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Motacillidae
วงศ์นกเด้าดินและนกเด้าลม
woŋ nók dâw-din láe nók dâw-lom

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鹡鸰科
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鶺鴒科
jílíng kē

セキレイ科
sekirei ka

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Motacillidae: MN
Motacillidae: JP
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Motacillidae: TW
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Motacillidae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The names for the Motacillidae are based on เด้า dâw, which describes a repetitive up and down motion. Small birds which bob their rear ends up and down while walking are popularly called นกเด้า nók dâw 'bobber (bird)'. Formerly, the name also occurred with an old wildlife prefix as กระเด้า krà-dâw. Although they popularly include many small shorebirds (Scolopacidae), Thai ornithological specialisation has restricted almost all "bobber-bird" names to the Motacillidae:

1. นกเด้าลม nók dâw-lom 'wind-bobber (bird)' is used for Dendronanthus and Motacilla and is generally equated to English 'wagtail'.

2. นกเด้าดิน nók dâw-din 'earth-bobber (bird)' is used for Anthus and is generally equated to English 'pipit'.

However, the popular identification of the name นกเด้าดิน nók dâw-din 'earth-bobber (bird)' with the very familiar Common Sandpiper (Scolopacidae) was so strong that the popular name for this species was exceptionally preserved in ornithological usage. The unmodified name was reserved for this sandpiper, and the names for pipit species were distinguished by adding descriptors.

Originally, popular use of เด้า dâw 'bobber' in Thai bird naming was analogous to the popular use of kedidi 'bobber' in Malay. While ornithological Malaysian has retained kedidi for wagtail names (although not for pipits), both Malaysian and Indonesian ornithological sources more usually use kedidi as a general name for small shorebirds in the Scolopacidae, where it is often loosely translated into English as 'sandpiper'.

The exception to the above naming is the White Wagtail (Motacilla alba), which has been given the distinctive name of นกอุ้มบาตร nók ûm-bàat 'alms-bowl-holder bird'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Dendronanthus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Dendronanthus indicus
link to photo
Forest wagtail นกเด้าลมดง
nók dâw-lom doŋ
'jungle wind-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Kedidi Hutan
'forest bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (26, 27)
Burung Pipit Rimba
'jungle sparrow (bird)' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
Burung Kicuit Hutan
'forest wagtail (bird)' (onomat.)
Chim Chìa vôi rừng
'forest wagtail (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
山鹡鸰
(山鶺鴒)
shān jílíng
'mountain wagtail'
or
林鹡鸰
(林鶺鴒)
lín jílíng
'forest wagtail' (alt in 1)
Taiwan:
(山鹡鸰)
山鶺鴒
shān jílíng
'mountain wagtail'
イワミセキレイ
(石見鶺鴒)
iwami sekirei
'Iwami wagtail'
Anthus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Anthus hodgsoni
link to photolink to photo
Olive-backed pipit
Indian tree pipit
Oriental tree pipit
นกเด้าดินสวน
nók dâw-din sŭan
'garden earth-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Ciak Pokok
'tree sparrow (bird)' (ciak, see sparrows) (26, 27)
Burung Pipit Padang
'field sparrow (bird)' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
  Chim Manh Vân Nam
'Yunnanese pipit (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
树鹨
(樹鷚)
shù liù
'tree pipit'
Taiwan:
(树鹨)
樹鷚
shù liù
or shù liào
'tree pipit'
ビンズイ
(便追 ~ 木鷚)
binzui
'binzui'
Anthus cervinus
link to photolink to photo
Red-throated pipit นกเด้าดินอกแดง
nók dâw-din òk-daeeŋ
'red-breasted earth-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Ciak Leher Merah
'red-necked sparrow (bird)' (ciak, see sparrows) (26, 27)
Burung Pipit Injup
'injup sparrow bird' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
Burung Apung Kijang
'deer floater (bird)'
Chim Manh họng đỏ
'red-throated pipit (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
红喉鹨
(紅喉鷚)
hóng-hóu liù
'red-throated pipit'
Taiwan:
(赤喉鹨)
赤喉鷚
chì-hóu liù or chì-hóu liào
'red-throated pipit'
ムネアカタヒバリ
(胸赤田雲雀 ~ 胸赤田鷚)
mune-aka ta-hibari
'red-breasted field-lark'
Anthus roseatus
link to photo
Rosy pipit
Hodgson's pipit
Roseate pipit
Hodgson's rosy pipit
นกเด้าดินอกสีชมพู
nók dâw-din òk-sĭi-cʰom-pʰuu
'pink-breasted earth-bobber (bird)'
      Chim Manh hồng
'rosy pipit (bird)' (12)
粉红胸鹨
(粉紅胸鷚)
fěn-hóng xiōng liù
'pink-breasted pipit'
チョウセンタヒバリ
(朝鮮田雲雀 ~ 朝鮮田鷚)
chōsen ta-hibari
'Korean field-lark'
Anthus rubescens
link to photo
American Pipit
or
Buff-bellied Pipit
นกเด้าดินพันธุ์ไซบีเรีย
nók dâw-din pʰan say-bii-ria
'Siberian species earth-bobber (bird)'
      Chim Manh bụng vàng
'yellow-bellied pipit (bird)' (34)
Chim Manh lưng xám
'grey-backed pipit (bird)' (13)
黄腹鹨
(黃腹鷚)
huáng-fù liù
'yellow-bellied pipit' (2, 3, 4)
Taiwan:
(黄腹鹨)
黃腹鷚
huáng-fù liù or huáng-fù liào
'yellow-bellied pipit'
アメリカタヒバリ
(アメリカ田雲雀 ~ アメリカ田鷚)
amerika ta-hibari
'American field-lark' (Wikipedia)
Anthus richardi
link to photo
Richard's pipit
นกเด้าดินทุ่งใหญ่
nók dâw-din tʰûŋ yày
'large field earth-bobber (bird)'
นกเด้าดินทุ่ง
nók dâw-din tʰûŋ
'field earth-bobber (bird)' (21)
Burung Ciak Padang
'field sparrow (bird)' (ciak, see sparrows) (26) (Conflicts with A. rufulus)
Burung Ciak Besar
'ground sparrow (bird)' (ciak, see sparrows) (27)
Burung Pipit Tanah
'ground sparrow (bird)' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
Anthus novaeseelandiae:
Burung Apung Tanah
'ground floater (bird)'
Anthus novaeseelandiae (12):
Chim Manh lớn
'large pipit (bird)' (12, 13)
田鹨
(田鷚)
tián liù
'field pipit' (alt in 1, 2, 4, 5)
理氏鹨
(理氏鷚)
lǐ-shì liù
'Mr Li's pipit' (3)
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(大花鹨)
大花鷚
dà huā liù or dà huā liào
'large flowery pipit'
マミジロタヒバリ
(眉白田雲雀 ~ 田鷚)
mami-jiro ta-hibari
'white-eyebrowed field-lark'
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Anthus rufulus Paddyfield pipit
Oriental pipit
นกเด้าดินทุ่งเล็ก
nók dâw-din tʰûŋ lék
'small earth-bobber (bird)'
นกเด้าดินทุ่งหญ้า
nók dâw-din tʰûŋ-yâa
'grass-field earth-bobber (bird)' (21)
Burung Ciak Padang
'field sparrow (bird)' (ciak, see sparrows) (27 (Conflicts with nominate race)
  Chim Manh Miến Điện
'Burmese pipit (bird)' (34)
东方田鹨
(東方田鷚)
dōngfāng tián liù
'Oriental field pipit' (2, 4)
田鹨
(田鷚)
tián liù
'field pipit' (3)
ヒメマミジロタヒバリ
(姫眉白田雲雀 ~ 姫眉白田鷚)
hime mami-jiro ta-hibari
'princess white-eyebrowed field-lark' (Wikipedia)
Anthus godlewskii
link to photo
Blyth's pipit
Godlewsky's Pipit
นกเด้าดินทุ่งพันธุ์รัสเซ๊ย
nók dâw-din tʰûŋ pʰan rát-sia
'Russian species earth-bobber (bird)'
นกเด้าดินนิ้วสั้น
nók dâw-din níw-sân
'short-toed earth-bobber (bird)' (21)
นกเด้าดินพันธุ์จีน
nók dâw-din pʰan-ciin
'Chinese species earth-bobber (bird)' (alt in 21)
      布氏鹨
(布氏鷚)
bù-shì liù
'Mr Bu's pipit' (2, 4)
布莱氏鹨
(布萊氏鷚)
bùlái-shì liù
'Mr Bulai's pipit' (1, 3, 5)
Taiwan:
(布莱氏鹨)
布萊氏鷚
bùlái-shì liào
'Mr Bulai's pipit'
コマミジロタヒバリ
(小眉白田雲雀 ~ 小眉白田鷚)
ko mami-jiro ta-hibari
'small white-eyebrowed field-lark'
Motacilla
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Motacilla flava
link to photo
Yellow Wagtail
Western Yellow Wagtail
นกเด้าลมเหลือง
nók dâw-lom lĕuaŋ
'yellow wind-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Kedidi Kuning
'yellow bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (26, 27)
Burung Pipit Kuning
'yellow sparrow (bird)' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
Burung Kicuit Kerbau
'buffalo wagtail (bird)' (onomat.)
Chim Chìa vôi vàng
'yellow wagtail (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
黄鹡鸰
(黃鶺鴒)
huáng jílíng
'yellow wagtail'
Taiwan:
(黄鹡鸰)
黃鶺鴒
huáng jílíng
'yellow wagtail'
ツメナガセキレイ
(爪長鶺鴒)
tsume-naga sekirei
'long-clawed wagtail'
Motacilla cinerea
link to photolink to photo
Grey wagtail นกเด้าลมหลังเทา
nók dâw-lom lăŋ-tʰaw
'grey-backed wind-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Kedidi Kepala Kelabu
'grey-headed bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (26)
Burung Pipit Batu
'rock pipit bird' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
Burung Kedidi Batu
'rock bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (27)
Burung Kicuit Batu
'rock wagtail (bird)' (onomat.)
Chim Chìa vôi núi
'mountain wagtail (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
灰鹡鸰
(灰鶺鴒)
huī jílíng
'grey wagtail'
Taiwan:
(灰鹡鸰)
灰鶺鴒
huī jílíng
'grey wagtail'
キセキレイ
(黄鶺鴒)
ki sekirei
'yellow wagtail'
Motacilla citreola
link to photo
Citrine wagtail
Yellow-headed wagtail
นกเด้าลมหัวเหลือง
nók dâw-lom hŭa-lĕuaŋ
'yellow-headed wind-bobber (bird)'
  Burung Kedidi Kepala Kuning
'yellow-headed bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (26, 27)
  Chim Chìa vôi đầu vàng
'yellow-headed wagtail (bird)' (12, 13)
黄头鹡鸰
(黃頭鶺鴒)
huáng-tóu jílíng
'yellow-headed wagtail'
Taiwan:
(黄头鹡鸰)
黃頭鶺鴒
huáng-tóu jílíng
'yellow-headed wagtail'
キガシラセキレイ
(黄頭鶺鴒)
ki-gashira sekirei
'yellow-headed wagtail'
Motacilla samveasnae Mekong Wagtail นกเด้าลมแม่น้ำโขง
nók dâw-lom mâee-náam kʰŏoŋ
'Mekong River wind-bobber (bird)'
        湄公鹡鸰
(湄公鶺鴒)
méigōng jílíng
'Mekong wagtail'
-
Motacilla alba
link to photo
White wagtail
Pied wagtail
นกอุ้มบาตร
nók ûm-bàat
'alms-bowl-holder bird'
›Taxonomy‹
  Burung Kedidi Hitam-Putih
'white [&] black bobber (bird)' (see sandpipers) (26, 27)
Burung Pipit Pelanduk
'chevrotain sparrow (bird)' (pipit, see sparrows) (24)
  Chim Chìa vôi trắng
'white wagtail (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
白鹡鸰
(白鶺鴒)
bái jílíng
'white wagtail'
›Taxonomy‹
Taiwan:
(白鹡鸰)
白鶺鴒
bái jílíng
'white wagtail'
ハクセキレイ
(白鶺鴒)
haku-sekirei
'white wagtail'
›Taxonomy‹

Small birds which bob their rear ends up and down while walking are popularly called นกเด้า nók dâw 'bobber (bird)'. Formerly, the name also occurred with an old wildlife prefix as กระเด้า krà-dâw. With the advent of modern scientific nomenclature, almost all of these species ended up in the Motacillidae, where นกเด้าลม nók dâw-lom 'air-bobber-(bird)' are wagtails and นกเด้าดิน nók dâw-din 'earth-bobber-(bird)' are pipits. The latter name is also applied to Common Sandpiper (Scolopacidae).

The name of the pipits in Japanese, タヒバリ ta-hibari, literally means 'field-lark'. When written in Chinese characters it is traditionally written as 田雲雀 or as 田鷚. The first character, , is the character for ta 'field'. This is followed by 雲雀, literally 'cloud sparrow', or , which are alternative ways of writing ヒバリ hibari 'lark'. However, in Chinese, (pronounced liù or in Taiwan liào) itself is understood to mean 'pipit'.

ビンズイ binzui is an onomatopoeic name based on the bird's call, which sounds like ビンビン ツイツイ bin-bin tsui tsui in Japanese. This is arbitrarily written 便追, chosen for its sound (binzui) rather than its meaning (roughly 'convenient pursue' or 'mail pursue'). The alternative form 木鷚 'tree lark' is based on the species' (original) Chinese name.

Motacilla alba lugens is sometimes considered a separate species. In Chinese, Motacilla lugens is known as:
黑背白鹡鸰
hēi-bèi bái jílíng
'black-backed white wagtail' (2, 4)
黑背鹡鸰
hēi-bèi jílíng
'black-backed wagtail' (3)

The Thai list divides Motacilla alba into a range of separate species. They are:
Motacilla baicalensis:
นกอุ้มบาตรหน้าขาวหลังเทา
nók ûm-bàat nâa-kʰăaw lăŋ-tʰaw
'grey-backed white-faced alms-bowl-holder bird' (22, 23)
Motacilla ocularis:
นกอุ้มบาตรแถบตาดำ
nók ûm-bàat tʰàeep-taa-dam
'black-eyebanded alms-bowl-holder bird' (22, 23)
Motacilla lugens:
นกอุ้มบาตรหลังดำ
nók ûm-bàat lăŋ-dam
'black-backed alms-bowl-holder bird' (22, 23)
Motacilla leucopsis:
นกอุ้มบาตรหน้าขาวหลังดำ
nók ûm-bàat nâa-kʰăaw lăŋ-dam
'black-backed white-faced alms-bowl-holder bird' (22, 23)
Motacilla alboides:
นกอุ้มบาตรหิมาลัย
nók ûm-bàat hì-maa-lay
'Himalayan alms-bowl-holder bird' (22, 23)

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

นกในเมืองไทย รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต (Birds in Thailand, Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), in 5 volumes, Sarakadee Press, Bangkok, 1998-2001

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009