-too lék kʰăa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-legged small big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Gelang Kecil
'small ringed plover (bird)' (26)
Burung Rapang Biji Nangka
'jackfruit seed plover (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Cerek Kalung-kecil
'small-ringed kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi nhỏ
'small plover (bird)' (12, 13)
金眶鸻
(金眶鴴)
jīn-kuàng héng
'gold frame plover'
or
黑领鸻
(黑領鴴)
hēi-lǐng héng
'black-collared plover' (alt in 1)
Taiwan:
(小环颈鸻)
小環頸鴴
xiǎo huán-jǐng héng
'small ring-necked plover'
コチドリ
(小千鳥)
ko chi-dori
'small thousand-bird'
Charadrius alexandrinus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Kentish plover
Snowy plover
C. a. dealbeatus:
White-faced plover
C. a. alexandrinus:
นกหัวโตขาดำ
nók hŭa-too kʰăa-dam
'black-legged big-head (bird)'
C. a. dealbeatus:
นกหัวโตหน้าขาว
nók hŭa-too nâa-kʰăaw
'white-faced big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Pantai
'coast plover (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Cerek Tilil
'tilil kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi khoang cổ
'streak-necked plover (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
环颈鸻
(環頸鴴)
huán-jǐng héng
'ring-necked plover' (conflicts with the Taiwanese name for C. hiaticula)
or
白领鸻
(白領鴴)
bái-lǐng héng
'white-collared plover' (alt in 1)

Taiwan:
(东方环颈鸻)
東方環頸鴴
dōngfāng huán-jǐng héng
'eastern ring-necked plover'
シロチドリ
(白千鳥)
shiro chi-dori
'white thousand-bird'
Charadrius peronii
link to photo
Malaysian plover
Malaysian sand plover
Malay Plover
นกหัวโตมลายู
nók hŭa-too ma-laa-yuu
'Malayan big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Pasir
'sand plover (bird)' (Conflicts with C. leschenaulti) (24, 26)
Burung Rapang Malaysia
'sand plover (bird)' (25)
Burung Cerek Melayu
'Malay kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi lưng đen
'black-backed plover (bird)' (12, 34)
马来鸻
mǎlái héng
'Malay plover'
クロエリシロチドリ
(黒襟白千鳥)
kuro-eri shiro chi-dori
'black-collared white thousand-bird'
Charadrius mongolus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Lesser sand plover
Mongolian plover
นกหัวโตทรายเล็ก
nók hŭa-too saay lék
'small sand big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Mongolia
'Mongolian plover (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Cerek-pasir Mongolia
'Mongolian sand kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi Mông Cổ
'Mongolian plover (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
蒙古沙鸻
(蒙古沙鴴)
měnggǔ shā héng
'Mongolian sand plover'
Taiwan:
(蒙古鸻)
蒙古鴴
měnggǔ héng
'Mongolian plover'
メダイチドリ
(目大千鳥)
me-dai chi-dori
'large-eyed thousand-bird'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Charadrius leschenaultii
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Greater sand plover
Great sand plover
Large sand plover
นกหัวโตทรายใหญ่
nók hŭa-too saay yày
'large sand big-head (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Besar
'large plover (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Rapang Pasir
'sand plover (bird)' (Conflicts with C. peronii) (25)
Burung Cerek-pasir Besar
'large sand kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi lưng hung
'reddish-backed plover (bird)' (12, 34)
铁嘴沙鸻
(鐵嘴沙鴴)
tiě-zuǐ shā héng
'iron-billed sand plover'
Taiwan:
(铁嘴鸻)
鐵嘴鴴
tiě-zuǐ héng
'iron-billed plover'
オオメダイチドリ
(大目大千鳥)
ō me-dai chi-dori
'large large-eyed thousand-bird'
Charadrius veredus
link to photolink to photo
Oriental plover
Eastern sand plover
นกหัวโตขายาว
nók hŭa-too kʰăa-yaaw
'long-legged big-head (bird)'
นกหัวโตตะวันออก
nók hŭa-too tà-wan-òaak
'eastern big-head (bird)' (alt in 21)
Burung Rapang Timor
'eastern plover (bird)' (26)
Burung Rapang Timur
'eastern plover (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Cerek Asia
'Asian kettle bird'
Chim Choi choi Á Châu
'Asian plover (bird)' (12, 13)
东方鸻
(東方鴴)
dōngfāng héng
'eastern plover'
Taiwan:
(东方红胸鸻)
東方紅胸鴴
dōngfāng hóng-xiōng héng
'eastern red-breasted plover'
オオチドリ
(大千鳥)
ō chi-dori
'large thousand-bird'
 
VANELLINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
S.E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Vanellus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Vanellus vanellus
link to photolink to photo
Northern lapwing
Lapwing
Peewit
Green Plover
นกกระแตหงอน
nók krà-taee ŋŏaan
'crested lapwing (bird)'
      Chim Te mào
'crested lapwing (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
凤头麦鸡
(鳳頭麥雞)
fèng-tóu mài-jī
'phoenix-headed grain fowl'
Taiwan:
(小辫鸻)
小辮鴴
xiǎo biàn héng
'small-pigtailed plover'
タゲリ
(田計里 ~ 田鳧)
ta-geri
'field lapwing'
Vanellus duvaucelii
link to photo
River lapwing
Spur-winged lapwing
นกกระแตหาด
nók krà-taee hàat
'beach lapwing (bird)'
      Chim Te cựa
'spurred lapwing (bird)' (12, 34)
距翅麦鸡
(距翅麥雞)
jù-chì mài-jī
'spur-winged grain fowl'
カタグロツメバゲリ
(肩黒爪羽計里 ~ 肩黒爪羽鳧)
kata-guro tsume-ba geri
'black-shouldered spur-winged lapwing'
Vanellus cinereus
Microsarcops cinereus
link to photolink to photo
Grey-headed lapwing นกกระแตหัวเทา
nók krà-taee hŭa-tʰaw
'grey-headed lapwing (bird)'
  Burung Rapang Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed plover (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Trulek Kelabu
'grey lapwing (bird)'
Chim Te vàng
'yellow lapwing (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
灰头麦鸡
(灰頭麥雞)
huī-tóu mài-jī
'grey-headed grain fowl'
Taiwan:
(跳鸻)
跳鴴
tiào héng
'jumping plover'
ケリ
(計里 ~ )
keri
'lapwing'
Vanellus indicus
link to photo
Red-wattled lapwing นกกระแตแต้แว้ด
nók krà-taee tâee-wáeet
'taee-waeet lapwing (bird)' (onomat.)
แต้แว้ด
tâee-wáeet
'tâee-wáeet' (onomat.)
นกต้อยตีวิด
nók tôaay-tii-wít
'tôaay-tii-wít (bird)' (onomat.) (alt in 21)
กระต้อยตีวิด
krà-tôaay-tii-wít
'krà-tôaay-tii-wít' (onomat.)
Burung Rapang Minta Duit
'money beggar plover (bird)' (rendition of call is homophone for 'money') (26)
Burung Rapang Duit
'money plover' (rendition of call is homophone for 'money') (24, 25)
Burung Trulek Gelambir-merah
'red wattled lapwing (bird)'
Chim Te vặt
'miscellaneous? lapwing (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
肉垂麦鸡
(肉垂麥雞)
ròu-chuí mài-jī
'meat-wattled grain fowl'
インドトサカゲリ
(インドとさか計里 ~ インドとさか鳧)
indo tosaka geri
'Indian wattled lapwing'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Check-list of Thai Birds Round, Philip D., Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Bangkok 2008. Draft version downloaded from the site of the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand in 2009 but no longer posted there, an expanded update of the species included in Lekagul & Round 1991

นกในเมืองไทย รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต (Birds in Thailand, Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), in 5 volumes, Sarakadee Press, Bangkok, 1998-2001

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009