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Gaviidae
潜鸟科
qián-niǎo kē

潛鳥科
qián-niǎo kē

アビ科
abi ka

아비과
abi-gwa

Họ Chim lặn gavia

Гахууныхан
gakhuunikhaŋ

(Vietnamese has no real name for the grebes. This provisional name is from the Internet.)
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Gaviidae: MN
Gaviidae: JP
■ Gaviidae: CN
Gaviidae: TW
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The divers or loons are known as 潜鸟 qián-niǎo or 'diving birds' in Chinese, which is quite likely a calque on English 'diver'. Another name sometimes seen is 阿比 ābǐ, from Japanese.

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Gavia                
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Gavia stellata
link to photolink to photo
Red-throated diver
or
Red-throated loon
红喉潜鸟
(紅喉潛鳥)
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
(红喉潜鸟)
紅喉潛鳥
hóng-hóu qián-niǎo
'red-throated diving bird'
  アビ
(阿比)
abi
'abi'
아비
abi
'diver'
  Улаангүеэ гахуун
ulaaŋ-güee gakhuuŋ
'red-throat gakhuuŋ'
Mongolia formerly:
Улаан омруут ахууна
ulaaŋ omruut akhuun
'red-breasted akhuun'
IM:
Улагар ? шунгат шувуу
ᠣᠯᠠᠭᠠᠷ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
ulagar ? shuŋgat shuvuu
'reddish diver bird'
Gavia arctica
link to photolink to photo
Black-throated diver
or
Arctic loon
Black-throated loon
黑喉潜鸟
(黑喉潛鳥)
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
or
绿喉潜鸟
(綠喉潛鳥)
lǜ-hóu qián-niǎo
'green-throated diving bird' (alt in 1)
(黑喉潜鸟)
黑喉潛鳥
hēi-hóu qián-niǎo
'black-throated diving bird'
  オオハム
(大波武)
ō-hamu
'hamu' (hamu written 'wave warrior')
큰회색머리아비
keun-hoe-saeng-meori-abi
'large grey-headed diver'
  Хилэнгүеэ гахуун
khileŋgüee gakhuuŋ
'velvet-throated gakhuuŋ'
IM:
Хилэн шунгат шувуу
ᠬᠢᠯᠢᠩ ᠱᠣᠩᠭᠣᠲᠣ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
khileŋ shuŋgat shuvuu
'velvet diving bird'
Gavia pacifica
link to photolink to photo
Pacific loon
or
Pacific diver
太平洋潜鸟
(太平洋潛鳥)
tàipíng-yáng qián-niǎo
'Pacific ocean diving bird'
(太平洋潜鸟)
太平洋潛鳥
tàipíng-yáng qián-niǎo
'Pacific ocean diving bird'
  シロエリオオハム
(白襟大波武)
shiro-eri ō-hamu
'white-collared large hamu' (hamu written 'wave warrior')
회색머리아비
hoe-saeng-meori-abi
'grey-headed diver'
   
Gavia adamsii
link to photolink to photo
White-billed diver
or
Yellow-billed loon
黄嘴潜鸟
(黃嘴潛鳥)
huáng-zuǐ qián-niǎo
'yellow-billed diving bird' (2, 4)
白嘴潜鸟
(白嘴潛鳥)
bái-zuǐ qián-niǎo
'white-billed diving bird' (1, 3, 5)
    ハシジロアビ
(嘴白阿比)
hashi-jiro abi
'white-billed abi'
흰부리아비
huin-buri-abi
'white-billed diver'
   

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990