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Gaviidae
潜鸟科
qián-niǎo kē

潛鳥科
qián-niǎo kē

アビ科
abi ka

아비과
abi-gwa

Họ Chim lặn gavia

Гахууныхан
gakhuunikhaŋ

(Vietnamese has no real name for the grebes. This provisional name is from the Internet.)
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Gaviidae: MN
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The divers or loons are known as 潜鸟 qián-niǎo or 'diving birds' in Chinese, which is quite likely a calque on English 'diver'. Another name sometimes seen is 阿比 ābǐ, from Japanese.

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Gavia
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Gavia stellata
link to photolink to photo
Red-throated diver
or
Red-throated loon
红喉潜鸟
(紅喉潛鳥)
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
(红喉潜鸟)
紅喉潛鳥
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
  アビ
(阿比)
abi
'abi'
아비
abi
'diver'
  Улаангүеэ гахуун
ulaaŋ-güee gakhuuŋ
'red-throat gakhuuŋ'
Inner M:
Улагар ? шунгат шувуу
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
ulagar ? shuŋgat shuvuu
'reddish diver bird' (32)
Gavia arctica
link to photolink to photo
Black-throated diver
or
Arctic loon
Black-throated loon
黑喉潜鸟
(黑喉潛鳥)
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
or
绿喉潜鸟
(綠喉潛鳥)
lǜ-hóu qián-niǎo
'green-throated diving bird' (alt in 1)
(黑喉潜鸟)
黑喉潛鳥
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
  オオハム
(大波武)
ō-hamu
'hamu' (hamu written 'wave warrior')
큰회색머리아비
keun-hoe-saeng-meori-abi
'large grey-headed diver'
  Хилэнгүеэ гахуун
khileŋgüee gakhuuŋ
'velvet-throated gakhuuŋ'
Inner M:
Хилэн шунгат шувуу
ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠩ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khileŋ shuŋgat shuvuu
'velvet diving bird' (32)
Gavia pacifica
link to photolink to photo
Pacific loon
or
Pacific diver
太平洋潜鸟
(太平洋潛鳥)
tàipíng-yáng qián-niǎo
'Pacific ocean diving bird'
(太平洋潜鸟)
太平洋潛鳥
tàipíng-yáng qián-niǎo
'Pacific ocean diving bird'
  シロエリオオハム
(白襟大波武)
shiro-eri ō-hamu
'white-collared large hamu' (hamu written 'wave warrior')
회색머리아비
hoe-saeng-meori-abi
'grey-headed diver'
   
Gavia adamsii
link to photolink to photo
White-billed diver
or
Yellow-billed loon
黄嘴潜鸟
(黃嘴潛鳥)
huáng-zuǐ qián-niǎo
'yellow-billed diving bird' (2, 4)
白嘴潜鸟
(白嘴潛鳥)
bái-zuǐ qián-niǎo
'white-billed diving bird' (1, 3, 5)
    ハシジロアビ
(嘴白阿比)
hashi-jiro abi
'white-billed abi'
흰부리아비
huin-buri-abi
'white-billed diver'
   

Шунгат shuŋgat is derived from the verb шунгащ shuŋgakh 'to dive'. According to IM dictionaries, it is an alternative name for the pelican.

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

内蒙古动物志 (第三卷 鸟纲 非雀形目) Fauna Inner Mongolia (Volume 3 Aves Non-Passerines) by 《旭日干 (Xurigan), 内蒙古人大学版社 (Inner Mongolian University Press), Hohhot 2013

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009