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Pelecanidae
鹈鹕科
tíhú kē

鵜鶘科
tíhú kē

ペリカン科
perikan ka

사다새과
sada-sae-gwa

Họ Bồ nông

Хотонгийхон
khotoŋgikhoŋ

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Inter-Country
Pelecanidae: MN
Pelecanidae: JP
■ Pelecanidae: CN
Pelecanidae: TW
Pelecanidae: VN
Pelecanidae: TH
Pelecanidae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The pelican goes by a number of names in Chinese. The standard name is 鹈鹕 tíhú, occasionally seen as 鹈鹕鸟 tíhú-niǎo 'pelican bird'. Others are:

Apart from the long-attested 伽蓝鸟 qiélán-niǎo, what is remarkable about the above names is that all are reminiscent of 鹈鹕 tíhú, modified in ways suggestive of folk etymology.

塘鹅 táng-é 'pond goose' is reasonably common, but many standard Mainland dictionaries make an effort to exclude it. It appears to be somewhat more common in Taiwan, where efforts to enforce 'standard' or 'northern' usage are not so strongly in evidence.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Pelecanus
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Pelecanus onocrotalus
link to photolink to photo
Great white pelican
Eastern white pelican
White pelican
Rosy pelican
白鹈鹕
(白鵜鶘)
bái tíhú
'white pelican'
 
モモイロペリカン
(桃色ペリカン)
momo-iro perikan
'pink pelican'
  Chim Bồ nông chân hồng
'rosy-legged pelican (bird)' (12, 34)
or
Chim Lềnh đềnh chân hồng
'rosy-legged pelican (bird)' (12)
Inner M:
Тихү
ᠲᠢᠬᠣ
tikhü
'tihu' (from Chinese) (31)
Pelecanus philippensis
link to photolink to photo
Spot-billed pelican
Grey pelican
Spotted billed pelican
斑嘴鹈鹕
(斑嘴鵜鶘)
bān-zǔi tíhú
'stripe-billed pelican'
(灰鹈鹕)
灰鵜鶘
huī tíhú
'grey pelican'
菲律宾鹈鹕
(菲律賓鵜鶘)
fēilǚbīn tíhú
'Philippine pelican'
ハイイロペリカン
(灰色ペリカン)
hai-iro perikan
'grey pelican' (shared with P. crispus)
  Chim Bồ nông chân xám
'grey-legged pelican (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
or
Chim Lềnh đềnh chân xám
'grey-legged pelican (bird)' (12)
 
Pelecanus crispus
link to photolink to photo
Dalmatian pelican 卷羽鹈鹕
(卷羽鵜鶘)
juǎn-yǔ tíhú
'curly feathered pelican'
›Taxonomy‹
(卷羽鹈鹕)
卷羽鵜鶘
juǎn-yǔ tíhú
'curly feathered pelican'
鹈鹕
(鵜鶘)
tíhú
'pelican'
ニシハイイロペリカン
(西灰色ペリカン)
nishi hai-iro perikan
'western grey pelican' (Wikipedia)
사다새
sada-sae
'pelican-bird'
Bồ nông trắng đốm đen
'black-spotted white pelican' (from Cites list on Internet)
Борцгор хотон
ᠪᠣᠷᠴᠢᠭᠢᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠᠨ
bortsgor khotoŋ
'bortsgor pelican'
Inner M:
Борцгор хотон
ᠪᠣᠷᠴᠢᠭᠢᠷ ᠬᠣᠲᠠᠨ
bortsgor khotoŋ
'bortsgor pelican' (32)
›Taxonomy‹

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009