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Meropidae
วงศ์นกจาบคา
woŋ nók càap-kʰaa

Họ Trảu

蜂虎科
fēng-hǔ kē

蜂虎科
fēng-hǔ kē

ハチクイ科
hachi-kui ka

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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The origins of the three partially similar Thai general names for the bee-eaters are poorly understood and none are currently analysable.

The oldest reported general name is นกตับคา nók tàp-kʰaa 'bee-eater₁'. Although it can be found in large dictionaries, it has not been used for individual species names.

Almost as early is นกคับคา nók kʰáp-kʰaa 'bee-eater₂'. Some modern ornithological sources prefer species names based on this version.

Most modern ornithological sources (including 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23) use นกจาบคา nók càap-kʰaa 'bee-eater₃'. (Note that this name is only superficially related to the complex of passerine names based on จาบ càap 'weaverbird' (Ploceidae).)

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Nyctyornis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Nyctyornis amictus
Nyctyornis amicta
link to photo
Red-bearded bee-eater
Red-breasted bee-eater
นกจาบคาเคราแดง
nók càap-kʰaa kʰraw-daeeŋ
'red-whiskered bee-eater₃ (bird)'
นกคับคาใหญ่
nók kʰáp-kʰaa yày
'large bee-eater₂ (bird)'
Burung Beberek Tunggal
'solitary be-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Berek-berek Janggut Merah
'red-bearded berek-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (24, 25)
Burung Cirik-cirik Kumbang
'bumblebee cirik-cirik (bird)' (onomat.)
  赤须夜蜂虎
(赤鬚夜蜂虎)
chì-xū yè fēng-hǔ
'red-bearded night bee-tiger'
ムネアカハチクイ
(胸赤蜂喰)
mune-aka hachi-kui
'red-breasted bee-eater'
Nyctyornis athertoni
link to photo
Blue-bearded Bee-eater
Blue-bearded bee eater
นกจาบคาเคราน้ำเงิน
nók càap-kʰaa kʰraw-nám-ŋoeen
'blue-whiskered bee-eater₃ (bird)'
      Chim Trảu lớn
'large beeeater bird' (12, 34)
蓝须夜蜂虎
(藍鬚夜蜂虎)
lán-xū yè fēng-hǔ
'blue-bearded night bee-tiger'
or
夜蜂虎
(夜蜂虎)
yè fēng-hǔ
'night bee-tiger' (alt in 1, 3, 5)
アオムネハチクイ
(青胸蜂喰)
ao-mune hachi-kui
'blue/green-breasted bee-eater'
Merops
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Merops orientalis
link to photolink to photo
Green Bee-eater
Little green bee eater
นกจาบคาเล็ก
nók càap-kʰaa lék
'small bee-eater₃ (bird)'
นกคับคาเล็ก
nók kʰáp-kʰaa lék
'small bee-eater₂ (bird)'
    Chim Trảu đầu hung
'reddish-headed beeeater bird' (12, 34)
绿喉蜂虎
(綠喉蜂虎)
lǜ-hóu fēng-hǔ
'green-throated bee-tiger'
ミドリハチクイ
(緑蜂喰)
midori hachi-kui
'green bee-eater'
Merops leschenaulti
link to photo
Chestnut-headed Bee-eater
Bay-headed Bee eater
นกจาบคาหัวสีส้ม
nók càap-kʰaa hŭa-sĭi-sôm
'orange-headed bee-eater₃ (bird)'
  Burung Beberek Kepala Coklat
'brown-headed be-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Berek-berek Senja
'twilight berek-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (24, 25)
Burung Kirik-kirik Senja
'twilight kirik kirik (bird)'
Chim Trảu họng vàng
'yellow-throated beeeater bird' (12, 34)
栗头蜂虎
(栗頭蜂虎)
lì-tóu fēng-hǔ
'chestnut-headed bee-tiger'
or
黑胸蜂虎
(黑胸蜂虎)
hēi-xiōng fēng-hǔ
'black-breasted bee-tiger' (alt in 1)
チャガシラハチクイ
(茶頭蜂喰)
cha-gashira hachi-kui
'brown-headed bee-eater'
Merops viridis
link to photo
Blue-throated Bee-eater
Chestnut-headed Bee eater
นกจาบคาคอสีฟ้า
nók càap-kʰaa kʰoaa-sĭi-fáa
'sky-blue-necked bee-eater₃ (bird)'
นกคับคาคอสีฟ้า
nók kʰáp-kʰaa kʰoaa-sĭi-fáa
'sky-blue-necked bee-eater₂ (bird)'
Burung Beberek Leher Biru
'blue-throated be-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Berek-berek Pirus
'turquoise berek-berek (bird)' (25)
Burung Berek-berek Tadah Hujan
'reservoir berek-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (24)
Burung Kirik-kirik Biru
'blue kirik kirik bird' (onomat.)
Chim Trảu họng xanh
'blue/green-throated beeeater bird' (12, 13, 34)
蓝喉蜂虎
(藍喉蜂虎)
lán-hóu fēng-hǔ
'blue-throated bee-tiger'
Taiwan:
(蓝喉蜂虎)
藍喉蜂虎
lán-hóu fēng-hǔ
'blue-throated bee-tiger'
ルリノドハチクイ
(瑠璃喉蜂喰 ~ 琉璃喉蜂喰)
ruri-nodo hachi-kui
'lapiz-lazuli throated bee-eater'
Merops philippinus
link to photolink to photo
Blue-tailed Bee-eater
Blue-cheeked Bee eater
นกจาบคาหัวเขียว
nók càap-kʰaa hŭa-kʰĭaw
'green-headed bee-eater₃ (bird)'
  Burung Beberek Ekor Biru
'blue-tailed be-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (26)
Burung Berek-berek Sawah
'wetfield berek-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (25)
Burung Berek-berek Carik Dada
'breast-tattered berek-berek (bird)' (onomat.) (24)
Burung Kirik-kirik Laut
'sea kirik kirik (bird)' (onomat.)
Merops superciliosus (philippinus) (12):
Chim Trảu ngực nâu
'brown-breasted beeeater bird' (12, 13, 34)
栗喉蜂虎
(栗喉蜂虎)
lì-hóu fēng-hǔ
'chestnut-throated bee-tiger'
Taiwan:
(栗喉蜂虎)
栗喉蜂虎
lì-hóu fēng-hǔ
'chestnut-throated bee-tiger'
ハリオハチクイ
(針尾蜂喰)
hari-o hachi-kui
'spine-tailed bee-eater'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Bird Guide of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong, Ramin Press, Bangkok 1968

Bird Guide of Thailand 2nd edition by Lekagul, Boonsong and Edward W. Cronin, Jr., Kurusapa Ladprao Press, Bangkok 1974

A guide to the Birds of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong and Philip D. Round, Saha Karn Bhaet Co., Ltd., Bangkok 1991

Check-list of Thai Birds Round, Philip D., Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Bangkok 2008. Draft version downloaded from the site of the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand in 2009 but no longer posted there, an expanded update of the species included in Lekagul & Round 1991

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2007

นกเมืองไทย (Birds [of] Thailand) by จารุจินต์ นภีตะภัฏ, กานต์ เลขะกุล, วัชระ สงวนสมบติ (Jarujin Nabhitabata, Karn Lekagul, Wachara Sanguansombat), คณะบุคคล นายแพทย์ บุญส่ง เลขะกุล (Dr Boonsong Lekagul Group), Bangkok 2012

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

Previously online version of: Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009