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Fregatidae
军舰鸟科
jūnjiàn-niǎo kē

軍艦鳥科
jūnjiàn-niǎo kē

グンカンドリ科
gunkan-dori ka

군함조과
gunham-jo-gwa

Họ Cốc biển

Тоноочшувууныхан
tonooch-shuvuunikhaŋ

(Mongolian family name is based on Inner Mongolian name)
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Inter-Country
Fregatidae: JP
■ Fregatidae: CN
Fregatidae: TW
Fregatidae: VN
Fregatidae: TH
Fregatidae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The frigate birds are known as 军舰鸟 jūn-jiàn-niǎo meaning 'warship-bird' in Chinese. This name appears to have come from English (either from 'frigate bird' or the alternative 'man-o'-war bird'), probably via Japanese.

The name 军舰鸟 jūn-jiàn-niǎo is used on Taiwan for Fregatta minor in Chinese. On the Mainland, however, it has long the trend among Mainland ornithologiests to call the species 小军舰鸟 xiǎo jūnjiàn-niǎo 'small frigatebird', based on the Latin name Fregata minor. The Latin name came about because the bird was originally named Pelecanus minor (literally 'small pelican') and retained the misleading minor when it was transferred to the genus Fregata.

Fauna Sinica (1997) rather confusingly gives [小]军舰鸟 [xiǎo] jūnjiàn-niǎo '[small] frigatebird', while listing 小军舰鸟 xiǎo jūnjiàn-niǎo 'small frigatebird' as an alternative name. The problem is finally resolved in Zheng Guangmei's world list of birds by naming F. minor 黑腹军舰鸟 hēi-fù jūnjiàn-niǎo 'black-bellied frigatebird'.

Species names

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SCIENTIFIC & ENGLISH
CHINESE
EAST
SOUTH
NORTH
Fregata
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Fregata ariel
link to photo
Lesser frigatebird
Lesser frigate bird
白斑军舰鸟
(白班軍艦鳥)
bái-bān jūnjiàn-niǎo
'white-striped warship-bird'
(白斑军舰鸟)
白斑軍艦鳥
bái-bān jūnjiàn-niǎo
'white-striped warship-bird'
  コグンカンドリ
(小軍艦鳥)
ko gunkan-dori
'small warship-bird'
군함조
gunham-jo
'warship-bird' (군함조=軍艦鳥)
Chim Cốc biển bé
'little sea-cormorant (bird)' (12, 13)
 
Fregata minor
link to photolink to photo
Great frigatebird
Great frigate bird
黑腹军舰鸟
(黑腹軍艦鳥)
hēi-fù jūnjiàn-niǎo
'black-bellied warship-bird' (2, 4)
小军舰鸟
(小軍艦鳥)
xiǎo jūnjiàn-niǎo
'small warship-bird' (1, 3, 5)
(军舰鸟)
軍艦鳥
jūnjiàn-niǎo
'warship-bird'
  オオグンカンドリ
(大軍艦鳥)
ō gunkan-dori
'large warship-bird'
큰군함조
keun-gunham-jo
'large warship-bird' (군함조=軍艦鳥)
Chim Cốc biển đen
'black sea-cormorant (bird)' (12, 13, 34)
Inner M:
Бяцхан тонооч шувуу
ᠪᠢᠴᠢᠬᠠᠨ ᠲᠣᠨᠣᠭᠠᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
'little looter bird' (31)
Fregata andrewsi
link to photo
Christmas Island frigatebird
Christmas Island frigate bird
白腹军舰鸟
(白腹軍艦鳥)
bái-fù jūnjiàn-niǎo
'white-bellied warship-bird'
    シロハラグンカンドリ
(白腹軍艦鳥)
shiro-hara gunkan-dori
'white-bellied warship-bird'
  Chim Cốc biển bụng trắng
'white-bellied sea cormorant (bird)' (12, 34)
 

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009