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Bucerotidae
วงศ์นกเงือก
woŋ nók ŋêuak

Họ Hồng hoàng

犀鸟科
xī-niǎo kē

犀鳥科
xī-niǎo kē

サイチョウ科
saichō ka

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Bucerotidae: CN
Bucerotidae: VN
■ Bucerotidae: TH
Bucerotidae: MY-SG
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The general term for the hornbills is นกเงือก nók ŋêuak 'hornbill'.

These large, conspicuous, and noisy birds have a number of popular names based on the noises they make, several of which have been included in the ornithological lists. These include:

นกกก nók kòk 'kòk bird', นกกาฮัง nók kaa-haŋ 'kaa-haŋ bird', นกกะวะ nók kà-wá 'kà-wá bird', or นกกาวะ nók kaa-wá 'kaa-wá bird' for the Great Hornbill.

นกแก๊ก nók káeek, kaeek bird' or นกแกง nók kaeeŋ 'kaeeng bird' for the Oriental Pied Hornbill.

นกกู๋กี๋ nók kŭu-kĭi 'kŭu-kĭi bird' for the Wrinkled Hornbill.

Species names

› ABOUT THIS TABLE‹
SCIENTIFIC & WESTERN
THAI
OTHER S. E. ASIAN
EAST ASIAN
Rhinoplax
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Rhinoplax vigil
Buceros vigil
link to photo
Helmeted Hornbill นกชนหิน
nók cʰon-hin
'rock-striker bird'
        盔犀鸟
(盔犀鳥)
kuī xī-niǎo
'helmeted rhinoceros-bird'
オナガサイチョウ
(尾長犀鳥)
o-naga saichō
'long-tailed rhinoceros-bird'
Buceros
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Buceros bicornis
link to photolink to photo
Great hornbill
Great Indian hornbill
Great pied Hornbill
นกกก
nók kòk
'kòk bird' (onomat.)
or
นกกาฮัง
nók kaa-haŋ
'kaa-haŋ bird' (onomat.)
นกกะวะ
nók kà-wá
'kà-wá bird' (onomat.)
นกกาวะ
nók kaa-wá
'kaa-wá bird' (onomat.) (alt in 18, 19, 20, 21)
Burung Enggang Papan
'ranking hornbill (bird)' (24, 25, 26)
Burung Enggang Papan
'ranking hornbill (bird)'
Chim Hồng hoàng
'hornbill₁ bird' (onomat.) (12, 13, 34)
双角犀鸟
(雙角犀鳥)
shuāng-jiǎo xī-niǎo
'double-horned rhinoceros-bird'
オオサイチョウ
(大犀鳥)
ō saichō
'large rhinoceros-bird'
Buceros rhinoceros
link to photo
Rhinoceros Hornbill นกเงือกหัวแรด
nók ŋêuak hŭa-râeet
'rhinoceros-headed hornbill (bird)'
        马来犀鸟
(馬來犀鳥)
mǎlái xī-niǎo
'Malay rhinoceros-bird'
サイチョウ
(犀鳥)
saichō
'rhinoceros-bird'
Anthracoceros
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Anthracoceros albirostris
link to photo
›Taxonomy‹
Oriental pied Hornbill นกแก๊ก
nók káeek
kaeek bird' (onomat.)
นกแกง
nók kaeeŋ
'kaeeng bird' (onomat.) (alt in 18, 19, 20, 21)
Burung Kelingking
'kelingking bird' (onomat., from call kleng-keng) (26)
Burung Enggang Kelingking
'kelingking hornbill (bird)' (onomat., from call kleng-keng) (25)
Burung Enggang Belulang
'rawhide hornbill (bird)' (24)
or
Burung Lilin
'wax bird' (alt in 26)
Burung Kangkareng Perut-putih
'white-bellied kangkareng (bird)' (onomat., from call kangkareng ~ kengkareng)
Anthracoceros malabaricus (12):
Chim Cao cát bụng trắng
'white-bellied hornbill₂ bird' (12, 13)
冠斑犀鸟
(冠斑犀鳥)
guān bān xī-niǎo
'crested striped rhinoceros-bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
Anthracoceros coronatus:
斑犀鸟
(斑犀鳥)
bān xī-niǎo
'striped rhinoceros-bird' (5)
キタカササギサイチョウ
(北鵲犀鳥)
kita kasasagi saichō
'northern magpie rhinoceros-bird'
Anthracoceros malayanus
link to photo
Black Hornbill นกเงือกดำ
nók ŋêuak dam
'black hornbill (bird)'
  Burung Kekek
'kekek bird' (onomat., from call, same as kingfisher) (26)
Burung Enggang Gatal Birah
'itchy-itchy hornbill (bird)' (24)
Burung Enggang Gatalbirah
'itchy-itchy hornbill (bird)' (25)
or
Burung Gatal Birah
'itchy-itchy bird' (alt in 26)
Burung Kangkareng Hitam
'black kangkareng (bird)' (onomat., from kangkareng ~ kengkareng call of A. albirostris)
Chim Cao cát đen
'black hornbill₂ bird' (12, 34)
黑斑犀鸟
(黑斑犀鳥)
hēi-bān xī-niǎo
'black-striped rhinoceros-bird' (4)
黑腹斑犀鸟
(黑腹斑犀鳥)
hēi-fù bān xī-niǎo
'black-bellied striped rhinoceros-bird' (5)
クロサイチョウ
(黒犀鳥)
kuro saichō
'black rhinoceros-bird'
Anorrhinus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Anorrhinus galeritus
link to photo
Bushy-crested Hornbill นกเงือกปากดำ
nók ŋêuak pàak-dam
'black-billed hornbill (bird)'
นกกาเขา
nók ŋêuak kaa-kʰăw
'mountain-crow hornbill (bird)'
      风头犀鸟
(鳳頭犀鳥)
fèng-tóu xī-niǎo
'phoenix-headed rhinoceros-bird'
ムジサイチョウ
(無地犀鳥)
muji saichō
'plain rhinoceros-bird'
Ptilolaemus
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Ptilolaemus austeni
Anorrhinus austeni
Anorrhinus tickelli
link to photo
Godwin Austen's Brown Hornbill
Austen's Brown Hornbill
White-throated brown hornbill
Brown-backed Hornbill
นกเงือกสีน้ำตาลคอขาว
nók ŋêuak sĭi-nám-taan kʰoaa-kʰăaw
'white-necked brown hornbill (bird)'
      Ptilolaemus tickelli (12), Anorrhinus tickelli (13), Anorrhinus austeni (34)
Chim Niệc nâu
'brown niệc bird' (conflicts with Aceros nipalensis in (34))
Ptilolaemus tickelli (1, 5), Anorrhinus tickelli (2, 3), Anorrhinus austeni (4)
白喉犀鸟
(白喉犀鳥)
bái-hóu xī-niǎo
'white-throated rhinoceros-bird'
or
小盔犀鸟
(小盔犀鳥)
xiǎo-kuī xī-niǎo
'small-helmeted rhinoceros-bird' (alt in 1, 3, 5)
アッサムサイチョウ
(アッサム犀鳥)
assamu saichō
'Assamese rhinoceros-bird'
Ptilolaemus tickelli
Anorrhinus tickelli
Tickell's Brown Hornbill
Rusty-cheeked Hornbill

Tickell's Hornbill
นกเงือกสีน้ำตาล
nók ŋêuak sĭi-nám-taan
'brown hornbill (bird)'
      Ptilolaemus tickelli (12):
Chim Niệc nâu
'brown niệc bird' (shared with Ptilolaemus austeni, conflicts with Aceros nipalensis in (34))
Anorrhinus tickelli:
锈颊犀鸟
(銹頰犀鳥)
xiù-jiá xī-niǎo
'rusty-cheeked rhinoceros-bird' (4)
ビルマサイチョウ
(ビルマ犀鳥)
biruma saichō
'Burmese rhinoceros-bird'
Berenicornis
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Berenicornis comatus
Aceros comatus
link to photo
White-crowned hornbill
Long-crested Hornbill
นกเงือกหัวหงอก
nók ŋêuak hŭa-ŋòaak
'greyhaired hornbill (bird)'
  Burung Bulu
'bushy-feathered bird' (26)
Burung Enggang Jambul Putih
'white-crested hornbill (bird)' (24, 25)
Burung Enggang Jambul
'crested hornbill (bird)'
Chim Niệc đầu trắng
'white-headed hornbill₃ bird' (12)
Aceros comatus:
白冠犀鸟
(白冠犀鳥)
bái-guān xī-niǎo
'white-crested rhinoceros-bird' (4)
长冠犀鸟
(長冠犀鳥)
cháng-guān xī-niǎo
'long-crested rhinoceros-bird' (5)
シロクロサイチョウ
(白黒犀鳥)
shiro-kuro saichō
'black & white rhinoceros-bird'
Aceros
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Aceros nipalensis
link to photo
Rufous-necked Hornbill นกเงือกคอแดง
nók ŋêuak kʰoaa-daeeŋ
'red-necked hornbill (bird)'
      Chim Niệc cổ hung
'reddish-necked hornbill₃ bird' (12, 13)
棕颈犀鸟
(棕頸犀鳥)
zōng-jǐng xī-niǎo
'reddishbrown-necked rhinoceros-bird'
or
无盔犀鸟
(無盔犀鳥)
wú-kuī xī-niǎo
'no-helmeted rhinoceros-bird' (1, 3, 5)
ナナミゾサイチョウ
(七溝犀鳥)
nana-mizo saichō
'seven-groove rhinoceros-bird'
Rhyticeros
Latin
English
Thai
Other Th
Malaysian
Indonesian
Vietnamese
Chinese
Japanese
Rhyticeros subruficollis
Aceros subruficollis
link to photo
Plain-pouched Hornbill นกเงือกกรามช้างปากเรียบ
nók ŋêuak kraam-cʰáaŋ pàak-rîap
'smooth-billed elephant-molar hornbill (bird)'
        Aceros subruficollis:
淡喉皱盔犀鸟
(淡喉皺盔犀鳥)
dàn-hóu zhòu-kuī xī-niǎo
'light-throated creased-helmeted rhinoceros-bird' (4)
Aceros subruficollis:
ムジシワコブサイチョウ
(無地皺瘤犀鳥)
muji-shiwa-kobu-saichō
'plain wrinkle-knobbed rhinoceros-bird'
Rhyticeros undulatus
Aceros undulatus
link to photo
Wreathed Hornbill นกเงือกกรามช้าง
nók ŋêuak kraam-cʰáaŋ
'elephant-molar hornbill (bird)'
นกกู๋กี๋
nók kŭu-kĭi
'kŭu-kĭi bird' (onomat.)
Burung Enggang Gunung
'mountain hornbill (bird)' (24, 26)
Burung Enggang Bukit
'hill hornbill (bird)' (25)
Burung Julang Emas
'gold head-tower bird'
Aceros undulatus:
Chim Niệc mỏ vằn
'stripe-billed hornbill₃ bird' (12, 13, 34)
Aceros undulatus:
花冠皱盔犀鸟
(花冠皺盔犀鳥)
huā-guān zhòu-kuī xī-niǎo
'flower-crested creased-helmeted rhinoceros-bird'
Aceros undulatus:
シワコブサイチョウ
(皺瘤犀鳥)
shiwa kobu saichō
'wrinkle-knobbed rhinoceros-bird'
Rhyticeros corrugatus
Aceros corrugatus
link to photo
Wrinkled Hornbill นกเงือกปากย่น
nók ŋêuak pàak-yôn
'wrinkle-billed hornbill (bird)'
        Aceros corrugatus:
皱盔犀鸟
(皺盔犀鳥)
zhòu-kuī xī-niǎo
'wrinkled-helmeted rhinoceros-bird' (1, 2, 3, 4)
Aceros corrugatus:
ズグロサイチョウ
(頭黒犀鳥)
zu-guro saichō
'black-headed rhinoceros-bird'

中国鸟类种和亚种分类名录大全(修订版) 郑作新 著 科学出版社 北京 2000年
A Complete Checklist of Species and Subspecies of the Chinese Birds (Revised Edition) by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 2000

中国鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2005年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2005

中国鸟类野外手册(中文版)约翰・马敬能、卡伦・菲利普斯,合作者:荷芬奇,翻译:卢和芬 湖南教育出版社 长沙 2000年
A Field Guide to the Birds of China (Chinese translation) by John MacKinnon, Karen Phillipps, in collaboration with He Fen-qi, translated by Lu Hefen, Hunan Jiaoyu Chubanshe (Hunan Educational Press) Changsha 2000

世界鸟类分类与分布名录 主编:郑光美 科学出版社 北京 2002年
A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of the World Chief editor: Zheng Guangmei, Science Press, Beijing 2002

世界鸟类名称(拉丁文、汉文、英文对照)第二版 郑作新等 科学出版社 北京 2002年
Birds of the World (Latin, Chinese and English Names) 2nd ed. by Cheng Tso-Hsin et al, Science Press, Beijing 2002

中国鸟类分布名录 第二版 郑作新 科学出版社 北京 1976年
(Checklist of the Classification of Birds of China 2nd edition by Cheng Tso-Hsin, Science Press, Beijing 1976)

香港及華南鳥類(第六版)(翻譯成中文及重新修訂) 尹璉、費嘉倫、林超英 香港性徵特區政府新聞處政府印務局 1994年
Birds of Hong Kong and South China (6th edition, translated into Chinese and newly revised) by Clive Viney, Karen Phillipps, Lin Chaoying, Hong Kong Govt. Press 1994

Pocket Checklist of the Birds of the Republic of Singapore / Senai Jenis-Jenis Burung di Singapura / 新加坡野鸟目录 by Lim Kim Seng Nature Society (Singapore) 1999

Danh Lục Chim Việt Nam (In lần thứ hai) (Checklist of the Birds of Vietnam) Võ Quý, Nguyễn Cử, Nhà Xuất Bản Nông Nghiệp, Hà Nội 1999

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Bird Guide of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong, Ramin Press, Bangkok 1968

Bird Guide of Thailand 2nd edition by Lekagul, Boonsong and Edward W. Cronin, Jr., Kurusapa Ladprao Press, Bangkok 1974

A guide to the Birds of Thailand by Lekagul, Boonsong and Philip D. Round, Saha Karn Bhaet Co., Ltd., Bangkok 1991

Check-list of Thai Birds Round, Philip D., Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Bangkok 2008. Draft version downloaded from the site of the Bird Conservation Society of Thailand in 2009 but no longer posted there, an expanded update of the species included in Lekagul & Round 1991

นกในเมืองไทย (Birds in Thailand) by รศ. โอภาส ขอบเขตต์ (Assoc. Prof. Obhas Khobkhet), Sarakadee Press, Bangkok 1998

Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
(List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981)

Previously online version of: Senarai Nama-nama Burung Semenanjung Malaysia dan Asia Tenggara by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Perhilitan (Jabatam Perlindungan Hidupan Liar dan Taman Negara, Semenanjung Malaysia), Kuala Lumpur 1981
List of the Names of Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Southeast Asia by Ismail, Abdul Rahman, Department of Wildlife and National Parks, Peninsular Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 1981

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 1 - Non-passerines by Wells, David R., Academic Press, London 1999

A Field Guide to the Birds of West Malaysia and Singapore by Jeyarajasingam, Allen and Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1999

The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula: Vol. 2 - Passerines by Wells, David R., Christopher Helm, A&C Black, London 2007

A Field Guide to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (second edition) by Jeyarajasingham, Allen, Illustrations by Alan Pearson, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2012

A Field Guide to the Birds of Java and Bali (second edition) by MacKinnon, John, Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta 1990

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009