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Gruidae
Тогорууныхан
togoruunikhaŋ

鹤科
hè kē

鶴科
hè kē

ツル科
tsuru ka

두루미과
durumi-gwa

Turnagiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The general Mongolian word for crane is Тогоруу togoruu. Other names are Уурс uurs, Тундруу tundruu, Хундруу xundruu, and Пэлс pels.

The Common Crane is specifically known as Хархираа kharkhiraa. The Demoiselle Crane also has the specific name Арьсуу ar'suu.

An Inner Mongolian word for the crane is Арш шувуу arsh shuvuu 'sage bird', 'immortal bird' or 'fairy bird', which is clearly related to Chinese 仙鹤 xiānhè 'fairy crane', from its association with fairy sages (hermits or immortals) in Chinese mythology.

Ornithological naming

Under the 2007 regularised names, the genus Anthropoides is given a different name from Grus: Тогируу togiruu (where the 'i' is virtually unpronounced but modifies the pronunciation of the first 'o' in the direction of German 'ö' or French 'eu'). It is not clear where Тогируу togiruu comes from. It is not listed in dictionaries. It may represent a colloquial or dialect variant on Тогоруу togoruu. In H&M4, the rationale for the distinctive name disappears since Anthropoides is not a separate genus.

Species names

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GRUINAE
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Leucogeranus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Leucogeranus leucogeranus
Grus leucogeranus
link to photo
Siberian crane
Great white crane
Siberian white crane

Стерх,
Белый журавль
Grus leucogeranus:
Цагаан тогоруу
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
tsagaaŋ togoruu
'white crane'
Grus leucogeranus:
Цагаан тогоруу
ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
tsagaaŋ togoruu
'white crane' (32)
  Grus leucogeranus:
白鹤
(白鶴)
bái-hè
'white crane'
Grus leucogeranus:
ソデグロヅル
(袖黒鶴)
sode-guro-zuru
'black-sleeved crane'
Grus leucogeranus:
시베리아흰두루미
siberia-huin-durumi
'Siberian white crane'
Ақ тырна
aq tırna
'white crane'
Ak Turna
'white crane'
or
Rahibe Turnası
'nun crane'
Antigone
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
IM
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Antigone vipio
Grus vipio
link to photo
White-naped crane
Japanese white-naped crane
White-necked crane

Даурский журавль
Grus vipio:
Цэн тогоруу
ᠴᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
tseŋ togoruu
'tseng crane' (tseng appears to be a type of goose; another meaning is 'white silk')
Grus vipio:
Тогоруу
ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
togoruu
'crane' (32)
  Grus vipio:
白枕鹤
(白枕鶴)
bái-zhěn hè
'white-naped crane'
Taiwan:
Grus vipio:
(白枕鹤)
白枕鶴
bái-zhěn hè
'white-naped crane'
Grus vipio:
マナヅル
(真鶴)
mana-zuru
'true crane'
Grus vipio:
재두루미
jae-durumi
'jae crane'
Қызылсирақ тырна
qızıl-sïraq tırna
'red-legged crane'
 
Grus
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
IM
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Grus virgo
Anthropoides virgo
link to photo
Demoiselle crane

Журавль-красавка
Anthropoides virgo:
Өвөгт тогируу
ᠦᠪᠦᠭᠲᠣ ᠲᠣᠭᠢᠷᠣᠣ
övögt togiruu
'crested crane'
Anthropoides virgo:
Хархираа
ᠬᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ
kharkhiraa
'kharkhiraa' (31, 32)
Other:
Арьсуу
ᠠᠷᠢᠰᠣ
ar'suu
ar'suu
Anthropoides virgo:
蓑羽鹤
(蓑羽鶴)
suō yǔ hè
'raincoat feather crane'
Taiwan:
Anthropoides virgo:
(蓑羽鹤)
簑羽鶴
suō yǔ hè
'raincoat feather crane'
Anthropoides virgo:
アネハヅル
(姉羽鶴)
ane-ha-zuru
'big-sister feather crane'
Anthropoides virgo:
쇠재두루미
soe-jae-durumi
'small jae crane'
Ақбас тырна
aq-bas tırna
'white-headed crane'
Telli Turna
'demoiselle crane'
Grus japonensis
link to photolink to photo
Red-crowned crane
Manchurian crane
Japanese crane

Японский журавль,
Уссурийский журавль
Маньчжурский журавль
Алаг тогоруу
ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
alag togoruu
'motley crane'
Сарт цагаан тогоруу
ᠰᠠᠷᠲᠣ ᠴᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
sart tsagaaŋ togoruu
'mooned white crane' (31, 32)
Other:
Ал сүүл
ᠠᠯ ᠰᠡᠭᠦᠯ
al süül
'red tail' (Inner Mongolia)
丹顶鹤
(丹頂鶴)
dān-dǐng hè
'red-capped crane'
Taiwan:
(丹顶鹤)
丹頂鶴
dān-dǐng hè
'red-capped crane'
タンチョウ
(丹頂)
tanchō
'red-cap'
두루미
durumi
'crane'
   
Grus grus
link to photo
Common crane

Серый журавль
Хархираа тогоруу
ᠬᠠᠷᠬᠢᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
kharkhiraa togoruu
'kharkhiraa crane'
Хөх тогоруу
ᠬᠦᠬᠡ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
khökh togoruu
'darkblue crane' (31, 32)
  灰鹤
(灰鶴)
huī-hè
'grey crane'
Taiwan:
(灰鹤)
灰鶴
huī-hè
'grey crane'
クロヅル
(黒鶴)
kuro-zuru
'black crane'
검은목두루미
geomeun-mok-durumi
'black-necked crane'
Сұр тырна
sur tırna
'grey crane'
Turna
'crane'
Grus monacha
link to photo
Hooded crane

Черный журавль
Хар тогоруу
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
khar togoruu
'black crane'
Хар тогоруу
ᠬᠠᠷ᠎ᠠ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠣᠣ
khar togoruu
'black crane' (32)

白头鹤
(白頭鶴)
bái-tóu hè
'white-headed crane'
Taiwan:
(白头鹤)
白頭鶴
bái-tóu hè
'white-headed crane'
ナベヅル
(鍋鶴)
nabe-zuru
'pot crane'
흑두루미
heuk-durumi
'black crane'
Қара тырна
qara tırna
'black crane'
 

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013