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Gaviidae
Гахууныхан
gakhuunikhaŋ

潜鸟科
qián-niǎo kē

潛鳥科
qián-niǎo kē

アビ科
abi ka

아비과
abi-gwa

Dalgıçgiller

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General

This list is 'in beta'. Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Kazakh, Turkish, and Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The loons or divers have long been known in Mongolian as Ахууна akhuun. This is the name that is almost universally listed in monolingual and bilingual dictionaries. It is the translation of the Russian term Гагара 'diver, loon' in older Russian-Mongolian and Russian-Buryat dictionaries.

However, in the 2007 authoritative list of Mongolian bird names, the name Ахууна akhuun has been transferred to the genus Lagopus i.e., ptarmigans and Willow Grouse. The reason given is that actual local usage applies Ахууна akhuun to the ptarmigans, not the divers.

The new name proposed for the divers is Гахуун gakhuuŋ, a term not carried in most dictionaries at all. Like Ахууна akhuun, however, which means 'bitter', Гахуун gakhuuŋ is a term for an 'astringent' or 'burnt' flavour.

Inner Mongolian dictionaries give Гага шувуу 'gaga bird' for the divers or for diving ducks, depending on the dictionary. More specialised sources give Шунгал шувуу shungal shuvuu, Шунгагч шувуу shungagch shuvuu, or Шунгат шувуу shungat shuvuu, all meaning 'diving bird' and likely modelled on Chinese 潜鸟 qiánniǎo 'diving bird'.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
MONGOLIAN
EAST ASIAN
TURKIC
Gavia
Latin
English/Russian
Mongolian
Inner M
Other M
Chinese
Japanese
Korean
Kazakh
Turkish
Gavia stellata
link to photolink to photo
Red-throated diver
or
Red-throated loon

Краснозобая гагара
Улаангүеэ гахуун
ulaaŋ-güee gakhuuŋ
'red-throat gakhuuŋ'
Улагар ? шунгат шувуу
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
ulagar ? shuŋgat shuvuu
'reddish diver bird' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Улаан омруут ахууна
ulaaŋ omruut akhuun
'red-breasted akhuun'
IM also:
Улаан багалзуурт шунгал шувуу
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠯᠵᠣᠷᠲᠣ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
ulaaŋ bagalzuurt shuŋgal shuvuu
'red-throated diver bird' (31)
or
Шунгач алаг
ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠠᠴᠢ ᠠᠯᠠᠭ
shuŋgach alag
'diver motley' (alt in 31)
or
Шунгал нугас
ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠨᠣᠭᠣᠰᠣ
shuŋgal nugas
'diver duck' (alt in 31)
红喉潜鸟
(紅喉潛鳥)
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
Taiwan:
(红喉潜鸟)
紅喉潛鳥
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
アビ
(阿比)
abi
'abi'
아비
abi
'abi'
Қызылжемсаулы гагара
qızıl-jemsawlı gagara
'red-throated grebe' (from Russian)
Kızılgerdan Dalgıç
'red-jowled grebe'
Kızılgerdanlı Dalgıç
'red-jowled grebe'
Gavia arctica
link to photolink to photo
Black-throated diver
or
Arctic loon
Black-throated loon

Чернозобая гагара
Хилэнгүеэ гахуун
khileŋgüee gakhuuŋ
'velvet-throated gakhuuŋ'
Хилэн шунгат шувуу
ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠩ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khileŋ shuŋgat shuvuu
'velvet diving bird' (32)
Mongolia formerly:
Хилэн омруут ахууна
khileŋ omruut akhuun
'velvet-breasted akhuun'
黑喉潜鸟
(黑喉潛鳥)
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
or
绿喉潜鸟
(綠喉潛鳥)
lǜ-hóu qián-niǎo
'green-throated diving bird' (alt in 1)
Taiwan:
(黑喉潜鸟)
黑喉潛鳥
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
オオハム
(大波武)
ō-hamu
'hamu' (hamu written 'wave warrior')
큰회색머리아비
keun-hoe-saeng-meori-abi
'large grey-headed diver'
Қаражемсаулы гагара
qara-jemsawlı gagara
'black-throated grebe' (from Russian)
Karagerdanlı Dalgıç
'black-jowled grebe'

Шунгат shuŋgat is derived from the verb шунгах shuŋgakh 'to dive'. According to IM dictionaries, it is an alternative name for the pelican.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) 主编:旭日干 (Chief Editor: Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013