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Ardeidae
Дэглийнхэн
delgiiŋkheŋ

鹭科
lù kē

鷺科
lù kē

サギ科
sagi ka

왜가리과
waegari-gwa

Balıkçılgiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The general Mongolian word for 'heron' is Дэглий deglii, with variant forms Дэглэй deglei and Тэглэй teglei. The name Цагаан дэглий tsagaaŋ deglii 'white heron' is used in a general sense for white herons or egrets. The term Дэвлээ devlee is used for a kind of small heron described as "similar to the Grey Heron". Зашин zashiŋ is used for the Night Heron.

The Eurasian Bittern is known as Бух шувуу bukh shuvuu or 'bull-bird' (Бух bukh = 'bull' for short), a reference to the male's booming call.

The Buryat word for heron is Дэглы degli.

Цагаан дэглий tsagaaŋ deglii 'white heron' is the name of a mountain in Western Mongolia.

Ornithological naming

The original ornithological list of ardeid names made use of only two names: Бух bukh for Botaurus and one other bittern; Дэглий deglii for all the rest. In an attempt to give each genus a unique name, the "binomial-style" 2007 bird list casts the net wider:

Genus Old New
Botaurus (Bitterns) Mongolia formerly:
Бух
bukh
Бухшувуу
bukh-shuvuu
'bull-bird'
Ixobrychus (Little Bitterns) Mongolia formerly:
Бух
bukh;
Дэглий
deglii
Одойбух
odoi-bukh
'dwarf-bull'
Nycticorax (Night Herons) Mongolia formerly:
Дэглий
deglii
Зашин
zashiŋ
Butorides (Heron) -- Дэглэй
deglei
Ardeola (Pond Herons) Mongolia formerly:
Дэглий
deglii
Дэвлээ
devlee
Bubulcus (Cattle Egret) -- Дэгэл
degel
Ardea (Herons) Mongolia formerly:
Дэглий
deglii
Дэглий
deglii
Egretta (Egrets) Mongolia formerly:
Дэглий
deglii
Дэглээ
deglee

In an attempt to distinguish the genus Butorides, the list adopts the name Дэглэй deglei, which is merely a variant on the term Дэглий deglii. The egrets (including Egretta alba) are given the name Дэглээ deglee, an irregular spelling of Дэглэй deglei. The Cattle Egret has been given a further variant, Дэгэл degel, a backformation from Дэглий deglii. It remains to be seen whether these expedients will result in greater clarity or increased confusion.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIA
TURKIC
Botaurus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Botaurus stellaris
link to photolink to photo
Eurasian bittern
Great bittern
Bittern
Common bittern

Выпь,
Большая выль
Усны бухшувуу
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
usni bukh-shuvuu
'water bull-bird'
Усны бух шувуу
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
usni bukh-shuvuu
'water bull-bird' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Усны бух
ᠣᠰᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ
usni bukh
'water bull'
Inner M formerly:
Одой цойрон
ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠴᠣᠢᠢᠷᠣᠩ
odoi tsoiron
'dwarf largebittern' (31)
Other:
Тураг бух шувуу
ᠲᠣᠷᠣᠭ ᠪᠶᠬ᠎ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
turag bukh shuvuu
'giant bull-bird'
大麻
(大麻鳽)
dà má-yán
'large flax bittern'
Taiwan:
(大麻鹭)
大麻鷺
dà má-lù
'large flax-heron'
サンカノゴイ
(三家五位)
sanka no goi
'mountain-house bittern'
알락해오라기
allak-haeoragi
'speckled bittern'
Үлкен көлбұқа
ülken kölbuqa
'large bittern'
Balaban
'bittern'
Ixobrychus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Ixobrychus minutus
link to photolink to photo
Little bittern

Малая выпь,
Малый волчок
Бичил одойбух
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠯ ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ
bichil odoi-bukh
'tiny dwarfbull'
  Mongolia formerly:
Одой бух
ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ
odoi bukh
'dwarf bull'
Inner M:
Бяцхан бух шувуу
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
byatskhaŋ bykh shuvuu
'little bull-bird' (31)
小苇
(小葦鳽)
xiǎo wěi-yán
'small reed bittern'
コヨシゴイ
(小葦五位)
ko yoshi goi
'small reed bittern'
  Кішкене көлбұқа
kişkene kölbuqa
'little bittern'
Küçük Balaban
'small bittern'
Ixobrychus eurhythmus
link to photo
Shrenck's bittern
Schrenck's little bittern
Von Schrenck's Bittern

Амурский болчок,
Выль
Бөртөт одойбух
ᠪᠢᠷᠲᠣᠲᠣ ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ
börtöt odoi-bukh
'speckled dwarfbull'
Бөртөт дэглий
ᠪᠢᠷᠲᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠡᠬᠡᠯᠡᠢ
börtöt deglii
'speckled heron' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Бөртөт дэглий
ᠪᠢᠷᠲᠣᠲᠣ ᠲᠡᠬᠡᠯᠡᠢ
börtöt deglii
'speckled heron'
Inner M formerly:
Хөх хүрэн бух шувуу
ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠪᠣᠬ᠎ᠠ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khökh khureŋ bukh shuvuu
'darkblue-brown bull-bird' (31)
紫背苇
(紫背葦鳽)
zǐ-bèi wěi-yán
'purple back reed bittern'
Taiwan:
(秋小鹭)
秋小鷺
qiū xiǎo-lù
'autumn small heron'
オオヨシゴイ
(大葦五位)
ō yoshi goi
'large reed bittern'
큰덤불해오라기
keun-deombul-haeoragi
'large thicket bittern'
   
Nycticorax
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Nycticorax nycticorax
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Black-crowned night heron
Black-crowned night-heron
Night heron

Кваква,
Обыкновенная кваква,
Ночная цапля
Ногоовор зашин
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠪᠥᠷ ᠵᠡᠰᠢᠨ
nogoovor zashiŋ
'darkgreen zashin'
Модон охор
ᠮᠣᠳᠣᠨ ᠣᠬᠠᠷ
modoŋ okhor
'tree okhor' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Ногоовор дэглий
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠪᠥᠷ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
nogoovor deglii
'darkgreen heron' (32) (Conflicts with Inner Mongolian name for Butorides striata)
夜鹭
(夜鷺)
yè lù
'night heron'
Taiwan:
(夜鹭)
夜鷺
yè lù
'night heron'
ゴイサギ
(五位鷺)
goi sagi
'bittern heron'
해오라기
haeoragi
'bittern'
Бақылдақ құтан
baqıldaq qutan
'burbling ? heron'
Gece Balıkçılı
'night heron'
Butorides
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Butorides striata
Butorides striatus
Ardeola striata
link to photolink to photo
Striated heron
Little heron
Green-backed heron
Little green heron

Кваква зеленая
Ногоон дэглэй
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
nogooŋ deglei
'green heron (variant form)' (15)
Ногоовор дэглий
ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠪᠣᠷ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
nogoovor deglii
'darkgreen heron' (32) (Conflicts with Mongolian name for Nycticorax nycticorax)
  绿鹭
(綠鷺)
lǜ lù
'green heron' (1, 2, 3, 4)
小绿鹭
(小綠鷺)
xiǎo lǜ lù
'little green heron' (5)
Taiwan:
(绿蓑鹭)
綠蓑鷺
lǜ suō lù
'green raincoat heron'
ササゴイ
(笹五位)
sasa goi
'bamboo bittern'
검은댕기해오라기
geomeun-daenggi-haeoragi
'black-ribboned bittern'
   
Ardeola
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Ardeola bacchus
link to photo
Chinese pond heron
Chinese pond-heron

Белокрылая цапля
Цагаан дэвлээ
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠪᠡᠯᠡ
tsagaaŋ devlee
'white heron (variant form)'
Цагаан цойрон
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠴᠣᠢᠢᠷᠣᠩ
tsagaaŋ tsoiroŋ
'white largebittern' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Цагаан сахлаг дэглий
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠰᠠᠬᠣᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
tsagaaŋ sakhlag deglii
'white heavily-feathered heron'
Inner M formerly:
Нуурын дэглий
ᠨᠠᠭᠣᠷ ᠤᠨ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
nuuriŋ deglii
'lake heron' (alt in 31)
Other:
Бор дэглий
ᠪᠣᠷᠣ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
bor deglii
'brown heron'
池鹭
(池鷺)
chí-lù
'pond heron'
Taiwan:
(池鹭)
池鷺
chí-lù
'pond heron'
アカガシラサギ
(赤頭鷺)
aka-gashira sagi
'red-headed heron'
흰날개해오라기
huin-nalgae-haeoragi
'white-winged bittern'
   
Bubulcus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Bubulcus ibis
Egretta ibis
link to photo
Cattle egret
Buff-backed heron

Египетская цапля
Хотны дэгэл
ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠨ ᠤ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯ
khotni degel
'livestock-pen heron (variant form)' (15)
  Inner M:
Үхэр дэглий
ᠦᠬᠡᠷ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
ükher deglii
'ox heron' (31)
牛背鹭
(牛背鷺)
niú-bèi lù
'ox-back heron'
Taiwan:
(黄头鹭)
黃頭鷺
huáng-tóu lù
'yellow-headed heron'
アマサギ
(亜麻鷺)
ama-sagi
'flax-heron'
황로
hwang-no
'yellow heron' (Sino-Korean 黃鷺)
Сарықұйрык құтан
sarı-quyrık qutan
'yellow-tailed heron'
Sığır Balıkçılı
'cattle heron'
Ardea
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Ardea cinerea
link to photolink to photo
Grey heron

Серая цапля
Хөх дэглий
ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
khökh deglii
'darkblue heron'
Хөх дэглий
ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
khökh deglii
'darkblue heron' (31, 32)

苍鹭
(蒼鷺)
cāng-lù
'darkblue heron'
Taiwan:
(苍鹭)
蒼鷺
cāng-lù
'darkblue heron'
アオサギ
(青鷺)
ao-sagi
'blue/green heron'
왜가리
waegari
'heron'
Көкқұтан
kök-qutan
'blue heron'
Gri Balıkçıl
'grey heron'
Ardea purpurea
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Purple heron

Рыжая цапля
Зээрд дэглий
ᠵᠡᠬᠡᠷᠳᠡ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
zeerd deglii
'chestnutbrown heron'
Хүрэн дэглий
ᠬᠦᠷᠡᠩ ᠳᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
khüreŋ deglii
'brown heron' (31, 32)

草鹭
(草鷺)
cǎo-lù
'grass heron'
Taiwan:
(紫鹭)
紫鷺
zǐ-lù
'purple heron'
ムラサキサギ
(紫鷺)
murasaki-sagi
'purple heron'
붉은왜가리
bulgeun-waegari
'red heron'
Қошқыл құтан
qoşqıl qutan
'brownishyellow heron'
Erguvani Balıkçıl
'purple heron'
Ardea alba
Egretta alba
Casmerodius albus
link to photolink to photo
Great egret
Great white heron

Большая белая цапля
Цасч дэглээ
ᠴᠠᠰᠣᠴᠢ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
tsasch deglee
'snowy heron (variant form)'
Egretta alba:
Тураг цагаан дэглий
ᠲᠣᠷᠣᠭ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
turag tsagaaŋ deglii
'giant white heron' (31, 32)
Mongolia formerly:
Цасч дэглий
ᠴᠠᠰᠣᠴᠢ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
tsasch deglii
'snowy heron'

Other:
Цасч тэглэй
ᠴᠠᠰᠣᠴᠢ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
tsasch teglei
'snowy heron (variant form)'
大白鹭
(大白鷺)
dà bái-lù
'large white heron'
Taiwan:
(大白鹭)
大白鷺
dà bái-lù
'large white heron'
ダイサギ
(大鷺)
dai-sagi
'large heron'
대대백로
dae-dae-baeng-no
'large large white heron' (Sino-Korean 大大白鷺)
or
대백로
dae-baeng-no
'large white heron' (Sino-Korean 大白鷺)

Ardea alba modesta:
중대백로
soe-dae-baeng-no
'small large white heron' (Sino-Korean 小大白鹭)
Үлкен аққұтан
ülken aq-qutan
'large white-heron'
Büyük Ak Balıkçıl
'large white heron'
Egretta
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Egretta garzetta
link to photolink to photo
Little egret

Малая белая цапля,
Чепуранужда
Хурган дэглээ
ᠬᠣᠷᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
khurgaŋ deglee
'lamb heron (variant form)'
  Mongolia formerly:
Хурган цагаан дэглий
ᠬᠣᠷᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
khurgaŋ tsagaaŋ deglii
'lamb white heron'
Inner M formerly:
Одой цагаан дэглий
ᠣᠳᠣᠢ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠡᠭᠡᠯᠡᠢ
odoi tsagaaŋ deglii
'dwarf white heron' (31)
白鹭
(白鷺)
bái-lù
'white heron'

Taiwan:
(小白鹭)
小白鷺
xiǎo bái-lù
'little white heron'
コサギ
(小鷺)
ko-sagi
'small heron'
쇠백로
soe-baeng-no
'small white heron' (Sino-Korean)
Кішкене аққұтан
kişkene aq-qutan
'little white-heron'
Küçük Ak Balıkçıl
'small white heron'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

A Dictionary of Vertebrate Animals of Mongolia (Монгол орны сээртэн амьтдын нэрсийн толь) by GOMBOBAATAR Sundev Bodonguud, Mongolian Ornithological Society Zoological Society of London, Ulaanbaatar 2009

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013