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Phalacrocoracidae
鸬鹚科
lúcí kē

鸕鶿科
lúcí kē

ウ科
u ka

가마우지과
gamauji-gwa

Họ Cốc

Гогойныхон
gogoinikhoŋ

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Inter-Country
Phalacrocoracidae: MN
Phalacrocoracidae: JP
■ Phalacrocoracidae: CN
Phalacrocoracidae: TW
Phalacrocoracidae: VN
Phalacrocoracidae: TH
Phalacrocoracidae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The cormorants are known as 鸬鹚 lúcí, or sometimes 鸬鸶 lúsī. Without qualification, 鸬鹚 lúcí normally refers to the Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo. Note that , the character used for u 'cormorant' in Japanese, is the first character in the Chinese word for pelican, 鹈鹕 tíhú.

A popular name for P. carbo is 鱼鹰 yú-yīng 'fish hawk' (also a name for the osprey). The cormorants also have a number of popular names referring to the crows.

The Orient has a long tradition of using the cormorant for fishing, a practice that is sadly dying out. In Chinese, cormorant fishing is colloquially known as 放鹰 fàng yīng 'to release the hawk', mainly using P. carbo. Chinese fishermen refer to their birds as yīng 'hawk', related to the popular name 鱼鹰 yú-yīng 'fish hawk'. The expression 放鸦 fàng yā 'release the crow' is also used, based on the popular name 水老鸦 shuǐ lǎo-yā 'water crow'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Microcarbo
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Microcarbo niger
Phalacrocorax niger
Halietor niger
link to photolink to photo
Little cormorant
Javanese cormorant
Pygmy cormorant
Phalacrocorax niger:
黑颈鸬鹚
(黑頸鸕鶿)
hēi-jǐng lúcí
'black-necked cormorant'
  小鸬鹚
(小鸕鶿)
xiǎo lúcí
'small cormorant' (FS)
Phalacrocorax niger:
アジアコビトウ
(アジア小人鵜)
ajia kobito-u
'Asian dwarf cormorant'
  Phalacrocorax niger:
黑颈鸬鹚
Chim Cốc đen
'black cormorant (bird)' (12, 34)
 
Phalacrocorax
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Leucocarbo pelagicus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Pelagic cormorant
Sea cormorant
海鸬鹚
(海鸕鶿)
hǎi lúcí
'sea cormorant'
(海鸬鹚)
海鸕鶿
hǎi lúcí
'sea cormorant'
乌鹈
(烏鵜)
wū-tí
'dark pelican' (dict) (FS)
ヒメウ
(姫鵜)
hime-u
'princess cormorant'
쇠가마우지
soe-gamauji
'small cormorant'
›Taxonomy‹
  Inner M:
Далайн халуу
ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠢ ᠵᠢᠨ ᠬᠠᠯᠣ
dalain khaluu
'sea cormorant' (31)
Phalacrocorax urile
link to photolink to photo
Red-faced shag
Red-faced cormorant
红脸鸬鹚
(紅臉鸕鶿)
hóng-liǎn lúcí
'red-faced cormorant'
  水老鸦
(水老鴉)
shuǐ lǎo-yā
'water crow' (FS)
チシマウガラス
(千島鵜烏)
chishima u-garasu
'Kurile cormorant-crow'
     
Phalacrocorax carbo
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Great cormorant
Cormorant
Common cormorant
普通鸬鹚
(普通鸕鶿)
pǔtōng lúcí
'common cormorant' (1, 2, 3, 4)
鸬鹚
(鸕鶿)
lúcí
'cormorant' (5. alt in 1)
(鸬鹚)
鸕鶿
lúcí
'cormorant'
鱼鹰
(魚鷹)
yú-yīng
'fish hawk' (FS) (also Osprey)
墨鸦
(墨鴉)
mò yā
'black-ink crow'
水老鸦
(水老鴉)
shuǐ lǎo-yā
'water crow'
水老鸹
(水老鴰)
shuǐ lǎo-guā
'water crow' (northern) (FS)
鱼老鸹
(魚老鴰)
yú lǎo-guā
'fish crow' (FS)
海鹈
(海鵜)
hǎi-tí
'sea pelican' (FS)
乌鬼
(烏鬼)
wū-guǐ
'dark demon' (southern) (FS)
黑鱼郎
(黑魚郎)
hēi yú-láng
'black fisherman' (FS)

()

'cormorant' (Materia Medica) (FS)
カワウ
(河鵜)
kawa-u
'river cormorant'
민물가마우지
minmul-gamauji
'freshwater cormorant'
Chim Cốc đế
'king cormorant (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Тураг гогой
ᠲᠣᠷᠣᠭ ᠭᠣᠭᠣᠢ
turag gogoi
'large cormorant'
Inner M:
Хар халуу
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠠᠯᠣ
khar khaluu
'black cormorant' (31, 32)
Phalacrocorax capillatus
Phalacrocorax filamentosus
link to photolink to photolink to photo
Japanese cormorant
Temminck's cormorant
绿背鸬鹚
(綠背鸕鶿)
lǜ-bèi lúcí
'green back cormorant' (2, 4)
暗绿背鸬鹚
(暗綠背鸕鶿)
àn-lǜ-bèi lúcí
'dark green back cormorant' (1, 3, 5)
(丹氏鸬鹚)
丹氏鸕鶿
dān-shì lúcí
'Mr Dan's cormorant'
斑头鸬鹚
(班頭鸕鶿)
bān-tóu lúcí
'stripe-headed cormorant' (6, 7)
特明氏鸬鹚
(特明氏鸕鶿)
tèmíng-shì lúcí
'Mr Teming's cormorant' (FS)
Phalacrocorax filamentosus:
ウミウ
(海鵜)
umi-u
'sea cormorant'
가마우지
gamauji
'cormorant'
   

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009