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Diomedeidae
信天翁科
xìntiānwēng kē

信天翁科
xìntiānwēng kē

アホウドリ科
ahō-dori ka

알바트로스과
albateuroseu-gwa

Họ Hải âu mày đen

Элчшувууныхан
elch-shuvuunikhaŋ

(Mongolian family name based on Inner Mongolian name for the albatross)
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Diomedeidae: JP
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General

Information is from dictionaries and other sources. Pinyin reflects Mandarin pronunciation; for some dialect names, it is no more than a polite fiction. Korean glosses are tentative. Comments and corrections welcome. Hover over Green Lettering Green lettering at this site hides a tool tip with glosses, further explanations, etc. Hover cursor to reveal. to see additional information.

The albatross is known as 信天翁 xìntiānwēng, literally 'believe-heaven-old man'. This name has the alternative forms 信天公 xìntiāngōng, 'believe-heaven-man' and 信天缘 xìntiānyuàn, 'believe-heaven-fate'. The name may be related to the ancient perception that albatrosses tended to stand around on the shore and do little active hunting for prey, entrusting their livelihood to heaven.

The Chunichi Daijiten (中日大辞典), a Chinese-Japanese dictionary, gives 海鹅 hǎi-é 'sea goose' and 布袋鹅 bù-dài é 'cloth-bag goose' as alternative names. Although this dictionary is usually quite reliable, the name 布袋鹅 bù-dài é 'cloth bag goose' is peculiar, referring as it does to Hotei (布袋), one of the seven Japanese gods of good fortune. While modelled on the Chinese monk Bu Dai (布袋 bù-dài) of the 10th century, this god does not appear to enjoy any great currency in China.

Species names

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CHINESE
EAST
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Phoebastria
Latin
English
Chinese
Chinese (Taiwan)
Other Ch
Japanese
Korean
Vietnamese
Mongolian
Phoebastria nigripes
Diomedea nigripes
Black-footed albatross 黑脚信天翁
(黑腳信天翁)
hēi jiǎo xìntiānwēng
'black-footed believe-heaven-old man'
(黑脚信天翁)
黑腳信天翁
hēi jiǎo xìntiānwēng
'black-footed believe-heaven-old man'
  クロアシアホウドリ
(黒足信天翁 ~ 黒足阿房鳥)
kuro-ashi ahō-dori
'black-footed idiot-bird'
     
Phoebastria albatrus
Diomedea albatrus
Short-tailed albatross
Stellar's albatross
短尾信天翁
(短尾信天翁)
duǎn-wěi xìntiānwēng
'short-tailed believe-heaven-old man'
(短尾信天翁)
短尾信天翁
duǎn-wěi xìntiānwēng
'short-tailed believe-heaven-old man'
  アホウドリ
(信天翁 ~ 阿房鳥)
ahō-dori
'idiot-bird'
알바트로스
albateuroseu
'albatross' (English)
  Inner M:
Оодон элч шувуу
ᠣᠭᠣᠳᠣᠩ ᠡᠯᠴᠢ ᠰᠢᠪᠠᠭᠣ
oodoŋ elch shuvuu
'shorttailed messenger bird' (31)

Элч шувуу elch shuvuu is 'messenger bird'. Ordinary Inner Mongolian dictionaries also list Хөвч шувуу khövch shuvuu. Some ordinary Mongolian dictionaries list Морин цахлай moriŋ tsakhlai 'horse gull' or Салхич шувуу salkhich shuvuu 'wind bird', but the latter is more commonly used for the petrels.

汉蒙名词术语分类词典(自然科学部分) Mongolian (Cyrillic): Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь (байгалийн шинжлэх ухааны бүлэг) (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary, natural sciences part) by 《汉蒙名词术语分类词典》编纂委员会 Mongolian (Cyrillic): "Хятад Монгол нэр томъёоны зүйл хуваасан толь" найруулах комисс (Chinese-Mongolian classified terminological dictionary editorial committee), Inner Mongolian People's Press, Hohhot 1990

Chim Việt Nam Nguyễn Cử, Lê Trọng Trải, Karen Phillipps; Nhà Xuất Bản Lao Động - Xã Hội, 2000

Danh Lục Các Loài Chim ở Việt Nam (Latinh, Việt, Pháp, Hán) Trần Văn Chánh 2008-2009